Amplified Bible

Daniel 1

The Choice Young Men

1In the third year of the reign of [a]Jehoiakim king of Judah, [b]Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it. The Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, along with some of the articles of the house of God; and he brought them into the land of [c]Shinar, to the house of his god, and brought the articles into the treasury of his god.

And the [Babylonian] king told Ashpenaz, the chief of his [d]officials, to bring in some of the sons of Israel, including some from the royal family and from the nobles, young men without blemish and handsome in appearance, skillful in all wisdom, endowed with intelligence and discernment, and quick to understand, competent to stand [in the presence of the king] and able to serve in the king’s palace. He also ordered Ashpenaz to teach them the literature and language of the [e]Chaldeans. The king assigned a daily ration for them from his finest food and from the wine which he drank. They were to be educated and nourished this way for three years so that at the end of that time they were [prepared] to enter the king’s service. Among them from the sons of Judah were: Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah. The commander of the officials gave them [Babylonian] names: Daniel he named Belteshazzar, Hananiah he named Shadrach, Mishael he named Meshach, and Azariah he named Abed-nego.

Daniel’s Resolve

But Daniel made up his mind that he would not defile (taint, dishonor) himself with the [f]king’s finest food or with the wine which the king drank; so he asked the commander of the officials that he might [be excused so that he would] not defile himself. Now God granted Daniel favor and compassion in the sight of the commander of the officials, 10 and the commander of the officials said to Daniel, “I am afraid of my lord the king, who has prearranged your food and your drink; for why should he see your faces looking more haggard than the young men who are your own age? Then you would make me forfeit my head to the king.” 11 But Daniel said to the overseer whom the commander of the officials had appointed over Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah, 12 “Please, test your servants for ten days, and let us be given some vegetables to eat and water to drink. 13 Then let our appearance and the appearance of the young men who eat the king’s finest food be observed and compared by you, and deal with your servants in accordance with what you see.”

14 So the man listened to them in this matter and tested them for ten days. 15 At the end of ten days it seemed that they were looking better and [g]healthier than all the young men who ate the king’s finest food. 16 So the overseer continued to withhold their fine food and the wine they were to drink, and kept giving them vegetables.

17 As for these four young men, God gave them knowledge and skill in all kinds of literature and wisdom; Daniel also understood all kinds of visions and dreams.

18 At the end of the time set by the king to bring all the young men in [before him], the commander of the officials presented them to Nebuchadnezzar. 19 The king spoke with them, and among them all not one was found like Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah; so they were [selected and] assigned to stand before the king and enter his personal service. 20 In every matter of wisdom and understanding about which the king consulted them, he found them ten times better than all the [learned] magicians and enchanters (Magi) in his whole realm. 21 And Daniel remained there until the [h]first year of [the reign of] King Cyrus [over Babylon; now this was at the end of the seventy-year exile of Judah (the Southern Kingdom) in Babylonia, as foretold by Jeremiah].

Footnotes

  1. Daniel 1:1 Pharaoh Neco had killed Josiah king of Judah and installed Eliakim (Josiah’s son) as a vassal ruler. Neco changed Eliakim’s name to Jehoiakim and he ruled for eleven years (2 Chr 36:4, 5).
  2. Daniel 1:1 Nebuchadnezzar II of the Chaldean Dynasty, more commonly known as Nebuchadnezzar the Great, ruled Babylon from 605-562 b.c. He conquered Jerusalem in 597 b.c.
  3. Daniel 1:2 I.e. southern Babylonia.
  4. Daniel 1:3 Or eunuchs, and so throughout.
  5. Daniel 1:4 The Chaldeans dominated and ruled Babylonia from 625 b.c. until their empire fell in 539 b.c., but they were known as early as 1000 b.c. as an aggressive, tribal people in the southern region of Babylonia. They were highly skilled in both the science of astronomy and the pseudo-science of astrology. They kept meticulous records of celestial motion and correctly calculated the length of a year to within just a few minutes. Babylon, their capital city, was the center of trade and learning in the western part of Asia. The classical literature of the Chaldeans was written in cuneiform, but the common language, both written and spoken in Babylon, was Akkadian increasingly influenced by Aramaic.
  6. Daniel 1:8 The first portions of the food and wine would have been presented to idols before being served at the table.
  7. Daniel 1:15 Lit fat of flesh.
  8. Daniel 1:21 Cyrus the Great, founder of the Persian Empire, ruled from 559-529 b.c. He conquered the Median (549 b.c.), the Lydian (546 b.c.), and the Neo-Babylonian (539 b.c.) kingdoms and formed the greatest empire the world had ever known. He returned a remnant of the Jewish population from Babylon to Jerusalem along with an edict to rebuild the temple.

