Proverbs 6:16-19

There are six things which the Lord hates,
Yes, seven which are an abomination [a]to Him:
Haughty eyes, a lying tongue,
And hands that shed innocent blood,
A heart that devises wicked plans,
Feet that run rapidly to evil,
A false witness who utters lies,
And one who [b]spreads strife among brothers.

My son, observe the commandment of your father
And do not forsake the [c]teaching of your mother;
Bind them continually on your heart;
Tie them around your neck.
When you walk about, [d]they will guide you;
When you sleep, [e]they will watch over you;
And when you awake, [f]they will talk to you.
For the commandment is a lamp and the [g]teaching is light;
And reproofs for discipline are the way of life
To keep you from the evil woman,
From the smooth tongue of the [h]adulteress.
Do not desire her beauty in your heart,
Nor let her capture you with her eyelids.
For on account of a harlot one is reduced to a loaf of bread,
And [i]an adulteress hunts for the precious life.
Can a man [j]take fire in his bosom
And his clothes not be burned?
Or can a man walk on hot coals
And his feet not be scorched?
So is the one who goes in to his neighbor’s wife;
Whoever touches her will not [k]go unpunished.
[l]Men do not despise a thief if he steals
To satisfy [m]himself when he is hungry;
But when he is found, he must repay sevenfold;
He must give all the [n]substance of his house.
The one who commits adultery with a woman is lacking [o]sense;
He who would destroy [p]himself does it.
Wounds and disgrace he will find,
And his reproach will not be blotted out.
For jealousy [q]enrages a man,
And he will not spare in the day of vengeance.
He will not [r]accept any ransom,
Nor will he be [s]satisfied though you give many [t]gifts.

The Wiles of the Harlot

My son, keep my words
And treasure my commandments within you.
Keep my commandments and live,
And my [u]teaching as the [v]apple of your eye.
Bind them on your fingers;
Write them on the tablet of your heart.
Say to wisdom, “You are my sister,”
And call understanding your intimate friend;
That they may keep you from an [w]adulteress,
From the foreigner who [x]flatters with her words.

For at the window of my house
I looked out through my lattice,
And I saw among the [y]naive,
And discerned among the [z]youths
A young man lacking [aa]sense,
Passing through the street near her corner;
And he [ab]takes the way to her house,
In the twilight, in the [ac]evening,
In the [ad]middle of the night and in the darkness.
And behold, a woman comes to meet him,
Dressed as a harlot and cunning of heart.
She is boisterous and rebellious,
Her feet do not remain at home;
She is now in the streets, now in the squares,
And lurks by every corner.
So she seizes him and kisses him
[ae]And with a brazen face she says to him:
[af]I was due to offer peace offerings;
Today I have paid my vows.
“Therefore I have come out to meet you,
To seek your presence earnestly, and I have found you.
“I have spread my couch with coverings,
With colored linens of Egypt.
“I have sprinkled my bed
With myrrh, aloes and cinnamon.
“Come, let us drink our fill of love until morning;
Let us delight ourselves with caresses.
“For [ag]my husband is not at home,
He has gone on a long journey;
He has taken a bag of money [ah]with him,
At the full moon he will come home.”
With her many persuasions she entices him;
With her [ai]flattering lips she seduces him.
Suddenly he follows her
As an ox goes to the slaughter,
Or as [aj]one in fetters to the discipline of a fool,
Until an arrow pierces through his liver;
As a bird hastens to the snare,
So he does not know that it will cost him his life.

Now therefore, my sons, listen to me,
And pay attention to the words of my mouth.
Do not let your heart turn aside to her ways,
Do not stray into her paths.
For many are the [ak]victims she has cast down,
And numerous are all her slain.
Her house is the way to Sheol,
Descending to the chambers of death.

The Commendation of Wisdom

Does not wisdom call,
And understanding [al]lift up her voice?
On top of the heights beside the way,
Where the paths meet, she takes her stand;
Beside the gates, at the opening to the city,
At the entrance of the doors, she cries out:
“To you, O men, I call,
And my voice is to the sons of men.
“O [am]naive ones, understand prudence;
And, O fools, understand [an]wisdom.
“Listen, for I will speak noble things;
And the opening of my lips will reveal right things.
“For my mouth will utter truth;
And wickedness is an abomination to my lips.
“All the utterances of my mouth are in righteousness;
There is nothing crooked or perverted in them.
“They are all straightforward to him who understands,
And right to those who find knowledge.
“Take my instruction and not silver,
And knowledge rather than choicest gold.
“For wisdom is better than [ao]jewels;
And all desirable things cannot compare with her.

“I, wisdom, dwell with prudence,
And I find knowledge and discretion.
“The fear of the Lord is to hate evil;
Pride and arrogance and the evil way
And the perverted mouth, I hate.
“Counsel is mine and sound wisdom;
I am understanding, power is mine.
“By me kings reign,
And rulers decree justice.
“By me princes rule, and nobles,
All who judge rightly.
“I love those who love me;
And those who diligently seek me will find me.
“Riches and honor are with me,
Enduring wealth and righteousness.
“My fruit is better than gold, even pure gold,
And my yield better than choicest silver.
“I walk in the way of righteousness,
In the midst of the paths of justice,
To endow those who love me with wealth,
That I may fill their treasuries.

