Mark 8:22-16:20

And they *came to Bethsaida. And they *brought a blind man to Jesus and *implored Him to touch him. Taking the blind man by the hand, He brought him out of the village; and after spitting on his eyes and laying His hands on him, He asked him, “Do you see anything?” And he [a]looked up and said, “I see men, for [b]I see them like trees, walking around.” Then again He laid His hands on his eyes; and he looked intently and was restored, and began to see everything clearly. And He sent him to his home, saying, “Do not even enter the village.”

Peter’s Confession of Christ

Jesus went out, along with His disciples, to the villages of Caesarea Philippi; and on the way He questioned His disciples, saying to them, “Who do people say that I am?” They told Him, saying, “John the Baptist; and others say Elijah; but others, one of the prophets.” And He continued by questioning them, “But who do you say that I am?” Peter *answered and *said to Him, “You are [c]the Christ.” And He [d]warned them to tell no one about Him.

And He began to teach them that the Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and the chief priests and the scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again. And He was stating the matter plainly. And Peter took Him aside and began to rebuke Him. But turning around and seeing His disciples, He rebuked Peter and *said, “Get behind Me, Satan; for you are not setting your mind on [e]God’s interests, but man’s.”

And He summoned the crowd with His disciples, and said to them, “If anyone wishes to come after Me, he must deny himself, and take up his cross and follow Me. For whoever wishes to save his [f]life will lose it, but whoever loses his [g]life for My sake and the gospel’s will save it. For what does it profit a man to gain the whole world, and forfeit his soul? For what will a man give in exchange for his soul? For whoever is ashamed of Me and My words in this adulterous and sinful generation, the Son of Man will also be ashamed of him when He comes in the glory of His Father with the holy angels.”

The Transfiguration

And Jesus was saying to them, “Truly I say to you, there are some of those who are standing here who will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God after it has come with power.”

Six days later, Jesus *took with Him Peter and [h]James and John, and *brought them up on a high mountain by themselves. And He was transfigured before them; and His garments became radiant and exceedingly white, as no launderer on earth can whiten them. Elijah appeared to them along with Moses; and they were talking with Jesus. Peter *said to Jesus, “Rabbi, it is good for us to be here; let us make three [i]tabernacles, one for You, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah.” For he did not know what to answer; for they became terrified. Then a cloud [j]formed, overshadowing them, and a voice [k]came out of the cloud, “This is My beloved Son, [l]listen to Him!” All at once they looked around and saw no one with them anymore, except Jesus alone.

As they were coming down from the mountain, He gave them orders not to relate to anyone what they had seen, [m]until the Son of Man rose from the dead. They [n]seized upon [o]that statement, discussing with one another [p]what rising from the dead meant. They asked Him, saying, “Why is it that the scribes say that Elijah must come first?” And He said to them, “Elijah does first come and restore all things. And yet how is it written of the Son of Man that He will suffer many things and be treated with contempt? But I say to you that Elijah has [q]indeed come, and they did to him whatever they wished, just as it is written of him.”

All Things Possible

When they came back to the disciples, they saw a large crowd around them, and some scribes arguing with them. Immediately, when the entire crowd saw Him, they were amazed and began running up to greet Him. And He asked them, “What are you discussing with them?” And one of the crowd answered Him, “Teacher, I brought You my son, possessed with a spirit which makes him mute; and [r]whenever it seizes him, it [s]slams him to the ground and he foams at the mouth, and grinds his teeth and [t]stiffens out. I told Your disciples to cast it out, and they could not do it.” And He *answered them and *said, “O unbelieving generation, how long shall I be with you? How long shall I put up with you? Bring him to Me!” They brought [u]the boy to Him. When he saw Him, immediately the spirit threw him into a convulsion, and falling to the ground, he began rolling around and foaming at the mouth. And He asked his father, “How long has this been happening to him?” And he said, “From childhood. It has often thrown him both into the fire and into the water to destroy him. But if You can do anything, take pity on us and help us!” And Jesus said to him, “‘If You can?’ All things are possible to him who believes.” Immediately the boy’s father cried out and said, “I do believe; help my unbelief.” When Jesus saw that a crowd was [v]rapidly gathering, He rebuked the unclean spirit, saying to it, “You deaf and mute spirit, I [w]command you, come out of him and do not enter him [x]again.” After crying out and throwing him into terrible convulsions, it came out; and the boy became so much like a corpse that most of them said, “He is dead!” But Jesus took him by the hand and raised him; and he got up. When He came into the house, His disciples began questioning Him privately, “Why could we not drive it out?” And He said to them, “This kind cannot come out by anything but prayer.”

Death and Resurrection Foretold

From there they went out and began to go through Galilee, and He did not want anyone to know about it. For He was teaching His disciples and telling them, “The Son of Man is to be [y]delivered into the hands of men, and they will kill Him; and when He has been killed, He will rise three days later.” But they [z]did not understand this statement, and they were afraid to ask Him.

They came to Capernaum; and when He [aa]was in the house, He began to question them, “What were you discussing on the way?” But they kept silent, for on the way they had discussed with one another which of them was the greatest. Sitting down, He called the twelve and *said to them, “If anyone wants to be first, [ab]he shall be last of all and servant of all.” Taking a child, He set him [ac]before them, and taking him in His arms, He said to them, “Whoever receives [ad]one child like this in My name receives Me; and whoever receives Me does not receive Me, but Him who sent Me.”

