Gathering together all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he inquired of them where the [a]Messiah was to be born. They said to him, “In Bethlehem of Judea; for this is what has been written [b]by the prophet:
‘And you, Bethlehem, land of Judah,
Are by no means least among the leaders of Judah;
For out of you shall come forth a Ruler
Who will shepherd My people Israel.’”
Then Herod secretly called the magi and determined from them [c]the exact time the star appeared. And he sent them to Bethlehem and said, “Go and search carefully for the Child; and when you have found Him, report to me, so that I too may come and worship Him.” After hearing the king, they went their way; and the star, which they had seen in the east, went on before them until it came and stood over the place where the Child was. When they saw the star, they rejoiced exceedingly with great joy. After coming into the house they saw the Child with Mary His mother; and they [d]fell to the ground and worshiped Him. Then, opening their treasures, they presented to Him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh. And having been warned by God in a dream not to return to Herod, the magi left for their own country by another way.
The Flight to Egypt
Now when they had gone, behold, an angel of the Lord *appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, “Get up! Take the Child and His mother and flee to Egypt, and remain there until I tell you; for Herod is going to search for the Child to destroy Him.”
So [e]Joseph got up and took the Child and His mother while it was still night, and left for Egypt. He [f]remained there until the death of Herod. This was to fulfill what had been spoken by the Lord through the prophet: “Out of Egypt I called My Son.”
Herod Slaughters Babies
Then when Herod saw that he had been tricked by the magi, he became very enraged, and sent and slew all the male children who were in Bethlehem and all its vicinity, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had determined from the magi. Then what had been spoken through Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled:
“A voice was heard in Ramah,
Weeping and great mourning,
Rachel weeping for her children;
And she refused to be comforted,
Because they were no more.”
But when Herod died, behold, an angel of the Lord *appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, and said, “Get up, take the Child and His mother, and go into the land of Israel; for those who sought the Child’s life are dead.” So [g]Joseph got up, took the Child and His mother, and came into the land of Israel. But when he heard that Archelaus was reigning over Judea in place of his father Herod, he was afraid to go there. Then after being warned by God in a dream, he left for the regions of Galilee, and came and lived in a city called Nazareth. This was to fulfill what was spoken through the prophets: “He shall be called a Nazarene.”
The Preaching of John the Baptist
Now in those days John the Baptist *[h]came, [i]preaching in the wilderness of Judea, saying, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven [j]is at hand.” For this is the one referred to [k]by Isaiah the prophet when he said,
“The voice of one [l]crying in the wilderness,
‘Make ready the way of the Lord,
Make His paths straight!’”
Now John himself had [m]a garment of camel’s hair and a leather belt around his waist; and his food was locusts and wild honey. Then Jerusalem was going out to him, and all Judea and all the district around the Jordan; and they were being baptized by him in the Jordan River, as they confessed their sins.
But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming for baptism, he said to them, “You brood of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Therefore bear fruit in keeping with repentance; and do not suppose that you can say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham for our father’; for I say to you that from these stones God is able to raise up children to Abraham. The axe is already laid at the root of the trees; therefore every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.
“As for me, I baptize you [n]with water for repentance, but He who is coming after me is mightier than I, and I am not fit to remove His sandals; He will baptize you [o]with the Holy Spirit and fire. His winnowing fork is in His hand, and He will thoroughly clear His threshing floor; and He will gather His wheat into the barn, but He will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.”
The Baptism of Jesus
Then Jesus *arrived from Galilee at the Jordan coming to John, to be baptized by him. But John tried to prevent Him, saying, “I have need to be baptized by You, and do You come to me?” But Jesus answering said to him, “Permit it at this time; for in this way it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness.” Then he *permitted Him. After being baptized, Jesus came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened, and [p]he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove and [q]lighting on Him, and behold, a voice out of the heavens said, “This is [r]My beloved Son, in whom I am well-pleased.”
The Temptation of Jesus
Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. And after He had fasted forty days and forty nights, He [s]then became hungry. And the tempter came and said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, command that these stones become bread.” But He answered and said, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live on bread alone, but on every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God.’”
Then the devil *took Him into the holy city and had Him stand on the pinnacle of the temple, and *said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, throw Yourself down; for it is written,
‘He will command His angels concerning You’;
‘On their hands they will bear You up,
So that You will not strike Your foot against a stone.’”
Jesus said to him, “[t]On the other hand, it is written, ‘You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.’”
Again, the devil *took Him to a very high mountain and *showed Him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory; and he said to Him, “All these things I will give You, if You fall down and [u]worship me.” Then Jesus *said to him, “Go, Satan! For it is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God, and [v]serve Him only.’” Then the devil *left Him; and behold, angels came and began to minister to Him.
