Amplified Bible

Exodus 13

Consecration of the Firstborn

1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “Sanctify to Me [that is, set apart for My purpose] every firstborn, the first offspring of every womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of animal; it is Mine.”

Moses said to the people, “Remember [solemnly observe and commemorate] this day on which you came out of Egypt, out of the house of bondage and slavery; for by a strong and powerful hand the Lord brought you out of this place. And nothing leavened shall be eaten. On this day in the month Abib, you are about to go onward. And it shall be when the Lord brings you into the land of the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Amorite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, which He swore to your fathers to give you, a land [of abundance] [a]flowing with milk and honey, that you shall keep and observe this rite (service) in this month. For seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day there shall be a feast to the Lord. Unleavened bread shall be eaten throughout the seven days; no leavened bread shall be seen with you, nor shall there be leaven within the borders of your territory. You shall explain this to your son on that day, saying, ‘It is because of what the Lord did for me when I came out of Egypt.’ It shall serve as a sign to you on your hand (arm), and as a reminder on your forehead, so that the instruction (law) of the Lord may be in your mouth; for with a strong and powerful hand the Lord brought you out of Egypt. 10 Therefore, you shall keep this ordinance at this time from year to year.

11 “Now it shall be when the Lord brings you into the land of the Canaanite, as He swore to you and your fathers, and gives it to you, 12 you shall set apart and dedicate to the Lord all that first opens the womb. All the firstborn males of your livestock shall be the Lord’s. 13 Every firstborn of a [b]donkey you shall redeem by [substituting] a lamb [as a sacrifice for it], but if you do not [wish to] redeem it, then you shall break its neck; and every firstborn among your sons you shall redeem [that is, “buy back” from God with a suitable sacrifice]. 14 And it shall be when your son asks you in time to come, saying, ‘What does this mean?’ you shall say to him, ‘With a strong and powerful hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt, from the house of bondage and slavery. 15 For it happened, when Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go, that the Lord struck every firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man and the firstborn of animal. Therefore, I sacrifice to the Lord all the males, the first [to be born] of every womb, but every firstborn of my sons I redeem.’ 16 So it shall serve as a sign and a reminder on your [left] hand (arm) and as [c]frontlets between your eyes, for by a strong and powerful hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt.”

God Leads the People

17 So it happened, when Pharaoh let the people go, God did not lead them by way of the land of the Philistines, even though it was nearer; for God said, “The people might change their minds when they see war [that is, that there will be war], and return to Egypt.” 18 But God led the people around by the way of the wilderness toward the [d]Red Sea; the sons of Israel went up in battle array (orderly ranks, marching formation) out of the land of Egypt. 19 Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, for Joseph had solemnly ordered (placed under an oath) the Israelites, saying, “God will assuredly take care of you, and you must carry my bones away from here with you.” 20 They journeyed from Succoth [in Goshen] and camped at Etham on the edge of the wilderness. 21 The [presence of the] Lord was going before them by day in a pillar (column) of cloud to lead them along the way, and in a pillar of fire by night to give them light, so that they could travel by day and by night. 22 He did not withdraw the pillar of cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from going before the people.

Footnotes

  1. Exodus 13:5 This phrase referred to the abundant fertility of the land of Canaan. Milk (typically that of goats and sheep) was associated with abundance; “honey” referred mainly to syrups made from dates or grapes and was the epitome of sweetness. Bees’ honey was very rare and was considered the choicest of foods.
  2. Exodus 13:13 For most Israelites, the donkey would eventually be important for their livelihoods as a work-animal, so God foresaw the need and allowed this exception. Those who had no need for an additional donkey were not required to redeem it, but were to kill it in recognition of God’s right to the firstborn. On the other hand, redemption was of course the only option for a firstborn son. God thereby honors His own right to the firstborn, but at the same time forbids human sacrifice.
  3. Exodus 13:16 Heb totaphoth, later renamed tefillin (“attachment”) but often called phylacteries (Gr “safeguards”) these came to be small cube-shaped leather pouches which contained tiny parchments of Ex 13:1-16 and Deut 6:4-9; 11:13-21. They were strapped to the forehead and the left forearm of Jewish men (or the right forearm, if a man was left-handed) in obedience to the commands in this verse and Deut 6:8. Phylacteries and the parchments contained in them were very artistically made, and are still worn today by observant Jews during morning services.
  4. Exodus 13:18 Lit Sea of Reeds. See note 10:19.

