Leviticus 11:20-23

‘All the [a]winged insects that walk on all fours are detestable to you. Yet these you may eat among all the [b]winged insects which walk on all fours: those which have above their feet jointed legs with which to jump on the earth. These of them you may eat: the locust in its kinds, and the devastating locust in its kinds, and the cricket in its kinds, and the grasshopper in its kinds. But all other [c]winged insects which are four-footed are detestable to you.

‘By these, moreover, you will be made unclean: whoever touches their carcasses becomes unclean until evening, and whoever picks up any of their carcasses shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening. Concerning all the animals which divide the hoof but do not make a split hoof, or which do not chew cud, they are unclean to you: whoever touches them becomes unclean. Also whatever walks on its paws, among all the creatures that walk on all fours, are unclean to you; whoever touches their carcasses becomes unclean until evening, and the one who picks up their carcasses shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening; they are unclean to you.

‘Now these are to you the unclean among the swarming things which swarm on the earth: the mole, and the mouse, and the [d]great lizard in its kinds, and the gecko, and the [e]crocodile, and the lizard, and the [f]sand reptile, and the chameleon. These are to you the unclean among all the swarming things; whoever touches them when they are dead becomes unclean until evening. Also anything on which one of them may fall when they are dead becomes unclean, including any wooden article, or clothing, or a skin, or a sack—any article [g]of which use is made—it shall be put in the water and be unclean until evening, then it becomes clean. As for any earthenware vessel into which one of them may fall, whatever is in it becomes unclean and you shall break [h]the vessel. Any of the [i]food which may be eaten, on which water comes, shall become unclean, and any [j]liquid which may be drunk in every vessel shall become unclean. Everything, moreover, on which part of their carcass may fall becomes unclean; an oven or a [k]stove shall be smashed; they are unclean and shall continue as unclean to you. Nevertheless a spring or a cistern [l]collecting water shall be clean, though the one who touches their carcass shall be unclean. If a part of their carcass falls on any seed for sowing which is to be sown, it is clean. Though if water is put on the seed and a part of their carcass falls on it, it is unclean to you.

‘Also if one of the animals dies which you have for food, the one who touches its carcass becomes unclean until evening. He too, who eats some of its carcass shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening, and the one who picks up its carcass shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening.

‘Now every swarming thing that swarms on the earth is detestable, not to be eaten. Whatever crawls on its belly, and whatever walks on all fours, whatever has many feet, in respect to every swarming thing that swarms on the earth, you shall not eat them, for they are detestable. Do not render [m]yourselves detestable through any of the swarming things that swarm; and you shall not make yourselves unclean with them so that you become unclean. For I am the Lord your God. Consecrate yourselves therefore, and be holy, for I am holy. And you shall not make yourselves unclean with any of the swarming things that swarm on the earth. For I am the Lord who brought you up from the land of Egypt to be your God; thus you shall be holy, for I am holy.’”

This is the law regarding the animal and the bird, and every living thing that moves in the waters and everything that swarms on the earth, to make a distinction between the unclean and the clean, and between the edible creature and the creature which is not to be eaten.

Laws of Motherhood

Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to the sons of Israel, saying:

‘When a woman [n]gives birth and bears a male child, then she shall be unclean for seven days, as in the days of [o]her menstruation she shall be unclean. On the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised. Then she shall remain in the blood of her purification for thirty-three days; she shall not touch any consecrated thing, nor enter the sanctuary until the days of her purification are completed. But if she bears a female child, then she shall be unclean for two weeks, as in her [p]menstruation; and she shall remain in the blood of her purification for sixty-six days.

‘When the days of her purification are completed, for a son or for a daughter, she shall bring to the priest at the doorway of the tent of meeting a one year old lamb for a burnt offering and a young pigeon or a turtledove for a sin offering. Then he shall offer it before the Lord and make atonement for her, and she shall be cleansed from the [q]flow of her blood. This is the law for her who bears a child, whether a male or a female. But if [r]she cannot afford a lamb, then she shall take two turtledoves or two young pigeons, the one for a burnt offering and the other for a sin offering; and the priest shall make atonement for her, and she will be clean.’”

The Test for Leprosy

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying, “When a man has on the skin of his [s]body a swelling or a scab or a bright spot, and it becomes [t]an infection of leprosy on the skin of his [u]body, then he shall be brought to Aaron the priest or to one of his sons the priests. The priest shall look at the mark on the skin of the [v]body, and if the hair in the infection has turned white and the infection appears to be deeper than the skin of his [w]body, it is an infection of leprosy; when the priest has looked at him, he shall pronounce him unclean. But if the bright spot is white on the skin of his [x]body, and [y]it does not appear to be deeper than the skin, and the hair on it has not turned white, then the priest shall [z]isolate him who has the infection for seven days. The priest shall look at him on the seventh day, and if in his eyes the infection [aa]has not changed and the infection has not spread on the skin, then the priest shall [ab]isolate him for seven more days. The priest shall look at him again on the seventh day, and if the infection has faded and the mark has not spread on the skin, then the priest shall pronounce him clean; it is only a scab. And he shall wash his clothes and be clean.

“But if the scab spreads farther on the skin after he has shown himself to the priest for his cleansing, he shall appear again to the priest. The priest shall look, and if the scab has spread on the skin, then the priest shall pronounce him unclean; it is leprosy.

“When the infection of leprosy is on a man, then he shall be brought to the priest. The priest shall then look, and if there is a white swelling in the skin, and it has turned the hair white, and there is quick raw flesh in the swelling, it is [ac]a chronic leprosy on the skin of his [ad]body, and the priest shall pronounce him unclean; he shall not [ae]isolate him, for he is unclean. If the leprosy breaks out farther on the skin, and the leprosy covers all the skin of him who has the infection from his head even to his feet, [af]as far as the priest can see, then the priest shall look, and behold, if the leprosy has covered all his [ag]body, he shall pronounce clean him who has the infection; it has all turned white and he is clean. But whenever raw flesh appears on him, he shall be unclean. The priest shall look at the raw flesh, and he shall pronounce him unclean; the raw flesh is unclean, it is leprosy. Or if the raw flesh turns again and is changed to white, then he shall come to the priest, and the priest shall look at him, and behold, if the infection has turned to white, then the priest shall pronounce clean him who has the infection; he is clean.

“When the [ah]body has a boil on its skin and it is healed, and in the place of the boil there is a white swelling or a reddish-white, bright spot, then it shall be shown to the priest; and the priest shall look, and behold, if [ai]it appears to be lower than the skin, and the hair on it has turned white, then the priest shall pronounce him unclean; it is the infection of leprosy, it has broken out in the boil. But if the priest looks at it, and behold, there are no white hairs in it and it is not lower than the skin and is faded, then the priest shall [aj]isolate him for seven days; and if it spreads farther on the skin, then the priest shall pronounce him unclean; it is an infection. But if the bright spot remains in its place and does not spread, it is only the scar of the boil; and the priest shall pronounce him clean.

“Or if the [ak]body sustains in its skin a burn by fire, and the raw flesh of the burn becomes a bright spot, reddish-white, or white, then the priest shall look at it. And if the hair in the bright spot has turned white and it appears to be deeper than the skin, it is leprosy; it has broken out in the burn. Therefore, the priest shall pronounce him unclean; it is an infection of leprosy. But if the priest looks at it, and indeed, there is no white hair in the bright spot and it is no [al]deeper than the skin, but is dim, then the priest shall [am]isolate him for seven days; and the priest shall look at him on the seventh day. If it spreads farther in the skin, then the priest shall pronounce him unclean; it is an infection of leprosy. But if the bright spot remains in its place and has not spread in the skin, but is dim, it is the swelling from the burn; and the priest shall pronounce him clean, for it is only the scar of the burn.

