Swedish Contemporary Bible

Ezekiel 1

Syner, symbolhandlingar, budskap om dom och straff

(1:1—24:27)

Synen med de fyra varelserna och Herrens härlighet

1I det trettionde året,[a] på femte dagen i fjärde månaden, när jag var bland de bortförda vid floden Kevar, öppnades himlen, och jag fick se syner från Gud.

2Den femte dagen i månaden, under femte året av kung Jojakins fångenskap, 3kom Herrens ord till prästen Hesekiel, Busis son, i kaldéernas land, vid floden Kevar. Där rörde Herrens hand vid honom.

4Jag såg en stormvind komma från norr, ett enormt moln med flammande eld, omgivet av ett ljussken. I dess innersta, mitt i elden, glänste det som av glödande metall[b]. 5Där inne syntes något som liknade fyra varelser. De såg ut som människor, 6men var och en av dem hade fyra ansikten och fyra vingar. 7Deras ben var raka, men fötterna liknade en kalvs klövar och glänste som polerad koppar. 8Under vingarna hade de människohänder på alla fyra sidorna[c]. Alla fyra hade ansikten och vingar.

9Deras vingar vidrörde varandra, och de rörde sig rakt fram utan att vända sig om. 10Deras ansikten liknade en människas ansikte, och alla fyra hade ett lejonansikte på högra sidan, alla fyra hade ett tjuransikte på vänstra sidan, och alla fyra hade ett örnansikte. 11Sådana var deras ansikten. Deras vingar var utbredda upptill. Var och en hade två vingar som de vidrörde varandra med, och två som täckte deras kropp. 12Var och en av dem gick rakt fram. De gick dit anden[d] gick, och de gick utan att vända sig. 13Varelsernas gestalter liknade glödande koleld och brinnande facklor.[e] Elden rörde sig fram och tillbaka mellan varelserna, och blixtar sköt fram ur den. 14De rörde sig fram och tillbaka, snabbt som blixten.

15Jag såg på de fyra varelserna och lade märke till ett hjul på marken bredvid var och en av dem. 16Hjulen såg ut och var konstruerade så att de gnistrade som krysolit. Alla fyra var likadana och tycktes vara gjorda så att varje hjul var inneslutet i ett annat hjul. 17De kunde gå i alla fyra riktningarna utan att vända sig. 18Hjulringarna var höga och fruktansvärda, alla fyra försedda med ögon runtom.

19När varelserna rörde sig, rörde sig hjulen tillsammans med dem. När varelserna lyfte över jorden, lyfte också hjulen. 20De gick dit anden gick, och hjulen lyfte tillsammans med dem, för deras ande var i hjulen. 21När varelserna rörde sig, rörde sig även hjulen, när varelserna stannade, stannade även hjulen, och när varelserna lyfte över jorden, lyfte hjulen tillsammans med dem, eftersom varelsernas ande var i hjulen.

22Över varelsernas huvuden var något som liknade ett himlavalv, fruktansvärt glänsande som iskristaller, utbrett över deras huvuden. 23Under valvet var deras vingar utsträckta mot varandra, och med två vingar täckte de var och en sin kropp. 24Jag hörde bruset från deras vingar, när de rörde sig, som dånet av stora vatten, som den Väldiges röst, som larmet från en armé. När de stannade sänkte de vingarna. 25En röst hördes från himlavalvet över dem när de stannade med sänkta vingar.

26Däruppe ovanför valvet över dem stod något som liknade en tron gjord av safirsten, och på det som liknade en tron satt någon som såg ut som en människa. 27Jag såg att det som tycktes vara hans höfter och uppåt var som glödande metall, som omgivet av eld. Neråt från det som tycktes vara hans höfter såg jag något som liknade eld, omgivet av ett ljussken. 28Ljusskenet som syntes runt omkring honom var som en båge i skyn en regnig dag.

Så såg det ut, det som liknade Herrens härlighet. När jag såg den, föll jag ner med ansiktet mot marken. Då hörde jag rösten av någon som talade.

Notas al pie

  1. 1:1 Det är omdiskuterat varifrån dessa trettio år ska räknas, från Jojakins exil eller från profetens födelse. Det senare verkar dock troligt; Hesekiel var präst, och prästerna började sin tjänstgöring vid trettioårsåldern. Han fick sin profetkallelse i juli 593 f.Kr., och av allt att döma är det detta år som avses.
  2. 1:4 Det hebreiska ordets, som här översätts med glödande metall, betydelse är osäker. Andra tolkningar: vitt guld, ädelsten.
  3. 1:8 Eller …åt fyra håll.
  4. 1:12 Kan också syfta på Guds Ande, men i ljuset av v. 20, där varelsernas ande klart står omtalad är det troligare att det även här är frågan om deras ande. I Hesekiels bok står Anden/ande(n) ofta omtalad, och i många fall är det svårt att se om ordet syftar på Guds Ande eller någon annans; samma hebreiska ord används också om vind.
  5. 1:13 Eller: Mellan varelserna var något som liknade…. Grundtexten är svårtolkad.

Amplified Bible

Ezekiel 1

The Vision of Four Figures

1Now it came about [when I was] in my [a]thirtieth year [of life], on the fifth day of the fourth month, while I was among the exiles beside the River Chebar [in Babylonia], the heavens were opened and I saw visions of God. (On the fifth of the month, which was in the fifth year of [b]King Jehoiachin’s captivity, the word of the Lord came expressly to Ezekiel the priest, the son of Buzi, in the land of the [c]Chaldeans by the River [d]Chebar; and the hand of the Lord came upon him there.)

