O Livro

Êxodo 1:1-22

Os israelitas oprimidos

1Estes são os nomes dos filhos de Israel que vieram com ele para o Egito com as suas famílias:

2Rúben, Simeão, Levi, Judá,

3Issacar, Zebulão, Benjamim,

4Dan, Naftali, Gad e Aser.

5Foram ao todo com ele 70 pessoas. José já estava no Egito.

6Tanto José como cada um dos irmãos foram morrendo, tendo desaparecido toda aquela geração. 7Entretanto, os seus descendentes multiplicaram-se imenso, de tal forma que depressa se tornaram uma grande nação, enchendo toda aquela terra de Gosen onde habitavam.

8Então chegou ao trono um rei que não conhecia José; 9e disse ao seu povo: “Estes israelitas tornaram-se um perigo, porque são muitos e fortes. 10Vamos pois tomar medidas convenientes para pôr fim a isto. Caso contrário, se vier uma guerra, juntar-se-ão aos nossos inimigos, lutando contra nós, e dessa forma fugirão do país.”

11Assim, os egípcios começaram a oprimi-los e impuseram-lhes capatazes que os subjugaram com cargas insuportáveis, enquanto estavam a trabalhar na construção das cidades de entreposto Pitom e Ramessés. 12No entanto, quanto mais os subjugavam mais se reproduziam; de forma que os egípcios se alarmavam. 13Por isso, tornavam a escravidão dos israelitas 14ainda mais amarga, forçando-os a trabalhar sem descanso nos campos, com toda a espécie de pesadas cargas e duros trabalhos, com barro e tijolos.

15Então o Faraó, o rei do Egito, deu instruções às parteiras dos hebreus, que se chamavam Sifrá e Puá, 16para que quando lhes nascessem filhos, se fossem meninos, os matassem, se fossem meninas, as deixassem viver. 17Só que as parteiras temiam Deus e não obedeceram ao rei. Deixaram viver os meninos igualmente. 18Por isso, o rei mandou chamá-las e perguntou-lhes: “Porque é que não fizeram o que eu mandei e não mataram os meninos?”

19“Porque as mulheres hebreias”, responderam-lhe, “são muito rápidas a terem os bebés, de forma que quando lá chegamos é sempre depois do tempo. Nisso não são como as egípcias.”

20Deus abençoou as parteiras e o povo de Israel continuou a multiplicar-se e foi-se tornando muito forte. 21Deus deu a essas mulheres filhos e uma família próspera, porque temeram a sua vontade.

22Perante isto o Faraó mandou ao seu povo que pegassem em todos os meninos recém-nascidos dos hebreus e os lançassem ao rio Nilo, mas que às meninas lhes poupassem a vida.

New International Reader's Version

Exodus 1:1-22

The Israelites Become Slaves in Egypt

1Here are the names of Israel’s children who went to Egypt with Jacob. Each one went with his family. 2Jacob’s sons were

Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah,

3Issachar, Zebulun, Benjamin,

4Dan, Naphtali,

Gad and Asher.

5The total number of Jacob’s children and grandchildren was 70. Joseph was already in Egypt.

6Joseph and all his brothers died. So did all their children. 7The people of Israel had many children. The number of them greatly increased. There were so many of them that they filled the land.

8Then a new king came to power in Egypt. Joseph didn’t mean anything to him. 9“Look,” he said to his people. “The Israelites are far too many for us. 10Come. We must deal with them carefully. If we don’t, there will be even more of them. Then if war breaks out, they’ll join our enemies. They’ll fight against us and leave the country.”

11So the Egyptians put slave drivers over the people of Israel. The slave drivers treated them badly and made them work hard. The Israelites built the cities of Pithom and Rameses so Pharaoh could store things there. 12But the worse the slave drivers treated the Israelites, the more Israelites there were. So the Egyptians became afraid of them. 13They made them work hard. They didn’t show them any pity. 14The people suffered because of their hard labor. The slave drivers forced them to work with bricks and mud. And they made them do all kinds of work in the fields. The Egyptians didn’t show them any pity at all. They made them work very hard.

15There were two Hebrew women named Shiphrah and Puah. They helped other women having babies. The king of Egypt spoke to them. He said, 16“You are the ones who help the other Hebrew women. Watch them when they get into a sitting position to have their babies. Kill the boys. Let the girls live.” 17But Shiphrah and Puah had respect for God. They didn’t do what the king of Egypt had told them to do. They let the boys live. 18Then the king of Egypt sent for the women. He asked them, “Why have you done this? Why have you let the boys live?”

19The women answered Pharaoh, “Hebrew women are not like the women of Egypt. They are strong. They have their babies before we get there.”

20So God was kind to Shiphrah and Puah. And the number of Israelites became even greater. 21Shiphrah and Puah had respect for God. So he gave them families of their own.

22Then Pharaoh gave an order to all his people. He said, “You must throw every Hebrew baby boy into the Nile River. But let every Hebrew baby girl live.”