1 Corinthians 11:13-15
Judge [a]for yourselves: is it proper for a woman to pray to God with her head uncovered? Does not even nature itself teach you that if a man has long hair, it is a dishonor to him, but if a woman has long hair, it is a glory to her? For her hair is given to her for a covering. But if one is inclined to be contentious, we have no [b]other practice, nor have the churches of God.
But in giving this instruction, I do not praise you, because you come together not for the better but for the worse. For, in the first place, when you come together [c]as a church, I hear that [d]divisions exist among you; and in part I believe it. For there must also be factions among you, so that those who are approved may become [e]evident among you. Therefore when you meet together, it is not to eat the Lord’s Supper, for in your eating each one takes his own supper first; and one is hungry and another is drunk. What! Do you not have houses in which to eat and drink? Or do you despise the church of God and shame those who have nothing? What shall I say to you? Shall I praise you? In this I will not praise you.
The Lord’s Supper
For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus in the night in which He was betrayed took bread; and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, “This is My body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of Me.” In the same way He took the cup also after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood; do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me.” For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until He comes.
Therefore whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner, shall be guilty of the body and the blood of the Lord. But a man must examine himself, and in so doing he is to eat of the bread and drink of the cup. For he who eats and drinks, eats and drinks judgment to himself if he does not judge the body rightly. For this reason many among you are weak and sick, and a number [f]sleep. But if we judged ourselves rightly, we would not be judged. But when we are judged, we are disciplined by the Lord so that we will not be condemned along with the world.
So then, my brethren, when you come together to eat, wait for one another. If anyone is hungry, let him eat at home, so that you will not come together for judgment. The remaining matters I will arrange when I come.
The Use of Spiritual Gifts
Now concerning spiritual gifts, brethren, I do not want you to be unaware. You know that when you were pagans, you were led astray to the mute idols, however you were led. Therefore I make known to you that no one speaking [g]by the Spirit of God says, “Jesus is [h]accursed”; and no one can say, “Jesus is Lord,” except [i]by the Holy Spirit.
Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit. And there are varieties of ministries, and the same Lord. There are varieties of effects, but the same God who works all things in all persons. But to each one is given the manifestation of the Spirit for the common good. For to one is given the word of wisdom through the Spirit, and to another the word of knowledge according to the same Spirit; to another faith [j]by the same Spirit, and to another gifts of [k]healing [l]by the one Spirit, and to another the [m]effecting of [n]miracles, and to another prophecy, and to another the [o]distinguishing of spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, and to another the interpretation of tongues. But one and the same Spirit works all these things, distributing to each one individually just as He wills.
For even as the body is one and yet has many members, and all the members of the body, though they are many, are one body, so also is Christ. For [p]by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free, and we were all made to drink of one Spirit.
For the body is not one member, but many. If the foot says, “Because I am not a hand, I am not a part of the body,” it is not for this reason [q]any the less a part of the body. And if the ear says, “Because I am not an eye, I am not a part of the body,” it is not for this reason [r]any the less a part of the body. If the whole body were an eye, where would the hearing be? If the whole were hearing, where would the sense of smell be? But now God has placed the members, each one of them, in the body, just as He desired. If they were all one member, where would the body be? But now there are many members, but one body. And the eye cannot say to the hand, “I have no need of you”; or again the head to the feet, “I have no need of you.” On the contrary, [s]it is much truer that the members of the body which seem to be weaker are necessary; and those members of the body which we [t]deem less honorable, [u]on these we bestow more abundant honor, and our less presentable members become much more presentable, whereas our more presentable members have no need of it. But God has so composed the body, giving more abundant honor to that member which lacked, so that there may be no [v]division in the body, but that the members may have the same care for one another. And if one member suffers, all the members suffer with it; if one member is [w]honored, all the members rejoice with it.
Now you are Christ’s body, and individually members of it. And God has [x]appointed in the church, first apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then [y]miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, administrations, various kinds of tongues. All are not apostles, are they? All are not prophets, are they? All are not teachers, are they? All are not workers of [z]miracles, are they? All do not have gifts of healings, do they? All do not speak with tongues, do they? All do not interpret, do they? But earnestly desire the greater gifts.
And I show you a still more excellent way.