Dire Warnings

John said to Him, “Teacher, we saw someone casting out demons in Your name, and we tried to prevent him because he was not following us.” But Jesus said, “Do not hinder him, for there is no one who will perform a miracle in My name, and be able soon afterward to speak evil of Me. For he who is not against us is [ae]for us. For whoever gives you a cup of water to drink [af]because of your name as followers of Christ, truly I say to you, he will not lose his reward.

“Whoever causes one of these [ag]little ones who believe to stumble, it [ah]would be better for him if, with a heavy millstone hung around his neck, he [ai]had been cast into the sea. If your hand causes you to stumble, cut it off; it is better for you to enter life crippled, than, having your two hands, to go into [aj]hell, into the unquenchable fire, [[ak]where their worm does not die, and the fire is not quenched.] If your foot causes you to stumble, cut it off; it is better for you to enter life lame, than, having your two feet, to be cast into [al]hell, [[am]where their worm does not die, and the fire is not quenched.] If your eye causes you to stumble, throw it out; it is better for you to enter the kingdom of God with one eye, than, having two eyes, to be cast into [an]hell, where their worm does not die, and the fire is not quenched.

“For everyone will be salted with fire. Salt is good; but if the salt becomes unsalty, with what will you [ao]make it salty again? Have salt in yourselves, and be at peace with one another.”

Jesus’ Teaching about Divorce

Getting up, He *went from there to the region of Judea and beyond the Jordan; crowds *gathered around Him again, and, according to His custom, He once more began to teach them.

Some Pharisees came up to Jesus, testing Him, and began to question Him whether it was lawful for a man to [ap]divorce a wife. And He answered and said to them, “What did Moses command you?” They said, “Moses permitted a man to write a certificate of divorce and [aq]send her away.” But Jesus said to them, [ar]Because of your hardness of heart he wrote you this commandment. But from the beginning of creation, God made them male and female. For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother[as], and the two shall become one flesh; so they are no longer two, but one flesh. What therefore God has joined together, let no man separate.”

In the house the disciples began questioning Him about this again. And He *said to them, “Whoever [at]divorces his wife and marries another woman commits adultery against her; and if she herself [au]divorces her husband and marries another man, she is committing adultery.”

Jesus Blesses Little Children

And they were bringing children to Him so that He might touch them; but the disciples rebuked them. But when Jesus saw this, He was indignant and said to them, “Permit the children to come to Me; do not hinder them; for the kingdom of God belongs to such as these. Truly I say to you, whoever does not receive the kingdom of God like a child will not enter it at all.” And He took them in His arms and began blessing them, laying His hands on them.

The Rich Young Ruler

As He was setting out on a journey, a man ran up to Him and knelt before Him, and asked Him, “Good Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?” And Jesus said to him, “Why do you call Me good? No one is good except God alone. You know the commandments, ‘Do not murder, Do not commit adultery, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Do not defraud, Honor your father and mother.’” And he said to Him, “Teacher, I have kept all these things from my youth up.” Looking at him, Jesus felt a love for him and said to him, “One thing you lack: go and sell all you possess and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me.” But at these words [av]he was saddened, and he went away grieving, for he was one who owned much property.

And Jesus, looking around, *said to His disciples, “How hard it will be for those who are wealthy to enter the kingdom of God!” The disciples were amazed at His words. But Jesus *answered again and *said to them, “Children, how hard it is to enter the kingdom of God! It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God.” They were even more astonished and said to Him, “[aw]Then who can be saved?” Looking at them, Jesus *said, “With people it is impossible, but not with God; for all things are possible with God.”

Peter began to say to Him, “Behold, we have left everything and followed You.” Jesus said, “Truly I say to you, there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or farms, for My sake and for the gospel’s sake, [ax]but that he will receive a hundred times as much now in [ay]the present age, houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and children and farms, along with persecutions; and in the age to come, eternal life. But many who are first will be last, and the last, first.”

Jesus’ Sufferings Foretold

They were on the road going up to Jerusalem, and Jesus was walking on ahead of them; and they were amazed, and those who followed were fearful. And again He took the twelve aside and began to tell them what was going to happen to Him, saying, “Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be [az]delivered to the chief priests and the scribes; and they will condemn Him to death and will [ba]hand Him over to the Gentiles. They will mock Him and spit on Him, and scourge Him and kill Him, and three days later He will rise again.”

[bb]James and John, the two sons of Zebedee, *came up to Jesus, saying, “Teacher, we want You to do for us whatever we ask of You.” And He said to them, “What do you want Me to do for you?” They said to Him, “[bc]Grant that we may sit, one on Your right and one on Your left, in Your glory.” But Jesus said to them, “You do not know what you are asking. Are you able to drink the cup that I drink, or to be baptized with the baptism with which I am baptized?” They said to Him, “We are able.” And Jesus said to them, “The cup that I drink you shall drink; and you shall be baptized with the baptism with which I am baptized. But to sit on My right or on My left, this is not Mine to give; but it is for those for whom it has been prepared.”

Hearing this, the ten began to feel indignant with [bd]James and John. Calling them to Himself, Jesus *said to them, “You know that those who are recognized as rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them; and their great men exercise authority over them. But it is not this way among you, but whoever wishes to become great among you shall be your servant; and whoever wishes to be first among you shall be slave of all. For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His [be]life a ransom for many.”

