Amplified Bible

2 Samuel 24

The Census Taken

1Now again the anger of the Lord burned against Israel, and [a]He incited David against them to say, “Go, [b]count [the people of] Israel and Judah.” So the king said to Joab the commander of the army who was with him, “Go now through all the tribes of Israel, from Dan [in the north] to Beersheba [in the south], and conduct a census of the people, so that I may know the number of the people.” But Joab said to the king, “May the Lord your God add to the people a hundred times as many as there are, and let the eyes of my lord the king see it; but why does my lord the king [c]want to do this thing?” Nevertheless, the king’s word prevailed against Joab and the commanders of the army. So they went from the king’s presence to take a census of the people of Israel. They crossed over the Jordan and camped in Aroer, on the south side of the city which is in the middle of the river valley [of the Arnon] toward Gad, and on toward Jazer. Then they came to Gilead and to the land of Tahtim-hodshi, and they came to Dan-jaan and around to Sidon, and they came to the stronghold of Tyre and to all the cities of the Hivites and Canaanites, and they went out to the south of Judah, to Beersheba. So when they had gone about through all the land [taking the census], they came to Jerusalem at the end of nine months and twenty days. And Joab gave the sum of the census of the people to the king. In Israel there were 800,000 valiant men who drew the sword, and the men of Judah were 500,000.

10 But David’s heart (conscience) troubled him after he had counted the people. David said to the Lord, “I have sinned greatly in what I have done. But now, O Lord, please take away the sin of Your servant, for I have acted very foolishly.” 11 When David got up in the morning, the word of the Lord came to the prophet Gad, David’s seer, saying, 12 “Go and say to David, ‘Thus says the Lord, “I am giving you three choices; select one of them for yourself, and I will do it to you.”’” 13 So Gad came to David and told him, and said to him, “Shall seven years of famine come to you in your land? Or will you flee three months before your enemies as they pursue you? Or shall there be three days of pestilence (plague) in your land? Now consider this and decide what answer I shall return to Him who sent me.” 14 Then David said to Gad, “I am in great distress. Let us fall into the hands of the Lord, for His mercies are great, but do not let me fall into the hands of man.”

Pestilence Sent

15 So the Lord sent a pestilence (plague) [lasting three days] upon Israel from the morning until the appointed time, and seventy thousand men of the people from Dan to Beersheba died. 16 When the [avenging] angel stretched out his hand toward Jerusalem to destroy it, the Lord relented from the disaster and said to the angel who destroyed the people, “It is enough! Now relax your hand.” And the angel of the Lord was by the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite. 17 When David saw the angel who was striking down the people, he spoke to the Lord and said, “Behold, I [alone] am the one who has sinned and done wrong; but these sheep (people of Israel), what have they done [to deserve this]? Please let Your hand be [only] against me and my father’s house (family).”

David Builds an Altar

18 Then Gad [the prophet] came to David that day and said to him, “Go up, set up an altar to the Lord on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite [where you saw the angel].” 19 So David went up according to Gad’s word, as the Lord commanded. 20 Araunah looked down and saw the king and his servants crossing over toward him; and he went out and bowed before the king with his face toward the ground. 21 Araunah said, “Why has my lord the king come to his servant?” And David said, “To buy the threshing floor from you, to build an altar to the Lord, so that the plague may be held back from the people.” 22 Araunah said to David, “Let my lord the king take and offer up whatever seems good to him. Look, here are oxen for the burnt offering, and threshing sledges and the yokes of the oxen for the wood. 23 All of this, O king, Araunah gives to the king.” And Araunah said to the king, “May the Lord your God be favorable to you.” 24 But the king said to Araunah, “No, but I will certainly buy it from you for a price. I will not offer burnt offerings to the Lord my God which cost me nothing.” So David purchased the [d]threshing floor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver. 25 David built an altar to the Lord there, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. So the Lord was moved [to compassion] by [David’s] prayer for the land, and the plague was held back from Israel.

Footnotes

  1. 2 Samuel 24:1 See 1 Chr 21:1. As in the case of Paul’s thorn in the flesh (2 Cor 12:7; cf 1 Cor 5:5), God sometimes accomplishes His purposes by allowing Satan to inflict injury or cause trouble.
  2. 2 Samuel 24:1 Ordinarily taking a census would have been a routine procedure for a nation as a way of assessing taxes or conscripting and assigning men to an army. But in Israel none of this was necessary unless it was commanded by God, and David’s action was the product of ego and an uncharacteristic shift of trust and dependence from God to human resources (as Joab suspected, v 3). To his credit, David eventually realized this and came to God in repentance.
  3. 2 Samuel 24:3 Lit delight in.
  4. 2 Samuel 24:24 Later Solomon would build his temple on this site.

