New International Version

Leviticus 20:1-27

Punishments for Sin

1The Lord said to Moses, 2“Say to the Israelites: ‘Any Israelite or any foreigner residing in Israel who sacrifices any of his children to Molek is to be put to death. The members of the community are to stone him. 3I myself will set my face against him and will cut him off from his people; for by sacrificing his children to Molek, he has defiled my sanctuary and profaned my holy name. 4If the members of the community close their eyes when that man sacrifices one of his children to Molek and if they fail to put him to death, 5I myself will set my face against him and his family and will cut them off from their people together with all who follow him in prostituting themselves to Molek.

6“ ‘I will set my face against anyone who turns to mediums and spiritists to prostitute themselves by following them, and I will cut them off from their people.

7“ ‘Consecrate yourselves and be holy, because I am the Lord your God. 8Keep my decrees and follow them. I am the Lord, who makes you holy.

9“ ‘Anyone who curses their father or mother is to be put to death. Because they have cursed their father or mother, their blood will be on their own head.

10“ ‘If a man commits adultery with another man’s wife—with the wife of his neighbor—both the adulterer and the adulteress are to be put to death.

11“ ‘If a man has sexual relations with his father’s wife, he has dishonored his father. Both the man and the woman are to be put to death; their blood will be on their own heads.

12“ ‘If a man has sexual relations with his daughter-in-law, both of them are to be put to death. What they have done is a perversion; their blood will be on their own heads.

13“ ‘If a man has sexual relations with a man as one does with a woman, both of them have done what is detestable. They are to be put to death; their blood will be on their own heads.

14“ ‘If a man marries both a woman and her mother, it is wicked. Both he and they must be burned in the fire, so that no wickedness will be among you.

15“ ‘If a man has sexual relations with an animal, he is to be put to death, and you must kill the animal.

16“ ‘If a woman approaches an animal to have sexual relations with it, kill both the woman and the animal. They are to be put to death; their blood will be on their own heads.

17“ ‘If a man marries his sister, the daughter of either his father or his mother, and they have sexual relations, it is a disgrace. They are to be publicly removed from their people. He has dishonored his sister and will be held responsible.

18“ ‘If a man has sexual relations with a woman during her monthly period, he has exposed the source of her flow, and she has also uncovered it. Both of them are to be cut off from their people.

19“ ‘Do not have sexual relations with the sister of either your mother or your father, for that would dishonor a close relative; both of you would be held responsible.

20“ ‘If a man has sexual relations with his aunt, he has dishonored his uncle. They will be held responsible; they will die childless.

21“ ‘If a man marries his brother’s wife, it is an act of impurity; he has dishonored his brother. They will be childless.

22“ ‘Keep all my decrees and laws and follow them, so that the land where I am bringing you to live may not vomit you out. 23You must not live according to the customs of the nations I am going to drive out before you. Because they did all these things, I abhorred them. 24But I said to you, “You will possess their land; I will give it to you as an inheritance, a land flowing with milk and honey.” I am the Lord your God, who has set you apart from the nations.

25“ ‘You must therefore make a distinction between clean and unclean animals and between unclean and clean birds. Do not defile yourselves by any animal or bird or anything that moves along the ground—those that I have set apart as unclean for you. 26You are to be holy to me because I, the Lord, am holy, and I have set you apart from the nations to be my own.

27“ ‘A man or woman who is a medium or spiritist among you must be put to death. You are to stone them; their blood will be on their own heads.’ ”

Japanese Contemporary Bible

レビ記 20:1-27

20

死刑に当たる罪

1-2主はイスラエルの民のために、さらに次のような指示をモーセに与えました。「イスラエル人でも在留外国人でも、わが子を異教の神モレクのいけにえとする者は、必ず同胞の手で石打ちの刑に処せられる。 3わたしもその者から顔をそむけ、イスラエルから断つ。わが子をモレクにささげることによって、わたしの名を汚し、わたしの聖所を汚したからだ。 4たとえ全国民がそのことに目をつぶり、処刑を拒んでも、 5わたしは決して赦さない。本人ばかりか家族からも顔をそむけ、モレクを求めて不道徳なことを行うすべての者を、イスラエルから断つ。

6わたしの代わりに霊媒や口寄せなどに頼る者からもわたしは顔をそむけ、イスラエルから断つ。 7だから、自分をきよめて聖なる者になりなさい。わたしはあなたがたの神、主だからだ。 8わたしのおきてを忠実に守りなさい。わたしはあなたがたを聖なる者とする主である。

9自分の両親をのろう者は必ず死刑に処せられる。それが当然の報いである。

10人妻と姦淫を犯せば、男も女も共に死刑に処せられる。 11父の妻(継母)と性的に関係する者は父を辱めたので、当然の報いとして男も女も死刑に処せられる。 12義理の娘と関係すれば二人とも死刑に処せられる。互いの責任で道ならぬことをし、この結果を招いたのである。 13同性愛にふける者は、二人とも死刑に処せられる。それは彼らの責任である。 14娘と母親の両方と関係することは、重い罪である。三人とも火あぶりにし、悪をぬぐい去りなさい。

15動物と性行為を行う者は死刑にし、動物も殺してしまいなさい。 16女の場合も同じだ。女も動物も殺しなさい。当然の報いである。

17たとえどちらかの親が違っても自分の姉妹と関係することは、恥ずべき行為である。二人とも公にイスラエルから追放される。それだけの罪を犯したからである。 18生理中の女と関係すれば、二人とも追放される。女の身の汚れを人前にさらしたからだ。

19父方でも母方でも、おばと関係してはならない。近親者だからだ。この戒めを破った者は必ず罰を受ける。 20おばと関係する者は、おじのものを奪うのである。二人は当然の罰を受け、子を残さずに死ぬ。 21兄弟の妻と結婚するのは恥ずべきことである。兄弟のものを奪うからだ。彼らには子は生まれない。

22わたしのすべてのおきてと定めに従わなければならない。きちんと守りさえすれば、新しく住む国から放り出されることはないだろう。 23これからあなたがたの前から追い出す国々の習慣に従ってはならない。彼らは、わたしがしてはならないと警告したことを平気な顔でやっている。わたしはそんな者たちを激しく嫌う。 24約束どおりあなたがたにあの国々を与えよう。そこは乳とみつの流れる地だ。あなたがたは、ほかのどんな国民とも違う。わたしが特別に選び、わたしがあなたがたの神、主となったからだ。

25鳥でも動物でもわたしの命令どおり、食べられるものと、そうでないものをはっきり区別しなさい。どれほどたくさんいても、禁じたものは食べてはならない。食べ物のことで身を汚し、わたしに嫌われないようにしなさい。 26主であるわたしが聖なる者だから、あなたがたも聖なる者となりなさい。あなたがたはほかの国民とは違う。わたしが選び出してわたしの国民としたからだ。

27霊媒や口寄せを行う者は、男であっても女であっても石で打ち殺される。それが当然の報いである。」