“The Lord possessed me at the beginning of His way,
Before His works [ap]of old.
“From everlasting I was [aq]established,
From the beginning, from the earliest times of the earth.
“When there were no depths I was [ar]brought forth,
When there were no springs abounding with water.
“Before the mountains were settled,
Before the hills I was [as]brought forth;
While He had not yet made the earth and the [at]fields,
Nor the first dust of the world.
“When He established the heavens, I was there,
When He inscribed a circle on the face of the deep,
When He made firm the skies above,
When the springs of the deep became [au]fixed,
When He set for the sea its boundary
So that the water would not transgress His [av]command,
When He marked out the foundations of the earth;
Then I was beside Him, as a master workman;
And I was daily His delight,
[aw]Rejoicing always before Him,
[ax]Rejoicing in the world, His earth,
And having my delight in the sons of men.

“Now therefore, O sons, listen to me,
For blessed are they who keep my ways.
“Heed instruction and be wise,
And do not neglect it.
“Blessed is the man who listens to me,
Watching daily at my gates,
Waiting at my doorposts.
“For he who finds me finds life
And obtains favor from the Lord.
“But he who [ay]sins against me injures himself;
All those who hate me love death.”

Wisdom’s Invitation

Wisdom has built her house,
She has hewn out her seven pillars;
She has [az]prepared her food, she has mixed her wine;
She has also set her table;
She has sent out her maidens, she calls
From the tops of the heights of the city:
“Whoever is [ba]naive, let him turn in here!”
To him who lacks [bb]understanding she says,
“Come, eat of my food
And drink of the wine I have mixed.
[bc]Forsake your folly and live,
And proceed in the way of understanding.”

He who corrects a scoffer gets dishonor for himself,
And he who reproves a wicked man gets [bd]insults for himself.
Do not reprove a scoffer, or he will hate you,
Reprove a wise man and he will love you.
Give instruction to a wise man and he will be still wiser,
Teach a righteous man and he will increase his learning.
The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom,
And the knowledge of the Holy One is understanding.
For by me your days will be multiplied,
And years of life will be added to you.
If you are wise, you are wise for yourself,
And if you scoff, you alone will bear it.

The [be]woman of folly is boisterous,
She is [bf]naive and knows nothing.
She sits at the doorway of her house,
On a seat by the high places of the city,
Calling to those who pass by,
Who are making their paths straight:
“Whoever is [bg]naive, let him turn in here,”
And to him who lacks [bh]understanding she says,
“Stolen water is sweet;
And bread eaten in secret is pleasant.”
But he does not know that the [bi]dead are there,
That her guests are in the depths of Sheol.

Contrast of the Righteous and the Wicked

The proverbs of Solomon.

A wise son makes a father glad,
But a foolish son is a grief to his mother.
[bj]Ill-gotten gains do not profit,
But righteousness delivers from death.
The Lord will not allow the [bk]righteous to hunger,
But He will [bl]reject the craving of the wicked.
Poor is he who works with a negligent hand,
But the hand of the diligent makes rich.
He who gathers in summer is a son who acts wisely,
But he who sleeps in harvest is a son who acts shamefully.
Blessings are on the head of the righteous,
But the mouth of the wicked conceals violence.
The memory of the righteous is blessed,
But the name of the wicked will rot.
The wise of heart will receive commands,
But [bm]a babbling fool will be [bn]ruined.
He who walks in integrity walks securely,
But he who perverts his ways will be found out.
He who winks the eye causes trouble,
And [bo]a babbling fool will be [bp]ruined.
The mouth of the righteous is a fountain of life,
But the mouth of the wicked conceals violence.
Hatred stirs up strife,
But love covers all transgressions.
On the lips of the discerning, wisdom is found,
But a rod is for the back of him who lacks [bq]understanding.
Wise men store up knowledge,
But with the mouth of the foolish, ruin is at hand.
The rich man’s wealth is his [br]fortress,
The ruin of the poor is their poverty.
The [bs]wages of the righteous is life,
The income of the wicked, punishment.
He is on the path of life who heeds instruction,
But he who ignores reproof goes astray.
He who conceals hatred has lying lips,
And he who spreads slander is a fool.
When there are many words, transgression is unavoidable,
But he who restrains his lips is wise.
The tongue of the righteous is as choice silver,
The heart of the wicked is worth little.
The lips of the righteous feed many,
But fools die for lack of [bt]understanding.
It is the blessing of the Lord that makes rich,
And He adds no sorrow to it.
Doing wickedness is like sport to a fool,
And so is wisdom to a man of understanding.
What the wicked fears will come upon him,
But the desire of the righteous will be granted.
When the whirlwind passes, the wicked is no more,
But the righteous has an everlasting foundation.
Like vinegar to the teeth and smoke to the eyes,
So is the lazy one to those who send him.
The fear of the Lord prolongs [bu]life,
But the years of the wicked will be shortened.
The hope of the righteous is gladness,
But the expectation of the wicked perishes.
The way of the Lord is a stronghold to the upright,
But ruin to the workers of iniquity.
The righteous will never be shaken,
But the wicked will not dwell in the land.
The mouth of the righteous flows with wisdom,
But the perverted tongue will be cut out.
The lips of the righteous bring forth what is acceptable,
But the mouth of the wicked what is perverted.