“Now if a man or woman has an infection on the head or on the beard, then the priest shall look at the infection, and if it appears to be deeper than the skin and there is thin yellowish hair in it, then the priest shall pronounce him unclean; it is a scale, it is leprosy of the head or of the beard. But if the priest looks at the infection of the scale, and indeed, it appears to be no deeper than the skin and there is no black hair in it, then the priest shall [an]isolate the person with the scaly infection for seven days. On the seventh day the priest shall look at the infection, and if the scale has not spread and no yellowish hair has [ao]grown in it, and the appearance of the scale is no deeper than the skin, then he shall shave himself, but he shall not shave the scale; and the priest shall [ap]isolate the person with the scale seven more days. Then on the seventh day the priest shall look at the scale, and if the scale has not spread in the skin and it appears to be no deeper than the skin, the priest shall pronounce him clean; and he shall wash his clothes and be clean. But if the scale spreads farther in the skin after his cleansing, then the priest shall look at him, and if the scale has spread in the skin, the priest need not seek for the yellowish hair; he is unclean. If in his sight the scale has remained, however, and black hair has grown in it, the scale has healed, he is clean; and the priest shall pronounce him clean.

“When a man or a woman has bright spots on the skin of the [aq]body, even white bright spots, then the priest shall look, and if the bright spots on the skin of their [ar]bodies are a faint white, it is [as]eczema that has broken out on the skin; he is clean.

“Now if a [at]man loses the hair of his head, he is bald; he is clean. If his head becomes bald at the [au]front and sides, he is bald on the forehead; he is clean. But if on the bald head or the bald forehead, there occurs a reddish-white infection, it is leprosy breaking out on his bald head or on his bald forehead. Then the priest shall look at him; and if the swelling of the infection is reddish-white on his bald head or on his bald forehead, like the appearance of leprosy in the skin of the [av]body, he is a leprous man, he is unclean. The priest shall surely pronounce him unclean; his infection is on his head.

“As for the leper who has the infection, his clothes shall be torn, and the hair of his head shall be [aw]uncovered, and he shall cover his mustache and cry, ‘Unclean! Unclean!’ He shall remain unclean all the days during which he has the infection; he is unclean. He shall live alone; his dwelling shall be outside the camp.

“When a garment has a [ax]mark of leprosy in it, whether it is a wool garment or a linen garment, whether in [ay]warp or woof, of linen or of wool, whether in leather or in any article made of leather, if the mark is greenish or reddish in the garment or in the leather, or in the [az]warp or in the woof, or in any article of leather, it is a leprous mark and shall be shown to the priest. Then the priest shall look at the mark and shall [ba]quarantine the article with the mark for seven days. He shall then look at the mark on the seventh day; if the mark has spread in the garment, whether in the warp or in the woof, or in the leather, whatever the purpose for which the leather is used, the mark is a [bb]leprous malignancy, it is unclean. So he shall burn the garment, whether the warp or the woof, in wool or in linen, or any article of leather in which the mark occurs, for it is a [bc]leprous malignancy; it shall be burned in the fire.

“But if the priest shall look, and indeed the mark has not spread in the garment, either in the warp or in the woof, or in any article of leather, then the priest shall order them to wash the thing in which the mark occurs and he shall [bd]quarantine it for seven more days. After the article with the mark has been washed, the priest shall again look, and if the mark has not changed its appearance, even though the mark has not spread, it is unclean; you shall burn it in the fire, whether an eating away has produced bareness on the top or on the front of it.

“Then if the priest looks, and if the mark has faded after it has been washed, then he shall tear it out of the garment or out of the leather, whether from the warp or from the woof; and if it appears again in the garment, whether in the warp or in the woof, or in any article of leather, it is an outbreak; the article with the mark shall be burned in the fire. The garment, whether the warp or the woof, or any article of leather from which the mark has departed when you washed it, it shall then be washed a second time and will be clean.”

This is the law for the mark of leprosy in a garment of wool or linen, whether in the warp or in the woof, or in any article of leather, for pronouncing it clean or unclean.

Law of Cleansing a Leper

Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “This shall be the law of the leper in the day of his cleansing. Now he shall be brought to the priest, and the priest shall go out to the outside of the camp. Thus the priest shall look, and if the [be]infection of leprosy has been healed in the leper, then the priest shall give orders to take two live clean birds and cedar wood and a [bf]scarlet string and hyssop for the one who is to be cleansed. The priest shall also give orders to slay the one bird in an earthenware vessel over [bg]running water. As for the live bird, he shall take it together with the cedar wood and the [bh]scarlet string and the hyssop, and shall dip them and the live bird in the blood of the bird that was slain over the [bi]running water. He shall then sprinkle seven times the one who is to be cleansed from the leprosy and shall pronounce him clean, and shall let the live bird go free over the open field. The one to be cleansed shall then wash his clothes and shave off all his hair and bathe in water and be clean. Now afterward, he may enter the camp, but he shall stay outside his tent for seven days. It will be on the seventh day that he shall shave off all his hair: he shall shave his head and his beard and his eyebrows, even all his hair. He shall then wash his clothes and bathe his [bj]body in water and be clean.

“Now on the eighth day he is to take two male lambs without defect, and a yearling ewe lamb without defect, and three-tenths of an [bk]ephah of fine flour mixed with oil for a grain offering, and one [bl]log of oil; and the priest who pronounces him clean shall present the man to be cleansed and the [bm]aforesaid before the Lord at the doorway of the tent of meeting. Then the priest shall take the one male lamb and bring it for a guilt offering, with the [bn]log of oil, and present them as a wave offering before the Lord. Next he shall slaughter the male lamb in the place where they slaughter the sin offering and the burnt offering, at the place of the sanctuary—for the guilt offering, like the sin offering, belongs to the priest; it is most holy. The priest shall then take some of the blood of the guilt offering, and the priest shall put it on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed, and on the thumb of his right hand and on the big toe of his right foot. The priest shall also take some of the [bo]log of oil, and pour it into his left palm; the priest shall then dip his right-hand finger into the oil that is in his left palm, and with his finger sprinkle some of the oil seven times before the Lord. Of the remaining oil which is in his palm, the priest shall put some on the right ear lobe of the one to be cleansed, and on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot, on the blood of the guilt offering; while the rest of the oil that is in the priest’s palm, he shall put on the head of the one to be cleansed. So the priest shall make atonement on his behalf before the Lord. The priest shall next offer the sin offering and make atonement for the one to be cleansed from his uncleanness. Then afterward, he shall slaughter the burnt offering. The priest shall offer up the burnt offering and the grain offering on the altar. Thus the priest shall make atonement for him, and he will be clean.

