New International Version

Luke 20:1-47

The Authority of Jesus Questioned

1One day as Jesus was teaching the people in the temple courts and proclaiming the good news, the chief priests and the teachers of the law, together with the elders, came up to him. 2“Tell us by what authority you are doing these things,” they said. “Who gave you this authority?”

3He replied, “I will also ask you a question. Tell me: 4John’s baptism—was it from heaven, or of human origin?”

5They discussed it among themselves and said, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will ask, ‘Why didn’t you believe him?’ 6But if we say, ‘Of human origin,’ all the people will stone us, because they are persuaded that John was a prophet.”

7So they answered, “We don’t know where it was from.”

8Jesus said, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I am doing these things.”

The Parable of the Tenants

9He went on to tell the people this parable: “A man planted a vineyard, rented it to some farmers and went away for a long time. 10At harvest time he sent a servant to the tenants so they would give him some of the fruit of the vineyard. But the tenants beat him and sent him away empty-handed. 11He sent another servant, but that one also they beat and treated shamefully and sent away empty-handed. 12He sent still a third, and they wounded him and threw him out.

13“Then the owner of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do? I will send my son, whom I love; perhaps they will respect him.’

14“But when the tenants saw him, they talked the matter over. ‘This is the heir,’ they said. ‘Let’s kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.’ 15So they threw him out of the vineyard and killed him.

“What then will the owner of the vineyard do to them? 16He will come and kill those tenants and give the vineyard to others.”

When the people heard this, they said, “God forbid!”

17Jesus looked directly at them and asked, “Then what is the meaning of that which is written:

“ ‘The stone the builders rejected

has become the cornerstone’20:17 Psalm 118:22?

18Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces; anyone on whom it falls will be crushed.”

19The teachers of the law and the chief priests looked for a way to arrest him immediately, because they knew he had spoken this parable against them. But they were afraid of the people.

Paying Taxes to Caesar

20Keeping a close watch on him, they sent spies, who pretended to be sincere. They hoped to catch Jesus in something he said, so that they might hand him over to the power and authority of the governor. 21So the spies questioned him: “Teacher, we know that you speak and teach what is right, and that you do not show partiality but teach the way of God in accordance with the truth. 22Is it right for us to pay taxes to Caesar or not?”

23He saw through their duplicity and said to them, 24“Show me a denarius. Whose image and inscription are on it?”

“Caesar’s,” they replied.

25He said to them, “Then give back to Caesar what is Caesar’s, and to God what is God’s.”

26They were unable to trap him in what he had said there in public. And astonished by his answer, they became silent.

The Resurrection and Marriage

27Some of the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came to Jesus with a question. 28“Teacher,” they said, “Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies and leaves a wife but no children, the man must marry the widow and raise up offspring for his brother. 29Now there were seven brothers. The first one married a woman and died childless. 30The second 31and then the third married her, and in the same way the seven died, leaving no children. 32Finally, the woman died too. 33Now then, at the resurrection whose wife will she be, since the seven were married to her?”

34Jesus replied, “The people of this age marry and are given in marriage. 35But those who are considered worthy of taking part in the age to come and in the resurrection from the dead will neither marry nor be given in marriage, 36and they can no longer die; for they are like the angels. They are God’s children, since they are children of the resurrection. 37But in the account of the burning bush, even Moses showed that the dead rise, for he calls the Lord ‘the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’20:37 Exodus 3:6 38He is not the God of the dead, but of the living, for to him all are alive.”

39Some of the teachers of the law responded, “Well said, teacher!” 40And no one dared to ask him any more questions.

Whose Son Is the Messiah?

41Then Jesus said to them, “Why is it said that the Messiah is the son of David? 42David himself declares in the Book of Psalms:

“ ‘The Lord said to my Lord:

“Sit at my right hand

43until I make your enemies

a footstool for your feet.” ’20:43 Psalm 110:1

44David calls him ‘Lord.’ How then can he be his son?”

Warning Against the Teachers of the Law

45While all the people were listening, Jesus said to his disciples, 46“Beware of the teachers of the law. They like to walk around in flowing robes and love to be greeted with respect in the marketplaces and have the most important seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at banquets. 47They devour widows’ houses and for a show make lengthy prayers. These men will be punished most severely.”

Chinese Contemporary Bible (Simplified)

路加福音 20:1-47

质问耶稣的权柄

1有一天,耶稣正在圣殿里教导人、传讲福音,祭司长、律法教师和长老上前, 2质问祂:“告诉我们,你凭什么权柄做这些事?谁授权给你了?”

