O Livro

1 Crónicas 12:1-40

O exército de David

1São os seguintes os nomes dos valentes guerreiros que se juntaram a David, em Ziclague, no tempo em que tinha de andar escondido por causa de Saul. 2Todos eles eram exímios atiradores de arco e de funda, tanto com a mão direita como com a esquerda. À semelhança do próprio rei Saul, eram todos da tribo de Benjamim.

3Aiezer era o seu chefe; era filho de Semaá, de Gibeá. Os outros eram: Joás, seu irmão;

Jeziel e Pelete, filhos de Azmavete;

Beraca; Jeú de Anatote; 4Ismaías de Gibeão, um valente guerreiro, tanto ou mais até do que os trinta;

Jeremias; Jaaziel; Joanã; Jozabade de Gedera; 5Eluzai; Jerimote; Bealias; Semarias; Sefatias, de Harufe;

6Elcana, Issias, Azarel, Joezer e Jasobeão, todos coraítas;

7Joela e Zebadias, filhos de Jeroão de Gedor.

8Grandes e valentes guerreiros, da tribo de Gad, foram também juntar-se a David no deserto, à fortaleza onde se encontrava. Eram muito hábeis tanto de escudo como de lança; dizia-se deles que tinham rostos de leões e eram tão ligeiros como gazelas sobre os montes.

9Ezer era o seu chefe;

Obadias, o segundo no comando; Eliabe, o terceiro; e assim, por ordem de graduação:

10Mismana, Jeremias,

11Atai, Eliel,

12Joanã, Elzabade,

13Jeremias, Macbanai.

14Estes homens eram oficiais do exército. O mais fraco valia por cem soldados vulgares e o mais forte valia por mil! 15Atravessaram o rio Jordão, na época em que está mais cheio, e conquistaram toda a terra das margens, tanto de um lado como do outro.

16Também vieram a David homens de Benjamim e Judá. 17David saiu ao seu encontro e disse-lhes: “Se vieram para me ajudar, seremos amigos; mas se vieram para me entregar aos meus inimigos, sendo eu inocente, então que o Deus dos nossos pais o veja e intervenha como juiz.”

18Ao responderem, o Espírito de Deus veio sobre eles e Amasai, o chefe dos trinta, disse:

“Somos teus, David;

Estamos do teu lado, filho de Jessé.

Paz seja contigo, e com todos os que te ajudam!

Deus está do teu lado.”

Então David deixou que se juntassem e fez deles capitães do seu exército.

19Alguns homens de Manassés desertaram do exército de Israel e vieram juntar-se a David, na altura em que David se dirigia, juntamente com os filisteus, à luta contra Saul. Mas os generais filisteus recusaram deixar que David e os seus homens saíssem com eles à guerra. Depois de muita discussão, resolveram mandá-los embora, pois tinham receio que David, com a sua gente, pusessem em risco as suas forças, desertando para o lado de Saul.

20Eis a lista dos homens de Manassés que passaram para o lado de David, quando este se dirigia a Ziclague: Adna, Jozabade, Jediael, Micael, Jozabade, Eliú, Ziletai. Cada um deles ocupava um lugar de destaque na hierarquia militar de Manassés. 21Eram bravos e hábeis combatentes e apoiaram David no combate contra as incursões que sofriam em Ziclague. 22Cada dia aumentava o número dos que se juntavam a David, de tal maneira que se formou um tremendo exército; era como um exército de Deus.

Os que vieram a David em Hebrom

23Eis o registo dos que vieram a David em Hebrom. Todos estavam ansiosos por ver David tornar-se rei em lugar de Saul, tal como o Senhor dissera que haveria de acontecer.

24De Judá, 6800 homens armados com escudo e com lança.

25Da tribo de Simeão, 7100 notáveis soldados.

26-28Dos levitas, 4600.

Dos sacerdotes descendentes de Aarão havia 3700 tropas sob o comando de Zadoque, um jovem de invulgar coragem, e Jeoiada. Tanto ele como 22 membros da sua família eram oficiais de entre os sacerdotes combatentes.

29Da tribo de Benjamim, a mesma tribo de Saul, vieram 3000. A maior parte dos membros dessa tribo manteve-se fiel a Saul.

30Da tribo de Efraim, 20 800 valentes guerreiros, cada um deles famoso no respetivo clã.

31Da meia tribo de Manassés, 18 000 foram mandados com o objetivo de ajudar David a tornar-se rei.

32Da tribo de Issacar houve 200 líderes, com os seus parentes, todos homens que compreendiam o sentido dos tempos e a direção que Israel deveria tomar.

33Da tribo de Zebulão houve 50 000 homens de guerra bem treinados e armados, totalmente fiéis a David.

34De Naftali houve 1000 oficiais e 37 000 soldados, equipados com escudos e lanças.

35Da tribo de Dan houve 28 600 soldados, todos treinados para a guerra.

36Da tribo de Aser houve 40 000 soldados, também treinados e prontos para a guerra.

37Do outro lado do Jordão, onde viviam as tribos de Rúben, de Gad e a meia tribo de Manassés, houve 120 000 soldados equipados com toda a espécie de armamento.

38Todos estes homens vieram até Hebrom em formação militar, prontos para a batalha e com o único propósito de fazer de David rei de Israel.

39Na verdade, Israel inteiro estava pronto para isso. Durante três dias, na companhia de David, fizeram uma festa, comendo e bebendo, pois tinham sido feitos preparativos para os receber da melhor maneira. 40Gente da vizinhança, assim como de pontos mais afastados, como de Issacar, Zebulão e Naftali, trouxe alimentos em burros, camelos, mulas e bois. Grandes fornecimentos de farinha, bolos de figos e de passas, vinho, azeite, gado e ovelhas foram trazidos para aquele grande encontro. A alegria espalhou-se por toda a terra de Israel.