Jesus Begins His Ministry
Now when Jesus heard that John had been taken into custody, He withdrew into Galilee; and leaving Nazareth, He came and settled in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali. This was to fulfill what was spoken through Isaiah the prophet:
“The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali,
[w]By the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the [x]Gentiles—
“The people who were sitting in darkness saw a great Light,
And those who were sitting in the land and shadow of death,
Upon them a Light dawned.”
From that time Jesus began to [y]preach and say, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.”
The First Disciples
Now as Jesus was walking by the Sea of Galilee, He saw two brothers, Simon who was called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea; for they were fishermen. And He *said to them, “[z]Follow Me, and I will make you fishers of men.” Immediately they left their nets and followed Him. Going on from there He saw two other brothers, [aa]James the son of Zebedee, and [ab]John his brother, in the boat with Zebedee their father, mending their nets; and He called them. Immediately they left the boat and their father, and followed Him.
Ministry in Galilee
Jesus was going throughout all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the [ac]gospel of the kingdom, and healing every kind of disease and every kind of sickness among the people.
The news about Him spread throughout all Syria; and they brought to Him all who were ill, those suffering with various diseases and pains, demoniacs, [ad]epileptics, paralytics; and He healed them. Large crowds followed Him from Galilee and the Decapolis and Jerusalem and Judea and from beyond the Jordan.
The Sermon on the Mount; The Beatitudes
When Jesus saw the crowds, He went up on the [ae]mountain; and after He sat down, His disciples came to Him. He opened His mouth and began to teach them, saying,
“Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.
“Blessed are the [ah]gentle, for they shall inherit the earth.
“Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.
“Blessed are the merciful, for they shall receive mercy.
“Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.
“Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God.
“Blessed are those who have been persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
“Blessed are you when people insult you and persecute you, and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of Me. Rejoice and be glad, for your reward in heaven is great; for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.
Disciples and the World
“You are the salt of the earth; but if the salt has become tasteless, how [ai]can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything, except to be thrown out and trampled under foot by men.
“You are the light of the world. A city set on a [aj]hill cannot be hidden; nor does anyone light a lamp and put it under a [ak]basket, but on the lampstand, and it gives light to all who are in the house. Let your light shine before men in such a way that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven.
“Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not [al]the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished. Whoever then annuls one of the least of these commandments, and teaches [am]others to do the same, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever [an]keeps and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
“For I say to you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will not enter the kingdom of heaven.
“You have heard that [ao]the ancients were told, ‘You shall not commit murder’ and ‘Whoever commits murder shall be [ap]liable to the court.’ But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother shall be [aq]guilty before the court; and whoever says to his brother, ‘[ar]You good-for-nothing,’ shall be [as]guilty before [at]the supreme court; and whoever says, ‘You fool,’ shall be [au]guilty enough to go into the [av]fiery hell. Therefore if you are presenting your [aw]offering at the altar, and there remember that your brother has something against you, leave your [ax]offering there before the altar and go; first be reconciled to your brother, and then come and present your [ay]offering. Make friends quickly with your opponent at law while you are with him on the way, so that your opponent may not hand you over to the judge, and the judge to the officer, and you be thrown into prison. Truly I say to you, you will not come out of there until you have paid up the last [az]cent.
“You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery’; but I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart. If your right eye makes you [ba]stumble, tear it out and throw it from you; for it is better for you [bb]to lose one of the parts of your body, [bc]than for your whole body to be thrown into [bd]hell. If your right hand makes you [be]stumble, cut it off and throw it from you; for it is better for you [bf]to lose one of the parts of your body, [bg]than for your whole body to go into [bh]hell.
“It was said, ‘Whoever sends his wife away, let him give her a certificate of divorce’; but I say to you that everyone who [bi]divorces his wife, except for the reason of unchastity, makes her commit adultery; and whoever marries a [bj]divorced woman commits adultery.
“Again, you have heard that [bk]the ancients were told, ‘[bl]You shall not [bm]make false vows, but shall fulfill your [bn]vows to the Lord.’ But I say to you, make no oath at all, either by heaven, for it is the throne of God, or by the earth, for it is the footstool of His feet, or [bo]by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King. Nor shall you make an oath by your head, for you cannot make one hair white or black. But let your statement be, ‘Yes, yes’ or ‘No, no’; anything beyond these is [bp]of evil.
“You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.’ But I say to you, do not resist an evil person; but whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also. If anyone wants to sue you and take your [bq]shirt, let him have your [br]coat also. Whoever [bs]forces you to go one mile, go with him two. Give to him who asks of you, and do not turn away from him who wants to borrow from you.