Contrast the Upright and the Wicked

A false balance is an abomination to the Lord,
But a just weight is His delight.
When pride comes, then comes dishonor,
But with the humble is wisdom.
The integrity of the upright will guide them,
But the crookedness of the treacherous will destroy them.
Riches do not profit in the day of wrath,
But righteousness delivers from death.
The righteousness of the blameless will smooth his way,
But the wicked will fall by his own wickedness.
The righteousness of the upright will deliver them,
But the treacherous will be caught by their own greed.
When a wicked man dies, his expectation will perish,
And the hope of strong men perishes.
The righteous is delivered from trouble,
But the wicked [bv]takes his place.
With his mouth the godless man destroys his neighbor,
But through knowledge the righteous will be delivered.
When it goes well with the righteous, the city rejoices,
And when the wicked perish, there is joyful shouting.
By the blessing of the upright a city is exalted,
But by the mouth of the wicked it is torn down.
He who despises his neighbor lacks [bw]sense,
But a man of understanding keeps silent.
He who goes about as a talebearer reveals secrets,
But he who is [bx]trustworthy conceals a matter.
Where there is no guidance the people fall,
But in abundance of counselors there is [by]victory.
He who is guarantor for a stranger will surely suffer for it,
But he who hates [bz]being a guarantor is secure.
A gracious woman attains honor,
And ruthless men attain riches.
The merciful man does [ca]himself good,
But the cruel man [cb]does himself harm.
The wicked earns deceptive wages,
But he who sows righteousness gets a true reward.
He who is steadfast in righteousness will attain to life,
And he who pursues evil will bring about his own death.
The perverse in heart are an abomination to the Lord,
But the blameless in their [cc]walk are His delight.
[cd]Assuredly, the evil man will not go unpunished,
But the [ce]descendants of the righteous will be delivered.
As a ring of gold in a swine’s snout
So is a beautiful woman who lacks [cf]discretion.
The desire of the righteous is only good,
But the expectation of the wicked is wrath.
There is one who scatters, and yet increases all the more,
And there is one who withholds what is justly due, and yet it results only in want.
The [cg]generous man will be [ch]prosperous,
And he who waters will himself be watered.
He who withholds grain, the people will curse him,
But blessing will be on the head of him who sells it.
He who diligently seeks good seeks favor,
But he who seeks evil, evil will come to him.
He who trusts in his riches will fall,
But the righteous will flourish like the green leaf.
He who troubles his own house will inherit wind,
And the foolish will be servant to the wisehearted.
The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life,
And he who is wise [ci]wins souls.
If the righteous will be rewarded in the earth,
How much more the wicked and the sinner!

Contrast the Upright and the Wicked

Whoever loves [cj]discipline loves knowledge,
But he who hates reproof is stupid.
A good man will obtain favor from the Lord,
But He will condemn a man [ck]who devises evil.
A man will not be established by wickedness,
But the root of the righteous will not be moved.
An [cl]excellent wife is the crown of her husband,
But she who shames him is like rottenness in his bones.
The thoughts of the righteous are just,
But the counsels of the wicked are deceitful.
The words of the wicked lie in wait for blood,
But the mouth of the upright will deliver them.
The wicked are overthrown and are no more,
But the house of the righteous will stand.
A man will be praised according to his insight,
But one of perverse [cm]mind will be despised.
Better is he who is lightly esteemed and has a servant
Than he who honors himself and lacks bread.
A righteous man has regard for the life of his animal,
But even the compassion of the wicked is cruel.
He who tills his land will have plenty of bread,
But he who pursues worthless things lacks [cn]sense.
The wicked man desires the [co]booty of evil men,
But the root of the righteous yields fruit.
[cp]An evil man is ensnared by the transgression of his lips,
But the righteous will escape from trouble.
A man will be satisfied with good by the fruit of his [cq]words,
And the deeds of a man’s hands will return to him.
The way of a fool is right in his own eyes,
But a wise man is he who listens to counsel.
A fool’s anger is known at once,
But a prudent man conceals dishonor.
He who [cr]speaks truth tells what is right,
But a false witness, deceit.
There is one who speaks rashly like the thrusts of a sword,
But the tongue of the wise brings healing.
Truthful lips will be established forever,
But a lying tongue is only for a moment.
Deceit is in the heart of those who devise evil,
But counselors of peace have joy.
No harm befalls the righteous,
But the wicked are filled with trouble.
Lying lips are an abomination to the Lord,
But those who deal faithfully are His delight.
A prudent man conceals knowledge,
But the heart of fools proclaims folly.
The hand of the diligent will rule,
But the [cs]slack hand will be put to forced labor.
Anxiety in a man’s heart weighs it down,
But a good word makes it glad.
The righteous is a guide to his neighbor,
But the way of the wicked leads them astray.
A [ct]lazy man does not [cu]roast his prey,
But the precious possession of a man is diligence.
In the way of righteousness is life,
And in its pathway there is no death.

