1In the beginning God ([a]Elohim) [b]created [by forming from nothing] the heavens and the earth. 2 The earth was [c]formless and void or a waste and emptiness, and darkness was upon the face of the deep [primeval ocean that covered the unformed earth]. The Spirit of God was moving (hovering, brooding) over the face of the waters. 3 And God said, [d]“Let there be light”; and there was light. 4 God saw that the light was good (pleasing, useful) and [e]He affirmed and sustained it; and God separated the light [distinguishing it] from the darkness. 5 And God called the light day, and the darkness He called night. And there was [f]evening and there was [g]morning, one day.
6 And God said, “Let there be an [h]expanse [of the sky] in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters [below the expanse] from the waters [above the expanse].” 7 And God made the expanse [of sky] and separated the waters which were under the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so [just as He commanded]. 8 God called the expanse [of sky] heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.
9 Then God said, “Let the waters below the heavens be gathered into one place [of standing, pooling together], and let the dry land appear”; and it was so. 10 God called the dry land earth, and the gathering of the waters He called seas; and God saw that this was good (pleasing, useful) and He affirmed and sustained it. 11 So God said, “Let the earth sprout [tender] [i]vegetation, [j]plants yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit according to (limited to, consistent with) their kind, whose seed is in them upon the earth”; and it was so. 12 The earth sprouted and abundantly produced vegetation, plants yielding seed according to their kind, and trees bearing fruit with seed in them, according to their kind; and God saw that it was good and He affirmed and sustained it. 13 And there was evening and there was morning, a third day.
14 Then God said, “Let there be light-bearers (sun, moon, stars) in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be useful for signs (tokens) [of God’s provident care], and for marking seasons, days, and years; 15 and let them be useful as lights in the expanse of the heavens to provide light on the earth”; and it was so, [just as He commanded]. 16 God made the two great lights—the greater light (the sun) to rule the day, and the lesser light (the moon) to rule the night; He made the [galaxies of] stars also [that is, all the amazing wonders in the heavens]. 17 God placed them in the expanse of the heavens to provide light upon the earth, 18 to rule over the day and the night, and to separate the light from the darkness; and God saw that it was good and He affirmed and sustained it. 19 And there was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.
20 Then God said, “Let the waters swarm and abundantly produce living creatures, and let birds soar above the earth [k]in the open expanse of the heavens.” 21 God created the great sea monsters and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarmed according to their kind, and every winged bird according to its kind; and God saw that it was good and He affirmed and sustained it. 22 And God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful, multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” 23 And there was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.
24 Then God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to (limited to, consistent with) their kind: livestock, crawling things, and wild animals of the earth according to their kinds”; and it was so [because He had spoken them into creation]. 25 So God made the wild animals of the earth according to their kind, and the cattle according to their kind, and everything that creeps and crawls on the earth according to its kind; and God saw that it was good (pleasing, useful) and He affirmed and sustained it.
26 Then God said, “Let Us (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) make man in Our image, according to Our likeness [not physical, but a spiritual personality and moral likeness]; and let them have complete authority over the fish of the sea, the birds of the air, the cattle, and over the entire earth, and over everything that creeps and crawls on the earth.” 27 So God created man in His own image, in the image and likeness of God He created him; male and female He created them. 28 And God blessed them [granting them certain authority] and said to them, “Be fruitful, multiply, and fill the earth, and subjugate it [putting it under your power]; and rule over (dominate) the fish of the sea, the birds of the air, and every living thing that moves upon the earth.” 29 So God said, “Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the surface of the entire earth, and every tree which has fruit yielding seed; it shall be food for you; 30 and to all the animals on the earth and to every bird of the air and to everything that moves on the ground—to everything in which there is the breath of life—I have given every green plant for food”; and it was so [because He commanded it]. 31 God saw everything that He had made, and behold, it was very good and He validated it completely. And there was evening and there was morning, a sixth day.
- Genesis 1:1 This is originally a plural form based on el (root meaning: strength), which itself is used to refer to God in compounds like El Shaddai (Almighty God). The word el is also used to refer to false gods, so the context determines whether Elohim means “God” or is better understood as “gods” (elohim).
- Genesis 1:1 Heb bara. Here and in 1:21, God created from nothing which is something only He can do. In 1:27, God used preexisting materials (man from the dust of the ground; Eve from Adam’s rib); each use of the word bara (“create”) must be considered in its specific context.
- Genesis 1:2 The Hebrew text here has two rhyming words, tohu and bohu, which have similar meanings of “wasteness” and “emptiness.” The construction is a figure of speech called hendiadys, in which two words are used together to express the same idea. The meaning is that the earth had no clearly discernible features at this point in creation but essentially was a mass of raw materials. This proves to be very important from philosophical and scientific viewpoints, because it documents the fact that the raw matter of the earth—and by extension, of the universe—did not coexist eternally with God, but was created by Him ex nihilo (Latin “out of nothing”).
- Genesis 1:3 This is not in the imperative mood (the ordinary grammatical form for a command), but God willed these creative events into existence. It is the voluntative mood in Hebrew. This translates, “It is My will that this happen.” English does not have the voluntative mood, which includes the jussive and cohortative forms. When “let” is used in this way, it represents a command not in the imperative mood, but rather an expression of God’s will, the jussive form. God literally commanded (willed) the world into existence.
