O Livro

Atos 23

1Fitando o tribunal, Paulo começou por dizer: “Irmãos, tenho sempre vivido diante de Deus com a consciência limpa!”

2/3 Logo Ananias, o supremo sacerdote, mandou aos que se encontravam junto de Paulo que lhe batessem na boca. Paulo disse­lhe então: “Deus o castigará a si, hipócrita! Que espécie de juiz é o senhor, que viola a lei ordenando que me batam?”

Os que estavam perto de Paulo disseram­lhe: “É assim que falas ao supremo sacerdote de Deus?”

“Não sabia que era o supremo sacerdote, irmãos”, respondeu Paulo, “pois as Escrituras dizem: ‘Nunca fales mal do chefe do teu povo’.”

Entretanto Paulo, sabendo que o conselho era formado em parte por saduceus e em parte por fariseus, disse bem alto: “Irmãos, sou fariseu, como o foram todos os meus antepassados, e se hoje estou aqui a ser julgado, é porque acredito na ressurreição dos mortos!”

7/8 Isto imediatamente dividiu o tribunal, fariseus contra saduceus, pois estes últimos dizem que não há ressurreição, nem anjos, nem espírito, mas os fariseus acreditam em todas estas coisas.

Houve pois grande balbúrdia, e alguns dos mestres da lei religiosa aproveitaram a ocasião para afirmar que Paulo não era culpado: “Nada vemos de mal nele”, gritavam. “Pode muito bem ser que um espírito ou um anjo lhe tenha falado.” 10 A gritaria era cada vez maior; o tumulto aumentava de tal forma que o comandante, receoso de que o despedaçassem, ordenou aos soldados que o tirassem dali pela força e o levassem novamente para a fortaleza.

11 Naquela noite, o Senhor apareceu junto de Paulo e disse­lhe: “Nada receies, Paulo; assim como me anunciaste ao povo aqui em Jerusalém, fá­lo­ás também em Roma”.

O plano para matar Paulo

12/13 Na manhã seguinte, uns quarenta ou mais judeus juntaram­se e fizeram um juramento de não comer nem beber até que tivessem morto Paulo. 14 Seguidamente, foram ter com os principais dos sacerdotes e com os anciãos do povo, dizendo­lhes o que tinham feito. “Fizemos um juramento de não comer nem beber até termos morto Paulo. 15 Peçam ao comandante que torne a trazer Paulo ao conselho”, rogaram. “Façam de contas que querem fazer­lhe mais algumas perguntas e matá­lo­emos no caminho.”

16/17 Mas o sobrinho de Paulo teve conhecimento deste plano e foi à fortaleza revelá­lo ao tio. Paulo, chamando um dos oficiais, disse: “Leve este rapaz ao comandante porque tem uma coisa importante a revelar­lhe”.

18 O oficial assim fez, explicando: “Paulo, o prisioneiro, chamou­me e pediu­me para trazer aqui este jovem, que tem qualquer coisa a revelar”. 19 O comandante pegou no rapaz pela mão e, levando­o à parte, perguntou­lhe: “Que me queres dizer?”

20/21 O sobrinho de Paulo disse­lhe: “Amanhã os judeus vão pedir que Paulo compareça novamente perante o tribunal com o pretexto de obterem mais algumas informações. Mas não o faça! Há mais de quarenta homens de emboscada no caminho prontos a matarem­no. Juraram não comer nem beber sem o liquidarem primeiro. Já lá estão, esperando que o seu pedido seja atendido.”

22 “Que ninguém saiba que me contaste isto”, avisou o comandante, mandando embora o rapaz.

Paulo é levado para Cesareia

23 Seguidamente, chamou dois dos seus oficiais e ordenou: “Destaquem duzentos soldados para que estejam prontos para partir para Cesareia às nove horas desta noite! Levem duzentos lanceiros e setenta homens de cavalaria. 24 Dêem uma montada a Paulo e conduzam­no em segurança ao governador Félix.” 25 Escreveu também esta carta ao governador:

26/30     “Cláudio Lisias,
        para Sua Excelência o Governador Félix:

Saudações!

Este homem foi detido pelos judeus. Estavam a ponto de o matar quando enviei soldados para o livrar, pois soube que era cidadão romano. Depois, levei­o perante o conselho dos judeus para procurar saber o que fizera. Descobri que se tratava de qualquer coisa respeitante às crenças judaicas, sem dúvida nada que merecesse prisão ou morte. Mas, quando fui informado duma conspiração para o matar, resolvi mandá­lo à vossa presença, e os acusadores que vos apresentem a sua queixa.”

31/32 Naquela noite, de acordo com as ordens dadas, os soldados levaram Paulo para Antipatris. Na manhã seguinte a guarda que ia a pé regressou à fortaleza, deixando­o com a cavalaria, que o escoltou no resto do caminho até Cesareia. 33/34 Quando chegaram a Cesareia, apresentaram Paulo e a carta ao governador que, depois de a ler, perguntou a Paulo de onde era. “Da Cilícia”, respondeu.

35 “Quando os seus acusadores chegarem, estudarei o caso a fundo”, disse­lhe o governador, mandando que o metessem na prisão no palácio do rei Herodes.

Amplified Bible

Acts 23

Paul before the Council

1Then Paul, looking intently at the Council (Sanhedrin, Jewish High Court), said, “Kinsmen, I have lived my life before God with a perfectly good conscience until this very day.” [At this] the high priest [a]Ananias ordered those who stood beside him to strike Paul on the mouth. Then Paul said to him, “God is going to strike you, you [b]whitewashed wall! Do you actually sit to judge me according to the Law, and yet in violation of the Law order me to be struck?” But those who stood near Paul said, “Are you insulting the high priest of God?” Paul said, “I was not aware, brothers, that he was [c]high priest; for it is written, ‘You shall not speak evil of a ruler of your people.’”