Bartimaeus Receives His Sight

Then they *came to Jericho. And as He was leaving Jericho with His disciples and a large crowd, a blind beggar named Bartimaeus, the son of Timaeus, was sitting by the road. When he heard that it was Jesus the Nazarene, he began to cry out and say, “Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!” Many were sternly telling him to be quiet, but he kept crying out all the more, “Son of David, have mercy on me!” And Jesus stopped and said, “Call him here.” So they *called the blind man, saying to him, “Take courage, stand up! He is calling for you.” Throwing aside his cloak, he jumped up and came to Jesus. And answering him, Jesus said, “What do you want Me to do for you?” And the blind man said to Him, “[bf]Rabboni, I want to regain my sight!” And Jesus said to him, “Go; your faith has [bg]made you well.” Immediately he regained his sight and began following Him on the road.

The Triumphal Entry

As they *approached Jerusalem, at Bethphage and Bethany, near the Mount of Olives, He *sent two of His disciples, and *said to them, “Go into the village opposite you, and immediately as you enter it, you will find a colt tied there, on which no one yet has ever sat; untie it and bring it here. If anyone says to you, ‘Why are you doing this?’ you say, ‘The Lord has need of it’; and immediately he [bh]will send it back here.” They went away and found a colt tied at the door, outside in the street; and they *untied it. Some of the bystanders were saying to them, “What are you doing, untying the colt?” They spoke to them just as Jesus had told them, and they gave them permission. They *brought the colt to Jesus and put their coats on it; and He sat on it. And many spread their coats in the road, and others spread leafy branches which they had cut from the fields. Those who went in front and those who followed were shouting:

Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord;
Blessed is the coming kingdom of our father David;
Hosanna in the highest!”

Jesus entered Jerusalem and came into the temple; and after looking around at everything, He left for Bethany with the twelve, since it was already late.

On the next day, when they had left Bethany, He became hungry. Seeing at a distance a fig tree in leaf, He went to see if perhaps He would find anything on it; and when He came to it, He found nothing but leaves, for it was not the season for figs. He said to it, “May no one ever eat fruit from you again!” And His disciples were listening.

Jesus Drives Money Changers from the Temple

Then they *came to Jerusalem. And He entered the temple and began to drive out those who were buying and selling in the temple, and overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who were selling [bi]doves; and He would not permit anyone to carry [bj]merchandise through the temple. And He began to teach and say to them, “Is it not written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer for all the nations’? But you have made it a robbers[bk]den.” The chief priests and the scribes heard this, and began seeking how to destroy Him; for they were afraid of Him, for the whole crowd was astonished at His teaching.

When evening came, [bl]they would go out of the city.

As they were passing by in the morning, they saw the fig tree withered from the roots up. Being reminded, Peter *said to Him, “Rabbi, look, the fig tree which You cursed has withered.” And Jesus *answered saying to them, “Have faith in God. Truly I say to you, whoever says to this mountain, ‘Be taken up and cast into the sea,’ and does not doubt in his heart, but believes that what he says is going to happen, it will be granted him. Therefore I say to you, all things for which you pray and ask, believe that you have received them, and they will be granted you. Whenever you stand praying, forgive, if you have anything against anyone, so that your Father who is in heaven will also forgive you your transgressions. [[bm]But if you do not forgive, neither will your Father who is in heaven forgive your transgressions.”]

Jesus’ Authority Questioned

They *came again to Jerusalem. And as He was walking in the temple, the chief priests and the scribes and the elders *came to Him, and began saying to Him, “By what authority are You doing these things, or who gave You this authority to do these things?” And Jesus said to them, “I will ask you one question, and you answer Me, and then I will tell you by what authority I do these things. Was the baptism of John from heaven, or from men? Answer Me.” They began reasoning among themselves, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ He will say, ‘Then why did you not believe him?’ But [bn]shall we say, ‘From men’?”—they were afraid of the people, for everyone considered John to have been a real prophet. Answering Jesus, they *said, “We do not know.” And Jesus *said to them, “Nor [bo]will I tell you by what authority I do these things.”

Parable of the Vine-growers

And He began to speak to them in parables: “A man planted a vineyard and put a [bp]wall around it, and dug a vat under the wine press and built a tower, and rented it out to [bq]vine-growers and went on a journey. At the harvest time he sent a slave to the vine-growers, in order to receive some of the produce of the vineyard from the vine-growers. They took him, and beat him and sent him away empty-handed. Again he sent them another slave, and they wounded him in the head, and treated him shamefully. And he sent another, and that one they killed; and so with many others, beating some and killing others. He had one more to send, a beloved son; he sent him last of all to them, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’ But those vine-growers said to one another, ‘This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours!’ They took him, and killed him and threw him out of the vineyard. What will the [br]owner of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the vine-growers, and will give the vineyard to others. Have you not even read this Scripture:

The stone which the builders rejected,
This became the chief corner stone;
This came about from the Lord,
And it is marvelous in our eyes’?”

And they were seeking to seize Him, and yet they feared the [bs]people, for they understood that He spoke the parable against them. And so they left Him and went away.

Jesus Answers the Pharisees, Sadducees and Scribes

Then they *sent some of the Pharisees and Herodians to Him in order to trap Him in a statement. They *came and *said to Him, “Teacher, we know that You are truthful and [bt]defer to no one; for You are not partial to any, but teach the way of God in truth. Is it [bu]lawful to pay a poll-tax to Caesar, or not? Shall we pay or shall we not pay?” But He, knowing their hypocrisy, said to them, “Why are you testing Me? Bring Me a [bv]denarius to look at.” They brought one. And He *said to them, “Whose likeness and inscription is this?” And they said to Him, “Caesar’s.” And Jesus said to them, “Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” And they [bw]were amazed at Him.

