Amplified Bible

Genesis 1

The Creation

1In the beginning God ([a]Elohim) [b]created [by forming from nothing] the heavens and the earth. The earth was [c]formless and void or a waste and emptiness, and darkness was upon the face of the deep [primeval ocean that covered the unformed earth]. The Spirit of God was moving (hovering, brooding) over the face of the waters. And God said, [d]“Let there be light”; and there was light. God saw that the light was good (pleasing, useful) and [e]He affirmed and sustained it; and God separated the light [distinguishing it] from the darkness. And God called the light day, and the darkness He called night. And there was [f]evening and there was [g]morning, one day.

And God said, “Let there be an [h]expanse [of the sky] in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters [below the expanse] from the waters [above the expanse].” And God made the expanse [of sky] and separated the waters which were under the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so [just as He commanded]. God called the expanse [of sky] heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.

Then God said, “Let the waters below the heavens be gathered into one place [of standing, pooling together], and let the dry land appear”; and it was so. 10 God called the dry land earth, and the gathering of the waters He called seas; and God saw that this was good (pleasing, useful) and He affirmed and sustained it. 11 So God said, “Let the earth sprout [tender] [i]vegetation, [j]plants yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit according to (limited to, consistent with) their kind, whose seed is in them upon the earth”; and it was so. 12 The earth sprouted and abundantly produced vegetation, plants yielding seed according to their kind, and trees bearing fruit with seed in them, according to their kind; and God saw that it was good and He affirmed and sustained it. 13 And there was evening and there was morning, a third day.

14 Then God said, “Let there be light-bearers (sun, moon, stars) in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be useful for signs (tokens) [of God’s provident care], and for marking seasons, days, and years; 15 and let them be useful as lights in the expanse of the heavens to provide light on the earth”; and it was so, [just as He commanded]. 16 God made the two great lights—the greater light (the sun) to rule the day, and the lesser light (the moon) to rule the night; He made the [galaxies of] stars also [that is, all the amazing wonders in the heavens]. 17 God placed them in the expanse of the heavens to provide light upon the earth, 18 to rule over the day and the night, and to separate the light from the darkness; and God saw that it was good and He affirmed and sustained it. 19 And there was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.

20 Then God said, “Let the waters swarm and abundantly produce living creatures, and let birds soar above the earth [k]in the open expanse of the heavens.” 21 God created the great sea monsters and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarmed according to their kind, and every winged bird according to its kind; and God saw that it was good and He affirmed and sustained it. 22 And God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful, multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” 23 And there was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.

24 Then God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to (limited to, consistent with) their kind: livestock, crawling things, and wild animals of the earth according to their kinds”; and it was so [because He had spoken them into creation]. 25 So God made the wild animals of the earth according to their kind, and the cattle according to their kind, and everything that creeps and crawls on the earth according to its kind; and God saw that it was good (pleasing, useful) and He affirmed and sustained it.

26 Then God said, “Let Us (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) make man in Our image, according to Our likeness [not physical, but a spiritual personality and moral likeness]; and let them have complete authority over the fish of the sea, the birds of the air, the cattle, and over the entire earth, and over everything that creeps and crawls on the earth.” 27 So God created man in His own image, in the image and likeness of God He created him; male and female He created them. 28 And God blessed them [granting them certain authority] and said to them, “Be fruitful, multiply, and fill the earth, and subjugate it [putting it under your power]; and rule over (dominate) the fish of the sea, the birds of the air, and every living thing that moves upon the earth.” 29 So God said, “Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the surface of the entire earth, and every tree which has fruit yielding seed; it shall be food for you; 30 and to all the animals on the earth and to every bird of the air and to everything that moves on the ground—to everything in which there is the breath of life—I have given every green plant for food”; and it was so [because He commanded it]. 31 God saw everything that He had made, and behold, it was very good and He validated it completely. And there was evening and there was morning, a sixth day.

Footnotes

  1. Genesis 1:1 This is originally a plural form based on el (root meaning: strength), which itself is used to refer to God in compounds like El Shaddai (Almighty God). The word el is also used to refer to false gods, so the context determines whether Elohim means “God” or is better understood as “gods” (elohim).
  2. Genesis 1:1 Heb bara. Here and in 1:21, God created from nothing which is something only He can do. In 1:27, God used preexisting materials (man from the dust of the ground; Eve from Adam’s rib); each use of the word bara (“create”) must be considered in its specific context.
  3. Genesis 1:2 The Hebrew text here has two rhyming words, tohu and bohu, which have similar meanings of “wasteness” and “emptiness.” The construction is a figure of speech called hendiadys, in which two words are used together to express the same idea. The meaning is that the earth had no clearly discernible features at this point in creation but essentially was a mass of raw materials. This proves to be very important from philosophical and scientific viewpoints, because it documents the fact that the raw matter of the earth—and by extension, of the universe—did not coexist eternally with God, but was created by Him ex nihilo (Latin “out of nothing”).
  4. Genesis 1:3 This is not in the imperative mood (the ordinary grammatical form for a command), but God willed these creative events into existence. It is the voluntative mood in Hebrew. This translates, “It is My will that this happen.” English does not have the voluntative mood, which includes the jussive and cohortative forms. When “let” is used in this way, it represents a command not in the imperative mood, but rather an expression of God’s will, the jussive form. God literally commanded (willed) the world into existence.
  5. Genesis 1:4 “He affirmed and sustained it” is understood (deduced) from the context. The italic “and” alerts the reader or student of Hebrew that the word or words that follow are amplifications not found in the Hebrew text itself, but implied by it or by contextual factors.
  6. Genesis 1:5 The Hebrew word translated “evening” indicates dusk or sunset.
  7. Genesis 1:5 The Hebrew word translated “morning” indicates the time when it is getting light (dawn).
  8. Genesis 1:6 Or a firmament.
  9. Genesis 1:11 Or grass.
  10. Genesis 1:11 Or herbs.
  11. Genesis 1:20 Lit over the face of.

