ดาเนียล 1 TNCV - Daniel 1 NTLR

ดาเนียล
Elegir capítulo 1

Thai New Contemporary Bible

ดาเนียล 1:1-21

การฝึกฝนของดาเนียลในบาบิโลน

1ในปีที่สามของรัชกาลกษัตริย์เยโฮยาคิมแห่งยูดาห์ กษัตริย์เนบูคัดเนสซาร์แห่งบาบิโลนทรงกรีธาทัพมาล้อมกรุงเยรูซาเล็ม 2และองค์พระผู้เป็นเจ้าทรงมอบกษัตริย์เยโฮยาคิมแห่งยูดาห์พร้อมทั้งภาชนะบางอย่างในพระวิหารของพระเจ้าไว้ในมือเนบูคัดเนสซาร์ เนบูคัดเนสซาร์ทรงนำสิ่งเหล่านี้ไปเก็บไว้ที่คลังของวิหารเทพเจ้าของตนในบาบิโลน1:2 ภาษาฮีบรูว่าชินาร์

3แล้วเนบูคัดเนสซาร์ตรัสบัญชาอัชเปนัสหัวหน้ากรมวังให้คัดเลือกชายหนุ่มอิสราเอลบางคนซึ่งเป็นเชื้อพระวงศ์และอยู่ในตระกูลขุนนาง 4คนหนุ่มที่มีรูปร่างหน้าตาดี ไม่พิกลพิการ เฉลียวฉลาดพร้อมที่จะเรียนรู้ ได้รับการศึกษาอบรมมาอย่างดี มีไหวพริบปฏิภาณ และคุณสมบัติเหมาะสมที่จะปฏิบัติหน้าที่ในพระราชวัง ให้อัชเปนัสสอนภาษาและวรรณคดีของชาวบาบิโลน1:4 หรือชาวเคลเดียแก่ชายหนุ่มเหล่านี้ 5กษัตริย์ทรงประทานอาหารและเหล้าองุ่นจากโต๊ะเสวยแก่คนเหล่านี้ทุกวันและให้พวกเขารับการฝึกฝนตลอดสามปี หลังจากนั้นจึงเข้ารับราชการ

6ในกลุ่มชายหนุ่มเหล่านี้ มีบางคนจากยูดาห์ได้แก่ดาเนียล ฮานันยาห์ มิชาเอล และอาซาริยาห์ 7หัวหน้ากรมวังตั้งชื่อใหม่ให้พวกเขาดังนี้ ดาเนียลชื่อเบลเทชัสซาร์ ฮานันยาห์ชื่อชัดรัค มิชาเอลชื่อเมชาค และอาซาริยาห์ชื่ออาเบดเนโก

8แต่ดาเนียลตั้งปณิธานไว้ว่าจะไม่ยอมให้ตนเองเป็นมลทินเพราะเครื่องเสวย ทั้งอาหารและเหล้าองุ่น จึงขออนุญาตจากหัวหน้ากรมวังที่จะไม่ทำให้ตนเองเป็นมลทินอย่างนั้น 9พระเจ้าทรงบันดาลให้หัวหน้ากรมวังชอบพอและเห็นใจดาเนียล 10แต่เขาบอกดาเนียลว่า “เรากลัวเจ้าเหนือหัวซึ่งทรงเป็นผู้ประทานอาหารและเครื่องดื่มให้พวกเจ้า หากเราปล่อยให้พระองค์เห็นพวกเจ้าซูบซีดกว่าชายหนุ่มรุ่นราวคราวเดียวกัน พระองค์คงตัดหัวเราเพราะพวกเจ้า”