O Livro

Daniel 1

A preparação de Daniel na Babilónia

11/2 Três anos depois do rei Joaquim ter começado a reinar em Judá, o rei da Babilónia, Nabucodonozor, atacou Jerusalém com os seus exércitos, e o Senhor deu-lhe a vitória sobre Joaquim. Antes de regressar a Babilónia, tirou algumas das taças sagradas do templo de Deus, e pô-las depois no tesouro do seu deus.

3/4 Então mandou a Aspenaz, que era o chefe do pessoal de serviço no palácio real, que seleccionasse alguns dos jovens judeus trazidos como cativos — mancebos de linhagem real, pertencentes à nobreza de Judá — para lhes ensinar a língua dos caldeus e a sua cultura. “Escolham-me uns moços fortes, saudáveis, de bela aparência”, disse ele, “que sejam instruídos em todos os domínios do saber, com uma boa cultura geral; e que dessa forma possam estar preparados para viver no palácio”.

O rei ordenou que lhes dessem do melhor alimento a comer e do melhor vinho a beber, de tudo aquilo que lhe era servido a ele próprio; e isso durante três anos, para que no final desse período de preparação viessem a ser seus conselheiros.

6/7 Daniel, Hananias, Misael e Azarias foram quatro dos jovens escolhidos de todas as tribos de Judá. O responsável pela sua formação pôs-lhes outros nomes, nomes babilónicos: A Daniel chamou Beltessazar; a Hananias, Sadraque; a Misael, Mesaque e a Azarias, Abednego.

Mas Daniel assentou no seu coração não se contaminar com o alimento e o vinho que o monarca lhes dava. Pediu então a esse responsável que lhes permitisse alimentarem-se antes de outras coisas. Aconteceu até que Deus fez que esse homem tivesse uma certa simpatia especial para com Daniel e usasse de uma certa tolerância. 10 No entanto ficou alarmado com a sugestão de Daniel: “Tenho receio que vocês fiquem com um aspecto mais débil quando comparados com os outros da vossa idade, e que o rei me mande decapitar por ter negligenciado as minhas responsabilidades.”

11/13 Daniel foi ter com o mordomo, a quem o responsável tinha encarregado de cuidar de Daniel, de Hananias, de Misael e de Azarias, sugerindo-lhe que durante dez dias os deixasse submeterem-se a um regime de apenas vegetais e água; no final desse período o mordomo poderia comparar a aparência deles com a dos outros que comiam da comida do rei e logo veria se sim ou não continuariam com esse regime alimentar.

14/16 O mordomo acabou por concordar. No fim dos dez dias, Daniel e os seus três amigos pareciam mais saudáveis e mais bem alimentados do que os jovens que tinham comido a comida real. O mordomo passou assim a dar-lhes unicamente vegetais e água, retirando-lhes da alimentação os outros ricos pratos e os vinhos.

17 Deus concedeu a estes quatro moços uma grande capacidade de aprendizagem, de tal forma que em breve dominavam já os conhecimentos e a cultura daquele tempo. Deus deu mesmo a Daniel uma especial competência para compreender o significado de sonhos e de visões.

18/19 Quando aquele período de três anos de preparação e estudo se completou, o responsável nomeado pelo soberano trouxe todos os mancebos à presença deste, para serem examinados. O rei Nabucodonozor conversou longamente com cada um deles; mas aqueles que mais o impressionaram foram sem dúvida Daniel, Hananias, Misael e Azarias. E passaram a ocupar o seu lugar na equipa de conselheiros reais. 20 E em todos os assuntos em que se requeria uma informação exacta e a emissão de pareceres inteligentes, o monarca achava os juízos destes jovens sempre dez vezes melhores do que todos os outros sábios e cientistas do seu reino.

21 Daniel manteve-se nesse lugar de conselheiro do rei até ao primeiro ano do reinado de Ciro.