Contrast the Upright and the Wicked

A wise son accepts his father’s discipline,
But a scoffer does not listen to rebuke.
From the fruit of a man’s mouth he [cv]enjoys good,
But the [cw]desire of the treacherous is violence.
The one who guards his mouth preserves his life;
The one who opens wide his lips [cx]comes to ruin.
The soul of the sluggard craves and gets nothing,
But the soul of the diligent is made fat.
A righteous man hates falsehood,
But a wicked man [cy]acts disgustingly and shamefully.
Righteousness guards the [cz]one whose way is blameless,
But wickedness subverts the [da]sinner.
There is one who pretends to be rich, but has nothing;
Another [db]pretends to be poor, but has great wealth.
The ransom of a man’s life is his wealth,
But the poor hears no rebuke.
The light of the righteous [dc]rejoices,
But the lamp of the wicked goes out.
Through insolence [dd]comes nothing but strife,
But wisdom is with those who receive counsel.
Wealth obtained by [de]fraud dwindles,
But the one who gathers [df]by labor increases it.
Hope deferred makes the heart sick,
But desire [dg]fulfilled is a tree of life.
The one who despises the word will be [dh]in debt to it,
But the one who fears the commandment will be rewarded.
The [di]teaching of the wise is a fountain of life,
To turn aside from the snares of death.
Good understanding produces favor,
But the way of the treacherous is hard.
Every prudent man acts with knowledge,
But a fool [dj]displays folly.
A wicked messenger falls into adversity,
But a faithful envoy brings healing.
Poverty and shame will come to him who neglects [dk]discipline,
But he who regards reproof will be honored.
Desire realized is sweet to the soul,
But it is an abomination to fools to turn away from evil.
He who walks with wise men will be wise,
But the companion of fools will suffer harm.
Adversity pursues sinners,
But the righteous will be rewarded with prosperity.
A good man leaves an inheritance to his [dl]children’s children,
And the wealth of the sinner is stored up for the righteous.
Abundant food is in the fallow ground of the poor,
But [dm]it is swept away by injustice.
He who withholds his [dn]rod hates his son,
But he who loves him [do]disciplines him diligently.
The righteous [dp]has enough to satisfy his appetite,
But the stomach of the wicked is in need.

Contrast the Upright and the Wicked

The wise woman builds her house,
But the foolish tears it down with her own hands.
He who walks in his uprightness fears the Lord,
But he who is devious in his ways despises Him.
In the mouth of the foolish is a rod [dq]for his back,
But the lips of the wise will protect them.
Where no oxen are, the manger is clean,
But much revenue comes by the strength of the ox.
A trustworthy witness will not lie,
But a false witness [dr]utters lies.
A scoffer seeks wisdom and finds none,
But knowledge is easy to one who has understanding.
Leave the presence of a fool,
Or you will not [ds]discern [dt]words of knowledge.
The wisdom of the sensible is to understand his way,
But the foolishness of fools is deceit.
Fools mock at [du]sin,
But among the upright there is [dv]good will.
The heart knows its own bitterness,
And a stranger does not share its joy.
The house of the wicked will be destroyed,
But the tent of the upright will flourish.
There is a way which seems right to a man,
But its end is the way of death.
Even in laughter the heart may be in pain,
And the end of joy may be grief.
The backslider in heart will have his fill of his own ways,
But a good man will be satisfied [dw]with his.
The [dx]naive believes everything,
But the sensible man considers his steps.
A wise man [dy]is cautious and turns away from evil,
But a fool is arrogant and careless.
A quick-tempered man acts foolishly,
And a man of evil devices is hated.
The [dz]naive inherit foolishness,
But the sensible are crowned with knowledge.
The evil will bow down before the good,
And the wicked at the gates of the righteous.
The poor is hated even by his neighbor,
But those who love the rich are many.
He who despises his neighbor sins,
But happy is he who is gracious to the [ea]poor.
Will they not go astray who devise evil?
But kindness and truth will be to those who devise good.
In all labor there is profit,
But [eb]mere talk leads only to poverty.
The crown of the wise is their riches,
But the folly of fools is foolishness.
A truthful witness saves lives,
But he who [ec]utters lies is [ed]treacherous.
In the [ee]fear of the Lord there is strong confidence,
And [ef]his children will have refuge.
The [eg]fear of the Lord is a fountain of life,
That one may avoid the snares of death.
In a multitude of people is a king’s glory,
But in the dearth of people is a prince’s ruin.
He who is slow to anger has great understanding,
But he who is [eh]quick-tempered exalts folly.
A tranquil heart is life to the body,
But passion is rottenness to the bones.
He who oppresses the poor taunts his Maker,
But he who is gracious to the needy honors Him.
The wicked is thrust down by his [ei]wrongdoing,
But the righteous has a refuge when he dies.
Wisdom rests in the heart of one who has understanding,
But in the [ej]hearts of fools it is made known.
Righteousness exalts a nation,
But sin is a disgrace to any people.
The king’s favor is toward a servant who acts wisely,
But his anger is toward him who acts shamefully.