3耶稣回答说:“我也问你们一个问题。你们告诉我, 4约翰的洗礼是从天上来的还是从人来的?”

5他们彼此议论说:“如果我们说‘是从天上来的’,祂一定会问,‘那你们为什么不相信他?’ 6如果我们说‘是从人来的’,百姓会拿石头打死我们,因为他们相信约翰是先知。” 7于是,他们回答说:“我们不知道约翰的洗礼是从哪里来的。”

8耶稣说:“我也不告诉你们我凭什么权柄做这些事。”

利欲熏心的佃户

9接着耶稣对众人讲了个比喻:“有人开垦了一个葡萄园,把园子租给几个佃户,就出远门了。 10到了收获的季节,他差奴仆去葡萄园向佃户收取他应得的收成,但那些佃户却把奴仆揍了一顿,使他空手而归。 11园主又派另一个奴仆去,那些佃户照样将他殴打并羞辱一番,使他空手而归。 12园主又派第三个奴仆去,他们又把他打伤,抛在园外。

13“园主说,‘我该怎样办呢?不如叫我所疼爱的儿子去吧。他们大概会尊敬他。’

14“岂料那些佃户看见来人是园主的儿子,便彼此商量说,‘这个人是产业继承人,我们把他杀掉,这葡萄园就归我们了!’ 15于是他们把园主的儿子拖到葡萄园外杀了。

“那么,园主会怎样处治他们呢? 16他必来杀掉这些佃户,把葡萄园转租给别人。”

众人听了就说:“但愿这种事永远不会发生!”

17耶稣定睛看着他们,问道:“那么,圣经上说,

“‘工匠丢弃的石头已成了房角石’,

这句话是什么意思呢? 18凡跌在这石头上的人,将粉身碎骨;这石头落在谁身上,将把谁砸烂。”

纳税问题

19律法教师和祭司长听出这比喻是针对他们说的,便想立刻下手捉拿耶稣,但又害怕百姓。 20于是,他们密切地监视耶稣,又派遣密探假装好人,想从祂的话里找把柄抓祂去见总督。

21那些密探问耶稣:“老师,我们知道你所讲所传的道都是正确的,也知道你不看人的情面,只按真理传上帝的道。 22那么,我们向凯撒纳税对不对呢?”

23耶稣看破他们的阴谋, 24就叫他们拿一个银币来,问他们:“上面刻的是谁的像和名号?”他们说:“凯撒的。”

25耶稣说:“属于凯撒的,要给凯撒;属于上帝的,要给上帝。”

26耶稣的回答令他们惊奇,他们无法当众找到把柄,只好闭口不言。

论死人复活

27撒督该人向来不相信有复活的事。有几个这一派的人来问耶稣: 28“老师,按摩西为我们写的律例,如果有人娶妻后没有孩子就死了,他的兄弟应当娶嫂嫂,替哥哥传宗接代。 29有弟兄七人,老大结了婚,没有孩子就死了。 30二弟、 31三弟、一直到七弟都相继娶了嫂嫂,都没有留下孩子就死了。 32最后那个女人也死了。 33那么,到复活的时候,她将是谁的妻子呢?因为七个人都娶过她。”

34耶稣说:“今世的人才有嫁娶, 35但那些配得将来的世界、从死里复活的人也不娶也不嫁, 36就像天使一样永远不会死。他们既然从死里复活,就是上帝的儿女。 37在记载有关燃烧的荆棘的篇章中,摩西也证实死人会复活,因为他称主是‘亚伯拉罕的上帝,以撒的上帝,雅各的上帝’。 38上帝不是死人的上帝,而是活人的上帝。因为在祂那里的人都是活人。”

39几位律法教师说:“老师答得好!” 40此后,再没有人敢问耶稣问题了。

论基督

41耶稣问他们:“人怎么说基督是大卫的后裔呢? 42大卫曾在诗篇里说,

“‘主对我主说,

你坐在我的右边,

43等我使你的仇敌成为你的脚凳。’

44既然大卫称基督为主,基督又怎么会是大卫的后裔呢?”

45大家正在细听,耶稣对门徒说: 46“你们要提防律法教师。他们爱穿着长袍招摇过市,喜欢人们在大街上问候他们,又喜欢会堂里的上座和宴席中的首位。 47他们侵吞寡妇的财产,还假意做冗长的祷告。这种人必受到更严厉的惩罚!”