“But if he is poor and his [bp]means are insufficient, then he is to take one male lamb for a guilt offering as a wave offering to make atonement for him, and one-tenth of an [bq]ephah of fine flour mixed with oil for a grain offering, and a [br]log of oil, and two turtledoves or two young pigeons which [bs]are within his means, the one shall be a sin offering and the other a burnt offering. Then the eighth day he shall bring them for his cleansing to the priest, at the doorway of the tent of meeting, before the Lord. The priest shall take the lamb of the guilt offering and the [bt]log of oil, and the priest shall offer them for a wave offering before the Lord. Next he shall slaughter the lamb of the guilt offering; and the priest is to take some of the blood of the guilt offering and put it on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed and on the thumb of his right hand and on the big toe of his right foot. The priest shall also pour some of the oil into his left palm; and with his right-hand finger the priest shall sprinkle some of the oil that is in his left palm seven times before the Lord. The priest shall then put some of the oil that is in his palm on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed, and on the thumb of his right hand and on the big toe of his right foot, on the place of the blood of the guilt offering. Moreover, the rest of the oil that is in the priest’s palm he shall put on the head of the one to be cleansed, to make atonement on his behalf before the Lord. He shall then offer one of the turtledoves or young pigeons, [bu]which are within his means. He shall offer what [bv]he can afford, the one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering, together with the grain offering. So the priest shall make atonement before the Lord on behalf of the one to be cleansed. This is the law for him in whom there is an infection of leprosy, whose [bw]means are limited for his cleansing.”

Cleansing a Leprous House

The Lord further spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying:

“When you enter the land of Canaan, which I give you for a possession, and I put a mark of leprosy on a house in the land of your possession, then the one who owns the house shall come and tell the priest, saying, ‘Something like a mark of leprosy has become visible to me in the house.’ The priest shall then command that they empty the house before the priest goes in to look at the mark, so that everything in the house need not become unclean; and afterward the priest shall go in to look at the house. So he shall look at the mark, and if the mark on the walls of the house has greenish or reddish depressions and appears deeper than the [bx]surface, then the priest shall come out of the house, to the [by]doorway, and [bz]quarantine the house for seven days. The priest shall return on the seventh day and [ca]make an inspection. If the mark has indeed spread in the walls of the house, then the priest shall order them to tear out the stones with the mark in them and throw them away [cb]at an unclean place outside the city. He shall have the house scraped all around [cc]inside, and they shall dump the plaster that they scrape off at an unclean place outside the city. Then they shall take other stones and replace those stones, and he shall take other plaster and replaster the house.

“If, however, the mark breaks out again in the house after he has torn out the stones and scraped the house, and after it has been replastered, then the priest shall come in and [cd]make an inspection. If he sees that the mark has indeed spread in the house, it is a malignant mark in the house; it is unclean. He shall therefore tear down the house, its stones, and its timbers, and all the plaster of the house, and he shall take them outside the city to an unclean place. Moreover, whoever goes into the house during the time that he has [ce]quarantined it, becomes unclean until evening. Likewise, whoever lies down in the house shall wash his clothes, and whoever eats in the house shall wash his clothes.

“If, on the other hand, the priest comes in and [cf]makes an inspection and the mark has not indeed spread in the house after the house has been replastered, then the priest shall pronounce the house clean because the mark has [cg]not reappeared. To cleanse the house then, he shall take two birds and cedar wood and a [ch]scarlet string and hyssop, and he shall slaughter the one bird in an earthenware vessel over [ci]running water. Then he shall take the cedar wood and the hyssop and the [cj]scarlet string, with the live bird, and dip them in the blood of the slain bird as well as in the [ck]running water, and sprinkle the house seven times. He shall thus cleanse the house with the blood of the bird and with the [cl]running water, along with the live bird and with the cedar wood and with the hyssop and with the [cm]scarlet string. However, he shall let the live bird go free outside the city into the open field. So he shall make atonement for the house, and it will be clean.”

This is the law for any mark of leprosy—even for a scale, and for the leprous garment or house, and for a swelling, and for a scab, and for a bright spot— to teach [cn]when they are unclean and [co]when they are clean. This is the law of leprosy.

Cleansing Unhealthiness

The Lord also spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying, “Speak to the sons of Israel, and say to them, ‘When any man has a discharge from his [cp]body, [cq]his discharge is unclean. This, moreover, shall be his uncleanness in his discharge: it is his uncleanness whether his body allows its discharge to flow or whether his body obstructs its discharge. Every bed on which the person with the discharge lies becomes unclean, and everything on which he sits becomes unclean. Anyone, moreover, who touches his bed shall wash his clothes and bathe in water and be unclean until evening; and whoever sits on the thing on which the man with the discharge has been sitting, shall wash his clothes and bathe in water and be unclean until evening. Also whoever touches the [cr]person with the discharge shall wash his clothes and bathe in water and be unclean until evening. Or if the man with the discharge spits on one who is clean, he too shall wash his clothes and bathe in water and be unclean until evening. Every saddle on which the person with the discharge rides becomes unclean. Whoever then touches any of the things which were under him shall be unclean until evening, and he who carries them shall wash his clothes and bathe in water and be unclean until evening. Likewise, whomever the one with the discharge touches without having rinsed his hands in water shall wash his clothes and bathe in water and be unclean until evening. However, an earthenware vessel which the person with the discharge touches shall be broken, and every wooden vessel shall be rinsed in water.

‘Now when the man with the discharge becomes cleansed from his discharge, then he shall count off for himself seven days for his cleansing; he shall then wash his clothes and bathe his body in [cs]running water and will become clean. Then on the eighth day he shall take for himself two turtledoves or two young pigeons, and come before the Lord to the doorway of the tent of meeting and give them to the priest; and the priest shall offer them, one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering. So the priest shall make atonement on his behalf before the Lord because of his discharge.

‘Now if a [ct]man has a seminal emission, he shall bathe all his body in water and be unclean until evening. As for any garment or any leather on which there is seminal emission, it shall be washed with water and be unclean until evening. If a man lies with a woman so that there is a seminal emission, they shall both bathe in water and be unclean until evening.

‘When a woman has a discharge, if her discharge in her body is blood, she shall continue in her menstrual impurity for seven days; and whoever touches her shall be unclean until evening. Everything also on which she lies during her menstrual impurity shall be unclean, and everything on which she sits shall be unclean. Anyone who touches her bed shall wash his clothes and bathe in water and be unclean until evening. Whoever touches any thing on which she sits shall wash his clothes and bathe in water and be unclean until evening. Whether it be on the bed or on the thing on which she is sitting, when he touches it, he shall be unclean until evening. If a man actually lies with her so that her menstrual impurity is on him, he shall be unclean seven days, and every bed on which he lies shall be unclean.

‘Now if a woman has a discharge of her blood many days, not at the period of her menstrual impurity, or if she has a discharge beyond [cu]that period, all the days of her impure discharge she shall continue as though [cv]in her menstrual impurity; she is unclean. Any bed on which she lies all the days of her discharge shall be to her like [cw]her bed at menstruation; and every thing on which she sits shall be unclean, like [cx]her uncleanness at that time. Likewise, whoever touches them shall be unclean and shall wash his clothes and bathe in water and be unclean until evening. When she becomes clean from her discharge, she shall count off for herself seven days; and afterward she will be clean. Then on the eighth day she shall take for herself two turtledoves or two young pigeons and bring them in to the priest, to the doorway of the tent of meeting. The priest shall offer the one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering. So the priest shall make atonement on her behalf before the Lord because of her impure discharge.’

