Then the Lord spoke to Moses and to Aaron, and gave them a charge to the sons of Israel and to Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring the sons of Israel out of the land of Egypt.
The Heads of Israel
These are the heads of their fathers’ households. The sons of Reuben, Israel’s firstborn: Hanoch and Pallu, Hezron and Carmi; these are the families of Reuben. The sons of Simeon: Jemuel and Jamin and Ohad and Jachin and Zohar and Shaul the son of a Canaanite woman; these are the families of Simeon. These are the names of the sons of Levi according to their generations: Gershon and Kohath and Merari; and the [a]length of Levi’s life was one hundred and thirty-seven years. The sons of Gershon: [b]Libni and Shimei, according to their families. The sons of Kohath: Amram and Izhar and Hebron and Uzziel; and the [c]length of Kohath’s life was one hundred and thirty-three years. The sons of Merari: Mahli and Mushi. These are the families of the Levites according to their generations. Amram [d]married his father’s sister Jochebed, and she bore him Aaron and Moses; and the [e]length of Amram’s life was one hundred and thirty-seven years. The sons of Izhar: Korah and Nepheg and Zichri. The sons of Uzziel: Mishael and [f]Elzaphan and Sithri. Aaron [g]married Elisheba, the daughter of Amminadab, the sister of Nahshon, and she bore him Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar. The sons of Korah: Assir and Elkanah and [h]Abiasaph; these are the families of the Korahites. Aaron’s son Eleazar [i]married one of the daughters of Putiel, and she bore him Phinehas. These are the heads of the fathers’ households of the Levites according to their families. It was the same Aaron and Moses to whom the Lord said, “Bring out the sons of Israel from the land of Egypt according to their hosts.” They were the ones who spoke to Pharaoh king of Egypt [j]about bringing out the sons of Israel from Egypt; it was the same Moses and Aaron.
Now it came about on the day when the Lord spoke to Moses in the land of Egypt, that the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “I am the Lord; speak to Pharaoh king of Egypt all that I speak to you.” But Moses said before the Lord, “Behold, I am [k]unskilled in speech; how then will Pharaoh listen to me?”
- Exodus 6:16 Lit years
- Exodus 6:17 In 1 Chr 23:7, Ladan
- Exodus 6:18 Lit years
- Exodus 6:20 Lit took to him to wife
- Exodus 6:20 Lit years
- Exodus 6:22 In Num 3:30, Elizaphan
- Exodus 6:23 Lit took to him to wife
- Exodus 6:24 In 1 Chr 6:23 and 9:19, Ebiasaph
- Exodus 6:25 Lit took to him to wife
- Exodus 6:27 Lit to bring out
- Exodus 6:30 Lit uncircumcised of lips
“I Will Stretch Out My Hand”
Then the Lord said to Moses, “See, I make you as God to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron shall be your prophet. You shall speak all that I command you, and your brother Aaron shall speak to Pharaoh that he let the sons of Israel go out of his land. But I will harden Pharaoh’s heart that I may multiply My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt. When Pharaoh does not listen to you, then I will lay My hand on Egypt and bring out My hosts, My people the sons of Israel, from the land of Egypt by great judgments. The Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord, when I stretch out My hand on Egypt and bring out the sons of Israel from their midst.” So Moses and Aaron did it; as the Lord commanded them, thus they did. Moses was eighty years old and Aaron [a]eighty-three, when they spoke to Pharaoh.
Aaron’s Rod Becomes a Serpent
Now the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying, “When Pharaoh speaks to you, saying, ‘[b]Work a miracle,’ then you shall say to Aaron, ‘Take your staff and throw it down before Pharaoh, that it may become a serpent.’” So Moses and Aaron came to Pharaoh, and thus they did just as the Lord had commanded; and Aaron threw his staff down before Pharaoh and [c]his servants, and it became a serpent. Then Pharaoh also called for the wise men and the sorcerers, and they also, the [d]magicians of Egypt, did [e]the same with their secret arts. For each one threw down his staff and they turned into serpents. But Aaron’s staff swallowed up their staffs. Yet Pharaoh’s heart was [f]hardened, and he did not listen to them, as the Lord had said.
