Elkanah and His Family
1There was a man named Elkanah who lived in Ramah in the region of Zuph[a] in the hill country of Ephraim. He was the son of Jeroham, son of Elihu, son of Tohu, son of Zuph, of Ephraim. 2 Elkanah had two wives, Hannah and Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah did not.
3 Each year Elkanah would travel to Shiloh to worship and sacrifice to the Lord of Heaven’s Armies at the Tabernacle. The priests of the Lord at that time were the two sons of Eli—Hophni and Phinehas. 4 On the days Elkanah presented his sacrifice, he would give portions of the meat to Peninnah and each of her children. 5 And though he loved Hannah, he would give her only one choice portion[b] because the Lord had given her no children. 6 So Peninnah would taunt Hannah and make fun of her because the Lord had kept her from having children. 7 Year after year it was the same—Peninnah would taunt Hannah as they went to the Tabernacle.[c] Each time, Hannah would be reduced to tears and would not even eat.
8 “Why are you crying, Hannah?” Elkanah would ask. “Why aren’t you eating? Why be downhearted just because you have no children? You have me—isn’t that better than having ten sons?”
Hannah’s Prayer for a Son
9 Once after a sacrificial meal at Shiloh, Hannah got up and went to pray. Eli the priest was sitting at his customary place beside the entrance of the Tabernacle.[d] 10 Hannah was in deep anguish, crying bitterly as she prayed to the Lord. 11 And she made this vow: “O Lord of Heaven’s Armies, if you will look upon my sorrow and answer my prayer and give me a son, then I will give him back to you. He will be yours for his entire lifetime, and as a sign that he has been dedicated to the Lord, his hair will never be cut.[e]”
12 As she was praying to the Lord, Eli watched her. 13 Seeing her lips moving but hearing no sound, he thought she had been drinking. 14 “Must you come here drunk?” he demanded. “Throw away your wine!”
15 “Oh no, sir!” she replied. “I haven’t been drinking wine or anything stronger. But I am very discouraged, and I was pouring out my heart to the Lord. 16 Don’t think I am a wicked woman! For I have been praying out of great anguish and sorrow.”
17 “In that case,” Eli said, “go in peace! May the God of Israel grant the request you have asked of him.”
18 “Oh, thank you, sir!” she exclaimed. Then she went back and began to eat again, and she was no longer sad.
Samuel’s Birth and Dedication
19 The entire family got up early the next morning and went to worship the Lord once more. Then they returned home to Ramah. When Elkanah slept with Hannah, the Lord remembered her plea, 20 and in due time she gave birth to a son. She named him Samuel,[f] for she said, “I asked the Lord for him.”
21 The next year Elkanah and his family went on their annual trip to offer a sacrifice to the Lord and to keep his vow. 22 But Hannah did not go. She told her husband, “Wait until the boy is weaned. Then I will take him to the Tabernacle and leave him there with the Lord permanently.[g]”
23 “Whatever you think is best,” Elkanah agreed. “Stay here for now, and may the Lord help you keep your promise.[h]” So she stayed home and nursed the boy until he was weaned.
24 When the child was weaned, Hannah took him to the Tabernacle in Shiloh. They brought along a three-year-old bull[i] for the sacrifice and a basket[j] of flour and some wine. 25 After sacrificing the bull, they brought the boy to Eli. 26 “Sir, do you remember me?” Hannah asked. “I am the very woman who stood here several years ago praying to the Lord. 27 I asked the Lord to give me this boy, and he has granted my request. 28 Now I am giving him to the Lord, and he will belong to the Lord his whole life.” And they[k] worshiped the Lord there.
Notas al pie
- 1:1 As in Greek version; Hebrew reads in Ramathaim-zophim; compare 1:19.
- 1:5 Or And because he loved Hannah, he would give her a choice portion. The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain.
- 1:7 Hebrew the house of the Lord; also in 1:24.
- 1:9 Hebrew the Temple of the Lord.
- 1:11 Some manuscripts add He will drink neither wine nor intoxicants.
- 1:20 Samuel sounds like the Hebrew term for “asked of God” or “heard by God.”
- 1:22 Some manuscripts add I will offer him as a Nazirite for all time.
- 1:23 As in Dead Sea Scrolls and Greek version; Masoretic Text reads may the Lord keep his promise.
- 1:24a As in Dead Sea Scrolls, Greek and Syriac versions; Masoretic Text reads three bulls.
- 1:24b Hebrew and an ephah [20 quarts or 22 liters].
- 1:28 Hebrew he.
Banja la Elikana
1Panali munthu wina wochokera ku Ramataimu, Mzofimu wa ku dziko la mapiri la Efereimu. Iyeyu dzina lake anali Elikana ndipo anali mwana wa Yerohamu, mwana wa Elihu, mwana wa Tohu, mwana wa Zufu wa fuko la Efereimu. 2 Iye anali ndi akazi awiri, Hana ndi Penina. Penina anali ndi ana, koma Hana analibe.
