O Livro

Hebreus 11

Grandes exemplos de fé

1A fé é a firme certeza das coisas que se esperam; é a evidência daquilo que ainda não vemos. Foi porque tiveram essa fé que grandes homens de Deus receberam o testemunho da aprovação de Deus.

É a fé que nos dá a entender que o mundo inteiro foi criado pela palavra de Deus; quer dizer que o que existe foi criado a partir do que se não vê!

Foi a fé que inspirou Abel a fazer a Deus um sacrifício mais agradável do que o de Caim. Aceitando a sua oferta Deus mostrou a Abel que era perdoado. Ainda que já esteja morto, Abel continua a dar­nos uma lição.

Pela fé Enoque foi levado para o céu sem experimentar a morte; um dia deixaram de o ver porque Deus o tinha levado. Isto foi assim porque antes lhe foi mostrado que agradou a Deus. Ora, sem fé é impossível agradar a Deus. É necessário que quem se aproximar dele creia que ele existe e que recompensa os que sinceramente o buscam.

Pela fé Noé creu quando Deus o avisou de coisas que ainda estavam para acontecer, e consciente da sua gravidade, começou a construir a arca na qual salvou a sua família. Esse acto de fé foi como a condenação dos que não quiseram aceitar aquele aviso. E assim Noé obteve o direito de ser justificado pela fé.

Pela fé Abraão obedeceu quando Deus o chamou, e partiu para uma terra que lhe prometia dar, como uma herança. E foi, sem mesmo saber para onde ia. Sempre em resultado da sua fé, ele aceitou habitar nessa outra terra como um estrangeiro, vivendo em tendas, tal como Isaque e Jacob, aos quais Deus fez também a mesma promessa. 10 É que Abraão esperava aquela cidade solidamente estabelecida, cujo arquitecto e construtor é Deus mesmo.

11 Pela fé Sara, mulher de Abraão, pôde ter um filho, apesar da sua idade avançada, pois teve por digno de fé aquele que lho havia prometido. 12 E foi assim que uma nação inteira veio de Abraão, já velho de mais para ter filhos. E o facto é que dele descenderam tantos milhões quantas as estrelas do firmamento, ou os grãos de areia à beira mar!

13 Todas estas pessoas viveram na fé e morreram sem terem visto o cumprimento das promessas; mas foi como se as vissem de longe, e crendo nelas, aceitaram­nas. Eles reconheciam que aqui na Terra eram estrangeiros, vivendo de passagem. 14 E os que reconhecem isso mostram claramente que buscam a sua verdadeira pátria. 15 Se tivessem querido, teriam podido voltar à terra donde tinham saído. Mas não. 16 É que eles tinham em vista uma muito melhor, um país celestial. Por isso Deus não se envergonha de ser considerado o seu Deus, porque lhes preparou uma cidade.

17 Pela fé Abraão ofereceu em sacrifício o seu filho Isaque, quando Deus quis experimentá­lo. É verdade! Ele ofereceu a vida de seu único filho, que era o cumprimento da promessa de Deus. 18 De facto Deus lhe tinha dito que seria através de Isaque que viria toda a sua descendência. 19 Mas Abraão sabia que Deus era poderoso até para o fazer ressuscitar! E no fundo foi isso que aconteceu: foi como se ressuscitasse.

20 Pela fé Isaque abençoou Jacob e Esaú, garantindo­lhes coisas que diziam ainda só respeito ao futuro. 21 Pela fé Jacob, já próximo a morrer, abençoou cada um dos filhos de José, e, apoiado ao seu bordão, adorou Deus.

22 Pela fé José, igualmente no fim da vida, falou da saída do povo de Israel do Egipto, dando ordens sobre os seus restos mortais.

23 Pela fé os pais de Moisés esconderam­no durante três meses, depois de nascer. Viram que era uma criança formosa e não temeram a ordem do rei.

24 Pela fé o mesmo Moisés, já homem feito, renunciou ao título de filho da filha do faraó, 25 escolhendo antes ser maltratado com o povo de Deus do que, por um tempo limitado, gozar de uma vivência onde reinava o pecado. 26 Preferiu sofrer o desprezo, por amor a Cristo, achando que isso era um bem superior às riquezas do Egipto. É porque ele tinha em vista a recompensa. 27 Pela fé deixou o Egipto sem temer a ira do rei, mantendo­se firme, como vendo aquele que é invisível. 28 Pela fé celebrou a Páscoa e mandou aspergir o sangue do animal para que, quando viesse o anjo destruidor matar os filhos mais velhos, fossem poupados os das famílias de Israel.

29 Pela fé atravessaram os israelitas o Mar Vermelho como se fosse terra seca. E quando os egípcios tentaram fazer o mesmo, morreram afogados.

30 Pela fé cairam as muralhas de Jericó, depois de o povo de Israel ter marchado à volta deles por sete dias.

31 Pela fé Raabe, que tinha sido uma mulher de má vida, recebeu em paz os israelitas enviados para espiar a cidade, e não morreu com os que não acreditavam no Senhor.

32 De quem hei­de eu falar mais? Faltar­me­ia o tempo se quisesse ainda falar de Gedeão, de Baraque, de Sansão, de Jefté, de David, de Samuel, dos profetas; 33 pessoas que pela fé conquistaram nações, praticaram a justiça, obtiveram a realização das promessas, fecharam a boca de leões, 34 anularam a força do fogo, escaparam de morrer à espada, da fraqueza tiraram forças, foram valentes nas batalhas, fizeram recuar exércitos de estrangeiros. 35 E houve mulheres que receberam os seus entes queridos ressuscitados. Outros foram torturados, preferindo morrer a ficarem livres, porque esperavam que pela ressurreição alcançariam uma vida melhor. 36 Outros foram ridicularizados, açoitados, acorrentados em prisões. 37/38 Até morreram apedrejados; serrados ao meio; outros foram tentados a renegar a sua fé, acabando por serem mortos à espada. Houve os que andaram vagueando pelos desertos e pelas montanhas, vestidos de peles de ovelhas e de cabras, escondendo­se em covas e em cavernas, sem amparo, perseguidos e maltratados — o mundo não era digno deles.