Nueva Versión Internacional

Éxodo 13

Consagración de los primogénitos israelitas

1El Señor habló con Moisés y le dijo: «Conságrame el primogénito de todo vientre. Míos son todos los primogénitos israelitas y todos los primeros machos de sus animales».

Moisés le dijo al pueblo: «Acuérdense de este día en que salen de Egipto, país donde han sido esclavos y de donde el Señor los saca desplegando su poder. No coman pan con levadura. Ustedes salen hoy, en el mes de aviv, y en este mismo mes deberán celebrar esta ceremonia, cuando ya el Señor los haya hecho entrar en la tierra que prometió dar a los antepasados de ustedes. Se trata de la tierra de los cananeos, hititas, amorreos, heveos y jebuseos: ¡tierra donde abundan la leche y la miel! Durante siete días comerán pan sin levadura, y el día séptimo celebrarán una fiesta en honor al Señor. En ningún lugar de su territorio debe haber nada que contenga levadura. Ni siquiera habrá levadura entre ustedes. Comerán pan sin levadura durante esos siete días.

»Ese día ustedes les dirán a sus hijos:[a] “Esto lo hacemos por lo que hizo el Señor por nosotros cuando salimos de Egipto”. Y será para ustedes como una marca distintiva en la mano o en la frente, que les hará recordar que la ley del Señor debe estar en sus labios, porque el Señor los sacó de Egipto desplegando su poder. 10 Año tras año, en la misma fecha, cumplirán con esta ley.

11 »Una vez que el Señor los haga entrar en la tierra de los cananeos y se la haya dado, conforme al juramento que les hizo a ustedes y a sus antepasados, 12 le dedicarán al Señor el primogénito de todo vientre, y todo primer macho de su ganado, pues estos le pertenecen al Señor. 13 El primogénito de una asna podrá ser rescatado a cambio de un cordero; pero, si no se rescata, se le quebrará el cuello. Todos los primogénitos de ustedes o de sus descendientes deberán ser rescatados.

14 »El día de mañana, cuando sus hijos les pregunten: “¿Y esto qué significa?”, les dirán: “El Señor, desplegando su poder, nos sacó de Egipto, país donde fuimos esclavos. 15 Cuando el faraón se empeñó en no dejarnos ir, el Señor les quitó la vida a todos los primogénitos de Egipto, tanto de hombres como de animales. Por eso le ofrecemos al Señor en sacrificio el primer macho que nace, y rescatamos a nuestros primogénitos”. 16 Esto será para ustedes como una marca distintiva en la mano o en la frente, de que el Señor nos sacó de Egipto desplegando su poder».

El paso del Mar Rojo

17 Cuando el faraón dejó salir a los israelitas, Dios no los llevó por el camino que atraviesa la tierra de los filisteos, que era el más corto, pues pensó: «Si se les presentara batalla, podrían cambiar de idea y regresar a Egipto». 18 Por eso les hizo dar un rodeo por el camino del desierto, en dirección al Mar Rojo.

Los israelitas salieron de Egipto en formación de combate. 19 Moisés se llevó consigo los restos de José, según este se lo había pedido a los israelitas bajo juramento. Estas habían sido las palabras de José: «Pueden contar ustedes con que Dios vendrá en su ayuda. Cuando eso suceda, llévense de aquí mis restos».

20 Los israelitas partieron de Sucot y acamparon en Etam, donde comienza el desierto. 21 De día, el Señor iba al frente de ellos en una columna de nube para indicarles el camino; de noche, los alumbraba con una columna de fuego. De ese modo podían viajar de día y de noche. 22 Jamás la columna de nube dejaba de guiar al pueblo durante el día, ni la columna de fuego durante la noche.

Footnotes

  1. 13:8 ustedes les dirán a sus hijos. Lit. le dirás a tu hijo. En vv. 8-16 el texto hebreo usa el singular en sentido colectivo.