New Living Translation

Numbers 35

Towns for the Levites

1While Israel was camped beside the Jordan on the plains of Moab across from Jericho, the Lord said to Moses, “Command the people of Israel to give to the Levites from their property certain towns to live in, along with the surrounding pasturelands. These towns will be for the Levites to live in, and the surrounding lands will provide pasture for their cattle, flocks, and other livestock. The pastureland assigned to the Levites around these towns will extend 1,500 feet[a] from the town walls in every direction. Measure off 3,000 feet[b] outside the town walls in every direction—east, south, west, north—with the town at the center. This area will serve as the larger pastureland for the towns.

“Six of the towns you give the Levites will be cities of refuge, where a person who has accidentally killed someone can flee for safety. In addition, give them forty-two other towns. In all, forty-eight towns with the surrounding pastureland will be given to the Levites. These towns will come from the property of the people of Israel. The larger tribes will give more towns to the Levites, while the smaller tribes will give fewer. Each tribe will give property in proportion to the size of its land.”

Cities of Refuge

The Lord said to Moses, 10 “Give the following instructions to the people of Israel.

“When you cross the Jordan into the land of Canaan, 11 designate cities of refuge to which people can flee if they have killed someone accidentally. 12 These cities will be places of protection from a dead person’s relatives who want to avenge the death. The slayer must not be put to death before being tried by the community. 13 Designate six cities of refuge for yourselves, 14 three on the east side of the Jordan River and three on the west in the land of Canaan. 15 These cities are for the protection of Israelites, foreigners living among you, and traveling merchants. Anyone who accidentally kills someone may flee there for safety.

16 “But if someone strikes and kills another person with a piece of iron, it is murder, and the murderer must be executed. 17 Or if someone with a stone in his hand strikes and kills another person, it is murder, and the murderer must be put to death. 18 Or if someone strikes and kills another person with a wooden object, it is murder, and the murderer must be put to death. 19 The victim’s nearest relative is responsible for putting the murderer to death. When they meet, the avenger must put the murderer to death. 20 So if someone hates another person and waits in ambush, then pushes him or throws something at him and he dies, it is murder. 21 Or if someone hates another person and hits him with a fist and he dies, it is murder. In such cases, the avenger must put the murderer to death when they meet.

22 “But suppose someone pushes another person without having shown previous hostility, or throws something that unintentionally hits another person, 23 or accidentally drops a huge stone on someone, though they were not enemies, and the person dies. 24 If this should happen, the community must follow these regulations in making a judgment between the slayer and the avenger, the victim’s nearest relative: 25 The community must protect the slayer from the avenger and must escort the slayer back to live in the city of refuge to which he fled. There he must remain until the death of the high priest, who was anointed with the sacred oil.

26 “But if the slayer ever leaves the limits of the city of refuge, 27 and the avenger finds him outside the city and kills him, it will not be considered murder. 28 The slayer should have stayed inside the city of refuge until the death of the high priest. But after the death of the high priest, the slayer may return to his own property. 29 These are legal requirements for you to observe from generation to generation, wherever you may live.

30 “All murderers must be put to death, but only if evidence is presented by more than one witness. No one may be put to death on the testimony of only one witness. 31 Also, you must never accept a ransom payment for the life of someone judged guilty of murder and subject to execution; murderers must always be put to death. 32 And never accept a ransom payment from someone who has fled to a city of refuge, allowing a slayer to return to his property before the death of the high priest. 33 This will ensure that the land where you live will not be polluted, for murder pollutes the land. And no sacrifice except the execution of the murderer can purify the land from murder.[c] 34 You must not defile the land where you live, for I live there myself. I am the Lord, who lives among the people of Israel.”

Notas al pie

  1. 35:4 Hebrew 1,000 cubits [460 meters].
  2. 35:5 Hebrew 2,000 cubits [920 meters].
  3. 35:33 Or can make atonement for murder.

Japanese Living Bible

民数記 35

レビ族の町

1次のことばも、ヨルダン川のほとりに広がるモアブ平原に野営している時、主がモーセに伝えたものです。 「それぞれの所有地から、幾つかの町と放牧地をレビ族に与えるよう、人々に命じなさい。 彼らにも住む場所と、牛や羊など家畜を飼う土地が必要となる。 町の城壁から外側に向かって回り四百四十メートルの範囲を放牧地としなさい。 そうすれば、町の中心から境界線までの距離は、東西南北とも八百八十メートルということになる。 レビ族に与える町は、過って人を殺した者が逃げ込める、避難用の六つの町のほかに四十二だ。 全部で四十八の町を、放牧地も含めて与えることになる。 町は、大きい部族からは多く、小さい部族からは少しというふうに、全土の各地から選ぶ。」

避難用の町

9-10 次もまた、主からモーセへの命令です。「カナンの地に入ったら、 11 避難用の町を幾つか指定するように言っておきなさい。過って人を殺した者がそこへ逃げ込むためだ。 12 そうすれば、被害者の家族も容易に復讐はできない。裁判で有罪と決まるまでは、たとえ人殺しでも死刑にはできない。 13-14 そのような町をカナンに三つ、ヨルダン川の東側に三つ、全部で六つ選びなさい。 15 イスラエル人だけでなく、外国人や旅行者でも、過って人を殺したときはいつでも、この町に逃げ込んでよい。

16 しかし、鉄の道具で人を打ち殺したときは明らかに殺人罪だから、犯人は死刑だ。 17 大きな石を使った場合も殺人罪で死刑。 18 たとえ木製でも武器を使ったら、やはり殺人罪とみなされる。 19 被害者のために復讐したければ、自分で手を下してもかまわない。犯人に出会ったら殺してもよい。 20 憎しみに燃えて物を投げつけたり、待ち伏せして襲いかかったり、 21 怒りに狂ってなぐりつけたりして人を殺した場合は、明らかに殺人罪だから、犯人を処刑してもかまわない。

22-23 しかし、過失の場合はそうではない。わざと物を投げたのでも、怒って石を投げたのでもなく、投げた本人が人に当てようなどとは夢にも考えず、人を殺そうと思ったわけでもないのに、たまたまそれが当たって人が死んだ場合は、 24 事故かどうかよく調べなさい。その結果によって、加害者を復讐者に引き渡すかどうかを決めるのだ。 25 事故だとはっきりしたら、加害者を保護しなければならない。その時の大祭司が死ぬまで、彼は避難用の町に住むことになる。 26 ただし、彼が勝手に避難用の町を出、 27 町の外で復讐者に殺されたときは別である。それは殺人罪にはならない。 28 大祭司が死ぬまで町の中にいなければならないのに、勝手に町を出たからだ。大祭司が死んだら、いつでも国へ帰れる。 29 このおきては永遠に変わらない。

30 殺人犯はみな死刑だが、証人が二人以上いる場合に限る。一人だけでは死刑にできない。 31 殺人罪には代償はきかない。必ず死刑に処せられる。 32 また、大祭司が死ぬ前に家へ帰りたいと保釈金を積んでも、避難用の町から出ることはできない。 33 こうして、自分たちの土地が汚れるのを防ぐのだ。殺人で流された血は土地を汚す。それをきよめるには、殺人犯を死刑にするしかない。 34 これから行く地は、わたしもいっしょに住むのだから、このようなことで汚したりしないよう、くれぐれも注意しなさい。」