New International Version

Joshua 22

Eastern Tribes Return Home

1Then Joshua summoned the Reubenites, the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh and said to them, “You have done all that Moses the servant of the Lord commanded, and you have obeyed me in everything I commanded. For a long time now—to this very day—you have not deserted your fellow Israelites but have carried out the mission the Lord your God gave you. Now that the Lord your God has given them rest as he promised, return to your homes in the land that Moses the servant of the Lord gave you on the other side of the Jordan. But be very careful to keep the commandment and the law that Moses the servant of the Lord gave you: to love the Lord your God, to walk in obedience to him, to keep his commands, to hold fast to him and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul.”

Then Joshua blessed them and sent them away, and they went to their homes. (To the half-tribe of Manasseh Moses had given land in Bashan, and to the other half of the tribe Joshua gave land on the west side of the Jordan along with their fellow Israelites.) When Joshua sent them home, he blessed them, saying, “Return to your homes with your great wealth—with large herds of livestock, with silver, gold, bronze and iron, and a great quantity of clothing—and divide the plunder from your enemies with your fellow Israelites.”

So the Reubenites, the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh left the Israelites at Shiloh in Canaan to return to Gilead, their own land, which they had acquired in accordance with the command of the Lord through Moses.

10 When they came to Geliloth near the Jordan in the land of Canaan, the Reubenites, the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh built an imposing altar there by the Jordan. 11 And when the Israelites heard that they had built the altar on the border of Canaan at Geliloth near the Jordan on the Israelite side, 12 the whole assembly of Israel gathered at Shiloh to go to war against them.

13 So the Israelites sent Phinehas son of Eleazar, the priest, to the land of Gilead—to Reuben, Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh. 14 With him they sent ten of the chief men, one from each of the tribes of Israel, each the head of a family division among the Israelite clans.

15 When they went to Gilead—to Reuben, Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh—they said to them: 16 “The whole assembly of the Lord says: ‘How could you break faith with the God of Israel like this? How could you turn away from the Lord and build yourselves an altar in rebellion against him now? 17 Was not the sin of Peor enough for us? Up to this very day we have not cleansed ourselves from that sin, even though a plague fell on the community of the Lord! 18 And are you now turning away from the Lord?

“‘If you rebel against the Lord today, tomorrow he will be angry with the whole community of Israel. 19 If the land you possess is defiled, come over to the Lord’s land, where the Lord’s tabernacle stands, and share the land with us. But do not rebel against the Lord or against us by building an altar for yourselves, other than the altar of the Lord our God. 20 When Achan son of Zerah was unfaithful in regard to the devoted things,[a] did not wrath come on the whole community of Israel? He was not the only one who died for his sin.’”

21 Then Reuben, Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh replied to the heads of the clans of Israel: 22 “The Mighty One, God, the Lord! The Mighty One, God, the Lord! He knows! And let Israel know! If this has been in rebellion or disobedience to the Lord, do not spare us this day. 23 If we have built our own altar to turn away from the Lord and to offer burnt offerings and grain offerings, or to sacrifice fellowship offerings on it, may the Lord himself call us to account.

24 “No! We did it for fear that some day your descendants might say to ours, ‘What do you have to do with the Lord, the God of Israel? 25 The Lord has made the Jordan a boundary between us and you—you Reubenites and Gadites! You have no share in the Lord.’ So your descendants might cause ours to stop fearing the Lord.

26 “That is why we said, ‘Let us get ready and build an altar—but not for burnt offerings or sacrifices.’ 27 On the contrary, it is to be a witness between us and you and the generations that follow, that we will worship the Lord at his sanctuary with our burnt offerings, sacrifices and fellowship offerings. Then in the future your descendants will not be able to say to ours, ‘You have no share in the Lord.’

28 “And we said, ‘If they ever say this to us, or to our descendants, we will answer: Look at the replica of the Lord’s altar, which our ancestors built, not for burnt offerings and sacrifices, but as a witness between us and you.’

29 “Far be it from us to rebel against the Lord and turn away from him today by building an altar for burnt offerings, grain offerings and sacrifices, other than the altar of the Lord our God that stands before his tabernacle.”

30 When Phinehas the priest and the leaders of the community—the heads of the clans of the Israelites—heard what Reuben, Gad and Manasseh had to say, they were pleased. 31 And Phinehas son of Eleazar, the priest, said to Reuben, Gad and Manasseh, “Today we know that the Lord is with us, because you have not been unfaithful to the Lord in this matter. Now you have rescued the Israelites from the Lord’s hand.”

32 Then Phinehas son of Eleazar, the priest, and the leaders returned to Canaan from their meeting with the Reubenites and Gadites in Gilead and reported to the Israelites. 33 They were glad to hear the report and praised God. And they talked no more about going to war against them to devastate the country where the Reubenites and the Gadites lived.

