New International Version - UK

2 Samuel 21

The Gibeonites avenged

1During the reign of David, there was a famine for three successive years; so David sought the face of the Lord. The Lord said, ‘It is on account of Saul and his blood-stained house; it is because he put the Gibeonites to death.’

The king summoned the Gibeonites and spoke to them. (Now the Gibeonites were not a part of Israel but were survivors of the Amorites; the Israelites had sworn to spare them, but Saul in his zeal for Israel and Judah had tried to annihilate them.) David asked the Gibeonites, ‘What shall I do for you? How shall I make atonement so that you will bless the Lord’s inheritance?’

The Gibeonites answered him, ‘We have no right to demand silver or gold from Saul or his family, nor do we have the right to put anyone in Israel to death.’

‘What do you want me to do for you?’ David asked.

They answered the king, ‘As for the man who destroyed us and plotted against us so that we have been decimated and have no place anywhere in Israel, let seven of his male descendants be given to us to be killed and their bodies exposed before the Lord at Gibeah of Saul – the Lord’s chosen one.’

So the king said, ‘I will give them to you.’

The king spared Mephibosheth son of Jonathan, the son of Saul, because of the oath before the Lord between David and Jonathan son of Saul. But the king took Armoni and Mephibosheth, the two sons of Aiah’s daughter Rizpah, whom she had borne to Saul, together with the five sons of Saul’s daughter Merab,[a] whom she had borne to Adriel son of Barzillai the Meholathite. He handed them over to the Gibeonites, who killed them and exposed their bodies on a hill before the Lord. All seven of them fell together; they were put to death during the first days of harvest, just as the barley harvest was beginning.

10 Rizpah daughter of Aiah took sackcloth and spread it out for herself on a rock. From the beginning of the harvest till the rain poured down from the heavens on the bodies, she did not let the birds touch them by day or the wild animals by night. 11 When David was told what Aiah’s daughter Rizpah, Saul’s concubine, had done, 12 he went and took the bones of Saul and his son Jonathan from the citizens of Jabesh Gilead. (They had stolen their bodies from the public square at Beth Shan, where the Philistines had hung them after they struck Saul down on Gilboa.) 13 David brought the bones of Saul and his son Jonathan from there, and the bones of those who had been killed and exposed were gathered up.

14 They buried the bones of Saul and his son Jonathan in the tomb of Saul’s father Kish, at Zela in Benjamin, and did everything the king commanded. After that, God answered prayer on behalf of the land.

Wars against the Philistines

15 Once again there was a battle between the Philistines and Israel. David went down with his men to fight against the Philistines, and he became exhausted. 16 And Ishbi-Benob, one of the descendants of Rapha, whose bronze spearhead weighed three hundred shekels[b] and who was armed with a new sword, said he would kill David. 17 But Abishai son of Zeruiah came to David’s rescue; he struck the Philistine down and killed him. Then David’s men swore to him, saying, ‘Never again will you go out with us to battle, so that the lamp of Israel will not be extinguished.’

18 In the course of time, there was another battle with the Philistines, at Gob. At that time Sibbekai the Hushathite killed Saph, one of the descendants of Rapha.

19 In another battle with the Philistines at Gob, Elhanan son of Jair[c] the Bethlehemite killed the brother of[d] Goliath the Gittite, who had a spear with a shaft like a weaver’s rod.

20 In still another battle, which took place at Gath, there was a huge man with six fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot – twenty-four in all. He also was descended from Rapha. 21 When he taunted Israel, Jonathan son of Shimeah, David’s brother, killed him.

22 These four were descendants of Rapha in Gath, and they fell at the hands of David and his men.

Notas al pie

  1. 2 Samuel 21:8 Two Hebrew manuscripts, some Septuagint manuscripts and Syriac (see also 1 Samuel 18:19); most Hebrew and Septuagint manuscripts Michal
  2. 2 Samuel 21:16 That is, about 3.5 kilograms
  3. 2 Samuel 21:19 See 1 Chron. 20:5; Hebrew Jaare-Oregim.
  4. 2 Samuel 21:19 See 1 Chron. 20:5; Hebrew does not have the brother of.