As I looked, I saw a stormy wind coming out of the north, a great cloud with fire flashing continually from it; and a brightness was around it, and in its core [there was] something like glowing [amber-colored] metal in the midst of the fire. Within it there were figures resembling [e]four living beings. And this was their appearance: they had human form. Each one had four faces and four wings. Their legs were straight and the soles of their feet were like a calf’s hoof, and they sparkled and gleamed like shiny bronze. Under their wings on their four sides they had human hands. As for the faces and wings of the four of them, their wings touched one another; their faces did not turn when they moved, each went straight forward. 10 Regarding the [f]form and appearance of their faces: they [each] had the face of a man [in front], and each had the face of a lion on the right side, and the face of an ox on the left side; all four also had the face of an eagle [at the back of their heads]. 11 Such were their faces. Their wings were stretched out upward; two [wings] of each one were touching another [the wings of the beings on either side of it], and [the remaining] two [wings of each being] were covering their bodies. 12 And each went straight forward; wherever the spirit was about to go, they would go, without turning as they went. 13 Among the living beings there was something that looked like burning coals of fire, like torches moving back and forth among the living beings. The fire was bright, and lightning was flashing from the fire. 14 And the living beings moved rapidly back and forth like flashes of lightning.

15 Now as I looked at the living beings, I saw one wheel on the ground beside the living beings, for each of the four of them. 16 Regarding the appearance of the wheels and their construction: they gleamed like chrysolite (beryl, olivine); and the four were made alike. Their appearance and construction were a wheel [set at a right angle] within a wheel. 17 Whenever they moved, they went in any [one] of their four directions without turning as they moved. 18 Regarding their rims: they were so high that they were awesome and dreadful, and the rims of all four of them were full of eyes all around. 19 Whenever the living beings moved, the wheels moved with them; and when the living beings rose from the earth, the wheels rose also. 20 Wherever the spirit went, the beings went in that direction. And the wheels rose along with them; for the spirit or life of the living beings was in the wheels. 21 Whenever those went, these went; and whenever those came to a stop, these came to a stop; and whenever those rose from the earth, the wheels rose close beside them, for the spirit of the living beings was in the wheels.

Vision of Divine Glory

22 Now stretched over the heads of the living beings there was something like an expanse, looking like the terrible and awesome shimmer of icy crystal. 23 Under the expanse their wings were stretched out straight, one toward another. Every living being had two wings which covered its body on one side and on the other side. 24 As they moved, I also heard the sound of their wings like the sound of great [rushing] waters, like the voice of [g]the Almighty, the sound of tumult like the noise of an army camp. Whenever they came to a stop, they lowered their wings. 25 And there was a voice above the expanse that was over their heads; whenever they stopped, they lowered their wings.

26 Now above the expanse that was over their heads there was something resembling a throne, it appeared like [it was made of] sapphire or lapis lazuli; and [seated] on that which looked like a throne, high up, was a figure with the appearance of a man. 27 Now upward, from that which appeared to be His waist, I saw something like glowing metal that looked like it was filled with fire all around it; and downward, from that which appeared to be His waist, I saw something like fire; and there was a brightness and a remarkable radiance [like a halo] around Him. 28 As the appearance of the rainbow in the clouds on a rainy day, so was the appearance of the surrounding radiance. This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory and brilliance of the Lord. And when I saw it, I fell face downward and I heard a voice of One speaking.

Notas al pie

  1. Ezekiel 1:1 If he had not been in exile in Babylonia Ezekiel would have formally begun his service to God as a Levitical priest at the age of thirty. Instead God anointed him to serve as a prophet.
  2. Ezekiel 1:2 Jehoiachin the king of Judah was taken captive when Nebuchadnezzar and his army invaded Jerusalem. Nebuchadnezzar II of the Chaldean Dynasty, more commonly known as Nebuchadnezzar the Great, ruled Babylon from 605-562 b.c. He conquered Jerusalem in 597 b.c.
  3. Ezekiel 1:3 The Chaldeans dominated and ruled Babylonia from 625 b.c., until their empire fell in 539 b.c., but they were known as early as 1000 b.c. as an aggressive, tribal people in the southern region of Babylonia. They were highly skilled in both the science of astronomy and the pseudo-science of astrology. They kept meticulous records of celestial motion and correctly calculated the length of a year to within just a few minutes. Babylon, their capital city, was the center of trade and learning in the western part of Asia. The classical literature of the Chaldeans was written in cuneiform, but the common language, both written and spoken in Babylon, was Akkadian increasingly influenced by Aramaic.
  4. Ezekiel 1:3 A canal off the Euphrates, south of Babylon.
  5. Ezekiel 1:5 These four angelic beings are identified as cherubim in ch 10. In Scripture, the cherubim seem to be related to the affirmation of God’s perfection and holiness standing in stark contrast to the debased character of godless mankind. They are extremely intelligent, powerful, expeditious servants of God.
  6. Ezekiel 1:10 Various interpretations have been ascribed to the symbolism of the four heavenly beings. The four faces may be regarded as symbolic of “the four portraits of Jesus” as given in the four Gospels (king, servant, man, and God). Another proposes that they represent the four qualities of the angels (intelligent, strong, servile, and swift). Another interpretation identifies them with the four Gospels, and another with the four corners of the earth, implying that the angels serve God throughout the earth. In ch 10 these beings are identified as cherubim.
  7. Ezekiel 1:24 Heb Shaddai.