Contrast the Upright and the Wicked

A gentle answer turns away wrath,
But a [ek]harsh word stirs up anger.
The tongue of the wise makes knowledge [el]acceptable,
But the mouth of fools spouts folly.
The eyes of the Lord are in every place,
Watching the evil and the good.
A [em]soothing tongue is a tree of life,
But perversion in it [en]crushes the spirit.
A fool [eo]rejects his father’s discipline,
But he who regards reproof is sensible.
Great wealth is in the house of the righteous,
But trouble is in the income of the wicked.
The lips of the wise spread knowledge,
But the hearts of fools are not so.
The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination to the Lord,
But the prayer of the upright is His delight.
The way of the wicked is an abomination to the Lord,
But He loves one who pursues righteousness.
Grievous punishment is for him who forsakes the way;
He who hates reproof will die.
[ep]Sheol and [eq]Abaddon lie open before the Lord,
How much more the hearts of [er]men!
A scoffer does not love one who reproves him,
He will not go to the wise.
A joyful heart makes a [es]cheerful face,
But [et]when the heart is sad, the spirit is broken.
The mind of the intelligent seeks knowledge,
But the mouth of fools feeds on folly.
All the days of the afflicted are bad,
But a [eu]cheerful heart has a continual feast.
Better is a little with the [ev]fear of the Lord
Than great treasure and turmoil with it.
Better is a [ew]dish of [ex]vegetables where love is
Than a fattened ox served with hatred.
A hot-tempered man stirs up strife,
But the slow to anger calms a dispute.
The way of the lazy is as a hedge of thorns,
But the path of the upright is a highway.
A wise son makes a father glad,
But a foolish man despises his mother.
Folly is joy to him who lacks [ey]sense,
But a man of understanding walks straight.
Without consultation, plans are frustrated,
But with many counselors they [ez]succeed.
A man has joy in an [fa]apt answer,
And how delightful is a timely word!
The path of life leads upward for the wise
That he may keep away from [fb]Sheol below.
The Lord will tear down the house of the proud,
But He will establish the boundary of the widow.
Evil plans are an abomination to the Lord,
But pleasant words are pure.
He who profits illicitly troubles his own house,
But he who hates bribes will live.
The heart of the righteous ponders how to answer,
But the mouth of the wicked pours out evil things.
The Lord is far from the wicked,
But He hears the prayer of the righteous.
[fc]Bright eyes gladden the heart;
Good news puts fat on the bones.
He whose ear listens to the life-giving reproof
Will dwell among the wise.
He who neglects discipline despises himself,
But he who listens to reproof acquires [fd]understanding.
The [fe]fear of the Lord is the instruction for wisdom,
And before honor comes humility.

Contrast the Upright and the Wicked

The plans of the heart belong to man,
But the answer of the tongue is from the Lord.
All the ways of a man are clean in his own sight,
But the Lord weighs the [ff]motives.
[fg]Commit your works to the Lord
And your plans will be established.
The Lord has made everything for [fh]its own purpose,
Even the wicked for the day of evil.
Everyone who is proud in heart is an abomination to the Lord;
Assuredly, he will not be unpunished.
By lovingkindness and truth iniquity is atoned for,
And by the [fi]fear of the Lord one keeps away from evil.
When a man’s ways are pleasing to the Lord,
He makes even his enemies to be at peace with him.
Better is a little with righteousness
Than great income with injustice.
The mind of man plans his way,
But the Lord directs his steps.
A divine decision is in the lips of the king;
His mouth should not [fj]err in judgment.
A just balance and scales belong to the Lord;
All the [fk]weights of the bag are His [fl]concern.
It is an abomination for kings to commit wicked acts,
For a throne is established on righteousness.
Righteous lips are the delight of kings,
And he who speaks right is loved.
The fury of a king is like messengers of death,
But a wise man will appease it.
In the light of a king’s face is life,
And his favor is like a cloud with the [fm]spring rain.
How much better it is to get wisdom than gold!
And to get understanding is to be chosen above silver.
The highway of the upright is to depart from evil;
He who watches his way preserves his [fn]life.
Pride goes before destruction,
And a haughty spirit before stumbling.
It is better to be humble in spirit with the lowly
Than to divide the spoil with the proud.
He who gives attention to the word will find good,
And blessed is he who trusts in the Lord.
The wise in heart will be called understanding,
And sweetness of [fo]speech increases [fp]persuasiveness.
Understanding is a fountain of life to one who has it,
But the discipline of fools is folly.
The heart of the wise instructs his mouth
And adds [fq]persuasiveness to his lips.
Pleasant words are a honeycomb,
Sweet to the soul and healing to the bones.
There is a way which seems right to a man,
But its end is the way of death.
A worker’s appetite works for him,
For his [fr]hunger urges him on.
A worthless man digs up evil,
While [fs]his words are like scorching fire.
A perverse man spreads strife,
And a slanderer separates intimate friends.
A man of violence entices his neighbor
And leads him in a way that is not good.
He who winks his eyes does so to devise perverse things;
He who compresses his lips brings evil to pass.
A gray head is a crown of glory;
It is found in the way of righteousness.
He who is slow to anger is better than the mighty,
And he who rules his spirit, than he who captures a city.
The lot is cast into the lap,
But its every decision is from the Lord.