O Livro

2 Samuel 24

David manda fazer um recenseamento

1A ira do Senhor tornou a acender-se contra Israel; David foi levado a tomar uma decisão que trouxe grave prejuízo para o povo: a de levantar um recenseamento a nível nacional.

O rei disse a Joabe, comandante do seu exército: “Faz o recenseamento geral de toda a população, duma ponta à outra da nação, para que se saiba quantos são ao todo.”

Joabe replicou-lhe: “Deus permita que vivas o bastante para veres este povo multiplicado, neste reino, cem vezes mais do que são agora! Mas que interesse tens tu nesse recenseamento?”

4/7 Contudo a vontade do rei prevaleceu contra a argumentação de Joabe, e este, acompanhado de outros oficiais do exército, começou a tarefa da contagem do povo de Israel. Primeiramente atravessaram o Jordão e instalaram-se em Aroer, ao sul da cidade que fica no meio do vale de Gad, junto de Jazer; depois foram para Gileade, na terra de Tatim-Hodchi, e para Dan-Jaã e para os arredores de Sidom; seguidamente deslocaram-se para a fortaleza de Tiro e para todas as cidades dos heveus e dos cananeus; para sul de Judá, até Berseba. 8/9 Passaram assim pela terra toda, tendo completado a sua missão em nove meses e vinte dias. Joabe trouxe o número total do povo à presença do rei: eram 800.000 homens, com idade de serem recrutados para o exército, em Israel, e 500.000, nas mesmas condições, em Judá.

10 Mas após ter mandado fazer o recenseamento, a consciência de David começou a acusá-lo, e disse ao Senhor: “O que eu fiz foi muito mal. Peço-te que me perdoes esta minha louca transgressão.”

11 Na manhã seguinte veio a palavra do Senhor ao profeta Gad, que era através de quem David contactava com Deus. Disse o Senhor a Gad: 12 “Diz a David que lhe dou a possibilidade de escolher entre três alternativas”.

13 Gad veio ter com David e perguntou-lhe: “Queres escolher sete anos de fome em toda a terra, ou durante três meses fugires diante dos teus inimigos, ou que haja três dias de praga na terra? Pensa nisto e dá-me depois a resposta, para que a transmita a Deus.”

14 “É uma decisão muito difícil de tomar”, respondeu David, “mas é melhor cair nas mãos do Senhor, porque grande é a sua misericórdia, do que nas mãos dos homens.”

15/16 Então o Senhor enviou uma praga sobre Israel naquela manhã, e que durou três dias; setenta mil homens morreram em toda a nação. Quando o anjo do Senhor se preparava para estender a sua mão sobre Jerusalém, a fim de a destruir, o Senhor decidiu suspender o que estava a acontecer e disse-lhe que parasse. Estava ele sobre a eira de Arauna, o jebuseu, nesse momento.

17 Quando David viu o anjo, disse ao Senhor: “Senhor, vê bem, sou eu o único culpado por ter pecado! Estas ovelhas nada fizeram! Que o teu anjo se volte apenas para mim e para a minha família.”

David constrói um altar

18 Nesse dia Gad veio ter com David e disse-lhe: “Constrói um altar ao Senhor na eira de Arauna, o jebuseu.”

19/20 David logo obedeceu. Quando Arauna viu o rei mais a sua gente virem na sua direcção, adiantou-se e inclinou-se na sua presença, com o rosto em terra.

21 “Porque vieste aqui?”, perguntou Arauna.

E David respondeu: “Para te comprar a eira, e poder construir aí um altar ao Senhor, a fim de que pare esta praga.”

22/23 Arauna disse-lhe: “Usa tudo o que aí está como bem entenderes! Estão aqui bois para o holocausto, podes empregar o carro e os jugos dos bois como madeira para fazer o fogo do altar. Tudo te dou. Assim o Senhor Deus aceite o teu sacrifício.”

24/25 “Não”, disse David, “não aceito isso como um presente. Comprarei tudo; pois que não ofereceria ao Senhor sacrifícios que nada me custem.”

David pagou-lhe então por cinquenta moedas de prata a eira e os bois; construiu ali um altar ao Senhor e ofereceu holocaustos e sacrifícios de paz.

O Senhor respondeu à sua oração e a praga parou.