Amplified Bible

2 Samuel 13

Amnon and Tamar

1It happened afterwards that Absalom the son of David had a beautiful sister whose name was Tamar, and Amnon [her half brother] the son of David was in love with her. Amnon was so frustrated because of his [half-] sister Tamar that he made himself sick, for she was a virgin, and Amnon thought it impossible for him to do anything to her. But Amnon had a friend whose name was Jonadab the son of Shimeah, David’s brother; and Jonadab was a very shrewd (cunning) man. He said to Amnon, “Why are you, the king’s son, so depressed morning after morning? Will you not tell me?” And Amnon said to him, “I am in love with Tamar, my [half-] brother Absalom’s sister.” Jonadab said to him, “Go to bed and pretend you are sick; and when your father [David] comes to see you, say to him, ‘Just let my sister Tamar come and serve me food, and let her prepare it in my sight, so that I may see it and eat it from her hand.’” So Amnon lay down and pretended to be sick; and when the king came to see him, Amnon said to the king, “Please let my sister Tamar come and make me a couple of cakes in my sight, so that I may eat from her hand.”

Then David sent word to the house for Tamar, saying, “Go now to your brother Amnon’s house, and prepare some food for him.” So Tamar went to her brother Amnon’s house, and he was in bed. And she took dough and kneaded it, and made cakes in his sight, and baked them. She took the pan and dished them out before him, but he refused to eat. And Amnon said, “Have everyone leave me.” So everyone left him [except Tamar]. 10 Then Amnon said to Tamar, “Bring the food into the bedroom, so that I may eat from your hand.” So Tamar took the cakes she had made and brought them into the bedroom to her [half-] brother Amnon. 11 When she brought them to him to eat, he took hold of her and said, “Come, lie with me, my sister.” 12 She replied, “No, my brother! Do not violate me, for such a thing is not done in Israel; do not do this disgraceful thing! 13 As for me, how could I get rid of my shame and disgrace? And you, you will be considered one of the fools in Israel. So now, just speak to the king [about taking me as your wife], for he will not withhold me from you.” 14 But he would not listen to her; and since he was stronger than she, he violated her and lay with her.

15 Then Amnon became extremely hateful toward her, for his hatred toward her was greater than the love which he had for her. And Amnon said to her, “Get up and get out!” 16 But she said, “No, because this wrong of [a]sending me away is worse than the other that you have done to me!” But he would not listen to her. 17 Instead, he called his young man who was his personal servant and said, “Now throw this woman out of my presence and bolt the door behind her.” 18 Now Tamar was wearing [b]a [long-sleeved] robe of various colors; for that is how the virgin daughters of the king dressed themselves in robes. Then Amnon’s personal servant took her out and bolted the door behind her. 19 So [c]Tamar put dust on her head [in grief] and tore the long-sleeved robe which she had on, and she put her hand on her head and went away crying out [for help].

20 So her brother Absalom said to her, “Has your brother Amnon been with you? But now keep silent, my sister; he is your brother; [d]do not take this matter to heart.” So Tamar remained secluded in her brother Absalom’s house. 21 Now when King David heard about all these things, he was very angry [but failed to take any [e]action]. 22 But Absalom did not speak to Amnon either good or bad; for Absalom hated Amnon because he had violated his sister Tamar.

23 Now it came about after two full years that Absalom had sheepshearers at Baal-hazor near Ephraim, and Absalom invited all the king’s sons [to a party].

Absalom Avenges Tamar

24 Absalom came to [his father] the king and said, “Behold, your servant has sheepshearers; please let the king and his servants go with your servant.” 25 But the king said to Absalom, “No, my son, we should not all go, for we will be a burden to you.” Although Absalom [strongly] urged David, still he would not go, but he gave him his blessing. 26 Then Absalom said, “If not, then at least let my brother [f]Amnon go with us.” And the king said to him, “Why should he go with you?” 27 But Absalom urged him [again], and he let Amnon and all the king’s sons go with him.

28 Now Absalom commanded his servants, “Notice carefully, when Amnon’s heart is joyous with wine, and when I say to you, ‘Strike Amnon,’ then kill him. Do not be afraid; have I not commanded you myself [and in doing so have I not taken full responsibility for his death]? Be courageous and brave.” 29 So the servants of Absalom did to Amnon just as Absalom had commanded. Then all the king’s sons got up, and every man mounted his mule and fled.