“Thus you shall keep the sons of Israel separated from their uncleanness, so that they will not die in their uncleanness by their defiling My [cy]tabernacle that is among them.” This is the law for the one with a discharge, and for the man [cz]who has a seminal emission so that he is unclean by it, and for the woman who is ill because of menstrual impurity, and for the one who has a discharge, whether a male or a female, or a man who lies with an unclean woman.

Law of Atonement

Now the Lord spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they had approached the presence of the Lord and died. The Lord said to Moses:

“Tell your brother Aaron that he shall not enter at any time into the holy place inside the veil, before the [da]mercy seat which is on the ark, or he will die; for I will appear in the cloud over the [db]mercy seat. Aaron shall enter the holy place with this: with a [dc]bull for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering. He shall put on the holy linen tunic, and the linen undergarments shall be next to his [dd]body, and he shall be girded with the linen sash and attired with the linen turban (these are holy garments). Then he shall bathe his [de]body in water and put them on. He shall take from the congregation of the sons of Israel two male goats for a sin offering and one ram for a burnt offering. Then Aaron shall offer the bull for the sin offering which is for himself, that he may make atonement for himself and for his household. He shall take the two goats and present them before the Lord at the doorway of the tent of meeting. Aaron shall cast lots for the two goats, one lot for the Lord and the other lot for the [df]scapegoat. Then Aaron shall offer the goat on which the lot for the Lord fell, and make it a sin offering. But the goat on which the lot for the [dg]scapegoat fell shall be presented alive before the Lord, to make atonement upon it, to send it into the wilderness as the [dh]scapegoat.

“Then Aaron shall offer the bull of the sin offering which is for himself and make atonement for himself and for his household, and he shall slaughter the bull of the sin offering which is for himself. He shall take a firepan full of coals of fire from upon the altar before the Lord and [di]two handfuls of finely ground sweet incense, and bring it inside the veil. He shall put the incense on the fire before the Lord, that the cloud of incense may cover the [dj]mercy seat that is on the ark of the testimony, otherwise he will die. Moreover, he shall take some of the blood of the bull and sprinkle it with his finger on the [dk]mercy seat on the east side; also in front of the [dl]mercy seat he shall sprinkle some of the blood with his finger seven times.

“Then he shall slaughter the goat of the sin offering which is for the people, and bring its blood inside the veil and do with its blood as he did with the blood of the bull, and sprinkle it on the [dm]mercy seat and in front of the [dn]mercy seat. He shall make atonement for the holy place, because of the impurities of the sons of Israel and because of their transgressions in regard to all their sins; and thus he shall do for the tent of meeting which abides with them in the midst of their impurities. When he goes in to make atonement in the holy place, no one shall be in the tent of meeting until he comes out, that he may make atonement for himself and for his household and for all the assembly of Israel. Then he shall go out to the altar that is before the Lord and make atonement for it, and shall take some of the blood of the bull and of the blood of the goat and put it on the horns of the altar on all sides. With his finger he shall sprinkle some of the blood on it seven times and cleanse it, and from the impurities of the sons of Israel consecrate it.

“When he finishes atoning for the holy place and the tent of meeting and the altar, he shall offer the live goat. Then Aaron shall lay both of his hands on the head of the live goat, and confess over it all the iniquities of the sons of Israel and all their transgressions [do]in regard to all their sins; and he shall lay them on the head of the goat and send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a man who stands in readiness. The goat shall bear on itself all their iniquities to a solitary land; and he shall release the goat in the wilderness.

“Then Aaron shall come into the tent of meeting and take off the linen garments which he put on when he went into the holy place, and shall leave them there. He shall bathe his [dp]body with water in a holy place and put on his clothes, and come forth and offer his burnt offering and the burnt offering of the people and make atonement for himself and for the people. Then he shall offer up in smoke the fat of the sin offering on the altar. The one who released the goat as the [dq]scapegoat shall wash his clothes and bathe his [dr]body with water; then afterward he shall come into the camp. But the bull of the sin offering and the goat of the sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the holy place, shall be taken outside the camp, and they shall burn their hides, their flesh, and their refuse in the fire. Then the one who burns them shall wash his clothes and bathe his body with water, then afterward he shall come into the camp.

An Annual Atonement

This shall be a permanent statute for you: in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall humble your souls and not do any work, whether the native, or the alien who sojourns among you; for it is on this day that [ds]atonement shall be made for you to cleanse you; you will be clean from all your sins before the Lord. It is to be a sabbath of solemn rest for you, that you may humble your souls; it is a permanent statute. So the priest who is anointed and [dt]ordained to serve as priest in his father’s place shall make atonement: he shall thus put on the linen garments, the holy garments, and make atonement for the holy sanctuary, and he shall make atonement for the tent of meeting and for the altar. He shall also make atonement for the priests and for all the people of the assembly. Now you shall have this as a permanent statute, to make atonement for the sons of Israel for all their sins once every year.” And just as the Lord had commanded Moses, so he did.

Blood for Atonement

Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to Aaron and to his sons and to all the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘This is what the Lord has commanded, saying, “Any man from the house of Israel who slaughters an ox or a lamb or a goat in the camp, or who slaughters it outside the camp, and has not brought it to the doorway of the tent of meeting to present it as an offering to the Lord before the [du]tabernacle of the Lord, bloodguiltiness is to be reckoned to that man. He has shed blood and that man shall be cut off from among his people. [dv]The reason is so that the sons of Israel may bring their sacrifices which they were sacrificing in the open field, that they may bring them in to the Lord, at the doorway of the tent of meeting to the priest, and sacrifice them as sacrifices of peace offerings to the Lord. The priest shall sprinkle the blood on the altar of the Lord at the doorway of the tent of meeting, and offer up the fat in smoke as a soothing aroma to the Lord. They shall no longer sacrifice their sacrifices to the [dw]goat demons with which they play the harlot. This shall be a permanent statute to them throughout their generations.”’

“Then you shall say to them, ‘Any man from the house of Israel, or from the aliens who sojourn among them, who offers a burnt offering or sacrifice, and does not bring it to the doorway of the tent of meeting to [dx]offer it to the Lord, that man also shall be cut off from his people.

‘And any man from the house of Israel, or from the aliens who sojourn among them, who eats any blood, I will set My face against that person who eats blood and will cut him off from among his people. For the [dy]life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you on the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood by reason of the [dz]life that makes atonement.’ Therefore I said to the sons of Israel, ‘No person among you may eat blood, nor may any alien who sojourns among you eat blood.’ So when any man from the sons of Israel, or from the aliens who sojourn among them, [ea]in hunting catches a beast or a bird which may be eaten, he shall pour out its blood and cover it with earth.

“For as for the [eb]life of all flesh, its blood is identified with its [ec]life. Therefore I said to the sons of Israel, ‘You are not to eat the blood of any flesh, for the [ed]life of all flesh is its blood; whoever eats it shall be cut off.’ When any person eats an animal which dies or is torn by beasts, whether he is a native or an alien, he shall wash his clothes and bathe in water, and remain unclean until evening; then he will become clean. But if he does not wash them or bathe his body, then he shall bear his [ee]guilt.”

Laws on Immoral Relations

Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘I am the Lord your God. You shall not do [ef]what is done in the land of Egypt where you lived, nor are you to do [eg]what is done in the land of Canaan where I am bringing you; you shall not walk in their statutes. You are to perform My judgments and keep My statutes, [eh]to live in accord with them; I am the Lord your God. So you shall keep My statutes and My judgments, by which a man may live if he does them; I am the Lord.

