Chinese Contemporary Bible (Simplified)

撒母耳记下 1

大卫得知扫罗的死讯

1大卫战胜了亚玛力人之后便回到洗革拉,在那里住了两天。那时扫罗已经死了。 第三天,有一个衣服撕裂、头蒙灰尘的人从扫罗军营中跑到大卫面前,俯伏下拜。 大卫问他:“你从哪里来?”那人答道:“我是从以色列军营逃出来的。” 大卫说:“请告诉我那边的情况。”他说:“以色列军溃逃,伤亡惨重,扫罗和他儿子约拿单都死了!” 大卫又问报信的青年:“你怎么知道扫罗和他儿子约拿单死了?” 青年说:“我偶然到基利波山,看见扫罗在那里扶枪而立,敌人的战车骑兵紧紧追来。 他回头看到我,便呼唤我。我说,‘我在这里。’ 他问我是什么人。我告诉他我是亚玛力人。 扫罗说他痛苦难当,却又死不掉,要我杀了他。 10 我知道他身受重伤,必死无疑,就把他杀了,并取下他头上的王冠和臂上的镯子带来献给我主。”

11 大卫就撕裂衣服,他的随从也撕裂衣服。 12 他们因扫罗、他的儿子约拿单和耶和华的子民——以色列同胞阵亡而悲哀痛哭,禁食直到黄昏。 13 大卫又问报信的青年:“你是哪里的人?”他答道:“我是寄居在以色列的亚玛力人。” 14 大卫说:“你怎么敢下手杀耶和华所膏立的王? 15-16 你是咎由自取!因为你亲口承认自己杀了耶和华所膏立的王。”大卫随即命令一个年轻的随从杀死他,随从便杀死了他。

大卫的哀歌

17 大卫作了一首挽歌哀悼扫罗和他儿子约拿单, 18 并吩咐人教导犹大人唱这首弓歌。这首歌记在《雅煞珥书》上,歌词说:

19 “以色列啊,
你荣耀的王伏尸山上,
伟大的勇士竟然倒下!
20 不要在迦特宣告,
不要在亚实基伦的街上传扬,
免得非利士的妇女幸灾乐祸,
免得未受割礼之人的女子欢喜雀跃。

21 “基利波山啊,愿你没有雨露,
你的田地不长献祭用的五谷,
因为在那里勇士的盾牌污迹斑斑,
扫罗的盾牌没有抹油。

22 “约拿单的弓射敌无数,
扫罗的剑不杀强敌不收回。

23 “扫罗和约拿单深受爱戴,
生死不分离。
他们比鹰更敏捷,
比狮子还强壮。

24 “以色列的女子啊,
为扫罗哀哭吧!
他曾使你们衣服华美,
穿金戴银。

25 “勇士竟战死沙场!
约拿单竟伏尸山上!
26 我的兄弟约拿单啊,
我为你悲伤,
你对我情深义重,
你对我的爱胜过女人的恋情。

27 “伟大的勇士竟然倒下!
兵器竟然长埋!”

Amplified Bible

2 Samuel 1

David Learns of Saul’s Death

1Now it happened after the death of Saul, when David had returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, that he stayed two days in Ziklag. On the third day a man came [unexpectedly] from Saul’s camp with his clothes torn and dust on his head [as in mourning]. When he came to David, he bowed to the ground and lay himself face down [in an act of great respect and submission]. Then David asked him, “Where do you come from?” He said, “I have escaped from the camp of Israel.” David said to him, “How did it go? Please tell me.” He answered, “The people have fled from the battle. Also, many of the people have fallen and are dead; Saul and Jonathan his son are also dead.” So David said to the young man who informed him, “How do you know Saul and his son Jonathan are dead?” And the young man who told him explained, “By chance I happened to be on Mount Gilboa, and there was Saul leaning on his spear, and the chariots and horsemen [of the Philistines] were close behind him. When he turned to look behind him, he saw me, and called to me. And I answered, ‘Here I am.’ He asked me, ‘Who are you?’ I answered him, ‘I am an Amalekite.’ He said to me, ‘Stand up facing me and kill me, for [terrible] agony has come over me, yet I still live [and I will be taken alive].’ 10 So I stood facing him [a]and killed him, because I knew that he could not live after he had fallen. Then I took the crown which was on his head and the [b]band which was on his arm, and I have brought them here to my lord.”

