New International Version

John 18:1-40

Jesus Arrested

1When he had finished praying, Jesus left with his disciples and crossed the Kidron Valley. On the other side there was a garden, and he and his disciples went into it.

2Now Judas, who betrayed him, knew the place, because Jesus had often met there with his disciples. 3So Judas came to the garden, guiding a detachment of soldiers and some officials from the chief priests and the Pharisees. They were carrying torches, lanterns and weapons.

4Jesus, knowing all that was going to happen to him, went out and asked them, “Who is it you want?”

5“Jesus of Nazareth,” they replied.

“I am he,” Jesus said. (And Judas the traitor was standing there with them.) 6When Jesus said, “I am he,” they drew back and fell to the ground.

7Again he asked them, “Who is it you want?”

“Jesus of Nazareth,” they said.

8Jesus answered, “I told you that I am he. If you are looking for me, then let these men go.” 9This happened so that the words he had spoken would be fulfilled: “I have not lost one of those you gave me.”18:9 John 6:39

10Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s servant, cutting off his right ear. (The servant’s name was Malchus.)

11Jesus commanded Peter, “Put your sword away! Shall I not drink the cup the Father has given me?”

12Then the detachment of soldiers with its commander and the Jewish officials arrested Jesus. They bound him 13and brought him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that year. 14Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jewish leaders that it would be good if one man died for the people.

Peter’s First Denial

15Simon Peter and another disciple were following Jesus. Because this disciple was known to the high priest, he went with Jesus into the high priest’s courtyard, 16but Peter had to wait outside at the door. The other disciple, who was known to the high priest, came back, spoke to the servant girl on duty there and brought Peter in.

17“You aren’t one of this man’s disciples too, are you?” she asked Peter.

He replied, “I am not.”

18It was cold, and the servants and officials stood around a fire they had made to keep warm. Peter also was standing with them, warming himself.

The High Priest Questions Jesus

19Meanwhile, the high priest questioned Jesus about his disciples and his teaching.

20“I have spoken openly to the world,” Jesus replied. “I always taught in synagogues or at the temple, where all the Jews come together. I said nothing in secret. 21Why question me? Ask those who heard me. Surely they know what I said.”

22When Jesus said this, one of the officials nearby slapped him in the face. “Is this the way you answer the high priest?” he demanded.

23“If I said something wrong,” Jesus replied, “testify as to what is wrong. But if I spoke the truth, why did you strike me?” 24Then Annas sent him bound to Caiaphas the high priest.

Peter’s Second and Third Denials

25Meanwhile, Simon Peter was still standing there warming himself. So they asked him, “You aren’t one of his disciples too, are you?”

He denied it, saying, “I am not.”

26One of the high priest’s servants, a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, challenged him, “Didn’t I see you with him in the garden?” 27Again Peter denied it, and at that moment a rooster began to crow.

Jesus Before Pilate

28Then the Jewish leaders took Jesus from Caiaphas to the palace of the Roman governor. By now it was early morning, and to avoid ceremonial uncleanness they did not enter the palace, because they wanted to be able to eat the Passover. 29So Pilate came out to them and asked, “What charges are you bringing against this man?”

30“If he were not a criminal,” they replied, “we would not have handed him over to you.”

31Pilate said, “Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law.”

“But we have no right to execute anyone,” they objected. 32This took place to fulfill what Jesus had said about the kind of death he was going to die.

33Pilate then went back inside the palace, summoned Jesus and asked him, “Are you the king of the Jews?”

34“Is that your own idea,” Jesus asked, “or did others talk to you about me?”

35“Am I a Jew?” Pilate replied. “Your own people and chief priests handed you over to me. What is it you have done?”

36Jesus said, “My kingdom is not of this world. If it were, my servants would fight to prevent my arrest by the Jewish leaders. But now my kingdom is from another place.”

37“You are a king, then!” said Pilate.

Jesus answered, “You say that I am a king. In fact, the reason I was born and came into the world is to testify to the truth. Everyone on the side of truth listens to me.”

38“What is truth?” retorted Pilate. With this he went out again to the Jews gathered there and said, “I find no basis for a charge against him. 39But it is your custom for me to release to you one prisoner at the time of the Passover. Do you want me to release ‘the king of the Jews’?”