Water Is Turned to Blood
Then the Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh’s heart is [g]stubborn; he refuses to let the people go. Go to Pharaoh in the morning [h]as he is going out to the water, and station yourself to meet him on the bank of the Nile; and you shall take in your hand the staff that was turned into a serpent. You shall say to him, ‘The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, sent me to you, saying, “Let My people go, that they may serve Me in the wilderness. But behold, you have not listened until now.” Thus says the Lord, “By this you shall know that I am the Lord: behold, I will strike [i]the water that is in the Nile with the staff that is in my hand, and it will be turned to blood. The fish that are in the Nile will die, and the Nile will [j]become foul, and the Egyptians will [k]find difficulty in drinking water from the Nile.”’” Then the Lord said to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Take your staff and stretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt, over their rivers, over their [l]streams, and over their pools, and over all their reservoirs of water, that they may become blood; and there will be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in vessels of wood and in vessels of stone.’”
So Moses and Aaron did even as the Lord had commanded. And he lifted up [m]the staff and struck the water that was in the Nile, in the sight of Pharaoh and in the sight of his servants, and all the water that was in the Nile was turned to blood. The fish that were in the Nile died, and the Nile [n]became foul, so that the Egyptians could not drink water from the Nile. And the blood was through all the land of Egypt. But the [o]magicians of Egypt did [p]the same with their secret arts; and Pharaoh’s heart was [q]hardened, and he did not listen to them, as the Lord had said. Then Pharaoh turned and went into his house [r]with no concern even for this. So all the Egyptians dug around the Nile for water to drink, for they could not drink of the water of the Nile. Seven days [s]passed after the Lord had struck the Nile.
- Exodus 7:7 Lit 83 years old
- Exodus 7:9 Lit Show a wonder for yourselves
- Exodus 7:10 Lit before his
- Exodus 7:11 Or soothsayer priests
- Exodus 7:11 Lit thus
- Exodus 7:13 Lit strong
- Exodus 7:14 Or hard; lit heavy
- Exodus 7:15 Lit behold
- Exodus 7:17 Lit upon the waters
- Exodus 7:18 I.e. have a bad smell
- Exodus 7:18 Or be weary of
- Exodus 7:19 Or canals
- Exodus 7:20 Lit with the staff
- Exodus 7:21 I.e. had a bad smell
- Exodus 7:22 Or soothsayer priests
- Exodus 7:22 Lit thus
- Exodus 7:22 Lit strong
- Exodus 7:23 Lit and he did not set his heart even to this
- Exodus 7:25 Lit were fulfilled
Frogs over the Land
[a]Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and say to him, ‘Thus says the Lord, “Let My people go, that they may serve Me. But if you refuse to let them go, behold, I will smite your whole territory with frogs. The Nile will swarm with frogs, which will come up and go into your house and into your bedroom and on your bed, and into the houses of your servants and on your people, and into your ovens and into your kneading bowls. So the frogs will come up on you and your people and all your servants.”’” [b]Then the Lord said to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Stretch out your hand with your staff over the rivers, over the [c]streams and over the pools, and make frogs come up on the land of Egypt.’” So Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt, and the [d]frogs came up and covered the land of Egypt. The [e]magicians did [f]the same with their secret arts, [g]making frogs come up on the land of Egypt.
Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron and said, “Entreat the Lord that He remove the frogs from me and from my people; and I will let the people go, that they may sacrifice to the Lord.” Moses said to Pharaoh, “[h]The honor is yours to tell me: when shall I entreat for you and your servants and your people, that the frogs be [i]destroyed from you and your houses, that they may be left only in the Nile?”
Then he said, “Tomorrow.” So he said, “May it be according to your word, that you may know that there is no one like the Lord our God. The frogs will depart from you and your houses and your servants and your people; they will be left only in the Nile.” Then Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh, and Moses cried to the Lord concerning the frogs which He had [j]inflicted upon Pharaoh. The Lord did according to the word of Moses, and the frogs died out of the houses, the courts, and the fields. So they piled them in heaps, and the land [k]became foul. But when Pharaoh saw that there was relief, he [l]hardened his heart and did not listen to them, as the Lord had said.