Some Sadducees (who say that there is no resurrection) *came to Jesus, and began questioning Him, saying, “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies and leaves behind a wife and leaves no child, his brother should [bx]marry the wife and raise up children to his brother. There were seven brothers; and the first took a wife, and died leaving no children. The second one [by]married her, and died leaving behind no children; and the third likewise; and so [bz]all seven left no children. Last of all the woman died also. In the resurrection, [ca]when they rise again, which one’s wife will she be? For [cb]all seven had married her.” Jesus said to them, “Is this not the reason you are mistaken, that you do not [cc]understand the Scriptures or the power of God? For when they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven. But [cd]regarding the fact that the dead rise again, have you not read in the book of Moses, in the passage about the burning bush, how God spoke to him, saying, ‘I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? He is not the God [ce]of the dead, but of the living; you are greatly mistaken.”

One of the scribes came and heard them arguing, and recognizing that He had answered them well, asked Him, “What commandment is the [cf]foremost of all?” Jesus answered, “The foremost is, ‘Hear, O Israel! The Lord our God is one Lord; and you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength.’ The second is this, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.” The scribe said to Him, “Right, Teacher; You have truly stated that He is One, and there is no one else besides Him; and to love Him with all the heart and with all the understanding and with all the strength, and to love one’s neighbor as himself, is much more than all burnt offerings and sacrifices.” When Jesus saw that he had answered intelligently, He said to him, “You are not far from the kingdom of God.” After that, no one would venture to ask Him any more questions.

And Jesus began to say, as He taught in the temple, “How is it that the scribes say that [cg]the Christ is the son of David? David himself said [ch]in the Holy Spirit,

The Lord said to my Lord,
Sit at My right hand,
Until I put Your enemies beneath Your feet.”’

David himself calls Him ‘Lord’; so in what sense is He his son?” And the large crowd [ci]enjoyed listening to Him.

In His teaching He was saying: “Beware of the scribes who like to walk around in long robes, and like respectful greetings in the market places, and chief seats in the synagogues and places of honor at banquets, who devour widows’ houses, and for appearance’s sake offer long prayers; these will receive greater condemnation.”

The Widow’s Mite

And He sat down opposite the treasury, and began observing how the people were putting [cj]money into the treasury; and many rich people were putting in large sums. A poor widow came and put in two [ck]small copper coins, which amount to a [cl]cent. Calling His disciples to Him, He said to them, “Truly I say to you, this poor widow put in more than all [cm]the contributors to the treasury; for they all put in out of their [cn]surplus, but she, out of her poverty, put in all she owned, [co]all she had to live on.”

Things to Come

As He was going out of the temple, one of His disciples *said to Him, “Teacher, behold [cp]what wonderful stones and [cq]what wonderful buildings!” And Jesus said to him, “Do you see these great buildings? Not one stone will be left upon another which will not be torn down.”

As He was sitting on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple, Peter and [cr]James and John and Andrew were questioning Him privately, “Tell us, when will these things be, and what will be the [cs]sign when all these things are going to be fulfilled?” And Jesus began to say to them, “See to it that no one misleads you. Many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am He!’ and will mislead many. When you hear of wars and rumors of wars, do not be frightened; those things must take place; but that is not yet the end. For nation will rise up against nation, and kingdom against kingdom; there will be earthquakes in various places; there will also be famines. These things are merely the beginning of birth pangs.

“But [ct]be on your guard; for they will deliver you to the [cu]courts, and you will be flogged in the synagogues, and you will stand before governors and kings for My sake, as a testimony to them. The gospel must first be preached to all the nations. When they [cv]arrest you and hand you over, do not worry beforehand about what you are to say, but say whatever is given you in that hour; for it is not you who speak, but it is the Holy Spirit. Brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child; and children will rise up against parents and [cw]have them put to death. You will be hated by all because of My name, but the one who endures to the end, he will be saved.

“But when you see the abomination of desolation standing where it should not be (let the reader understand), then those who are in Judea must flee to the mountains. The one who is on the housetop must not go down, or go in to get anything out of his house; and the one who is in the field must not turn back to get his coat. But woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing babies in those days! But pray that it may not happen in the winter. For those days will be a time of tribulation such as has not occurred since the beginning of the creation which God created until now, and never will. Unless the Lord had shortened those days, no [cx]life would have been saved; but for the sake of the [cy]elect, whom He chose, He shortened the days. And then if anyone says to you, ‘Behold, here is [cz]the Christ’; or, ‘Behold, He is there’; do not believe him; for false Christs and false prophets will arise, and will show [da]signs and wonders, in order to lead astray, if possible, the elect. But take heed; behold, I have told you everything in advance.

The Return of Christ

“But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun will be darkened and the moon will not give its light, and the stars will be falling from heaven, and the powers that are in [db]the heavens will be shaken. Then they will see the Son of Man coming in clouds with great power and glory. And then He will send forth the angels, and will gather together His [dc]elect from the four winds, from the farthest end of the earth to the farthest end of heaven.

“Now learn the parable from the fig tree: when its branch has already become tender and puts forth its leaves, you know that summer is near. Even so, you too, when you see these things happening, [dd]recognize that [de]He is near, right at the [df]door. Truly I say to you, this [dg]generation will not pass away until all these things take place. Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will not pass away. But of that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but the Father alone.

“Take heed, keep on the alert; for you do not know when the appointed time [dh]will come. It is like a man away on a journey, who upon leaving his house and [di]putting his slaves in charge, assigning to each one his task, also commanded the doorkeeper to stay on the alert. Therefore, be on the alert—for you do not know when the [dj]master of the house is coming, whether in the evening, at midnight, or when the rooster crows, or in the morning— in case he should come suddenly and find you asleep. What I say to you I say to all, ‘Be on the alert!’”