34 And the Reubenites and the Gadites gave the altar this name: A Witness Between Us—that the Lord is God.

Notas al pie

  1. Joshua 22:20 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them.

Chinese Contemporary Bible (Traditional)

約書亞記 22

建祭壇之爭

1約書亞召來了呂便、迦得和瑪拿西半個支派的人來, 對他們說:「你們都遵守了耶和華的僕人摩西的一切吩咐,也遵守了我的一切吩咐。 這些日子以來,你們從沒有離棄自己的弟兄,遵守了你們的上帝耶和華的吩咐。 現在你們的上帝耶和華已經照祂的應許使你們的弟兄安居,你們可以回到約旦河東,到摩西賜給你們作產業的地方。 不過,你們要謹遵耶和華的僕人摩西吩咐你們的誡命和律法,要愛你們的上帝耶和華,遵行祂的旨意,聽從祂的命令,忠於祂,全心全意地事奉祂。」

於是,約書亞為他們祝福,送他們回去,他們就各自返回家園去了。

摩西已經在巴珊把土地分給了瑪拿西半個支派,約書亞把約旦河西的土地分給了瑪拿西另外的半個支派及其他支派。約書亞派他們回家的時候,為他們祝福, 說:「現在你們帶著大量的財物、牲畜、金銀、銅、鐵和衣物返回家園,要把從敵人那裡得來的財物分給你們的弟兄。」 於是,呂便、迦得和瑪拿西半個支派的人便離開在迦南的示羅的以色列人,返回耶和華藉摩西分配給他們的基列。

10 他們來到約旦河附近的迦南境內,就在約旦河邊築了一座高大的祭壇。 11 以色列人聽見呂便、迦得和瑪拿西半個支派的人在約旦河西的迦南境內築起了一座祭壇, 12 便全部聚集在示羅,要討伐他們。

13 以色列人派祭司以利亞撒的兒子非尼哈去基列見他們, 14 又從每支派差遣一位族長,共十位隨行。 15 他們來到基列的呂便、迦得和瑪拿西半個支派的人那裡,對他們說: 16 「耶和華的全體會眾問你們,你們怎能這樣背叛以色列的上帝,離棄耶和華,為自己另建祭壇呢? 17 從前拜毗珥的罪惡不夠大嗎?那一次,瘟疫降到耶和華的會眾身上,直到今日我們還沒有洗淨這罪。 18 你們今日要離棄耶和華嗎?今日你們背叛耶和華,明日祂必向以色列全體會眾發怒。 19 如果你們認為自己的土地不潔淨,可以搬到耶和華的土地跟我們一起居住,這裡有耶和華的聖幕。只是不可在耶和華的祭壇以外,自己另築祭壇,以致背叛耶和華,連累我們。 20 從前謝拉的曾孫亞干私自留下那些耶和華吩咐要毀滅的東西,以致耶和華的烈怒臨到以色列全體會眾,因他的罪而死的不只他一個人!」

21 呂便、迦得和瑪拿西半個支派的人便回答這些以色列的族長說: 22 「大能的上帝耶和華,大能的上帝耶和華,祂知道一切!以色列人也當知道!如果我們做了違背或干犯耶和華的事,願祂今天就不放過我們! 23 如果我們離棄耶和華,為自己造祭壇,或是在壇上獻燔祭、素祭和平安祭,願耶和華親自懲罰我們。 24 我們這樣做是怕以後你們的子孫可能會對我們的子孫說,『你們和以色列的上帝耶和華有什麼關係? 25 耶和華把約旦河定為我們跟你們呂便和迦得人的邊界,你們與耶和華一點關係也沒有。』這樣,恐怕你們的子孫會使我們的子孫不再敬畏耶和華。 26 因此,我們便商議在這裡築一座祭壇,這壇不是用來獻燔祭或別的祭, 27 只是在你們和我們之間,也在彼此的後人之間立個證據,證明我們也獻燔祭、平安祭及其他祭事奉耶和華,免得日後你們的子孫對我們的子孫說,『你們與耶和華一點關係也沒有。』 28 萬一你們對我們或我們的子孫這樣說,我們可以回答說,『你們看我們祖先築的這座祭壇跟耶和華的祭壇一模一樣,只是這座壇不是用來獻燔祭或別的祭,而是作為你們和我們之間的證據!』 29 我們根本無意背叛、離棄我們的上帝耶和華,在祂聖幕前的祭壇以外另築祭壇來獻燔祭、素祭和別的祭。」

30 祭司非尼哈和以色列會眾的族長聽了他們的解釋,都很滿意。 31 以利亞撒的兒子祭司非尼哈對他們說:「今日我們知道耶和華在我們當中,因為你們沒有對耶和華不忠,現在你們使以色列人免遭耶和華的懲罰了。」

32 以利亞撒的兒子非尼哈祭司和眾族長便離開呂便人和迦得人,從基列回到迦南向以色列人報告這事。 33 大家聽後,都很滿意,便頌讚耶和華,打消了出兵討伐呂便人和迦得人、毀滅他們家園的念頭。

34 呂便和迦得人給那座祭壇取名叫「證壇」,意思是這壇在我們中間證明耶和華是上帝。