The Excellence of Love
If I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, but do not have love, I have become a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal. If I have the gift of prophecy, and know all mysteries and all knowledge; and if I have all faith, so as to remove mountains, but do not have love, I am nothing. And if I give all my possessions to feed the poor, and if I surrender my body [aa]to be burned, but do not have love, it profits me nothing.
Love is patient, love is kind and is not jealous; love does not brag and is not arrogant, does not act unbecomingly; it does not seek its own, is not provoked, does not take into account a wrong suffered, does not rejoice in unrighteousness, but rejoices with the truth; [ab]bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things.
Love never fails; but if there are gifts of [ac]prophecy, they will be done away; if there are tongues, they will cease; if there is knowledge, it will be done away. For we know in part and we prophesy in part; but when the perfect comes, the partial will be done away. When I was a child, I used to speak like a child, think like a child, reason like a child; when I [ad]became a man, I did away with childish things. For now we see in a mirror [ae]dimly, but then face to face; now I know in part, but then I will know fully just as I also have been fully known. But now faith, hope, love, abide these three; but the [af]greatest of these is love.
Prophecy a Superior Gift
Pursue love, yet desire earnestly spiritual gifts, but especially that you may prophesy. For one who speaks in a tongue does not speak to men but to God; for no one [ag]understands, but [ah]in his spirit he speaks mysteries. But one who prophesies speaks to men for edification and exhortation and consolation. One who speaks in a tongue edifies himself; but one who prophesies edifies the church. Now I wish that you all spoke in tongues, but even more that you would prophesy; and greater is one who prophesies than one who speaks in tongues, unless he interprets, so that the church may receive edifying.
But now, brethren, if I come to you speaking in tongues, what will I profit you unless I speak to you either by way of revelation or of knowledge or of prophecy or of teaching? Yet even lifeless things, either flute or harp, in producing a sound, if they do not produce a distinction in the tones, how will it be known what is played on the flute or on the harp? For if the [ai]bugle produces an indistinct sound, who will prepare himself for battle? So also you, unless you utter by the tongue speech that is clear, how will it be known what is spoken? For you will be speaking into the air. There are, perhaps, a great many kinds of [aj]languages in the world, and no kind is without meaning. If then I do not know the meaning of the language, I will be to the one who speaks a [ak]barbarian, and the one who speaks will be a [al]barbarian [am]to me. So also you, since you are zealous of [an]spiritual gifts, seek to abound for the edification of the church.
Therefore let one who speaks in a tongue pray that he may interpret. For if I pray in a tongue, my spirit prays, but my mind is unfruitful. What is the outcome then? I will pray with the spirit and I will pray with the mind also; I will sing with the spirit and I will sing with the mind also. Otherwise if you bless [ao]in the spirit only, how will the one who fills the place of the [ap]ungifted say the “Amen” at your giving of thanks, since he does not know what you are saying? For you are giving thanks well enough, but the other person is not edified. I thank God, I speak in tongues more than you all; however, in the church I desire to speak five words with my mind so that I may instruct others also, rather than ten thousand words in a tongue.
Instruction for the Church
Brethren, do not be children in your thinking; yet in evil be infants, but in your thinking be mature. In the Law it is written, “By men of strange tongues and by the lips of strangers I will speak to this people, and even so they will not listen to Me,” says the Lord. So then tongues are for a sign, not to those who believe but to unbelievers; but prophecy is for a sign, not to unbelievers but to those who believe. Therefore if the whole church assembles together and all speak in tongues, and [aq]ungifted men or unbelievers enter, will they not say that you are mad? But if all prophesy, and an unbeliever or an [ar]ungifted man enters, he is convicted by all, he is called to account by all; the secrets of his heart are disclosed; and so he will fall on his face and worship God, declaring that God is certainly among you.
What is the outcome then, brethren? When you assemble, each one has a psalm, has a teaching, has a revelation, has a tongue, has an interpretation. Let all things be done for edification. If anyone speaks in a tongue, it should be by two or at the most three, and each in turn, and one must interpret; but if there is no interpreter, he must keep silent in the church; and let him speak to himself and to God. Let two or three prophets speak, and let the others pass judgment. But if a revelation is made to another who is seated, the first one must keep silent. For you can all prophesy one by one, so that all may learn and all may be exhorted; and the spirits of prophets are subject to prophets; for God is not a God of confusion but of [as]peace, as in all the churches of the saints.
