Amplified Bible

Genesis 1

The Creation

1In the beginning God ([a]Elohim) [b]created [by forming from nothing] the heavens and the earth. The earth was [c]formless and void or a waste and emptiness, and darkness was upon the face of the deep [primeval ocean that covered the unformed earth]. The Spirit of God was moving (hovering, brooding) over the face of the waters. And God said, [d]“Let there be light”; and there was light. God saw that the light was good (pleasing, useful) and [e]He affirmed and sustained it; and God separated the light [distinguishing it] from the darkness. And God called the light day, and the darkness He called night. And there was [f]evening and there was [g]morning, one day.

And God said, “Let there be an [h]expanse [of the sky] in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters [below the expanse] from the waters [above the expanse].” And God made the expanse [of sky] and separated the waters which were under the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so [just as He commanded]. God called the expanse [of sky] heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.

Then God said, “Let the waters below the heavens be gathered into one place [of standing, pooling together], and let the dry land appear”; and it was so. 10 God called the dry land earth, and the gathering of the waters He called seas; and God saw that this was good (pleasing, useful) and He affirmed and sustained it. 11 So God said, “Let the earth sprout [tender] [i]vegetation, [j]plants yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit according to (limited to, consistent with) their kind, whose seed is in them upon the earth”; and it was so. 12 The earth sprouted and abundantly produced vegetation, plants yielding seed according to their kind, and trees bearing fruit with seed in them, according to their kind; and God saw that it was good and He affirmed and sustained it. 13 And there was evening and there was morning, a third day.

14 Then God said, “Let there be light-bearers (sun, moon, stars) in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be useful for signs (tokens) [of God’s provident care], and for marking seasons, days, and years; 15 and let them be useful as lights in the expanse of the heavens to provide light on the earth”; and it was so, [just as He commanded]. 16 God made the two great lights—the greater light (the sun) to rule the day, and the lesser light (the moon) to rule the night; He made the [galaxies of] stars also [that is, all the amazing wonders in the heavens]. 17 God placed them in the expanse of the heavens to provide light upon the earth, 18 to rule over the day and the night, and to separate the light from the darkness; and God saw that it was good and He affirmed and sustained it. 19 And there was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.

20 Then God said, “Let the waters swarm and abundantly produce living creatures, and let birds soar above the earth [k]in the open expanse of the heavens.” 21 God created the great sea monsters and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarmed according to their kind, and every winged bird according to its kind; and God saw that it was good and He affirmed and sustained it. 22 And God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful, multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” 23 And there was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.

24 Then God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to (limited to, consistent with) their kind: livestock, crawling things, and wild animals of the earth according to their kinds”; and it was so [because He had spoken them into creation]. 25 So God made the wild animals of the earth according to their kind, and the cattle according to their kind, and everything that creeps and crawls on the earth according to its kind; and God saw that it was good (pleasing, useful) and He affirmed and sustained it.

26 Then God said, “Let Us (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) make man in Our image, according to Our likeness [not physical, but a spiritual personality and moral likeness]; and let them have complete authority over the fish of the sea, the birds of the air, the cattle, and over the entire earth, and over everything that creeps and crawls on the earth.” 27 So God created man in His own image, in the image and likeness of God He created him; male and female He created them. 28 And God blessed them [granting them certain authority] and said to them, “Be fruitful, multiply, and fill the earth, and subjugate it [putting it under your power]; and rule over (dominate) the fish of the sea, the birds of the air, and every living thing that moves upon the earth.” 29 So God said, “Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the surface of the entire earth, and every tree which has fruit yielding seed; it shall be food for you; 30 and to all the animals on the earth and to every bird of the air and to everything that moves on the ground—to everything in which there is the breath of life—I have given every green plant for food”; and it was so [because He commanded it]. 31 God saw everything that He had made, and behold, it was very good and He validated it completely. And there was evening and there was morning, a sixth day.