3 Chaka ndi chaka Elikana ankachoka ku mudzi kwawo kupita ku Silo kukapembedza ndi kukapereka nsembe kwa Yehova Wamphamvuzonse. Ku Siloko kunali ana awiri a Eli, Hofini ndi Finehasi amene anali ansembe a Yehova. 4 Tsiku lopereka nsembe likafika Elikana amapereka magawo a nsembeyo kwa mkazi wake Penina ndi kwa ana ake onse aamuna ndi aakazi. 5 Ngakhale ankamukonda Hana, koma ankamupatsa gawo limodzi popeza Yehova sanamupatse ana. 6 Tsono popeza Yehova sanamupatse Hana ana, mkazi mnzakeyo ankamuyamba dala ndi cholinga chomukwiyitsa. 7 Izi zimachitika chaka ndi chaka. Hana ankati akamapita ku Nyumba ya Yehova mkazi mnzakeyo ankamunyogodola. Choncho Hana ankangokhalira kulira osafuna ndi kudya komwe. 8 Tsono mwamuna wake Elikana ankamufunsa kuti, “Hana ukulira chifukwa chiyani? Wakhumudwa ndi chiyani kuti sukufuna ndi kudya komwe? Kodi ine kwa iwe sindili woposa ana aamuna khumi?”
9 Tsiku lina atatha kudya ndi kumwa ku Silo kuja, Hana anayimirira kukapemphera. Nthawiyi nʼkuti wansembe Eli atakhala pa mpando pa khomo la Nyumba ya Yehova. 10 Hana anavutika mʼmoyo mwake, ndipo anapemphera kwa Yehova akulira kwambiri. 11 Ndipo iye analumbira kuti, “Inu Yehova Wamphamvuzonse, ngati muyangʼana kusauka kwa mtumiki wanune, ndi kuyankha pemphero langa osandiyiwala ine mtumiki wanu pondipatsa mwana wamwamuna, ine ndidzamupereka mwanayo kwa inu Yehova masiku onse a moyo wake. Lumo silidzapita pa mutu pake.”
12 Akupemphera choncho kwa Yehova, Eli ankamuyangʼana pakamwa. 13 Hana ankapemphera chamumtima ndipo milomo yake inkangogwedera koma mawu ake samamveka. Choncho Eli anaganiza kuti anali ataledzera. 14 Ndipo anamufunsa Hana kuti, “Kodi mukhala chiledzerere mpaka liti? Pitani, ayambe wakuchokani vinyo mwamwayo.”
15 Koma Hana anayankha kuti, “Sichoncho mbuye wanga. Ndakhala ndikumukhuthulira Yehova chisoni changa. Sindinamwe vinyo kapena chakumwa choledzeretsa chilichonse, popeza nthawi yonseyi ndakhala ndikupereka kwa Yehova nkhawa yayikulu ndi mavuto anga. 16 Musaganize kuti mtumiki wanu ndi kukhala mkazi wachabechabe. Ine ndakhala ndi kupereka nkhawa yanga yayikulu ndi zowawa zanga.”
17 Eli anayankha, “Pitani mu mtendere, ndipo Mulungu wa Israeli akupatseni zimene mwamupemphazo.”
18 Hana anati, “Mundikomerebe mtima mtumiki wanune.” Kenaka anachoka nakadya, ndipo sanaonekenso wachisoni.
19 Elikana ndi banja lake anadzuka mmawa mwake nakapemphera pamaso pa Yehova. Pambuyo pake anabwerera kwawo ku Rama. Elikana anakhala pamodzi ndi mkazi wake, ndipo Yehova anamukumbuka Hanayo. 20 Motero Hana anakhala ndi pakati ndipo anabereka mwana wamwamuna. Anamutcha dzina lake Samueli, popeza anati, “Ndinachita kumupempha kwa Yehova.”
Hana Apereka Samueli kwa Yehova
21 Elikana ndi banja lake lonse anapita kukapereka nsembe ya pa chaka kwa Yehova ndi kukakwaniritsa malonjezo ake. 22 Koma Hana sanapite nawo popeza anawuza mwamuna wake kuti, “Mwanayu akadzaleka kuyamwa, ndidzapita naye ndi kukamupereka pamaso pa Yehova ndipo adzakhala kumeneko moyo wake wonse.”
23 Elikana mwamuna wake anamuwuza kuti, “Chita chimene chakukomera. Tsala kuno mpaka utamusiyitsa kuyamwa, Yehova yekha akwaniritse mawu ake.” Choncho mkaziyo anatsala ku nyumba ndi kusamalira mwana wake mpaka atamuletsa kuyamwa.
24 Atamuletsa kuyamwa, Hana anatenga mwanayo ali wachichepere, ndikupita naye ku nyumba ya Yehova ku Silo. Anatenga ngʼombe yamphongo ya zaka zitatu, ufa wa makilogalamu khumi, ndi thumba lachikopa la vinyo. 25 Tsono anapha ngʼombe yamphongo ija ndi kupereka mwana uja kwa Eli. 26 Ndipo Hana anati kwa Eli, “Mbuye wanga, ine ndikunenetsadi pamaso panu kuti ndine mkazi uja amene anayima pamaso panu ndi kumapemphera kwa Yehova. 27 Ndinapempha mwana uyu, ndipo Yehova wandipatsa chimene ndinamupempha. 28 Ndiye tsopano ine ndikumupereka kwa Yehova. Pa moyo wake wonse adzakhala wa Yehova.” Ndipo onse anapembedza Yehova kumeneko.