New International Version

Numbers 1

The Census

1The Lord spoke to Moses in the tent of meeting in the Desert of Sinai on the first day of the second month of the second year after the Israelites came out of Egypt. He said: “Take a census of the whole Israelite community by their clans and families, listing every man by name, one by one. You and Aaron are to count according to their divisions all the men in Israel who are twenty years old or more and able to serve in the army. One man from each tribe, each of them the head of his family, is to help you. These are the names of the men who are to assist you:

from Reuben, Elizur son of Shedeur;

from Simeon, Shelumiel son of Zurishaddai;

from Judah, Nahshon son of Amminadab;

from Issachar, Nethanel son of Zuar;

from Zebulun, Eliab son of Helon;

10 from the sons of Joseph:

from Ephraim, Elishama son of Ammihud;

from Manasseh, Gamaliel son of Pedahzur;

11 from Benjamin, Abidan son of Gideoni;

12 from Dan, Ahiezer son of Ammishaddai;

13 from Asher, Pagiel son of Okran;

14 from Gad, Eliasaph son of Deuel;

15 from Naphtali, Ahira son of Enan.”

16 These were the men appointed from the community, the leaders of their ancestral tribes. They were the heads of the clans of Israel.

17 Moses and Aaron took these men whose names had been specified, 18 and they called the whole community together on the first day of the second month. The people registered their ancestry by their clans and families, and the men twenty years old or more were listed by name, one by one, 19 as the Lord commanded Moses. And so he counted them in the Desert of Sinai:

20 From the descendants of Reuben the firstborn son of Israel:

All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were listed by name, one by one, according to the records of their clans and families. 21 The number from the tribe of Reuben was 46,500.

22 From the descendants of Simeon:

All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were counted and listed by name, one by one, according to the records of their clans and families. 23 The number from the tribe of Simeon was 59,300.

24 From the descendants of Gad:

All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were listed by name, according to the records of their clans and families. 25 The number from the tribe of Gad was 45,650.

26 From the descendants of Judah:

All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were listed by name, according to the records of their clans and families. 27 The number from the tribe of Judah was 74,600.

28 From the descendants of Issachar:

All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were listed by name, according to the records of their clans and families. 29 The number from the tribe of Issachar was 54,400.

30 From the descendants of Zebulun:

All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were listed by name, according to the records of their clans and families. 31 The number from the tribe of Zebulun was 57,400.

32 From the sons of Joseph:

From the descendants of Ephraim:

All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were listed by name, according to the records of their clans and families. 33 The number from the tribe of Ephraim was 40,500.

34 From the descendants of Manasseh:

All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were listed by name, according to the records of their clans and families. 35 The number from the tribe of Manasseh was 32,200.

36 From the descendants of Benjamin:

All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were listed by name, according to the records of their clans and families. 37 The number from the tribe of Benjamin was 35,400.

38 From the descendants of Dan:

All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were listed by name, according to the records of their clans and families. 39 The number from the tribe of Dan was 62,700.

40 From the descendants of Asher:

All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were listed by name, according to the records of their clans and families. 41 The number from the tribe of Asher was 41,500.

42 From the descendants of Naphtali:

All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were listed by name, according to the records of their clans and families. 43 The number from the tribe of Naphtali was 53,400.

44 These were the men counted by Moses and Aaron and the twelve leaders of Israel, each one representing his family. 45 All the Israelites twenty years old or more who were able to serve in Israel’s army were counted according to their families. 46 The total number was 603,550.

47 The ancestral tribe of the Levites, however, was not counted along with the others. 48 The Lord had said to Moses: 49 “You must not count the tribe of Levi or include them in the census of the other Israelites. 50 Instead, appoint the Levites to be in charge of the tabernacle of the covenant law—over all its furnishings and everything belonging to it. They are to carry the tabernacle and all its furnishings; they are to take care of it and encamp around it. 51 Whenever the tabernacle is to move, the Levites are to take it down, and whenever the tabernacle is to be set up, the Levites shall do it. Anyone else who approaches it is to be put to death. 52 The Israelites are to set up their tents by divisions, each of them in their own camp under their standard. 53 The Levites, however, are to set up their tents around the tabernacle of the covenant law so that my wrath will not fall on the Israelite community. The Levites are to be responsible for the care of the tabernacle of the covenant law.”