But recognizing that one group were Sadducees and the other Pharisees, Paul began affirming loudly in the Council chamber, “Kinsmen, I am a Pharisee, a son of Pharisees; I am on trial for the hope and resurrection of the dead!” When he said this, an angry dispute erupted between the Pharisees and the Sadducees, and the [whole crowded] assembly was divided [into two factions]. For the Sadducees say that there is no [such thing as a] resurrection, nor an angel, nor a spirit, but the Pharisees [speak out freely and] acknowledge [their belief in] them all. Then a great uproar occurred, and some of the scribes of the Pharisees’ party stood up and began to argue heatedly [in Paul’s favor], saying, “We find nothing wrong with this man; suppose a spirit or an angel has [really] spoken to him?” 10 And as the dissension became even greater, the commander, fearing that Paul would be torn to pieces by them, ordered the troops to go down and forcibly take him from them, and bring him to the barracks.

11 On the following night the Lord stood near Paul and said, “Be brave; for as you have solemnly and faithfully witnessed about Me at Jerusalem, so you must also testify at Rome.”

A Conspiracy to Kill Paul

12 Now when day came, the Jews formed a conspiracy and bound themselves under an oath (curse), saying that they would not eat or drink until they had killed Paul. 13 There were more than forty [men] who formed this plot [and swore this oath]. 14 They went to the chief priests and elders and said, “We have bound ourselves under a solemn oath not to taste anything [neither food nor drink] until we have killed Paul. 15 So now you, along with the Council (Sanhedrin, Jewish High Court), notify the commander to bring Paul down to you, as if you were going to investigate his case more thoroughly. But we are ready to kill him before he comes near [the place].”

16 But the son of Paul’s sister heard of their [planned] ambush, and he went to the barracks and told Paul. 17 Then Paul, calling in one of the centurions, said, “Take this young man to the commander, for he has something to tell him.” 18 So he took him and led him to the commander and said, “Paul the prisoner called for me and asked me to bring this young man to you, because he has something to tell you.” 19 The commander took him by the hand and stepping aside, began to ask him privately, “What is it that you have to tell me?” 20 And he said, “The Jews have agreed to ask you to bring Paul down to the Council (Sanhedrin, Jewish High Court) tomorrow, as if they were going to interrogate him more thoroughly. 21 But do not listen to them, for more than forty of them are lying in wait for him, and they have bound themselves with an oath not to eat or drink until they have killed him. Even now they are ready, just waiting for your promise.” 22 So the commander let the young man leave, instructing him, “Do not tell anyone that you have given me this information.”

Paul Moved to Caesarea Maritima

23 Then summoning two of the centurions, he said, “Have two hundred soldiers ready by the third hour of the night (9:00 p.m.) to go as far as [d]Caesarea, with seventy horsemen and two hundred [e]spearmen; 24 also provide mounts for Paul to ride, and bring him safely to [f]Felix the governor.” 25 And [after instructing the centurions] he wrote a letter to this effect:

26 

“Claudius Lysias, to the most excellent governor Felix, greetings.

27 

This man was seized [as a prisoner] by the Jews and was about to be killed by them, when I came upon him with the troops and rescued him, having learned that he was a Roman citizen. 28 And wanting to know the exact charge which they were making against him, I brought him down to their Council (Sanhedrin, Jewish High Court); 29 and I discovered that he was accused in regard to questions and issues in their Law, but [he was] under no accusation that would call for the penalty of death or [even] for imprisonment.

30 

When I was told that there would be a plot against the man, I sent him to you immediately, also directing his accusers to bring their charges against him before you.”

31 So the soldiers, in compliance with their orders, took Paul and brought him to Antipatris during the night. 32 And the next day, leaving the horsemen to go on with him, they returned to the barracks. 33 When these [horsemen] reached Caesarea, they delivered the letter to the governor, and also presented Paul to him. 34 After reading the letter, he asked which province Paul was from, and when he learned that he was from Cilicia [an imperial province], 35 he said, “I will hear your case when your accusers have arrived,” giving orders that Paul be kept under guard in Herod’s Praetorium (the governor’s official residence).

Notas al pie

  1. Acts 23:2 Ananias served as high priest from a.d. 47-59. He was a violent man who had close ties to Rome and was assassinated by his own people about a.d. 66.
  2. Acts 23:3 Paul probably is referring to the outside wall of a tomb, which was considered ritually unclean and polluted. Tombs were usually whitewashed on the outside so that passers-by could see them more clearly and avoid contact with them.
  3. Acts 23:5 Under Roman domination, high priests did not serve for life but were replaced from time to time. Paul had not been updated on the current status of the office.
  4. Acts 23:23 Caesarea Maritima (Caesarea-on-the-Sea) was a coastal city built by Herod the Great. It was an important city, both politically and militarily, and its harbor was the largest on the eastern Mediterranean coast. It was the capital of Judea, and the official residence of the prefects and procurators (governors) appointed by Rome. Both Pontius Pilate (prefect, a.d. 26-36) and Marcus Antonius Felix (procurator, a.d. 52-60) would have been based here during their respective terms of office.
  5. Acts 23:23 Or slingers or bowmen.
  6. Acts 23:24 Marcus Antonius Felix was appointed by Emperor Claudius and served as procurator (governor) of Judea from a.d. 52-60.