‘None of you shall approach any blood relative [ei]of his to uncover nakedness; I am the Lord. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father, that is, the nakedness of your mother. She is your mother; you are not to uncover her nakedness. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father’s wife; it is your father’s nakedness. The nakedness of your sister, either your father’s daughter or your mother’s daughter, whether born at home or born outside, their nakedness you shall not uncover. The nakedness of your son’s daughter or your daughter’s daughter, their nakedness you shall not uncover; for [ej]their nakedness is yours. The nakedness of your father’s wife’s daughter, [ek]born to your father, she is your sister, you shall not uncover her nakedness. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father’s sister; she is your father’s blood relative. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your mother’s sister, for she is your mother’s blood relative. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father’s brother; you shall not approach his wife, she is your aunt. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your daughter-in-law; she is your son’s wife, you shall not uncover her nakedness. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your brother’s wife; it is your brother’s nakedness. You shall not uncover the nakedness of a woman and of her daughter, nor shall you take her son’s daughter or her daughter’s daughter, to uncover her nakedness; they are blood relatives. It is [el]lewdness. You shall not [em]marry a woman in addition to [en]her sister [eo]as a rival while she is alive, to uncover her nakedness.

‘Also you shall not approach a woman to uncover her nakedness during her menstrual impurity. You shall not have intercourse with your neighbor’s wife, to be defiled with her. You shall not give any of your offspring to [ep]offer them to Molech, nor shall you profane the name of your God; I am the Lord. You shall not lie with a male as [eq]one lies with a female; it is an abomination. Also you shall not have intercourse with any animal to be defiled with it, nor shall any woman stand before an animal to [er]mate with it; it is a perversion.

‘Do not defile yourselves by any of these things; for by all these the nations which I am casting out before you have become defiled. For the land has become defiled, therefore I have brought its [es]punishment upon it, so the land has spewed out its inhabitants. But as for you, you are to keep My statutes and My judgments and shall not do any of these abominations, neither the native, nor the alien who sojourns among you (for the men of the land who have been before you have done all these abominations, and the land has become defiled); so that the land will not spew you out, should you defile it, as it has spewed out the nation which has been before you. For whoever does any of these abominations, [et]those persons who do so shall be cut off from among their people. Thus you are to keep My charge, that you do not practice any of the abominable customs which have been practiced before you, so as not to defile yourselves with them; I am the Lord your God.’”

Idolatry Forbidden

Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:

“Speak to all the congregation of the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘You shall be holy, for I the Lord your God am holy. Every one of you shall reverence his mother and his father, and you shall keep My sabbaths; I am the Lord your God. Do not turn to idols or make for yourselves molten gods; I am the Lord your God.

‘Now when you offer a sacrifice of peace offerings to the Lord, you shall offer it so that you may be accepted. It shall be eaten the same day you offer it, and the next day; but what remains until the third day shall be burned with fire. So if it is eaten at all on the third day, it is an offense; it will not be accepted. Everyone who eats it will bear his iniquity, for he has profaned the holy thing of the Lord; and that person shall be cut off from his people.

Sundry Laws

‘Now when you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not reap to the very corners of your field, nor shall you gather the gleanings of your harvest. Nor shall you glean your vineyard, nor shall you gather the fallen fruit of your vineyard; you shall leave them for the needy and for the stranger. I am the Lord your God.

‘You shall not steal, nor deal falsely, nor lie to one another. You shall not swear falsely by My name, so as to profane the name of your God; I am the Lord.

‘You shall not oppress your neighbor, nor rob him. The wages of a hired man are not to remain with you all night until morning. You shall not curse a deaf man, nor place a stumbling block before the blind, but you shall revere your God; I am the Lord.

‘You shall do no injustice in judgment; you shall not be partial to the poor nor defer to the great, but you are to judge your neighbor fairly. You shall not go about as a slanderer among your people, and you are not to [eu]act against the [ev]life of your neighbor; I am the Lord.

‘You shall not hate your [ew]fellow countryman in your heart; you may surely reprove your neighbor, but shall not incur sin because of him. You shall not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the sons of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself; I am the Lord.

‘You are to keep My statutes. You shall not breed together two kinds of your cattle; you shall not sow your field with two kinds of seed, nor wear a garment upon you of two kinds of material mixed together.

‘Now if a man lies carnally with a woman who is a slave acquired for another man, but who has in no way been redeemed nor given her freedom, there shall be punishment; they shall not, however, be put to death, because she was not free. He shall bring his guilt offering to the Lord to the doorway of the tent of meeting, a ram for a guilt offering. The priest shall also make atonement for him with the ram of the guilt offering before the Lord for his sin which he has committed, and the sin which he has committed will be forgiven him.

‘When you enter the land and plant all kinds of trees for food, then you shall count their fruit as [ex]forbidden. Three years it shall be [ey]forbidden to you; it shall not be eaten. But in the fourth year all its fruit shall be holy, an offering of praise to the Lord. In the fifth year you are to eat of its fruit, that its yield may increase for you; I am the Lord your God.

‘You shall not eat anything with the blood, nor practice divination or soothsaying. You shall not round off the side-growth of your heads nor harm the edges of your beard. You shall not make any cuts in your [ez]body for the [fa]dead nor make any tattoo marks on yourselves: I am the Lord.

‘Do not [fb]profane your daughter by making her a harlot, so that the land will not fall to harlotry and the land become full of lewdness. You shall keep My sabbaths and revere My sanctuary; I am the Lord.

‘Do not turn to [fc]mediums or spiritists; do not seek them out to be defiled by them. I am the Lord your God.

‘You shall rise up before the grayheaded and honor the [fd]aged, and you shall revere your God; I am the Lord.

‘When a stranger resides with you in your land, you shall not do him wrong. The stranger who resides with you shall be to you as the native among you, and you shall love him as yourself, for you were aliens in the land of Egypt; I am the Lord your God.

‘You shall do no wrong in judgment, in measurement of weight, or capacity. You shall have just balances, just weights, a just [fe]ephah, and a just [ff]hin; I am the Lord your God, who brought you out from the land of Egypt. You shall thus observe all My statutes and all My ordinances and do them; I am the Lord.’”

On Human Sacrifice and Immoralities

Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “You shall also say to the sons of Israel:

‘Any man from the sons of Israel or from the aliens sojourning in Israel who gives any of his [fg]offspring to Molech, shall surely be put to death; the people of the land shall stone him with stones. I will also set My face against that man and will cut him off from among his people, because he has given some of his [fh]offspring to Molech, so as to defile My sanctuary and to profane My holy name. If the people of the land, however, [fi]should ever disregard that man when he gives any of his [fj]offspring to Molech, so as not to put him to death, then I Myself will set My face against that man and against his family, and I will cut off from among their people both him and all those who play the harlot after him, by playing the harlot after Molech.

‘As for the person who turns to [fk]mediums and to spiritists, to play the harlot after them, I will also set My face against that person and will cut him off from among his people. You shall consecrate yourselves therefore and be holy, for I am the Lord your God. You shall keep My statutes and practice them; I am the Lord who sanctifies you.

‘If there is anyone who curses his father or his mother, he shall surely be put to death; he has cursed his father or his mother, his bloodguiltiness is upon him.