11 Then David grasped his own clothes and tore them [in mourning]; so did all the men who were with him. 12 They mourned and wept and fasted until evening for Saul and Jonathan his son, and for the Lord’s people and the house of [c]Israel, because they had fallen by the sword [in battle]. 13 David said to the young man who informed him, “Where are you from?” He answered, “I am the son of a foreigner (resident alien, sojourner), an Amalekite.” 14 David said to him, “How is it that you were not afraid to put out your hand to destroy the Lord’s anointed?” 15 David called one of the young men and said, “Go, execute him.” So he struck the Amalekite and he died. 16 David said to the [fallen] man, “[d]Your blood is on your own head, for your own mouth has testified against you, saying, ‘I have killed the Lord’s anointed.’”

David’s Dirge for Saul and Jonathan

17 Then David sang this dirge (funeral song) over Saul and his son Jonathan, 18 and he told them to teach the sons of Judah, the song of the bow. Behold, it is written in [e]the Book of Jashar:

19 
“Your glory and splendor, O Israel, is slain upon your high places!
How the mighty have fallen!
20 
“Tell it not in Gath,
Proclaim it not in the streets of Ashkelon,
Or the daughters of the Philistines will rejoice,
The daughters of the uncircumcised (pagans) will exult.
21 
[f]O mountains of Gilboa,
Let not dew or rain be upon you, nor fields with offerings;
For there the shield of the mighty was defiled,
The shield of Saul, [dry, cracked] not [g]anointed with oil.
22 
“From the blood of the slain, from the fat of the mighty,
The bow of Jonathan did not turn back,
And the sword of Saul did not return empty.
23 
“Saul and Jonathan, beloved and lovely and friends in their lives,
And in their death they were not separated;
They were swifter than eagles,
They were stronger than lions.
24 
“O daughters of Israel, weep over Saul,
Who clothed you [h]luxuriously in scarlet,
Who put ornaments of gold on your apparel.
25 
“How the mighty have fallen in the midst of the battle!
Jonathan lies slain upon your high places.
26 
“I am distressed for you, my brother Jonathan;
You have been a good friend to me.
Your [i]love toward me was more wonderful
Than the love of women.
27 
“How the mighty have fallen,
And the weapons of war have perished!”

Footnotes

  1. 2 Samuel 1:10 The young Amalekite’s story conflicts with the description of Saul’s suicide as recounted in 1 Sam 31:3-6. He must have, at the very least, witnessed Saul’s death since he was able to obtain the crown and the arm band. He apparently expected that his story about administering the deathblow, whether true or not, would result in some sort of reward or honor.
  2. 2 Samuel 1:10 This band or armlet was not jewelry, but a piece of armor worn around the arm.
  3. 2 Samuel 1:12 In general, sons of Israel or Israel or Israelites refers to all the people (males and females) of the various tribes descended from the twelve sons (Gen 35:23-26) of Jacob (later renamed Israel by God). In verses concerning things such as warfare or circumcision sons of Israel or Israel or Israelites usually refers only to the males. Tribes of ancient people were identified by the name of their founding ancestor. Therefore, this same general rule applies when referring to individual tribal groups, e.g. sons of Reuben, Reuben, Reubenites and so throughout.
  4. 2 Samuel 1:16 I.e. your death is your own fault.
  5. 2 Samuel 1:18 An early poetic account of the wars of Israel and the heroic acts of the warriors.
  6. 2 Samuel 1:21 As an expression of his grief David curses the place of Saul’s death.
  7. 2 Samuel 1:21 It was necessary to lubricate leather shields with oil to preserve them.
  8. 2 Samuel 1:24 Lit with jewelry.
  9. 2 Samuel 1:26 Jonathan graciously accepted God’s choice of David as the next ruler of Israel, and supported him, honored him, and wanted the very best for him.