Death Plot and Anointing

Now the Passover and Unleavened Bread were two days away; and the chief priests and the scribes were seeking how to seize Him by stealth and kill Him; for they were saying, “Not during the festival, otherwise there might be a riot of the people.”

While He was in Bethany at the home of Simon the leper, and reclining at the table, there came a woman with an alabaster vial of very costly perfume of pure [dk]nard; and she broke the vial and poured it over His head. But some were indignantly remarking to one another, “Why has this perfume been wasted? For this perfume might have been sold for over three hundred [dl]denarii, and the money given to the poor.” And they were scolding her. But Jesus said, “Let her alone; why do you bother her? She has done a good deed to Me. For you always have the poor with you, and whenever you wish you can do good to them; but you do not always have Me. She has done what she could; she has anointed My body beforehand for the burial. Truly I say to you, wherever the gospel is preached in the whole world, what this woman has done will also be spoken of in memory of her.”

Then Judas Iscariot, who was one of the twelve, went off to the chief priests in order to [dm]betray Him to them. They were glad when they heard this, and promised to give him money. And he began seeking how to betray Him at an opportune time.

The Last Passover

On the first day of Unleavened Bread, when [dn]the Passover lamb was being sacrificed, His disciples *said to Him, “Where do You want us to go and prepare for You to eat the Passover?” And He *sent two of His disciples and *said to them, “Go into the city, and a man will meet you carrying a pitcher of water; follow him; and wherever he enters, say to the owner of the house, ‘The Teacher says, “Where is My guest room in which I may eat the Passover with My disciples?”’ And he himself will show you a large upper room furnished and ready; prepare for us there.” The disciples went out and came to the city, and found it just as He had told them; and they prepared the Passover.

When it was evening He *came with the twelve. As they were reclining at the table and eating, Jesus said, “Truly I say to you that one of you will [do]betray Me—[dp]one who is eating with Me.” They began to be grieved and to say to Him one by one, “Surely not I?” And He said to them, It is one of the twelve, [dq]one who dips with Me in the bowl. For the Son of Man is to go just as it is written of Him; but woe to that man [dr]by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been good [ds]for that man if he had not been born.”

The Lord’s Supper

While they were eating, He took some bread, and [dt]after a blessing He broke it, and gave it to them, and said, “Take it; this is My body.” And when He had taken a cup and given thanks, He gave it to them, and they all drank from it. And He said to them, “This is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many. Truly I say to you, I will never again drink of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.”

After singing a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.

And Jesus *said to them, “You will all [du]fall away, because it is written, ‘I will strike down the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered.’ But after I have been raised, I will go ahead of you to Galilee.” But Peter said to Him, “Even though all may [dv]fall away, yet I will not.” And Jesus *said to him, “Truly I say to you, that [dw]this very night, before a rooster crows twice, you yourself will deny Me three times.” But Peter kept saying insistently, “Even if I have to die with You, I will not deny You!” And they all were saying the same thing also.

Jesus in Gethsemane

They *came to a place named Gethsemane; and He *said to His disciples, “Sit here until I have prayed.” And He *took with Him Peter and [dx]James and John, and began to be very distressed and troubled. And He *said to them, “My soul is deeply grieved to the point of death; remain here and keep watch.” And He went a little beyond them, and fell to the ground and began to pray that if it were possible, the hour might [dy]pass Him by. And He was saying, “Abba! Father! All things are possible for You; remove this cup from Me; yet not what I will, but what You will.” And He *came and *found them sleeping, and *said to Peter, “Simon, are you asleep? Could you not keep watch for one hour? Keep watching and praying that you may not come into temptation; the spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak.” Again He went away and prayed, saying the same [dz]words. And again He came and found them sleeping, for their eyes were very heavy; and they did not know what to answer Him. And He *came the third time, and *said to them, [ea]Are you still sleeping and resting? It is enough; the hour has come; behold, the Son of Man is being [eb]betrayed into the hands of sinners. Get up, let us be going; behold, the one who betrays Me is at hand!”

Betrayal and Arrest

Immediately while He was still speaking, Judas, one of the twelve, *came up [ec]accompanied by a crowd with swords and clubs, who were from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders. Now he who was betraying Him had given them a signal, saying, “Whomever I kiss, He is the one; seize Him and lead Him away [ed]under guard.” After coming, Judas immediately went to Him, saying, “Rabbi!” and kissed Him. They laid hands on Him and seized Him. But one of those who stood by drew his sword, and struck the slave of the high priest and [ee]cut off his ear. And Jesus said to them, “Have you come out with swords and clubs to arrest Me, as you would against a robber? Every day I was with you in the temple teaching, and you did not seize Me; but this has taken place to fulfill the Scriptures.” And they all left Him and fled.

A young man was following Him, wearing nothing but a linen sheet over his naked body; and they *seized him. But he [ef]pulled free of the linen sheet and escaped naked.