- Genesis 1:4 “He affirmed and sustained it” is understood (deduced) from the context. The italic “and” alerts the reader or student of Hebrew that the word or words that follow are amplifications not found in the Hebrew text itself, but implied by it or by contextual factors.
- Genesis 1:5 The Hebrew word translated “evening” indicates dusk or sunset.
- Genesis 1:5 The Hebrew word translated “morning” indicates the time when it is getting light (dawn).
- Genesis 1:6 Or a firmament.
- Genesis 1:11 Or grass.
- Genesis 1:11 Or herbs.
- Genesis 1:20 Lit over the face of.
1태초에 하나님이 1:1 또는 ‘천지를’우주를 창조하셨다.
2지구는 아무 형태도 없이 텅 비어 흑암에 싸인 채 물로 뒤덮여 있었고 하나님의 영은 수면에 활동하고 계셨다.
3그때 하나님이 “빛이 있으라” 하고 말씀하시자 빛이 나타났다.
4그 빛은 하나님이 보시기에 좋았다. 하나님이 빛과 어두움을 나누어
5빛을 낮이라 부르시고 어두움을 밤이라고 부르셨다. 저녁이 지나고 아침이 되자 이것이 첫째 날이었다.
6-7하나님이 “물 가운데 넓은 공간이 생겨 물과 물이 나누어져라” 하시자 그대로 되었다. 이렇게 하나님은 공간을 만들어 공간 아래의 물과 공간 위의 물로 나누시고
8그 공간을 하늘이라고 부르셨다. 저녁이 지나고 아침이 되자 이것이 둘째 날이었다.
9하나님이 “하늘 아래 있는 물은 한 곳으로 모이고 뭍이 드러나라” 하시자 그대로 되었다.
10하나님은 뭍을 땅이라 부르시고 모인 물을 바다라고 부르셨다. 이것은 하나님이 보시기에 좋았다.
11하나님이 “땅은 온갖 채소와 씨 맺는 식물과 열매 맺는 과일 나무들을 그 종류대로 내어라” 하시자 그대로 되었다.
12이렇게 땅이 온갖 채소와 씨 맺는 식물과 열매 맺는 과일 나무들을 그 종류대로 내니 하나님이 보시기에 좋았다.
13저녁이 지나고 아침이 되자 이것이 셋째 날이었다.
14-15하나님이 “하늘에 광체가 나타나 땅을 비추고 낮과 밤을 나누어라. 그리고 날과 해와 계절을 구분하라” 하시자 그대로 되었다.
16하나님은 두 개의 큰 광체를 만들어 큰 광체로 낮을, 작은 광체로 밤을 지배하게 하셨으며 또 별들도 만드셨다.
17이렇게 하나님은 그 광체들을 하늘에 두어 땅을 비추게 하시고
18밤과 낮을 지배하게 하시며 빛과 어두움을 구분하게 하셨다. 이것은 하나님이 보시기에 좋았다.
19저녁이 지나고 아침이 되자 이것이 넷째 날이었다.
20하나님이 “물에는 생물이 번성하고 공중에는 새가 날으라” 하고 말씀하셨다.
21이와 같이 하나님은 거대한 바다 생물과 물에서 번성하는 갖가지 물고기와 날개 달린 온갖 새들을 창조하셨다. 이것은 하나님이 보시기에 좋았다.
22하나님이 이것들을 다 축복하시며 “바다의 생물들은 번성하여 바다를 채우고 공중의 새들은 번성하여 땅을 채워라” 하셨다.
23저녁이 지나고 아침이 되자 이것이 다섯째 날이었다.
24하나님이 “땅은 온갖 생물, 곧 가축과 땅에 기어다니는 것과 들짐승을 그 종류대로 내어라” 하시자 그대로 되었다.
25이렇게 하나님은 들짐승과 가축과 땅에 기어다니는 모든 생물을 만드셨다. 이것은 하나님이 보시기에 좋았다.
26그러고서 하나님은 “우리의 모습을 닮은 사람을 만들어 바다의 고기와 공중의 새와 가축과 온 땅과 땅에 기어다니는 모든 생물을 지배하게 하자” 하시고
27자기 모습을 닮은 사람, 곧 남자와 여자를 창조하셨다.
28그리고 하나님은 그들을 축복하여 이렇게 말씀하셨다. “너희는 많은 자녀를 낳고 번성하여 땅을 가득 채워라. 땅을 정복하라. 바다의 고기와 공중의 새와 땅의 모든 생물을 지배하라.
29내가 온 땅의 씨 맺는 식물과 열매 맺는 모든 나무를 너희에게 주었으니 그것이 너희 양식이 될 것이다.
30그리고 땅의 모든 짐승과 공중의 모든 새와 땅에서 움직이는 모든 생물들에게는 푸른 풀과 식물을 내가 먹이로 주었다.”
31하나님이 자기가 창조한 것을 보시니 모든 것이 아주 훌륭하였다. 저녁이 지나고 아침이 되자 이것이 여섯째 날이었다.