Contrast the Upright and the Wicked

Better is a dry morsel and quietness with it
Than a house full of [ft]feasting with strife.
A servant who acts wisely will rule over a son who acts shamefully,
And will share in the inheritance among brothers.
The refining pot is for silver and the furnace for gold,
But the Lord tests hearts.
An evildoer listens to wicked lips;
A [fu]liar pays attention to a destructive tongue.
He who mocks the poor taunts his Maker;
He who rejoices at calamity will not go unpunished.
Grandchildren are the crown of old men,
And the glory of sons is their fathers.
[fv]Excellent speech is not fitting for a fool,
Much less are lying lips to a prince.
A bribe is a [fw]charm in the sight of its owner;
Wherever he turns, he prospers.
He who conceals a transgression seeks love,
But he who repeats a matter separates intimate friends.
A rebuke goes deeper into one who has understanding
Than a hundred blows into a fool.
A rebellious man seeks only evil,
So a cruel messenger will be sent against him.
Let a man meet a bear robbed of her cubs,
Rather than a fool in his folly.
He who returns evil for good,
Evil will not depart from his house.
The beginning of strife is like letting out water,
So abandon the quarrel before it breaks out.
He who justifies the wicked and he who condemns the righteous,
Both of them alike are an abomination to the Lord.
Why is there a price in the hand of a fool to buy wisdom,
When [fx]he has no sense?
A friend loves at all times,
And a brother is born for adversity.
A man lacking in [fy]sense [fz]pledges
And becomes guarantor in the presence of his neighbor.
He who loves transgression loves strife;
He who raises his door seeks destruction.
He who has a crooked [ga]mind finds no good,
And he who is perverted in his language falls into evil.
He who sires a fool does so to his sorrow,
And the father of a fool has no joy.
A joyful heart [gb]is good medicine,
But a broken spirit dries up the bones.
A wicked man receives a bribe from the bosom
To pervert the ways of justice.
Wisdom is in the presence of the one who has understanding,
But the eyes of a fool are on the ends of the earth.
A foolish son is a grief to his father
And bitterness to her who bore him.
It is also not good to fine the righteous,
Nor to strike the noble for their uprightness.
He who restrains his words [gc]has knowledge,
And he who has a cool spirit is a man of understanding.
Even a fool, when he keeps silent, is considered wise;
When he closes his lips, he is considered prudent.

Contrast the Upright and the Wicked

He who separates himself seeks his own desire,
He [gd]quarrels against all sound wisdom.
A fool does not delight in understanding,
But only in revealing his own [ge]mind.
When a wicked man comes, contempt also comes,
And with dishonor comes scorn.
The words of a man’s mouth are deep waters;
[gf]The fountain of wisdom is a bubbling brook.
To show partiality to the wicked is not good,
Nor to thrust aside the righteous in judgment.
A fool’s lips [gg]bring strife,
And his mouth calls for blows.
A fool’s mouth is his ruin,
And his lips are the snare of his soul.
The words of a whisperer are like dainty morsels,
And they go down into the [gh]innermost parts of the body.
He also who is slack in his work
Is brother to him who destroys.
The name of the Lord is a strong tower;
The righteous runs into it and is [gi]safe.
A rich man’s wealth is his strong city,
And like a high wall in his own imagination.
Before destruction the heart of man is haughty,
But humility goes before honor.
He who gives an answer before he hears,
It is folly and shame to him.
The spirit of a man can endure his sickness,
But as for a broken spirit who can bear it?
The [gj]mind of the prudent acquires knowledge,
And the ear of the wise seeks knowledge.
A man’s gift makes room for him
And brings him before great men.
The first [gk]to plead his case seems right,
Until [gl]another comes and examines him.
The cast lot puts an end to strife
And [gm]decides between the mighty ones.
A brother offended is harder to be won than a strong city,
And contentions are like the bars of a citadel.
With the [gn]fruit of a man’s mouth his stomach will be satisfied;
He will be satisfied with the product of his lips.
Death and life are in the [go]power of the tongue,
And those who love it will eat its fruit.
He who finds a wife finds a good thing
And obtains favor from the Lord.
The poor man utters supplications,
But the rich man answers roughly.
A man of too many friends comes to [gp]ruin,
But there is a [gq]friend who sticks closer than a brother.

On Life and Conduct

Better is a poor man who walks in his integrity
Than he who is perverse in [gr]speech and is a fool.
Also it is not good for a person to be without knowledge,
And he who hurries [gs]his footsteps [gt]errs.
The foolishness of man ruins his way,
And his heart rages against the Lord.
Wealth adds many friends,
But a poor man is separated from his friend.
A false witness will not go unpunished,
And he who [gu]tells lies will not escape.
Many will seek the favor of a [gv]generous man,
And every man is a friend to him who gives gifts.
All the brothers of a poor man hate him;
How much more do his friends abandon him!
He pursues them with words, but they are [gw]gone.
He who gets [gx]wisdom loves his own soul;
He who keeps understanding will find good.
A false witness will not go unpunished,
And he who [gy]tells lies will perish.
Luxury is not fitting for a fool;
Much less for a slave to rule over princes.
A man’s discretion makes him slow to anger,
And it is his glory to overlook a transgression.
The king’s wrath is like the roaring of a lion,
But his favor is like dew on the grass.
A foolish son is destruction to his father,
And the contentions of a wife are a constant dripping.
House and wealth are an inheritance from fathers,
But a prudent wife is from the Lord.
Laziness casts into a deep sleep,
And an idle [gz]man will suffer hunger.
He who keeps the commandment keeps his soul,
But he who [ha]is careless of [hb]conduct will die.