11ดาเนียลจึงบอกผู้ดูแลซึ่งหัวหน้ากรมวังแต่งตั้งให้รับผิดชอบดาเนียล ฮานันยาห์ มิชาเอล และอาซาริยาห์ว่า 12“โปรดลองให้ผู้รับใช้ของท่านกินแต่ผักและดื่มแต่น้ำสักสิบวัน 13แล้วเปรียบเทียบหน้าตาของพวกเรากับชายหนุ่มซึ่งรับประทานเครื่องเสวย จากนั้นเชิญท่านปฏิบัติต่อผู้รับใช้ตามที่ท่านเห็นควรเถิด” 14ผู้ดูแลก็ตกลงตามนี้และให้พวกเขาทดลองดูสิบวัน

15เมื่อครบสิบวันแล้ว ปรากฏว่าพวกเขาดูแข็งแรงและมีพลานามัยดีกว่าชายหนุ่มอื่นๆ ที่รับประทานเครื่องเสวย 16ฉะนั้นผู้ดูแลจึงงดให้เครื่องเสวยและเหล้าองุ่น แต่ให้เขาทั้งสี่รับประทานผัก

17พระเจ้าโปรดให้ชายหนุ่มทั้งสี่มีความรู้ความเข้าใจในวรรณกรรมและวิทยาการทุกอย่าง ตัวดาเนียลนั้นสามารถเข้าใจนิมิตและความฝันทุกประเภท

18เมื่อครบกำหนดที่กษัตริย์ทรงบัญชา หัวหน้ากรมวังนำชายหนุ่มทั้งปวงที่คัดเลือกไว้เข้าเฝ้ากษัตริย์เนบูคัดเนสซาร์ 19กษัตริย์ทรงสนทนากับพวกเขาและทรงพบว่าไม่มีชายหนุ่มคนใดเทียบเคียงดาเนียล ฮานันยาห์ มิชาเอล และอาซาริยาห์ได้ ทั้งสี่คนนี้จึงเข้ารับราชการอยู่ในราชสำนัก 20กษัตริย์ทรงซักถามพวกเขาทุกเรื่องในด้านสติปัญญาและความเข้าใจ และทรงพบว่าพวกเขาดีเด่นกว่าพวกนักเล่นอาคมและนักเวทมนตร์ทั่วราชอาณาจักรถึงสิบเท่า

21ดาเนียลรับราชการเรื่อยมาจวบจนปีที่หนึ่งแห่งรัชกาลกษัตริย์ไซรัส

Nouă Traducere În Limba Română

Daniel 1:1-21

Patru tineri iudei la Curtea Babilonului

1În al treilea an al domniei lui Iehoiachim1 Anul 605 î.Cr.; Daniel folosește pentru calcularea anilor de domnie sistemul babilonian, în care anii de domnie erau socotiți fără anul urcării pe tron. În Ier. 25:1 și 46:2 anii de domnie sunt calculați după sistemul iudaic, incluzând și anul urcării pe tron., regele lui Iuda, Nebucadnețar1 Nebucadnețar (Nabucodonosor, cf. LXX, Vulgata). [604–561 î.Cr.], împăratul Babilonului, a venit și a asediat Ierusalimul. 2Stăpânul2 Ebr.: Adonai, cu referire la Dumnezeu. l‑a dat în mâna lui pe Iehoiachim, regele lui Iuda, precum și o parte din obiectele Casei lui Dumnezeu. Nebucadnețar a dus obiectele în țara Șinar2 Babilonia., în templul dumnezeului2 Sau: dumnezeilor. său; le‑a dus în vistieria dumnezeului său.

3Împăratul Nebucadnețar i‑a poruncit lui Așpenaz, căpetenia demnitarilor săi, să‑i aducă pe unii din fiii lui Israel, de sămânță regală și de viță nobilă, 4niște tineri fără niciun fel de cusur fizic, plăcuți la înfățișare, pricepuți în orice ramură a științei, cu minte ageră și cu pricepere, în stare să slujească la palatul împăratului, pe care să‑i învețe scrierea și limba caldeenilor4 babilonienilor; [peste tot în carte].. 5Împăratul le‑a rânduit pentru fiecare zi o parte din hrana împărătească și din vinul pentru băutura lui, ca să‑i crească timp de trei ani, iar apoi, la sfârșitul acestor ani, tinerii să stea înaintea împăratului.