Jesus before His Accusers

They led Jesus away to the high priest; and all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes *gathered together. Peter had followed Him at a distance, right into the courtyard of the high priest; and he was sitting with the [eg]officers and warming himself at the [eh]fire. Now the chief priests and the whole [ei]Council kept trying to obtain testimony against Jesus to put Him to death, and they were not finding any. For many were giving false testimony against Him, but their testimony was not consistent. Some stood up and began to give false testimony against Him, saying, “We heard Him say, ‘I will destroy this [ej]temple made with hands, and in three days I will build another made without hands.’” Not even in this respect was their testimony consistent. The high priest stood up and came forward and questioned Jesus, saying, “Do You not answer? [ek]What is it that these men are testifying against You?” But He kept silent and did not answer. Again the high priest was questioning Him, and [el]saying to Him, “Are You [em]the Christ, the Son of the Blessed One?” And Jesus said, “I am; and you shall see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of Power, and coming with the clouds of heaven.” Tearing his clothes, the high priest *said, “What further need do we have of witnesses? You have heard the blasphemy; how does it seem to you?” And they all condemned Him to be deserving of death. Some began to spit at Him, and [en]to blindfold Him, and to beat Him with their fists, and to say to Him, “Prophesy!” And the officers [eo]received Him with [ep]slaps in the face.

Peter’s Denials

As Peter was below in the courtyard, one of the servant-girls of the high priest *came, and seeing Peter warming himself, she looked at him and *said, “You also were with Jesus the Nazarene.” But he denied it, saying, “I neither know nor understand what you are talking about.” And he went out onto the [eq]porch.[er] The servant-girl saw him, and began once more to say to the bystanders, “This is one of them!” But again he denied it. And after a little while the bystanders were again saying to Peter, “Surely you are one of them, for you are a Galilean too.” But he began to [es]curse and swear, “I do not know this man you are talking about!” Immediately a rooster crowed a second time. And Peter remembered how Jesus had made the remark to him, “Before a rooster crows twice, you will deny Me three times.” [et]And he began to weep.

Jesus before Pilate

Early in the morning the chief priests with the elders and scribes and the whole [eu]Council, immediately held a consultation; and binding Jesus, they led Him away and delivered Him to Pilate. Pilate questioned Him, “Are You the King of the Jews?” And He *answered him, It is as you say.” The chief priests began to accuse Him [ev]harshly. Then Pilate questioned Him again, saying, “Do You not answer? See how many charges they bring against You!” But Jesus made no further answer; so Pilate was amazed.

Now at the feast he used to release for them any one prisoner whom they requested. The man named Barabbas had been imprisoned with the insurrectionists who had committed murder in the insurrection. The crowd went up and began asking him to do as he had been accustomed to do for them. Pilate answered them, saying, “Do you want me to release for you the King of the Jews?” For he was aware that the chief priests had handed Him over because of envy. But the chief priests stirred up the crowd to ask him to release Barabbas for them instead. Answering again, Pilate said to them, “Then what shall I do with Him whom you call the King of the Jews?” They shouted [ew]back, “Crucify Him!” But Pilate said to them, “Why, what evil has He done?” But they shouted all the more, “Crucify Him!” Wishing to satisfy the crowd, Pilate released Barabbas for them, and after having Jesus scourged, he handed Him over to be crucified.

Jesus Is Mocked

The soldiers took Him away into the [ex]palace (that is, the Praetorium), and they *called together the whole Roman [ey]cohort. They *dressed Him up in purple, and after twisting a crown of thorns, they put it on Him; and they began to acclaim Him, “Hail, King of the Jews!” They kept beating His head with a [ez]reed, and spitting on Him, and kneeling and bowing before Him. After they had mocked Him, they took the purple robe off Him and put His own garments on Him. And they *led Him out to crucify Him.

They *pressed into service a passer-by coming from the country, Simon of Cyrene (the father of Alexander and Rufus), to bear His cross.

The Crucifixion

Then they *brought Him to the place Golgotha, which is translated, Place of a Skull. They tried to give Him wine mixed with myrrh; but He did not take it. And they *crucified Him, and *divided up His garments among themselves, casting [fa]lots for them to decide [fb]what each man should take. It was the [fc]third hour [fd]when they crucified Him. The inscription of the charge against Him [fe]read, “THE KING OF THE JEWS.”

They *crucified two robbers with Him, one on His right and one on His left. [[ff]And the Scripture was fulfilled which says, “And He was numbered with transgressors.”] Those passing by were [fg]hurling abuse at Him, wagging their heads, and saying, “Ha! You who are going to destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, save Yourself, and come down from the cross!” In the same way the chief priests also, along with the scribes, were mocking Him among themselves and saying, “He saved others; [fh]He cannot save Himself. Let this Christ, the King of Israel, now come down from the cross, so that we may see and believe!” Those who were crucified with Him were also insulting Him.

When the [fi]sixth hour came, darkness [fj]fell over the whole land until the [fk]ninth hour. At the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?” which is translated, My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” When some of the bystanders heard it, they began saying, “Behold, He is calling for Elijah.” Someone ran and filled a sponge with sour wine, put it on a reed, and gave Him a drink, saying, “[fl]Let us see whether Elijah will come to take Him down.” And Jesus uttered a loud cry, and breathed His last. And the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. When the centurion, who was standing [fm]right in front of Him, saw [fn]the way He breathed His last, he said, “Truly this man was [fo]the Son of God!”

There were also some women looking on from a distance, among whom were Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of [fp]James the [fq]Less and Joses, and Salome. When He was in Galilee, they used to follow Him and [fr]minister to Him; and there were many other women who came up with Him to Jerusalem.

Jesus Is Buried

When evening had already come, because it was the preparation day, that is, the day before the Sabbath, Joseph of Arimathea came, a prominent member of the Council, who himself was waiting for the kingdom of God; and he gathered up courage and went in before Pilate, and asked for the body of Jesus. Pilate wondered if He was dead by this time, and summoning the centurion, he questioned him as to whether He was already dead. And ascertaining this from the centurion, he granted the body to Joseph. Joseph bought a linen cloth, took Him down, wrapped Him in the linen cloth and laid Him in a tomb which had been hewn out in the rock; and he rolled a stone against the entrance of the tomb. Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses were looking on to see where He was laid.