  1. Proverbs 6:16 Lit of His soul
  2. Proverbs 6:19 Lit sends out
  3. Proverbs 6:20 Or law
  4. Proverbs 6:22 Lit she
  5. Proverbs 6:22 Lit she
  6. Proverbs 6:22 Lit she
  7. Proverbs 6:23 Or law
  8. Proverbs 6:24 Lit foreign woman
  9. Proverbs 6:26 Lit a man’s wife
  10. Proverbs 6:27 Lit snatch up
  11. Proverbs 6:29 Lit be innocent
  12. Proverbs 6:30 Lit They do not; or Do not men...?
  13. Proverbs 6:30 Lit his soul
  14. Proverbs 6:31 Or wealth
  15. Proverbs 6:32 Lit heart
  16. Proverbs 6:32 Lit his soul
  17. Proverbs 6:34 Lit is the rage of
  18. Proverbs 6:35 Lit lift up the face of any
  19. Proverbs 6:35 Lit willing
  20. Proverbs 6:35 Or bribes
  21. Proverbs 7:2 Or law
  22. Proverbs 7:2 Lit pupil
  23. Proverbs 7:5 Lit strange woman
  24. Proverbs 7:5 Lit is smooth
  25. Proverbs 7:7 Lit simple ones
  26. Proverbs 7:7 Lit sons
  27. Proverbs 7:7 Lit heart
  28. Proverbs 7:8 Lit steps
  29. Proverbs 7:9 Lit evening of the day
  30. Proverbs 7:9 Lit pupil (of the eye)
  31. Proverbs 7:13 Lit She makes bold her face and says
  32. Proverbs 7:14 Lit Sacrifices of peace offerings are with me
  33. Proverbs 7:19 Lit the man
  34. Proverbs 7:20 Lit in his hand
  35. Proverbs 7:21 Lit smooth
  36. Proverbs 7:22 Or as a stag goes into a trap; so some ancient versions
  37. Proverbs 7:26 Lit mortally wounded
  38. Proverbs 8:1 Lit give
  39. Proverbs 8:5 Lit simple
  40. Proverbs 8:5 Lit heart
  41. Proverbs 8:11 Lit corals
  42. Proverbs 8:22 Lit from then
  43. Proverbs 8:23 Or consecrated
  44. Proverbs 8:24 Or born
  45. Proverbs 8:25 Or born
  46. Proverbs 8:26 Lit outside places
  47. Proverbs 8:28 Lit strong
  48. Proverbs 8:29 Lit mouth
  49. Proverbs 8:30 Or Playing
  50. Proverbs 8:31 Or Playing
  51. Proverbs 8:36 Or misses me
  52. Proverbs 9:2 Lit slaughtered her slaughter
  53. Proverbs 9:4 Lit simple
  54. Proverbs 9:4 Lit heart
  55. Proverbs 9:6 Or Forsake the simple ones
  56. Proverbs 9:7 Lit a blemish
  57. Proverbs 9:13 Or foolish woman
  58. Proverbs 9:13 Lit simple
  59. Proverbs 9:16 Lit simple
  60. Proverbs 9:16 Lit heart
  61. Proverbs 9:18 Lit departed spirits
  62. Proverbs 10:2 Lit Treasures of wickedness
  63. Proverbs 10:3 Lit soul of the righteous
  64. Proverbs 10:3 Lit thrust away
  65. Proverbs 10:8 Lit the foolish of lips
  66. Proverbs 10:8 Lit thrust down
  67. Proverbs 10:10 Lit the foolish of lips
  68. Proverbs 10:10 Lit thrust down
  69. Proverbs 10:13 Lit heart
  70. Proverbs 10:15 Lit strong city
  71. Proverbs 10:16 Or work
  72. Proverbs 10:21 Lit heart
  73. Proverbs 10:27 Lit days
  74. Proverbs 11:8 Lit enters
  75. Proverbs 11:12 Lit heart
  76. Proverbs 11:13 Lit faithful of spirit
  77. Proverbs 11:14 Lit deliverance
  78. Proverbs 11:15 Lit those who strike hands
  79. Proverbs 11:17 Lit good to his own soul
  80. Proverbs 11:17 Lit troubles his flesh
  81. Proverbs 11:20 Lit way
  82. Proverbs 11:21 Lit Hand to hand
  83. Proverbs 11:21 Lit seed
  84. Proverbs 11:22 Lit taste
  85. Proverbs 11:25 Lit soul of blessing
  86. Proverbs 11:25 Lit made fat
  87. Proverbs 11:30 Lit takes
  88. Proverbs 12:1 Or instruction
  89. Proverbs 12:2 Lit of evil devices
  90. Proverbs 12:4 Or virtuous
  91. Proverbs 12:8 Lit heart
  92. Proverbs 12:11 Lit heart
  93. Proverbs 12:12 Lit net
  94. Proverbs 12:13 Lit In the transgression of the lips is an evil snare
  95. Proverbs 12:14 Lit mouth
  96. Proverbs 12:17 Lit breathes
  97. Proverbs 12:24 Lit slackness
  98. Proverbs 12:27 Lit slackness
  99. Proverbs 12:27 Or catch
  100. Proverbs 13:2 Lit eats
  101. Proverbs 13:2 Lit soul
  102. Proverbs 13:3 Lit ruin is his
  103. Proverbs 13:5 Lit causes a bad odor and causes shame
  104. Proverbs 13:6 Lit blamelessness of way
  105. Proverbs 13:6 Lit sin
  106. Proverbs 13:7 Lit impoverishes himself
  107. Proverbs 13:9 I.e. shines brightly