The Plague of Insects
Then the Lord said to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Stretch out your staff and strike the dust of the earth, that it may become [m]gnats through all the land of Egypt.’” They did so; and Aaron stretched out his hand with his staff, and struck the dust of the earth, and there were [n]gnats on man and beast. All the dust of the earth became [o]gnats through all the land of Egypt. The [p]magicians tried with their secret arts to bring forth [q]gnats, but they could not; so there were [r]gnats on man and beast. Then the [s]magicians said to Pharaoh, “This is the finger of God.” But Pharaoh’s heart was [t]hardened, and he did not listen to them, as the Lord had said.
Now the Lord said to Moses, “Rise early in the morning and present yourself before Pharaoh, [u]as he comes out to the water, and say to him, ‘Thus says the Lord, “Let My people go, that they may serve Me. For if you do not let My people go, behold, I will send swarms of flies on you and on your servants and on your people and into your houses; and the houses of the Egyptians will be full of swarms of flies, and also the ground on which they dwell. But on that day I will set apart the land of Goshen, where My people are [v]living, so that no swarms of flies will be there, in order that you may know that [w]I, the Lord, am in the midst of the land. I will [x]put a division between My people and your people. Tomorrow this sign will occur.”’” Then the Lord did so. And there came [y]great swarms of flies into the house of Pharaoh and the houses of his servants and the land was laid waste because of the swarms of flies in all the land of Egypt.
Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron and said, “Go, sacrifice to your God within the land.” But Moses said, “It is not right to do so, for we will sacrifice to the Lord our God [z]what is an abomination to the Egyptians. If we sacrifice [aa]what is an abomination to the Egyptians before their eyes, will they not then stone us? We must go a three days’ journey into the wilderness and sacrifice to the Lord our God as He [ab]commands us.” Pharaoh said, “I will let you go, that you may sacrifice to the Lord your God in the wilderness; only you shall not go very far away. Make supplication for me.” Then Moses said, “Behold, I am going out from you, and I shall make supplication to the Lord that the swarms of flies may depart from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people tomorrow; only do not let Pharaoh deal deceitfully again in not letting the people go to sacrifice to the Lord.”
So Moses went out from Pharaoh and made supplication to the Lord. The Lord did [ac]as Moses asked, and removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants and from his people; not one remained. But Pharaoh [ad]hardened his heart this time also, and he did not let the people go.
- Exodus 8:1 Ch 7:26 in Heb
- Exodus 8:5 Ch 8:1 in Heb
- Exodus 8:5 Or canals
- Exodus 8:6 Lit frog
- Exodus 8:7 Or soothsayer priests
- Exodus 8:7 Lit thus
- Exodus 8:7 Lit and made
- Exodus 8:9 Lit Glory over me
- Exodus 8:9 Lit cut off
- Exodus 8:12 Lit placed
- Exodus 8:14 I.e. had a bad smell
- Exodus 8:15 Lit made heavy
- Exodus 8:16 Or lice
- Exodus 8:17 Or lice
- Exodus 8:17 Or lice
- Exodus 8:18 Or soothsayer priests
- Exodus 8:18 Or lice
- Exodus 8:18 Or lice
- Exodus 8:19 Or soothsayer priests
- Exodus 8:19 Lit strong
- Exodus 8:20 Lit behold
- Exodus 8:22 Lit standing
- Exodus 8:22 Or I am the Lord in the midst of the earth
- Exodus 8:23 Lit set a ransom
- Exodus 8:24 Lit heavy
- Exodus 8:26 Lit the abomination of Egypt
- Exodus 8:26 Lit the abomination of Egypt
- Exodus 8:27 Lit says to us
- Exodus 8:31 Lit according to the word of Moses
- Exodus 8:32 Lit made heavy