‘If there is a man who commits adultery with another man’s wife, one who commits adultery with his friend’s wife, the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to death. If there is a man who lies with his father’s wife, he has uncovered his father’s nakedness; both of them shall surely be put to death, their bloodguiltiness is upon them. If there is a man who lies with his daughter-in-law, both of them shall surely be put to death; they have committed [fl]incest, their bloodguiltiness is upon them. If there is a man who lies with a male as those who lie with a woman, both of them have committed a detestable act; they shall surely be put to death. Their bloodguiltiness is upon them. If there is a man who [fm]marries a woman and her mother, it is immorality; both he and they shall be burned with fire, so that there will be no immorality in your midst. If there is a man who lies with an animal, he shall surely be put to death; you shall also kill the animal. If there is a woman who approaches any animal to [fn]mate with it, you shall kill the woman and the animal; they shall surely be put to death. Their bloodguiltiness is upon them.

‘If there is a man who takes his sister, his father’s daughter or his mother’s daughter, so that he sees her nakedness and she sees his nakedness, it is a disgrace; and they shall be cut off in the sight of the sons of their people. He has uncovered his sister’s nakedness; he bears his guilt. If there is a man who lies with a [fo]menstruous woman and uncovers her nakedness, he has laid bare her flow, and she has [fp]exposed the flow of her blood; thus both of them shall be cut off from among their people. You shall also not uncover the nakedness of your mother’s sister or of your father’s sister, for such a one has made naked his [fq]blood relative; they will bear their guilt. If there is a man who lies with his uncle’s wife he has uncovered his uncle’s nakedness; they will bear their sin. They will die childless. If there is a man who takes his brother’s wife, it is [fr]abhorrent; he has uncovered his brother’s nakedness. They will be childless.

‘You are therefore to keep all My statutes and all My ordinances and do them, so that the land to which I am bringing you to [fs]live will not spew you out. Moreover, you shall not [ft]follow the customs of the nation which I will drive out before you, for they did all these things, and therefore I have abhorred them. Hence I have said to you, “You are to possess their land, and I Myself will give it to you to possess it, a land flowing with milk and honey.” I am the Lord your God, who has separated you from the peoples. You are therefore to make a distinction between the clean animal and the unclean, and between the unclean bird and the clean; and you shall not make [fu]yourselves detestable by animal or by bird or by anything [fv]that creeps on the ground, which I have separated for you as unclean. Thus you are to be holy to Me, for I the Lord am holy; and I have set you apart from the peoples to be Mine.

‘Now a man or a woman who is a medium or a [fw]spiritist shall surely be put to death. They shall be stoned with stones, their bloodguiltiness is upon them.’”

Regulations concerning Priests

Then the Lord said to Moses, “Speak to the priests, the sons of Aaron, and say to them:

‘No one shall defile himself for a dead person among his people, except for his relatives who are nearest to him, his mother and his father and his son and his daughter and his brother, also for his virgin sister, who is near to him [fx]because she has had no husband; for her he may defile himself. He shall not defile himself as a [fy]relative by marriage among his people, and so profane himself. They shall not make any baldness on their heads, nor shave off the edges of their beards, nor make any cuts in their flesh. They shall be holy to their God and not profane the name of their God, for they present the offerings by fire [fz]to the Lord, the food of their God; so they shall be holy. They shall not take a woman who is profaned by harlotry, nor shall they take a woman divorced from her husband; for he is holy to his God. You shall consecrate him, therefore, for he offers the food of your God; he shall be holy to you; for I the Lord, who sanctifies you, am holy. Also the daughter of any priest, if she profanes herself by harlotry, she profanes her father; she shall be burned with fire.

‘The priest who is the highest among his brothers, on whose head the anointing oil has been poured and [ga]who has been consecrated to wear the garments, shall not [gb]uncover his head nor tear his clothes; nor shall he approach any dead person, nor defile himself even for his father or his mother; nor shall he go out of the sanctuary nor profane the sanctuary of his God, for the consecration of the anointing oil of his God is on him; I am the Lord. He shall take a wife in her virginity. A widow, or a divorced woman, or one who is profaned by harlotry, these he may not take; but rather he is to [gc]marry a virgin of his own people, so that he will not profane his [gd]offspring among his people; for I am the Lord who sanctifies him.’”

Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to Aaron, saying, ‘No man of your [ge]offspring throughout their generations who has a defect shall approach to offer the food of his God. For no one who has a defect shall approach: a blind man, or a lame man, or he who has a [gf]disfigured face, or any deformed limb, or a man who has a broken foot or broken hand, or a hunchback or a dwarf, or one who has a [gg]defect in his eye or eczema or scabs or crushed testicles. No man among the [gh]descendants of Aaron the priest who has a defect is to come near to offer the Lord’s offerings by fire; since he has a defect, he shall not come near to offer the food of his God. He may eat the food of his God, both of the most holy and of the holy, only he shall not go in to the veil or come near the altar because he has a defect, so that he will not profane My sanctuaries. For I am the Lord who sanctifies them.’” So Moses spoke to Aaron and to his sons and to all the sons of Israel.

Sundry Rules for Priests

Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “Tell Aaron and his sons to be careful with the holy gifts of the sons of Israel, which they dedicate to Me, so as not to profane My holy name; I am the Lord. Say to them, ‘If any man among all your [gi]descendants throughout your generations approaches the holy gifts which the sons of Israel dedicate to the Lord, while he has an uncleanness, that person shall be cut off from before Me; I am the Lord. No man of the [gj]descendants of Aaron, who is a leper or who has a discharge, may eat of the holy gifts until he is clean. And if one touches anything made unclean by a corpse or if a man has a seminal emission, or if a man touches any teeming things by which he is made unclean, or any man by whom he is made unclean, whatever his uncleanness; a [gk]person who touches any such shall be unclean until evening, and shall not eat of the holy gifts unless he has bathed his [gl]body in water. But when the sun sets, he will be clean, and afterward he shall eat of the holy gifts, for it is his [gm]food. He shall not eat an animal which dies or is torn by beasts, becoming unclean by it; I am the Lord. They shall therefore keep My charge, so that they will not bear sin because of it and die thereby because they profane it; I am the Lord who sanctifies them.

‘No [gn]layman, however, is to eat the holy gift; a sojourner with the priest or a hired man shall not eat of the holy gift. But if a priest buys a [go]slave as his property with his money, [gp]that one may eat of it, and those who are born in his house may eat of his [gq]food. If a priest’s daughter is married to a [gr]layman, she shall not eat of the [gs]offering of the gifts. But if a priest’s daughter becomes a widow or divorced, and has no child and returns to her father’s house as in her youth, she shall eat of her father’s [gt]food; but no [gu]layman shall eat of it. But if a man eats a holy gift unintentionally, then he shall add to it a fifth of it and shall give the holy gift to the priest. They shall not profane the holy gifts of the sons of Israel which they offer to the Lord, and so cause them to bear [gv]punishment for guilt by eating their holy gifts; for I am the Lord who sanctifies them.’”

Flawless Animals for Sacrifice

Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to Aaron and to his sons and to all the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘Any man of the house of Israel or of the aliens in Israel who presents his offering, whether it is any of their [gw]votive or any of their freewill offerings, which they present to the Lord for a burnt offering— for you to be accepted—it must be a male without defect from the cattle, the sheep, or the goats. Whatever has a defect, you shall not offer, for it will not be accepted for you. When a man offers a sacrifice of peace offerings to the Lord to [gx]fulfill a special vow or for a freewill offering, of the herd or of the flock, it must be perfect to be accepted; there shall be no defect in it. Those that are blind or fractured or maimed or having a running sore or eczema or scabs, you shall not offer to the Lord, nor make of them an offering by fire on the altar to the Lord. In respect to an ox or a lamb which has an [gy]overgrown or stunted member, you may present it for a freewill offering, but for a vow it will not be accepted. Also anything with its testicles bruised or crushed or torn or cut, you shall not offer to the Lord, or [gz]sacrifice in your land, nor shall you accept any such from the hand of a foreigner for offering as the [ha]food of your God; for their corruption is in them, they have a defect, they shall not be accepted for you.’”

Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “When an ox or a sheep or a goat is born, it shall [hb]remain seven days [hc]with its mother, and from the eighth day on it shall be accepted as a sacrifice of an offering by fire to the Lord. But, whether it is an ox or a sheep, you shall not kill both it and its young in one day. When you sacrifice a sacrifice of thanksgiving to the Lord, you shall sacrifice it so that you may be accepted. It shall be eaten on the same day, you shall leave none of it until morning; I am the Lord. So you shall keep My commandments, and do them; I am the Lord.

“You shall not profane My holy name, but I will be sanctified among the sons of Israel; I am the Lord who sanctifies you, who brought you out from the land of Egypt, to be your God; I am the Lord.”

Laws of Religious Festivals

The Lord spoke again to Moses, saying, “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘The Lord’s appointed times which you shall proclaim as holy convocations—My appointed times are these:

‘For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, a holy convocation. You shall not do any work; it is a sabbath to the Lord in all your dwellings.

‘These are the appointed times of the Lord, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at the times appointed for them. In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month [hd]at twilight is the Lord’s Passover. Then on the fifteenth day of the same month there is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the Lord; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work. But for seven days you shall present an offering by fire to the Lord. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.’”

Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘When you enter the land which I am going to give to you and reap its harvest, then you shall bring in the sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest to the priest. He shall wave the sheaf before the Lord for you to be accepted; on the day after the sabbath the priest shall wave it. Now on the day when you wave the sheaf, you shall offer a male lamb one year old without defect for a burnt offering to the Lord. Its grain offering shall then be two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil, an offering by fire to the Lord for a soothing aroma, with its drink offering, a fourth of a [he]hin of wine. Until this same day, until you have brought in the offering of your God, you shall eat neither bread nor roasted grain nor new growth. It is to be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwelling places.

‘You shall also count for yourselves from the day after the sabbath, from the day when you brought in the sheaf of the wave offering; there shall be seven complete sabbaths. You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh sabbath; then you shall present a new grain offering to the Lord. You shall bring in from your dwelling places two loaves of bread for a wave offering, made of two-tenths of an [hf]ephah; they shall be of a fine flour, baked with leaven as first fruits to the Lord. Along with the bread you shall present seven one year old male lambs without defect, and a bull of the herd and two rams; they are to be a burnt offering to the Lord, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, an offering by fire of a soothing aroma to the Lord. You shall also offer one male goat for a sin offering and two male lambs one year old for a sacrifice of peace offerings. The priest shall then wave them with the bread of the first fruits for a wave offering with two lambs before the Lord; they are to be holy to the Lord for the priest.