  108. Proverbs 13:10 Lit gives
  109. Proverbs 13:11 Lit vanity
  110. Proverbs 13:11 Or gradually; lit on the hand
  111. Proverbs 13:12 Lit coming
  112. Proverbs 13:13 Lit pledged to it
  113. Proverbs 13:14 Or law
  114. Proverbs 13:16 Lit spreads out
  115. Proverbs 13:18 Or instruction
  116. Proverbs 13:22 Lit sons’ sons
  117. Proverbs 13:23 Lit there is what is swept
  118. Proverbs 13:24 I.e. correction or discipline
  119. Proverbs 13:24 Lit seeks him diligently with discipline
  120. Proverbs 13:25 Lit eats to the satisfaction of his soul
  121. Proverbs 14:3 Lit of pride
  122. Proverbs 14:5 Lit breathes out
  123. Proverbs 14:7 Lit know
  124. Proverbs 14:7 Lit lips
  125. Proverbs 14:9 Lit guilt
  126. Proverbs 14:9 Or the favor of God
  127. Proverbs 14:14 Lit from himself
  128. Proverbs 14:15 Lit simple
  129. Proverbs 14:16 Lit fears
  130. Proverbs 14:18 Lit simple
  131. Proverbs 14:21 Or afflicted
  132. Proverbs 14:23 Lit word of lips
  133. Proverbs 14:25 Lit breathes out
  134. Proverbs 14:25 Lit treachery
  135. Proverbs 14:26 Or reverence
  136. Proverbs 14:26 Or His
  137. Proverbs 14:27 Or reverence
  138. Proverbs 14:29 Lit short of spirit
  139. Proverbs 14:32 Or calamity
  140. Proverbs 14:33 Lit inward part
  141. Proverbs 15:1 Lit painful
  142. Proverbs 15:2 Lit good
  143. Proverbs 15:4 Lit healing
  144. Proverbs 15:4 Lit is the crushing of the spirit
  145. Proverbs 15:5 Or despises
  146. Proverbs 15:11 I.e. the nether world
  147. Proverbs 15:11 I.e. place of destruction
  148. Proverbs 15:11 Lit sons of Adam
  149. Proverbs 15:13 Lit good
  150. Proverbs 15:13 Lit in sadness of heart
  151. Proverbs 15:15 Lit good
  152. Proverbs 15:16 Or reverence
  153. Proverbs 15:17 Or portion
  154. Proverbs 15:17 Or herbs
  155. Proverbs 15:21 Lit heart
  156. Proverbs 15:22 Or are established
  157. Proverbs 15:23 Lit answer of his mouth
  158. Proverbs 15:24 I.e. the nether world
  159. Proverbs 15:30 Lit The light of the eyes gladdens
  160. Proverbs 15:32 Lit heart
  161. Proverbs 15:33 Or reverence
  162. Proverbs 16:2 Lit spirits
  163. Proverbs 16:3 Lit Roll
  164. Proverbs 16:4 Or His
  165. Proverbs 16:6 Or reverence
  166. Proverbs 16:10 Lit be unfaithful
  167. Proverbs 16:11 Lit stones
  168. Proverbs 16:11 Lit work
  169. Proverbs 16:15 Lit latter
  170. Proverbs 16:17 Lit soul
  171. Proverbs 16:21 Lit lips
  172. Proverbs 16:21 Or learning
  173. Proverbs 16:23 Or learning
  174. Proverbs 16:26 Lit mouth
  175. Proverbs 16:27 Lit on his lips
  176. Proverbs 17:1 Lit sacrifices of strife
  177. Proverbs 17:4 Lit falsehood
  178. Proverbs 17:7 Lit A lip of abundance
  179. Proverbs 17:8 Lit stone of favor
  180. Proverbs 17:16 Lit there is no heart
  181. Proverbs 17:18 Lit heart
  182. Proverbs 17:18 Lit shakes hands
  183. Proverbs 17:20 Lit heart
  184. Proverbs 17:22 Lit causes good healing
  185. Proverbs 17:27 Lit knows
  186. Proverbs 18:1 Lit breaks out
  187. Proverbs 18:2 Lit heart
  188. Proverbs 18:4 Or A bubbling brook, a fountain of wisdom
  189. Proverbs 18:6 Lit come with
  190. Proverbs 18:8 Lit chambers of the belly
  191. Proverbs 18:10 Lit set on high
  192. Proverbs 18:15 Lit heart
  193. Proverbs 18:17 Lit in his plea
  194. Proverbs 18:17 Lit his neighbor
  195. Proverbs 18:18 Lit makes a division
  196. Proverbs 18:20 I.e. speech
  197. Proverbs 18:21 Lit hand
  198. Proverbs 18:24 Lit be broken in pieces
  199. Proverbs 18:24 Or lover
  200. Proverbs 19:1 Lit his lips
  201. Proverbs 19:2 Lit with his feet
  202. Proverbs 19:2 Lit sins
  203. Proverbs 19:5 Lit breathes
  204. Proverbs 19:6 Or noble
  205. Proverbs 19:7 Lit not
  206. Proverbs 19:8 Lit heart
  207. Proverbs 19:9 Lit breathes
  208. Proverbs 19:15 Lit soul
  209. Proverbs 19:16 Lit despises
  210. Proverbs 19:16 Lit ways

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