The Resurrection

When the Sabbath was over, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of [fs]James, and Salome, bought spices, so that they might come and anoint Him. Very early on the first day of the week, they *came to the tomb when the sun had risen. They were saying to one another, “Who will roll away the stone for us from the entrance of the tomb?” Looking up, they *saw that the stone had been rolled away, [ft]although it was extremely large. Entering the tomb, they saw a young man sitting at the right, wearing a white robe; and they were amazed. And he *said to them, “Do not be amazed; you are looking for Jesus the Nazarene, who has been crucified. He has risen; He is not here; behold, here is the place where they laid Him. But go, tell His disciples and Peter, ‘He is going ahead of you to Galilee; there you will see Him, just as He told you.’” They went out and fled from the tomb, for trembling and astonishment had gripped them; and they said nothing to anyone, for they were afraid.

[[fu]Now after He had risen early on the first day of the week, He first appeared to Mary Magdalene, from whom He had cast out seven demons. She went and reported to those who had been with Him, while they were mourning and weeping. When they heard that He was alive and had been seen by her, they refused to believe it.

After that, He appeared in a different form to two of them while they were walking along on their way to the country. They went away and reported it to the others, but they did not believe them either.

The Disciples Commissioned

Afterward He appeared to the eleven themselves as they were reclining at the table; and He reproached them for their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they had not believed those who had seen Him after He had risen. And He said to them, “Go into all the world and preach the gospel to all creation. He who has believed and has been baptized shall be saved; but he who has disbelieved shall be condemned. These [fv]signs will accompany those who have believed: in My name they will cast out demons, they will speak with new tongues; they will pick up serpents, and if they drink any deadly poison, it will not hurt them; they will lay hands on the sick, and they will recover.”

So then, when the Lord Jesus had spoken to them, He was received up into heaven and sat down at the right hand of God. And they went out and preached everywhere, while the Lord worked with them, and confirmed the word by the [fw]signs that followed.]

[[fx]And they promptly reported all these instructions to Peter and his companions. And after that, Jesus Himself sent out through them from east to west the sacred and imperishable proclamation of eternal salvation.]