Footnotes
  1. Leviticus 11:20 Lit swarming things with wings
  2. Leviticus 11:21 V 20, note 1
  3. Leviticus 11:23 V 20, note 1
  4. Leviticus 11:29 Or thorn-tailed lizard
  5. Leviticus 11:30 Or lizard
  6. Leviticus 11:30 Species as yet undefined
  7. Leviticus 11:32 Lit with which work is done
  8. Leviticus 11:33 Lit it
  9. Leviticus 11:34 I.e. if touched by a carcass; cf vv 29-32
  10. Leviticus 11:34 I.e. if touched by a carcass; cf vv 29-32
  11. Leviticus 11:35 Lit hearth for supporting (two) pots
  12. Leviticus 11:36 Lit of a gathering of
  13. Leviticus 11:43 Lit your souls
  14. Leviticus 12:2 Lit produces seed
  15. Leviticus 12:2 Lit the impurity of her sickness
  16. Leviticus 12:5 Lit impurity
  17. Leviticus 12:7 Lit fountain
  18. Leviticus 12:8 Lit her hand does not find a sufficiency of a lamb
  19. Leviticus 13:2 Lit flesh
  20. Leviticus 13:2 Lit a mark, stroke, and so throughout the ch
  21. Leviticus 13:2 Lit flesh
  22. Leviticus 13:3 Lit flesh
  23. Leviticus 13:3 Lit flesh
  24. Leviticus 13:4 Lit flesh
  25. Leviticus 13:4 Lit the appearance of it is not deeper
  26. Leviticus 13:4 Lit shut up
  27. Leviticus 13:5 Lit has stood
  28. Leviticus 13:5 Lit shut up
  29. Leviticus 13:11 Lit an old
  30. Leviticus 13:11 Lit flesh
  31. Leviticus 13:11 Lit shut up
  32. Leviticus 13:12 Lit with regard to the whole sight of the priest’s eyes
  33. Leviticus 13:13 Lit flesh
  34. Leviticus 13:18 Lit flesh
  35. Leviticus 13:20 Lit the appearance of it is lower
  36. Leviticus 13:21 Lit shut up
  37. Leviticus 13:24 Lit flesh
  38. Leviticus 13:26 Lit lower
  39. Leviticus 13:26 Lit shut up
  40. Leviticus 13:31 Lit shut up
  41. Leviticus 13:32 Lit been
  42. Leviticus 13:33 Lit shut up
  43. Leviticus 13:38 Lit flesh
  44. Leviticus 13:39 Lit flesh
  45. Leviticus 13:39 Lit tetter
  46. Leviticus 13:40 Lit man’s head becomes bald
  47. Leviticus 13:41 Lit border of his face
  48. Leviticus 13:43 Lit flesh
  49. Leviticus 13:45 Or disheveled
  50. Leviticus 13:47 Lit infection, and so throughout the ch
  51. Leviticus 13:48 Or weaving or texture
  52. Leviticus 13:49 Or weaving or texture
  53. Leviticus 13:50 Lit shut up
  54. Leviticus 13:51 Lit malignant leprosy
  55. Leviticus 13:52 Lit malignant leprosy
  56. Leviticus 13:54 Lit shut up
  57. Leviticus 14:3 Lit mark, stroke, and so throughout the ch
  58. Leviticus 14:4 Lit scarlet color and
  59. Leviticus 14:5 Lit living
  60. Leviticus 14:6 Lit scarlet color and
  61. Leviticus 14:6 Lit living
  62. Leviticus 14:9 Lit flesh
  63. Leviticus 14:10 I.e. Approx one bu
  64. Leviticus 14:10 I.e. Approx one pt
  65. Leviticus 14:11 Lit them
  66. Leviticus 14:12 I.e. Approx one pt
  67. Leviticus 14:15 I.e. Approx one pt
  68. Leviticus 14:21 Lit hand is not reaching
  69. Leviticus 14:21 I.e. Approx one bu
  70. Leviticus 14:21 I.e. Approx one pt
  71. Leviticus 14:22 Lit his hand reaches
  72. Leviticus 14:24 I.e. Approx one pt
  73. Leviticus 14:30 Lit from those which his hand can reach
  74. Leviticus 14:31 Lit his hand can reach
  75. Leviticus 14:32 Lit hand does not reach
  76. Leviticus 14:37 Lit wall
  77. Leviticus 14:38 Lit doorway of the house
  78. Leviticus 14:38 Lit shut up
  79. Leviticus 14:39 Lit look
  80. Leviticus 14:40 Lit to
  81. Leviticus 14:41 Lit from the house around
  82. Leviticus 14:44 Lit look
  83. Leviticus 14:46 Lit shut up
  84. Leviticus 14:48 Lit looks
  85. Leviticus 14:48 Lit healed
  86. Leviticus 14:49 Lit scarlet color
  87. Leviticus 14:50 Lit living
  88. Leviticus 14:51 Lit scarlet color
  89. Leviticus 14:51 Lit living
  90. Leviticus 14:52 Lit living
  91. Leviticus 14:52 Lit scarlet color
  92. Leviticus 14:57 Lit in the day of uncleanness
  93. Leviticus 14:57 Lit in the day of cleanness
  94. Leviticus 15:2 Lit flesh, and so throughout the ch
  95. Leviticus 15:2 Or by his discharge, he is unclean
  96. Leviticus 15:7 Lit flesh
  97. Leviticus 15:13 Lit living
  98. Leviticus 15:16 Lit man’s...goes out from him
  99. Leviticus 15:25 Lit her menstrual impurity
  100. Leviticus 15:25 Lit in the days of
  101. Leviticus 15:26 Lit the bed of her menstrual impurity
  102. Leviticus 15:26 Lit the uncleanness of her menstrual impurity
  103. Leviticus 15:31 Or dwelling place
  104. Leviticus 15:32 Lit whose seminal emission goes out from him
  105. Leviticus 16:2 Lit propitiatory
  106. Leviticus 16:2 Lit propitiatory
  107. Leviticus 16:3 Or bull of the herd
  108. Leviticus 16:4 Lit flesh
  109. Leviticus 16:4 Lit flesh
  110. Leviticus 16:8 Lit goat of removal, or else a name: Azazel
  111. Leviticus 16:10 Lit goat of removal, or else a name: Azazel
  112. Leviticus 16:10 Lit goat of removal, or else a name: Azazel
  113. Leviticus 16:12 Lit the filling of the hollow of his hands
  114. Leviticus 16:13 Lit propitiatory
  115. Leviticus 16:14 Lit propitiatory
  116. Leviticus 16:14 Lit propitiatory
  117. Leviticus 16:15 Lit propitiatory
  118. Leviticus 16:15 Lit propitiatory
  119. Leviticus 16:21 Lit in addition to
  120. Leviticus 16:24 Lit flesh
  121. Leviticus 16:26 Lit goat of removal, or else a name: Azazel
  122. Leviticus 16:26 Lit flesh
  123. Leviticus 16:30 Lit he shall make atonement
  124. Leviticus 16:32 Lit whose hand is filled
  125. Leviticus 17:4 Lit dwelling place
  126. Leviticus 17:5 Lit In order that
  127. Leviticus 17:7 Or goat-idols
  128. Leviticus 17:9 Lit do
  129. Leviticus 17:11 Lit soul
  130. Leviticus 17:11 Lit soul
  131. Leviticus 17:13 Lit who in hunting
  132. Leviticus 17:14 Lit soul
  133. Leviticus 17:14 Lit soul
  134. Leviticus 17:14 Lit soul
  135. Leviticus 17:16 Or iniquity
  136. Leviticus 18:3 Lit according to the deed of
  137. Leviticus 18:3 Lit according to the deed of
  138. Leviticus 18:4 Lit to walk in them
  139. Leviticus 18:6 Lit of his flesh
  140. Leviticus 18:10 Lit they are your nakedness
  141. Leviticus 18:11 Lit begotten of
  142. Leviticus 18:17 Or wickedness
  143. Leviticus 18:18 Lit take a wife
  144. Leviticus 18:18 Or another
  145. Leviticus 18:18 Lit to be
  146. Leviticus 18:21 Lit cause to pass over
  147. Leviticus 18:22 Lit those who lie
  148. Leviticus 18:23 Or lie
  149. Leviticus 18:25 Lit iniquity
  150. Leviticus 18:29 Or and the
  151. Leviticus 19:16 Lit stand
  152. Leviticus 19:16 Lit blood
  153. Leviticus 19:17 Lit brother
  154. Leviticus 19:23 Lit uncircumcised
  155. Leviticus 19:23 Lit uncircumcised
  156. Leviticus 19:28 Lit flesh
  157. Leviticus 19:28 Lit soul
  158. Leviticus 19:29 Or degrade
  159. Leviticus 19:31 Or ghosts or spirits
  160. Leviticus 19:32 Lit face of the aged
  161. Leviticus 19:36 I.e. Approx one bu
  162. Leviticus 19:36 I.e. Approx one gal.
  163. Leviticus 20:2 Lit seed
  164. Leviticus 20:3 Lit seed
  165. Leviticus 20:4 Lit hiding they hide their eyes from
  166. Leviticus 20:4 Lit seed
  167. Leviticus 20:6 Or ghosts and spirits
  168. Leviticus 20:12 Lit confusion; i.e. a violation of divine order
  169. Leviticus 20:14 Lit takes
  170. Leviticus 20:16 Lit lie
  171. Leviticus 20:18 Lit sick
  172. Leviticus 20:18 Or uncovered
  173. Leviticus 20:19 Lit flesh
  174. Leviticus 20:21 Or an impure deed
  175. Leviticus 20:22 Lit dwell in it
  176. Leviticus 20:23 Lit walk in the statutes
  177. Leviticus 20:25 Lit your souls
  178. Leviticus 20:25 Lit with which the ground creeps
  179. Leviticus 20:27 Lit spiritist among them
  180. Leviticus 21:3 Or whom no man has had
  181. Leviticus 21:4 Lit husband among
  182. Leviticus 21:6 Lit of
  183. Leviticus 21:10 Lit whose hand has been filled
  184. Leviticus 21:10 Lit unbind
  185. Leviticus 21:14 Lit take as wife
  186. Leviticus 21:15 Lit seed
  187. Leviticus 21:17 Lit seed
  188. Leviticus 21:18 Lit slit
  189. Leviticus 21:20 Lit obscurity
  190. Leviticus 21:21 Lit seed
  191. Leviticus 22:3 Lit seed
  192. Leviticus 22:4 Lit seed
  193. Leviticus 22:6 Lit soul
  194. Leviticus 22:6 Lit flesh
  195. Leviticus 22:7 Lit bread
  196. Leviticus 22:10 Lit stranger
  197. Leviticus 22:11 Lit soul
  198. Leviticus 22:11 Lit he may
  199. Leviticus 22:11 Lit bread
  200. Leviticus 22:12 Lit stranger
  201. Leviticus 22:12 Lit heave offering
  202. Leviticus 22:13 Lit bread
  203. Leviticus 22:13 Lit stranger
  204. Leviticus 22:16 Or iniquity requiring a guilt offering
  205. Leviticus 22:18 Lit vows
  206. Leviticus 22:21 Or make a special votive offering
  207. Leviticus 22:23 Or a deformed
  208. Leviticus 22:24 Lit do
  209. Leviticus 22:25 Lit bread
  210. Leviticus 22:27 Lit be
  211. Leviticus 22:27 Lit under
  212. Leviticus 23:5 Lit between the two evenings
  213. Leviticus 23:13 I.e. Approx one gal.
  214. Leviticus 23:17 I.e. Approx one bu

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