King James Version

1 Chronicles 12:1-40

1Now these are they that came to David to Ziklag, while he yet kept himself close because of Saul the son of Kish: and they were among the mighty men, helpers of the war.12.1 while…: Heb. being yet shut up 2They were armed with bows, and could use both the right hand and the left in hurling stones and shooting arrows out of a bow, even of Saul’s brethren of Benjamin. 3The chief was Ahiezer, then Joash, the sons of Shemaah the Gibeathite; and Jeziel, and Pelet, the sons of Azmaveth; and Berachah, and Jehu the Antothite,12.3 Shemaah: or, Hasmaah 4And Ismaiah the Gibeonite, a mighty man among the thirty, and over the thirty; and Jeremiah, and Jahaziel, and Johanan, and Josabad the Gederathite, 5Eluzai, and Jerimoth, and Bealiah, and Shemariah, and Shephatiah the Haruphite, 6Elkanah, and Jesiah, and Azareel, and Joezer, and Jashobeam, the Korhites, 7And Joelah, and Zebadiah, the sons of Jeroham of Gedor. 8And of the Gadites there separated themselves unto David into the hold to the wilderness men of might, and men of war fit for the battle, that could handle shield and buckler, whose faces were like the faces of lions, and were as swift as the roes upon the mountains;12.8 of war: Heb. of the host12.8 as swift…: Heb. as the roes upon the mountains to make haste 9Ezer the first, Obadiah the second, Eliab the third, 10Mishmannah the fourth, Jeremiah the fifth, 11Attai the sixth, Eliel the seventh, 12Johanan the eighth, Elzabad the ninth, 13Jeremiah the tenth, Machbanai the eleventh. 14These were of the sons of Gad, captains of the host: one of the least was over an hundred, and the greatest over a thousand.12.14 one…: or, one that was least could resist an hundred, and the greatest a thousand 15These are they that went over Jordan in the first month, when it had overflown all his banks; and they put to flight all them of the valleys, both toward the east, and toward the west.12.15 overflown: Heb. filled over 16And there came of the children of Benjamin and Judah to the hold unto David. 17And David went out to meet them, and answered and said unto them, If ye be come peaceably unto me to help me, mine heart shall be knit unto you: but if ye be come to betray me to mine enemies, seeing there is no wrong in mine hands, the God of our fathers look thereon, and rebuke it.12.17 to meet…: Heb. before them12.17 be knit: Heb. be one12.17 wrong: or, violence 18Then the spirit came upon Amasai, who was chief of the captains, and he said, Thine are we, David, and on thy side, thou son of Jesse: peace, peace be unto thee, and peace be to thine helpers; for thy God helpeth thee. Then David received them, and made them captains of the band.12.18 came…: Heb. clothed 19And there fell some of Manasseh to David, when he came with the Philistines against Saul to battle: but they helped them not: for the lords of the Philistines upon advisement sent him away, saying, He will fall to his master Saul to the jeopardy of our heads.12.19 to the…: Heb. on our heads 20As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zilthai, captains of the thousands that were of Manasseh. 21And they helped David against the band of the rovers: for they were all mighty men of valour, and were captains in the host.12.21 against…: or, with a band 22For at that time day by day there came to David to help him, until it was a great host, like the host of God.

23¶ And these are the numbers of the bands that were ready armed to the war, and came to David to Hebron, to turn the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of the LORD.12.23 bands: or, captains, or, men: Heb. heads 24The children of Judah that bare shield and spear were six thousand and eight hundred, ready armed to the war.12.24 armed: or, prepared 25Of the children of Simeon, mighty men of valour for the war, seven thousand and one hundred. 26Of the children of Levi four thousand and six hundred. 27And Jehoiada was the leader of the Aaronites, and with him were three thousand and seven hundred; 28And Zadok, a young man mighty of valour, and of his father’s house twenty and two captains. 29And of the children of Benjamin, the kindred of Saul, three thousand: for hitherto the greatest part of them had kept the ward of the house of Saul.12.29 kindred: Heb. brethren12.29 the greatest…: Heb. a multitude of them 30And of the children of Ephraim twenty thousand and eight hundred, mighty men of valour, famous throughout the house of their fathers.12.30 famous: Heb. men of names 31And of the half tribe of Manasseh eighteen thousand, which were expressed by name, to come and make David king. 32And of the children of Issachar, which were men that had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do; the heads of them were two hundred; and all their brethren were at their commandment. 33Of Zebulun, such as went forth to battle, expert in war, with all instruments of war, fifty thousand, which could keep rank: they were not of double heart.12.33 expert…: or, rangers of battle, or, ranged in battle12.33 keep…: or, set the battle in array12.33 not…: Heb. without a heart and a heart 34And of Naphtali a thousand captains, and with them with shield and spear thirty and seven thousand. 35And of the Danites expert in war twenty and eight thousand and six hundred. 36And of Asher, such as went forth to battle, expert in war, forty thousand.12.36 expert: or, keeping their rank 37And on the other side of Jordan, of the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and of the half tribe of Manasseh, with all manner of instruments of war for the battle, an hundred and twenty thousand. 38All these men of war, that could keep rank, came with a perfect heart to Hebron, to make David king over all Israel: and all the rest also of Israel were of one heart to make David king. 39And there they were with David three days, eating and drinking: for their brethren had prepared for them. 40Moreover they that were nigh them, even unto Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, and meat, meal, cakes of figs, and bunches of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep abundantly: for there was joy in Israel.12.40 meat…: or, victual of meal