39 Todos estes, embora tendo tido a prova de que Deus tinha satisfação neles, não receberam o que ele lhes tinha prometido. 40 Porque Deus tinha reservado para nós coisas melhores, e queria que eles viessem também a participar delas juntamente connosco.

New Living Translation

Hebrews 11

Great Examples of Faith

1Faith shows the reality of what we hope for; it is the evidence of things we cannot see. Through their faith, the people in days of old earned a good reputation.

By faith we understand that the entire universe was formed at God’s command, that what we now see did not come from anything that can be seen.

It was by faith that Abel brought a more acceptable offering to God than Cain did. Abel’s offering gave evidence that he was a righteous man, and God showed his approval of his gifts. Although Abel is long dead, he still speaks to us by his example of faith.

It was by faith that Enoch was taken up to heaven without dying—“he disappeared, because God took him.”[a] For before he was taken up, he was known as a person who pleased God. And it is impossible to please God without faith. Anyone who wants to come to him must believe that God exists and that he rewards those who sincerely seek him.

It was by faith that Noah built a large boat to save his family from the flood. He obeyed God, who warned him about things that had never happened before. By his faith Noah condemned the rest of the world, and he received the righteousness that comes by faith.

It was by faith that Abraham obeyed when God called him to leave home and go to another land that God would give him as his inheritance. He went without knowing where he was going. And even when he reached the land God promised him, he lived there by faith—for he was like a foreigner, living in tents. And so did Isaac and Jacob, who inherited the same promise. 10 Abraham was confidently looking forward to a city with eternal foundations, a city designed and built by God.

11 It was by faith that even Sarah was able to have a child, though she was barren and was too old. She believed[b] that God would keep his promise. 12 And so a whole nation came from this one man who was as good as dead—a nation with so many people that, like the stars in the sky and the sand on the seashore, there is no way to count them.

13 All these people died still believing what God had promised them. They did not receive what was promised, but they saw it all from a distance and welcomed it. They agreed that they were foreigners and nomads here on earth. 14 Obviously people who say such things are looking forward to a country they can call their own. 15 If they had longed for the country they came from, they could have gone back. 16 But they were looking for a better place, a heavenly homeland. That is why God is not ashamed to be called their God, for he has prepared a city for them.

17 It was by faith that Abraham offered Isaac as a sacrifice when God was testing him. Abraham, who had received God’s promises, was ready to sacrifice his only son, Isaac, 18 even though God had told him, “Isaac is the son through whom your descendants will be counted.”[c] 19 Abraham reasoned that if Isaac died, God was able to bring him back to life again. And in a sense, Abraham did receive his son back from the dead.

20 It was by faith that Isaac promised blessings for the future to his sons, Jacob and Esau.

21 It was by faith that Jacob, when he was old and dying, blessed each of Joseph’s sons and bowed in worship as he leaned on his staff.

22 It was by faith that Joseph, when he was about to die, said confidently that the people of Israel would leave Egypt. He even commanded them to take his bones with them when they left.

23 It was by faith that Moses’ parents hid him for three months when he was born. They saw that God had given them an unusual child, and they were not afraid to disobey the king’s command.

24 It was by faith that Moses, when he grew up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter. 25 He chose to share the oppression of God’s people instead of enjoying the fleeting pleasures of sin. 26 He thought it was better to suffer for the sake of Christ than to own the treasures of Egypt, for he was looking ahead to his great reward. 27 It was by faith that Moses left the land of Egypt, not fearing the king’s anger. He kept right on going because he kept his eyes on the one who is invisible. 28 It was by faith that Moses commanded the people of Israel to keep the Passover and to sprinkle blood on the doorposts so that the angel of death would not kill their firstborn sons.

29 It was by faith that the people of Israel went right through the Red Sea as though they were on dry ground. But when the Egyptians tried to follow, they were all drowned.

30 It was by faith that the people of Israel marched around Jericho for seven days, and the walls came crashing down.

31 It was by faith that Rahab the prostitute was not destroyed with the people in her city who refused to obey God. For she had given a friendly welcome to the spies.

32 How much more do I need to say? It would take too long to recount the stories of the faith of Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, David, Samuel, and all the prophets. 33 By faith these people overthrew kingdoms, ruled with justice, and received what God had promised them. They shut the mouths of lions, 34 quenched the flames of fire, and escaped death by the edge of the sword. Their weakness was turned to strength. They became strong in battle and put whole armies to flight. 35 Women received their loved ones back again from death.

But others were tortured, refusing to turn from God in order to be set free. They placed their hope in a better life after the resurrection. 36 Some were jeered at, and their backs were cut open with whips. Others were chained in prisons. 37 Some died by stoning, some were sawed in half,[d] and others were killed with the sword. Some went about wearing skins of sheep and goats, destitute and oppressed and mistreated. 38 They were too good for this world, wandering over deserts and mountains, hiding in caves and holes in the ground.

39 All these people earned a good reputation because of their faith, yet none of them received all that God had promised. 40 For God had something better in mind for us, so that they would not reach perfection without us.

  1. 11:5 Gen 5:24.
  2. 11:11 Or It was by faith that he [Abraham] was able to have a child, even though Sarah was barren and he was too old. He believed.
  3. 11:18 Gen 21:12.
  4. 11:37 Some manuscripts add some were tested.