  1. Mark 8:24 Or gained sight
  2. Mark 8:24 Or they look to me
  3. Mark 8:29 I.e. the Messiah
  4. Mark 8:30 Or strictly admonished
  5. Mark 8:33 Lit the things of God
  6. Mark 8:35 Or soul
  7. Mark 8:35 Or soul
  8. Mark 9:2 Or Jacob
  9. Mark 9:5 Or sacred tents
  10. Mark 9:7 Or occurred
  11. Mark 9:7 Or occurred
  12. Mark 9:7 Or give constant heed
  13. Mark 9:9 Lit except when
  14. Mark 9:10 Or kept to themselves
  15. Mark 9:10 Lit the statement
  16. Mark 9:10 Lit what was the rising from the dead
  17. Mark 9:13 Lit also
  18. Mark 9:18 Or wherever
  19. Mark 9:18 Or tears him
  20. Mark 9:18 Or withers away
  21. Mark 9:20 Lit him
  22. Mark 9:25 Or running together
  23. Mark 9:25 Or I Myself command
  24. Mark 9:25 Or from now on
  25. Mark 9:31 Or betrayed
  26. Mark 9:32 Lit were not knowing
  27. Mark 9:33 Lit had come
  28. Mark 9:35 Or let him be
  29. Mark 9:36 Lit in their midst
  30. Mark 9:37 Lit one of such children
  31. Mark 9:40 Or on our side
  32. Mark 9:41 Lit in a name that you are Christ’s
  33. Mark 9:42 I.e. humble
  34. Mark 9:42 Lit is better for him if a millstone turned by a donkey is hung
  35. Mark 9:42 Lit has been thrown
  36. Mark 9:43 Gr Gehenna
  37. Mark 9:44 Vv 44 and 46, which are identical to v 48, are not found in the early mss
  38. Mark 9:45 Gr Gehenna
  39. Mark 9:46 See v 44, note
  40. Mark 9:47 Gr Gehenna
  41. Mark 9:50 Lit season it
  42. Mark 10:2 Or send away
  43. Mark 10:4 Or divorce her
  44. Mark 10:5 Or With reference to
  45. Mark 10:7 Many late mss add and shall cling to his wife
  46. Mark 10:11 Or sends away
  47. Mark 10:12 Or sends away
  48. Mark 10:22 Or he became gloomy
  49. Mark 10:26 Lit And
  50. Mark 10:30 Lit if not
  51. Mark 10:30 Lit this time
  52. Mark 10:33 Or betrayed
  53. Mark 10:33 Or betray
  54. Mark 10:35 Or Jacob
  55. Mark 10:37 Lit Give to us
  56. Mark 10:41 Or Jacob
  57. Mark 10:45 Or soul
  58. Mark 10:51 I.e. My Master
  59. Mark 10:52 Lit saved you
  60. Mark 11:3 Lit sends
  61. Mark 11:15 Lit the doves
  62. Mark 11:16 Lit a vessel; i.e. a receptacle or implement of any kind
  63. Mark 11:17 Lit cave
  64. Mark 11:19 I.e. Jesus and His disciples
  65. Mark 11:26 Early mss do not contain this v
  66. Mark 11:32 Or if we say
  67. Mark 11:33 Lit do I tell
  68. Mark 12:1 Or fence
  69. Mark 12:1 Or tenant farmers, also vv 2, 7, 9
  70. Mark 12:9 Lit lord
  71. Mark 12:12 Lit crowd
  72. Mark 12:14 Lit it is not a concern to You about anyone; i.e. You do not seek anyone’s favor
  73. Mark 12:14 Or permissible
  74. Mark 12:15 The denarius was a day’s wages
  75. Mark 12:17 Or were greatly marveling
  76. Mark 12:19 Lit take
  77. Mark 12:21 Lit took
  78. Mark 12:22 Lit the seven
  79. Mark 12:23 Early mss do not contain when they rise again
  80. Mark 12:23 Lit the seven
  81. Mark 12:24 Or know
  82. Mark 12:26 Lit concerning the dead, that they rise
  83. Mark 12:27 Or of corpses
  84. Mark 12:28 Or first
  85. Mark 12:35 I.e. the Messiah
  86. Mark 12:36 Or by
  87. Mark 12:37 Lit was gladly hearing Him
  88. Mark 12:41 I.e. copper coins
  89. Mark 12:42 Gr lepta
  90. Mark 12:42 Gr quadrans; i.e. 1/64 of a denarius
  91. Mark 12:43 Lit those who were putting in
  92. Mark 12:44 Or abundance
  93. Mark 12:44 Lit her whole livelihood
  94. Mark 13:1 Lit how great
  95. Mark 13:1 Lit how great
  96. Mark 13:3 Or Jacob
  97. Mark 13:4 Or attesting miracle
  98. Mark 13:9 Lit look to yourselves
  99. Mark 13:9 Or Sanhedrin or Council
  100. Mark 13:11 Lit lead
  101. Mark 13:12 Lit put them to death
  102. Mark 13:20 Lit flesh
  103. Mark 13:20 Or chosen ones
  104. Mark 13:21 I.e. the Messiah
  105. Mark 13:22 Or attesting miracles
  106. Mark 13:25 Or heaven
  107. Mark 13:27 Or chosen ones
  108. Mark 13:29 Or know
  109. Mark 13:29 Or it
  110. Mark 13:29 Lit doors
  111. Mark 13:30 Or race
  112. Mark 13:33 Lit is
  113. Mark 13:34 Lit giving the authority to
  114. Mark 13:35 Lit lord
  115. Mark 14:3 An aromatic oil extracted from an East Indian plant
  116. Mark 14:5 The denarius was equivalent to a day’s wages
  117. Mark 14:10 Or hand Him over
  118. Mark 14:12 Lit they were sacrificing
  119. Mark 14:18 Or deliver Me over
  120. Mark 14:18 Or the one
  121. Mark 14:20 Or the one
  122. Mark 14:21 Or through
  123. Mark 14:21 Lit for him if that man had not been born
  124. Mark 14:22 Lit having blessed
  125. Mark 14:27 Or stumble
  126. Mark 14:29 Or stumble
  127. Mark 14:30 Lit today, on this night
  128. Mark 14:33 Or Jacob
  129. Mark 14:35 Lit pass from Him
  130. Mark 14:39 Lit word
  131. Mark 14:41 Or Keep on sleeping therefore
  132. Mark 14:41 Or delivered
  133. Mark 14:43 Lit and with him
  134. Mark 14:44 Lit safely
  135. Mark 14:47 Lit took off
  136. Mark 14:52 Lit left behind
  137. Mark 14:54 Or servants
  138. Mark 14:54 Lit light
  139. Mark 14:55 Or Sanhedrin
  140. Mark 14:58 Or sanctuary
  141. Mark 14:60 Or what do these testify?
  142. Mark 14:61 Lit says
  143. Mark 14:61 I.e. the Messiah
  144. Mark 14:65 Or cover over His face
  145. Mark 14:65 Or treated
  146. Mark 14:65 Or blows with rods
  147. Mark 14:68 Or forecourt, gateway
  148. Mark 14:68 Later mss add and a rooster crowed
  149. Mark 14:71 Or put himself under a curse
  150. Mark 14:72 Or Thinking of this, he began weeping or Rushing out, he began weeping
  151. Mark 15:1 Or Sanhedrin
  152. Mark 15:3 Or of many things
  153. Mark 15:13 Or again
  154. Mark 15:16 Or court
  155. Mark 15:16 Or battalion
  156. Mark 15:19 Or staff (made of a reed)
  157. Mark 15:24 Lit a lot upon
  158. Mark 15:24 Lit who should take what
  159. Mark 15:25 I.e. 9 a.m.
  160. Mark 15:25 Lit and
  161. Mark 15:26 Lit had been inscribed
  162. Mark 15:28 Early mss do not contain this v
  163. Mark 15:29 Or blaspheming
  164. Mark 15:31 Or can He not save Himself?
  165. Mark 15:33 I.e. noon
  166. Mark 15:33 Or occurred
  167. Mark 15:33 I.e. 3 p.m.
  168. Mark 15:36 Lit Permit that we see; or Hold off, let us see
  169. Mark 15:39 Or opposite Him
  170. Mark 15:39 Lit that He thus
  171. Mark 15:39 Or a son of God or son of a god
  172. Mark 15:40 Or Jacob
  173. Mark 15:40 Lit little (either in stature or age)
  174. Mark 15:41 Or wait on
  175. Mark 16:1 Or Jacob
  176. Mark 16:4 Lit for
  177. Mark 16:9 Later mss add vv 9-20
  178. Mark 16:17 Or attesting miracles
  179. Mark 16:20 Or attesting miracles
  180. Mark 16:20 A few late mss and versions contain this paragraph, usually after v 8; a few have it at the end of ch

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