O Livro

2 Samuel 21

A vingança dos gibeonitas

1Houve uma fome durante o reinado de David que durou três anos consecutivos, e David orou insistentemente por isso. Então o Senhor disse: “Esta fome é por causa da maldade de Saul e da sua família sanguinária, que matou os gibeonitas.”

O rei chamou os gibeonitas. Estes não faziam parte de Israel; eram o resto que ficou da nação dos amorreus. Israel jurara não os matar, mas Saul, no seu zelo nacionalista, tentou liquidá-los. David perguntou-lhes: “Que hei-de eu fazer por vocês, para que nos livremos desta culpa que recai sobre nós, e para que possamos enfim pedir a bênção de Deus?”

“Pois bem, dinheiro não resolve o caso, e também não pretendemos matar seja quem for dos israelitas como vingança.”

David perguntou: “Então, que posso eu fazer? Digam-me o que acham e fá-lo-ei.”

5/6 Então eles responderam: “Dá-nos sete descendentes de Saul — esse homem que procurou destruir-nos. Enforcá-los-emos em Gibeão, a cidade daquele que foi do rei Saul.”

“Está certo; farei isso”, disse o rei. 7/9 No entanto poupou Mefibosete, filho de Jónatas e neto de Saul, devido ao juramento que fizera a Jónatas. Mas deu-lhes os dois filhos de Rizpa — Armoni e Mefibosete — que eram netos de Saul através da sua mulher Aia. Também lhes entregou cinco filhos de Merabe, filha de Saul, mulher de Adriel, e que tinham sido criados pela sua irmã Mical. Os homens de Gibeão enforcaram-nos na montanha perante o Senhor. Portanto, os sete morreram juntos no princípio da colheita da cevada.

10/14 Rispa, a mãe de dois dos homens, estendeu um saco de serapilheira sobre um rochedo e ali ficou guardando os cadáveres, durante toda a estação da sega, para evitar que as aves de rapina os despedaçassem, de dia, e também que os animais selvagens, de noite, os comessem. David, ao saber o que ela tinha feito, mandou que os ossos dos homens fossem enterrados no túmulo de Cis, o pai de Saul. Ao mesmo tempo enviou um pedido à população de Jabes-Gileade para que lhe trouxessem os ossos de Saul e Jónatas. Eles tinham furtado os corpos duma praça pública de Bete-Sã, onde os filisteus os tinham pendurado, depois de terem morrido na batalha do monte Gilboa. Foi dessa forma que os seus ossos lhe foram trazidos. O Senhor respondeu às orações e fez terminar aquela fome.

Guerra contra os filisteus

15 Uma vez em que os filisteus estavam em guerra com Israel, e em que David mais os seus homens se encontravam no aceso da luta, o rei ficou exausto e muito fraco. 16/17 Isbi-Benobe, um gigante, cuja lança pesava mais de cinco quilos, e que trazia uma nova armadura, aproximou-se de David com a intenção de o matar. Mas Abisai, o filho de Zeruía, chegou-se a tempo e matou o filisteu gigante. Na sequência desse incidente os homens de David disseram-lhe: “Nunca mais voltarás a combater! Por que razão havíamos nós de correr o risco de se apagar a luz de Israel?”

18 Mais tarde, durante uma guerra com os filisteus também em Gobe, Sibecai o husatita matou Safe, um outro gigante. 19 E ainda noutra peleja no mesmo sítio, El-Hanã matou o irmão de Golias o giteu, cuja lança era tão grande como a viga dum tecelão! 20/21 Noutra altura ainda, em que os filisteus e os israelitas estavam a combater em Gate, um gigante com seis dedos em cada mão e em cada pé injuriava a nação de Israel; Jónatas, sobrinho de David (filho de Simei, irmão do rei), matou-o. 22 Estes quatro gigantes pertenciam à tribo dos gigantes de Gate; foram pois mortos por elementos da tropa de David.