54 The Israelites did all this just as the Lord commanded Moses.

Hoffnung für Alle

4 Mose 1

Vorbereitungen zum Aufbruch nach Kanaan (Kapitel 1,1–10,10)

Die Israeliten werden gemustert

1Vor mehr als einem Jahr hatten die Israeliten Ägypten verlassen. Noch immer befanden sie sich in der Wüste Sinai. Am 1. Tag des 2. Monats sprach der Herr im heiligen Zelt zu Mose:

2/3 »Zähle zusammen mit Aaron die ganze Gemeinschaft der Israeliten! Mustert ihre Truppen! Schreibt die Namen aller wehrfähigen Männer ab 20 Jahren auf, nach Sippen und Familien geordnet. Aus jedem Stamm soll euch ein Sippenoberhaupt dabei helfen:

Elizur, der Sohn von Schedëur aus dem Stamm Ruben,

Schelumiël, der Sohn von Zurischaddai aus dem Stamm Simeon,

Nachschon, der Sohn von Amminadab aus dem Stamm Juda,

Netanel, der Sohn von Zuar aus dem Stamm Issachar,

Eliab, der Sohn von Helon aus dem Stamm Sebulon,

10 Elischama, der Sohn von Ammihud aus dem Stamm Ephraim, Gamliël, der Sohn von Pedazur aus dem Stamm Manasse – Ephraim und Manasse waren Söhne von Josef –,

11 Abidan, der Sohn von Gidoni aus dem Stamm Benjamin,

12 Ahiëser, der Sohn von Ammischaddai aus dem Stamm Dan,

13 Pagiël, der Sohn von Ochran aus dem Stamm Asser,

14 Eljasaf, der Sohn von Deguël aus dem Stamm Gad,

15 und Ahira, der Sohn von Enan aus dem Stamm Naftali.«

16 Die ausgewählten Männer waren die Stammesfürsten und Oberhäupter des Volkes Israel. 17 Mose und Aaron holten sie herbei 18 und riefen noch am selben Tag das ganze Volk zusammen. Jeder Israelit ab 20 Jahren wurde in ein Verzeichnis eingetragen, das nach Sippen und Familien geordnet war.

19 So ließ Mose das Volk in der Wüste Sinai mustern, wie der Herr es ihm aufgetragen hatte. 20‒31 Und dies war das Ergebnis: Der Stamm Ruben, die Nachkommenschaft des erstgeborenen Sohnes von Israel, umfasste 46.500 Mann im wehrfähigen Alter. Sie wurden nach Sippen und Familien gemustert und in ein Verzeichnis eingetragen. Der Stamm Simeon hatte 59.300 Mann, Gad 45.650, Juda 74.600, Issachar 54.400 und Sebulon 57.400. 32‒43 Der Stamm Ephraim zählte 40.500, der Stamm Manasse 32.200 Mann. Ephraim und Manasse waren Söhne von Josef gewesen. Benjamin hatte 35.400, Dan 62.700, Asser 41.500 und Naftali 53.400 Leute im wehrfähigen Alter.

44 All diese Männer wurden von Mose, Aaron und den zwölf Stammesoberhäuptern Israels gemustert. 45 Die Gesamtzahl der wehrfähigen Israeliten ab 20 Jahren 46 betrug 603.550 Mann.

Die Aufgabe des Stammes Levi

47 Die wehrfähigen Männer des Stammes Levi wurden nicht mitgezählt, 48 denn der Herr hatte zu Mose gesagt: 49 »Die Leviten sollst du nicht mustern und sie nicht zu den anderen Israeliten dazurechnen. 50 Sie haben die Aufgabe, für das heilige Zelt zu sorgen, in dem das Bundesgesetz aufbewahrt wird, und für alles, was an Gefäßen, Werkzeugen und sonstigen Dingen noch dazugehört. Rings um das Heiligtum sollen sie lagern und die Arbeit darin verrichten. 51 Wenn das Volk weiterzieht, sollen sie das Zelt abbauen. Unterwegs müssen sie es tragen, und wenn Halt gemacht wird, sollen sie es wieder aufstellen. Nur die Leviten dürfen sich dem Heiligtum nähern. Wer es sonst tut, muss getötet werden. 52 Die anderen Israeliten sollen jeweils bei dem Feldzeichen des Heeresverbands lagern, zu dem sie gehören. 53 Die Leviten aber sollen ihre Zelte rings um das Heiligtum aufschlagen, damit kein anderer zu nahe herankommt und meinen Zorn über euch alle herausfordert. Sie sind verantwortlich für den Dienst im heiligen Zelt, in dem das Bundesgesetz aufbewahrt wird.«

54 Die Israeliten führten alles so aus, wie der Herr es Mose aufgetragen hatte.