The women are to keep silent in the churches; for they are not permitted to speak, but are to subject themselves, just as the Law also says. If they desire to learn anything, let them ask their own husbands at home; for it is [at]improper for a woman to speak in church. [au]Was it from you that the word of God first went forth? Or has it come to you only?
If anyone thinks he is a prophet or spiritual, let him recognize that the things which I write to you are the Lord’s commandment. But if anyone does not recognize this, he [av]is not recognized.
Therefore, my brethren, desire earnestly to prophesy, and do not forbid to speak in tongues. But all things must be done properly and in an orderly manner.
The Fact of Christ’s Resurrection
Now I make known to you, brethren, the gospel which I preached to you, which also you received, in which also you stand, by which also you are saved, if you hold fast [aw]the word which I preached to you, unless you believed in vain.
For I delivered to you [ax]as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, and that He was buried, and that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, and that He appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. After that He appeared to more than five hundred brethren at one time, most of whom remain until now, but some have fallen asleep; then He appeared to [ay]James, then to all the apostles; and last of all, as [az]to one untimely born, He appeared to me also. For I am the least of the apostles, [ba]and not fit to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God. But by the grace of God I am what I am, and His grace toward me did not prove vain; but I labored even more than all of them, yet not I, but the grace of God with me. Whether then it was I or they, so we preach and so you believed.
Now if Christ is preached, that He has been raised from the dead, how do some among you say that there is no resurrection of the dead? But if there is no resurrection of the dead, not even Christ has been raised;
- 1 Corinthians 11:13 Lit in
- 1 Corinthians 11:16 Lit such
- 1 Corinthians 11:18 Lit in church
- 1 Corinthians 11:18 Lit schisms
- 1 Corinthians 11:19 Or manifest
- 1 Corinthians 11:30 I.e. are dead
- 1 Corinthians 12:3 Or in
- 1 Corinthians 12:3 Gr anathema
- 1 Corinthians 12:3 Or in
- 1 Corinthians 12:9 Or in
- 1 Corinthians 12:9 Lit healings
- 1 Corinthians 12:9 Or in
- 1 Corinthians 12:10 Lit effects
- 1 Corinthians 12:10 Or works of power
- 1 Corinthians 12:10 Lit distinguishings
- 1 Corinthians 12:13 Or in
- 1 Corinthians 12:15 Lit not a part
- 1 Corinthians 12:16 Lit not a part
- 1 Corinthians 12:22 Lit to a much greater degree the members
- 1 Corinthians 12:23 Or think to be
- 1 Corinthians 12:23 Or these we clothe with
- 1 Corinthians 12:25 Lit schism
- 1 Corinthians 12:26 Lit glorified
- 1 Corinthians 12:28 Lit set some in
- 1 Corinthians 12:28 Or works of power
- 1 Corinthians 12:29 Or works of power
- 1 Corinthians 13:3 Early mss read that I may boast
- 1 Corinthians 13:7 Or covers
- 1 Corinthians 13:8 Lit prophecies
- 1 Corinthians 13:11 Lit have become...have done away with
- 1 Corinthians 13:12 Lit in a riddle
- 1 Corinthians 13:13 Lit greater
- 1 Corinthians 14:2 Lit hears
- 1 Corinthians 14:2 Or by the Spirit
- 1 Corinthians 14:8 Lit trumpet
- 1 Corinthians 14:10 Lit voices
- 1 Corinthians 14:11 Or foreigner
- 1 Corinthians 14:11 Or foreigner
- 1 Corinthians 14:11 Or in my estimation
- 1 Corinthians 14:12 Lit spirits
- 1 Corinthians 14:16 Or with the
- 1 Corinthians 14:16 I.e. unversed in spiritual gifts
- 1 Corinthians 14:23 V 16, note 2
- 1 Corinthians 14:24 V 16, note 2
- 1 Corinthians 14:33 Or peace. As in all...saints, let
- 1 Corinthians 14:35 Or disgraceful
- 1 Corinthians 14:36 Lit Or was
- 1 Corinthians 14:38 Two early mss read is not to be recognized
- 1 Corinthians 15:2 Lit to what word I
- 1 Corinthians 15:3 Lit among the first
- 1 Corinthians 15:7 Or Jacob
- 1 Corinthians 15:8 Lit to an untimely birth
- 1 Corinthians 15:9 Lit who am