30 Now it happened while they were on the way [back home], that the [exaggerated] report came to David, “Absalom has killed all the king’s sons, and not one of them is left.” 31 Then the king stood and tore his clothes and lay on the ground [in mourning]; and all his servants were standing by with their clothes torn. 32 But Jonadab the son of Shimeah, David’s brother, responded, “Do not let my lord assume that all the king’s sons have been put to death; for only Amnon is dead. This act of revenge has been on Absalom’s mind since the day Amnon violated his sister Tamar. 33 So now, do not let my lord the king take the report to heart that all the king’s sons are dead; for Amnon alone is dead.”

34 Now Absalom fled. And the young man who kept watch looked up, and behold, many people were coming from the road behind him by the side of the mountain. 35 And Jonadab said to the king, “Look, the king’s sons are coming. It has turned out just as your servant said.” 36 And when he finished speaking, the king’s sons came, and they raised their voices and wept; and the king and all his servants also wept very bitterly.

37 But Absalom fled and went to [his mother’s father] Talmai the son of Ammihud, king of Geshur. And David [g]mourned for his son every day. 38 So Absalom fled and went to Geshur, and was there for three years. 39 And the heart of King David longed to go to Absalom; for he was comforted regarding Amnon, since he was dead.

Footnotes

  1. 2 Samuel 13:16 Sending her out like this would cast suspicion on Tamar’s behavior.
  2. 2 Samuel 13:18 Lit a garment of extremities. This robe must have been similar to the one Jacob (Israel) made for Joseph in Gen 37:3.
  3. 2 Samuel 13:19 Because she had been forced and violated in this way she would no longer be acceptable to another man as a wife.
  4. 2 Samuel 13:20 Absalom consoled and quieted Tamar so that he could plan his revenge.
  5. 2 Samuel 13:21 According to Jewish law, Amnon should have been executed for the rape of his half sister.
  6. 2 Samuel 13:26 Amnon was David’s eldest son and first in the line of succession.
  7. 2 Samuel 13:37 David’s failure to act when Amnon raped his half-sister Tamar ultimately cost him two of his sons not just one.

O Livro

2 Samuel 13

Amnom e Tamar

1O príncipe Absalão, filho de David, tinha uma irmã muito bonita, chamada Tamar. E o príncipe Amnom, que era meio-irmão dela, enamorou-se desesperadamente da rapariga. Amnom estava tão preso daquele amor que até ficou doente. Não tinha meios de lhe falar pois que os rapazes e as meninas eram mantidos estritamente separados.

Amnom tinha um amigo muito esperto, que era o seu primo Jonadabe, filho de um irmão de David chamado Chamá. Um dia Jonadabe perguntou a Amnom: “O que é que se passa contigo? Porque é que o filho de um rei há-de andar assim definhado, dia após dia?”

“Estou apaixonado por Tamar, minha meia-irmã.”

“Pois bem, vou-te dizer o que há a fazer. Vai para a cama e finge que estás muito doente. Quando teu pai vier ver-te, pede-lhe que Tamar venha preparar-te alguma comida; diz-lhe que te sentirás melhor quando ela vier trazer-te alimento.”

6/7 Amnom assim fez. E quando o rei veio vê-lo, Amnom pediu-lhe por favor que a sua irmã Tamar fosse autorizada a vir preparar-lhe algum alimento para ele comer. David concordou e mandou dizer a Tamar que fosse aos aposentos de Amnom fazer-lhe alguma coisa para comer.

Ela obedeceu e foi ao quarto dele; começou a amassar farinha e preparou-lhe um bolo especial. Mas quando lho apresentou ele recusou comer: “Quero que toda a gente saia daqui”, disse ele para os criados. E as pessoas sairam todas. 10/11 Depois disse para Tamar: “Agora traz-me tu comida aqui, à cama, e então hei-de comer.” A moça assim fez. Mas quando ela estava ali em frente dele, prendeu-a e pediu-lhe: “Vem, deita-te aqui comigo, minha irmã.”