6Printre ei, dintre fiii lui Iuda erau Daniel, Hanania, Mișael și Azaria.6 Daniel înseamnă Dumnezeu este Judecătorul (meu), Hanania înseamnă Domnul a arătat har, Mișael înseamnă Cine este ceea ce este Dumnezeu?, iar Azaria înseamnă Domnul a ajutat. 7Căpetenia demnitarilor le‑a pus însă alte nume: Beltșațar lui Daniel, Șadrak lui Hanania, Meșak lui Mișael și Abed-Nego lui Azaria7 Beltșațar înseamnă, probabil, în limba babiloniană, Bel, păzește‑i viața! Șadrak înseamnă, probabil, porunca lui Aku (zeul sumerian al lunii). Meșak înseamnă, probabil, umbra lui Aku. Abed-Nego înseamnă slujitorul lui Nego/Nebo/Nabu..

8Daniel însă s‑a hotărât în inima lui să nu se întineze cu hrana împăratului și cu vinul pentru băutura lui8 Carnea și vinul erau mai întâi închinate idolilor. Mai mult, carnea putea proveni de la animale care nu erau curate din punct de vedere ceremonial și care nu fuseseră sacrificate și preparate conform legii israelite., și a rugat pe căpetenia demnitarilor să nu‑l oblige să se întineze. 9Dumnezeu a făcut ca Daniel să găsească îndurare și bunăvoință înaintea căpeteniei demnitarilor. 10Însă căpetenia demnitarilor i‑a zis lui Daniel: „Mă tem ca nu cumva stăpânul meu, împăratul, care a rânduit mâncarea și băutura voastră, să vadă fețele voastre mai posomorâte decât ale celorlalți tineri de vârsta voastră și să‑mi puneți capul în pericol înaintea împăratului.“

11Atunci Daniel i‑a zis îngrijitorului pe care căpetenia demnitarilor îl desemnase responsabil cu supravegherea sa, a lui Hanania, a lui Mișael și a lui Azaria: 12„Pune‑i pe robii tăi la încercare timp de zece zile: să ni se dea să mâncăm numai legume și să bem – doar apă. 13Apoi să te uiți la înfățișarea noastră și la înfățișarea tinerilor care mănâncă din hrana împăratului și să le faci robilor tăi potrivit cu ceea ce vei vedea.“ 14El i‑a ascultat în privința aceasta și i‑a pus la încercare timp de zece zile.

15La sfârșitul celor zece zile a văzut că la înfățișare arătau mai bine, iar la trup erau mai plini decât toți ceilalți tineri care mâncau din hrana împăratului. 16Și astfel, îngrijitorul lua hrana lor și vinul pentru băutura lor și le dădea legume.

17Acestor patru tineri Dumnezeu le‑a dat știință și pricepere în orice fel de scriere și înțelepciune. Daniel putea să înțeleagă orice fel de viziuni și vise.

18Când s‑a împlinit vremea rânduită de împărat ca toți tinerii să fie aduși la el, căpetenia demnitarilor i‑a adus înaintea lui Nebucadnețar, 19și împăratul a vorbit cu ei. Dar între toți aceștia nu s‑a găsit niciunul ca Daniel, Hanania, Mișael și Azaria, astfel că ei au rămas în slujba împăratului. 20În orice problemă pentru care era nevoie de înțelepciune și pricepere și despre care îi întreba împăratul, el îi găsea de zece ori mai destoinici decât toți magicienii20 Vezi nota de la Gen. 41:8. și descântătorii din întreaga lui împărăție.

21Așa a dus‑o Daniel până în anul întâi al împăratului Cirus.21 Este vorba despre domnia lui Cirus II cel Mare (559–530 î.Cr.) peste Babilon; anul 539 î.Cr.