Footnotes

  1. Genesis 1:1 This is originally a plural form based on el (root meaning: strength), which itself is used to refer to God in compounds like El Shaddai (Almighty God). The word el is also used to refer to false gods, so the context determines whether Elohim means “God” or is better understood as “gods” (elohim).
  2. Genesis 1:1 Heb bara. Here and in 1:21, God created from nothing which is something only He can do. In 1:27, God used preexisting materials (man from the dust of the ground; Eve from Adam’s rib); each use of the word bara (“create”) must be considered in its specific context.
  3. Genesis 1:2 The Hebrew text here has two rhyming words, tohu and bohu, which have similar meanings of “wasteness” and “emptiness.” The construction is a figure of speech called hendiadys, in which two words are used together to express the same idea. The meaning is that the earth had no clearly discernible features at this point in creation but essentially was a mass of raw materials. This proves to be very important from philosophical and scientific viewpoints, because it documents the fact that the raw matter of the earth—and by extension, of the universe—did not coexist eternally with God, but was created by Him ex nihilo (Latin “out of nothing”).
  4. Genesis 1:3 This is not in the imperative mood (the ordinary grammatical form for a command), but God willed these creative events into existence. It is the voluntative mood in Hebrew. This translates, “It is My will that this happen.” English does not have the voluntative mood, which includes the jussive and cohortative forms. When “let” is used in this way, it represents a command not in the imperative mood, but rather an expression of God’s will, the jussive form. God literally commanded (willed) the world into existence.
  5. Genesis 1:4 “He affirmed and sustained it” is understood (deduced) from the context. The italic “and” alerts the reader or student of Hebrew that the word or words that follow are amplifications not found in the Hebrew text itself, but implied by it or by contextual factors.
  6. Genesis 1:5 The Hebrew word translated “evening” indicates dusk or sunset.
  7. Genesis 1:5 The Hebrew word translated “morning” indicates the time when it is getting light (dawn).
  8. Genesis 1:6 Or a firmament.
  9. Genesis 1:11 Or grass.
  10. Genesis 1:11 Or herbs.
  11. Genesis 1:20 Lit over the face of.

Chinese Contemporary Bible (Traditional)

創世記 1

上帝創造天地

1太初,上帝創造了天地。 那時,大地空虛混沌,還沒有成形,黑暗籠罩著深淵,上帝的靈運行在水面上。 上帝說:「要有光!」就有了光。 上帝看光是好的,就把光和暗分開, 稱光為晝,稱暗為夜。晚上過去,早晨到來,這是第一天[a] 上帝說:「水與水之間要有穹蒼,把水分開。」 果然如此。上帝開闢了穹蒼,用穹蒼將水上下分開。 上帝稱穹蒼為天空。晚上過去,早晨到來,這是第二天。

上帝說:「天空下面的水要聚在一處,使乾地露出來。」果然如此。 10 上帝稱乾地為陸地,稱水匯聚的地方為海洋。上帝看了,感到滿意。 11 上帝說:「陸地要長出植物——各類結種子的菜蔬和結果子的樹木,果子內都有籽。」果然如此, 12 陸地長出了植物——各類結種子的菜蔬和結果子的樹木,果子內都有籽。上帝看了,感到滿意。 13 晚上過去,早晨到來,這是第三天。

14 上帝說:「天空要有光體,以區分晝夜,作記號,定節令,計算年日, 15 發光普照大地。」果然如此。 16 上帝造了兩個大光體,較大的管白晝,較小的管黑夜,又造了星辰。 17 上帝把這些光體擺列在天空,讓它們發光普照大地, 18 管理晝夜,分開明暗。上帝看了,感到滿意。 19 晚上過去,早晨到來,這是第四天。

20 上帝說:「水中要充滿各種動物,空中要有禽鳥飛翔。」 21 上帝就造了海中的大魚等各類水族和各類禽鳥。上帝看了,感到滿意。 22 上帝賜福給這一切生物,說:「水族要生養繁殖,充滿海洋,禽鳥也要在地上多多地繁殖。」 23 晚上過去,早晨到來,這是第五天。 24 上帝說:「大地要繁衍各類動物——各類的牲畜、爬蟲和野獸。」果然如此。 25 上帝造了各類的野獸、牲畜和爬蟲。上帝看了,感到滿意。

上帝照自己的形像造人

26 上帝說:「我們要照著我們的形像,按著我們的樣子造人,讓他們管理海裡的魚、空中的鳥和地上的牲畜及一切爬蟲。」 27 上帝就照著自己的形像造了人,祂照著自己的形像造了男人和女人。 28 上帝賜福給他們,對他們說:「你們要生養眾多,遍佈地面,治理大地,管理海裡的魚、空中的鳥以及地上的各種動物。」 29 上帝對人說:「看啊,我把地上所有結種子的菜蔬和所有樹上有籽的果子都賜給你們作食物。 30 我把植物賜給所有地上的走獸、空中的飛鳥及地上的爬蟲作食物。」果然如此。 31 上帝看了,感到非常滿意。晚上過去,早晨到來,這是第六天。

Footnotes

  1. 1·5 這是第一天」或譯「這是一天」。