“You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ But I say to you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, so that you may [bt]be sons of your Father who is in heaven; for He causes His sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous. For if you love those who love you, what reward do you have? Do not even the tax collectors do the same? If you greet only your brothers, what more are you doing than others? Do not even the Gentiles do the same? Therefore [bu]you are to be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.
Giving to the Poor and Prayer
“Beware of practicing your righteousness before men to be noticed by them; otherwise you have no reward with your Father who is in heaven.
“So when you [bv]give to the poor, do not sound a trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, so that they may be honored by men. Truly I say to you, they have their reward in full. But when you [bw]give to the poor, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing, so that your [bx]giving will be in secret; and your Father who sees what is done in secret will reward you.
- Matthew 2:4 Gr Christos (Christ)
- Matthew 2:5 Or through
- Matthew 2:7 Lit the time of the appearing star
- Matthew 2:11 Lit prostrated; i.e. face down in a prone position to indicate worship
- Matthew 2:14 Lit he
- Matthew 2:15 Lit was
- Matthew 2:21 Lit he
- Matthew 3:1 Or arrived, or appeared
- Matthew 3:1 Or proclaiming as a herald
- Matthew 3:2 Lit has come near
- Matthew 3:3 Or through
- Matthew 3:3 Or shouting
- Matthew 3:4 Lit his garment
- Matthew 3:11 The Gr here can be translated in, with or by
- Matthew 3:11 The Gr here can be translated in, with or by
- Matthew 3:16 Or He
- Matthew 3:16 Lit coming upon Him
- Matthew 3:17 Or My Son, the Beloved
- Matthew 4:2 Lit later became; or afterward became
- Matthew 4:7 Lit Again
- Matthew 4:9 Lit prostrate Yourself
- Matthew 4:10 Or fulfill religious duty to Him
- Matthew 4:15 Or Toward the sea
- Matthew 4:15 Lit nations, usually non-Jewish
- Matthew 4:17 Or proclaim
- Matthew 4:19 Lit Come here after Me
- Matthew 4:21 Or Jacob; James is the Eng form of Jacob
- Matthew 4:21 Gr Joannes, Heb Johanan
- Matthew 4:23 Or good news
- Matthew 4:24 Lit moonstruck
- Matthew 5:1 Or hill
- Matthew 5:3 I.e. fortunate or prosperous, and so through v 11
- Matthew 5:3 I.e. those who are not spiritually arrogant
- Matthew 5:5 Or humble, meek
- Matthew 5:13 Lit will
- Matthew 5:14 Or mountain
- Matthew 5:15 Or peck-measure
- Matthew 5:18 Lit one iota (Heb yodh) or one projection of a letter (serif)
- Matthew 5:19 Gr anthropoi
- Matthew 5:19 Lit does
- Matthew 5:21 Lit it was said to the ancients
- Matthew 5:21 Or guilty before
- Matthew 5:22 Or liable to
- Matthew 5:22 Or empty-head; Gr Raka (Raca) fr Aram reqa
- Matthew 5:22 Or liable to
- Matthew 5:22 Lit the Sanhedrin
- Matthew 5:22 Or liable to
- Matthew 5:22 Lit Gehenna of fire
- Matthew 5:23 Or gift
- Matthew 5:24 Or gift
- Matthew 5:24 Or gift
- Matthew 5:26 Lit quadrans (equaling two mites); i.e. 1/64 of a daily wage
- Matthew 5:29 I.e. sin
- Matthew 5:29 Lit that one...be lost
- Matthew 5:29 Lit not your whole body
- Matthew 5:29 Gr Gehenna
- Matthew 5:30 I.e. sin
- Matthew 5:30 Lit that one...be lost
- Matthew 5:30 Lit not your whole body
- Matthew 5:30 Gr Gehenna
- Matthew 5:32 Or sends away
- Matthew 5:32 Or sent away
- Matthew 5:33 Lit it was said to the ancients
- Matthew 5:33 you and your are singular here
- Matthew 5:33 Or break your vows
- Matthew 5:33 Lit oaths
- Matthew 5:35 Or toward
- Matthew 5:37 Or from the evil one
- Matthew 5:40 Lit tunic; i.e. a garment worn next to the body
- Matthew 5:40 Lit cloak; i.e. an outer garment
- Matthew 5:41 Lit will force
- Matthew 5:45 Or show yourselves to be
- Matthew 5:48 Lit you shall be
- Matthew 6:2 Or give alms
- Matthew 6:3 Or give alms
- Matthew 6:4 Or alms