Hoffnung für Alle

1 Mose 1

Die frühe Geschichte der Menschheit (Kapitel 1–11)

Gott erschafft die Welt

1Am Anfang schuf Gott Himmel und Erde. Noch war die Erde leer und ungestaltet, von tiefen Fluten bedeckt. Finsternis herrschte, aber über dem Wasser schwebte der Geist Gottes.

Da sprach Gott: »Licht soll entstehen!«, und sogleich strahlte Licht auf. Gott sah, dass es gut war. Er trennte das Licht von der Dunkelheit und nannte das Licht »Tag« und die Dunkelheit »Nacht«. Es wurde Abend und wieder Morgen: Der erste Tag war vergangen.

Und Gott befahl: »Im Wasser soll sich ein Gewölbe bilden, das die Wassermassen voneinander trennt!« So geschah es: Er machte ein Gewölbe und trennte damit das Wasser darüber von dem Wasser, das die Erde bedeckte. Das Gewölbe nannte er »Himmel«. Es wurde Abend und wieder Morgen: Der zweite Tag war vergangen.

Dann sprach Gott: »Die Wassermassen auf der Erde sollen zusammenfließen, damit das Land zum Vorschein kommt!« So geschah es. 10 Gott nannte das trockene Land »Erde« und das Wasser »Meer«. Was er sah, gefiel ihm, denn es war gut. 11 Und Gott sprach: »Auf der Erde soll es grünen und blühen: Alle Arten von Pflanzen und Bäumen sollen wachsen und ihre Samen und Früchte tragen!« So geschah es. 12 Die Erde brachte Pflanzen und Bäume in ihrer ganzen Vielfalt hervor. Wieder sah er sich an, was er geschaffen hatte: Es war gut. 13 Es wurde Abend und wieder Morgen: Der dritte Tag war vergangen.

14 Da befahl Gott: »Am Himmel sollen Lichter entstehen, die den Tag und die Nacht voneinander trennen und nach denen man die Jahreszeiten und auch die Tage und Jahre bestimmen kann! 15 Sie sollen die Erde erhellen.« Und so geschah es. 16 Gott schuf zwei große Lichter, die Sonne für den Tag und den Mond für die Nacht, dazu alle Sterne. 17 Er setzte diese Lichter an den Himmel, um die Erde zu erhellen, 18 Tag und Nacht zu bestimmen und Licht und Finsternis zu unterscheiden. Und Gott sah, dass es gut war. 19 Wieder wurde es Abend und Morgen: Der vierte Tag war vergangen.

20 Dann sprach Gott: »Im Wasser soll es von Leben wimmeln, und Vogelschwärme sollen am Himmel fliegen!« 21 Er schuf die gewaltigen Seetiere und alle anderen Lebewesen, die sich im Wasser tummeln, dazu die vielen verschiedenen Arten von Vögeln. Gott sah, dass es gut war. 22 Er segnete sie und sagte: »Vermehrt euch und füllt die Meere, und auch ihr Vögel, vermehrt euch auf der Erde!« 23 Es wurde Abend und wieder Morgen: Der fünfte Tag war vergangen.

24 Darauf befahl er: »Die Erde soll vielfältiges Leben hervorbringen: Vieh, wilde Tiere und Kriechtiere!« So geschah es. 25 Gott schuf alle Arten von Vieh, wilden Tieren und Kriechtieren. Wieder sah er sich alles an, und es war gut.

26 Dann sagte Gott: »Jetzt wollen wir den Menschen machen, unser Ebenbild, das uns ähnlich ist. Er soll über die ganze Erde verfügen: über die Tiere im Meer, am Himmel und auf der Erde.« 27 So schuf Gott den Menschen als sein Abbild, ja, als Gottes Ebenbild; und er schuf sie als Mann und Frau. 28 Er segnete sie und sprach: »Vermehrt euch, bevölkert die Erde und nehmt sie in Besitz! Ihr sollt Macht haben über alle Tiere: über die Fische, die Vögel und alle anderen Tiere auf der Erde!« 29 Dann sagte er: »Seht, als Nahrung gebe ich euch alle Pflanzen, die Samen tragen, und die Früchte, die überall an den Bäumen wachsen; 30 aber die Vögel und Landtiere sollen Gras und Blätter fressen.« Und so geschah es. 31 Schließlich betrachtete Gott alles, was er geschaffen hatte, und es war sehr gut! Es wurde Abend und wieder Morgen: Der sechste Tag war vergangen.