12/13 “Oh, não Amnom”, gritou ela. “Não faças uma loucura dessas. Não me forces! Sabes bem o crime tremendo que isso seria em Israel. Eu nem saberia onde esconder-me de vergonha! Tu serias considerado o maior louco da nação! Por favor, fala ao rei no assunto e ele certamente deixará que me case contigo.”

14/15 Mas ele não quis ouvi-la e, como tinha mais força, violentou-a. Mas logo a seguir a sua paixão tornou-se em ódio, e acabou por odiá-la ainda mais do que a tinha amado. “Sai daqui!”, rosnou ele.

16 “Não, não! Rejeitares-me agora seria um crime ainda maior do que o que me fizeste.”

Mas ele não lhe deu ouvidos. 17 Chamou por um criado e ordenou-lhe: “Tira esta rapariga daqui e fecha a porta atrás dela.”

18 Assim a expulsou. Ela trazia vestida uma túnica até aos pés, às cores, com mangas, segundo o que costumava, naqueles dias, ser o traje das princesas ainda virgens. 19 Então rasgou a túnica, pôs cinza por cima de si, cruzou as mãos na cabeça e foi assim andando e chorando.

20 Seu irmão Absalão veio ter com ela: “Então sempre é verdade que Amnom te violentou! Não te angusties, visto que tudo isto se passa em família. Não é caso para ficares assim!” E Tamar foi morar com o seu irmão Absalão, como uma mulher solitária. 21 Ao ouvir o que aconteceu, o rei David ficou extremamente irado. 22 Absalão não disse nada a Amnom, porque lhe tinha um ódio profundo pelo que fizera à irmã.

Absalão mata Amnom

23/24 Dois anos mais tarde, quando as ovelhas de Absalão estavam a ser tosquiadas em Baal-Hazer em Efraim, Absalão convidou o seu pai e todos os irmãos para um banquete, a fim de festejarem a ocasião.

25 O monarca respondeu-lhe: “Não, meu rapaz. Se lá fôssemos todos, isso seria um encargo enorme para ti.” Absalão insistiu, mas David não aceitou e mandou-lhe felicitações.

26 “Bom, então”, disse Absalão, “já que não vens tu, manda em teu lugar o meu irmão Amnom.”

“Porquê Amnom?”, perguntou o rei.

27 Absalão insistiu muito, até que o rei concordou, e permitiu que os filhos todos lá fossem, incluindo Amnom.

28 Absalão avisou os seus homens: “Esperem até que Amnom esteja embriagado e a um sinal meu matem-no! Não tenham receio. Aqui sou eu quem dá ordens, e é isto que estou a ordenar-vos. Vamos para a frente e nada de ter medo!” 29 Foi dessa maneira que mataram Amnom. Os outros príncipes, seus irmãos, montaram todos nas suas mulas e fugiram.

30 Vinham eles ainda a caminho de Jerusalém, quando chegou aos ouvidos de David o boato seguinte: “Absalão matou todos os irmãos; nem um ficou em vida!” 31 O rei deu um salto, rasgou a roupa que tinha e prostrou-se por terra. Os seus conselheiros, igualmente, rasgaram a roupa em sinal de amargura.

32/33 Mas nessa altura chegou Jonadabe (sobrinho de David, filho de Chamá) que explicou: “Não, não foi nada disso! Não morreram todos! Só Amnom foi morto! Absalão tinha isto preparado desde que Tamar foi violentada por Amnom. Os teus filhos não foram todos mortos! Só o foi Amnom.”

34 Entretanto, Absalão fugiu.

O guarda que estava de vigia em Jerusalém sobre a muralha deu aviso que via gente a chegar, em direcção da cidade, ao longo da estrada que corre junto da colina.

35 “Pronto”, disse Jonadabe ao rei. “Aqui estão eles. Os teus filhos estão a chegar, tal como te disse.” 36 Em breve os outros apareceram, a chorar e lamentaram-se. O rei e os conselheiros também se puseram todos a chorar com eles.

37/39 Absalão fugiu, pois, para junto do rei Talmai de Gesur (filho de Amiúde), e lá ficou por três anos. Entretanto David, agora já conformado com a morte de Amnom, andava cheio de saudades do seu filho Absalão.