40They shouted back, “No, not him! Give us Barabbas!” Now Barabbas had taken part in an uprising.

O Livro

João 18:1-40

Jesus é preso

(Mt 26.47-56; Mc 14.43-50; Lc 22.47-53)

1Depois de dizer estas coisas, Jesus atravessou o vale de Cedron com os discípulos e entrou num olival. 2Um local conhecido de Judas, o traidor, por Jesus ali ter ido muitas vezes com os discípulos. 3Os principais sacerdotes e fariseus tinham dado a Judas um destacamento de soldados e guardas que o acompanharam. Chegaram ao olival à luz de archotes e lanternas, e de armas na mão.

4Jesus sabia bem tudo o que lhe ia acontecer e, avançando ao encontro deles, perguntou: “Quem procuram?”

5“Jesus de Nazaré”, responderam.

“Sou eu!”, disse Jesus. Judas estava ali com eles quando Jesus se identificou.

6Quando Jesus disse: “Sou eu!”, todos recuaram e caíram por terra. 7Uma vez mais lhes perguntou: “Quem procuram?”

“Jesus de Nazaré.”

8“Já vos disse que sou eu”, disse-lhes Jesus. “Uma vez que é a mim que procuram, deixem estes outros ir embora.” 9Procedeu assim em cumprimento daquilo que tinha dito, havia pouco tempo, quando orava: “Não perdi um único daqueles que me deste.”18.9 Jo 6.39.

10Então Simão Pedro puxou de uma espada e cortou a orelha direita de Malco, servo do sumo sacerdote. 11Porém, Jesus disse a Pedro: “Guarda a espada! Não devo eu beber o cálice que o meu Pai me deu?”

Jesus perante Anás

(Mt 26.69, 70; Mc 14.66-68; Lc 22.54-57)

12Os guardas dos judeus e os soldados, mais o comandante, prenderam Jesus e amarraram-no. 13E levaram-no primeiro a Anás, sogro de Caifás, que era o sumo sacerdote daquele ano. 14Fora Caifás quem dissera aos outros anciãos: “É preferível que morra um único homem pelo povo.”

Pedro nega Jesus

15Simão Pedro seguiu-os, assim como um outro discípulo que era conhecido do sumo sacerdote. Por isso, esse outro discípulo foi autorizado a entrar no pátio juntamente com Jesus, 16enquanto que Pedro ficou fora do portão. O outro discípulo, que era conhecido do sumo sacerdote, voltou e falou à criada que guardava o portão, e esta deixou Pedro entrar. 17A criada perguntou a Pedro: “Não és um dos discípulos de Jesus?”

“Não, não sou!”, respondeu.

18Os guardas e os criados estavam à volta de uma fogueira que tinham feito, pois o tempo ia frio. Pedro encontrava-se com eles, a aquecer-se.

O sumo sacerdote interroga Jesus

19Lá dentro, o sumo sacerdote começou a interrogar Jesus acerca dos seus discípulos e do que lhes andara a ensinar. 20Jesus respondeu: “O que tenho ensinado é bem conhecido, pois preguei com regularidade nas sinagogas e no templo. Todos os judeus me ouviram e nada ensinei em particular que não tivesse já dito em público. 21Aliás, porque me fazes tal pergunta? Interroga aqueles que me ouviram. Alguns estão aqui e sabem o que eu disse.”

22Um dos soldados que ali se encontrava deu-lhe uma bofetada: “É assim que respondes ao sumo sacerdote?”

23“Se menti, prova-o!”, replicou Jesus. “Se não, porque me feres?”

24Então Anás enviou Jesus amarrado, a Caifás, o sumo sacerdote.

Pedro nega Jesus mais duas vezes

(Mt 26.71-75; Mc 14.69-72; Lc 22.58-62)

25Entretanto, estando Simão Pedro junto à fogueira, tornaram a perguntar-lhe: “Não és um dos seus discípulos?”

“Não sou, não!”, disse Pedro.

26Mas um dos criados da casa do sumo sacerdote, parente do homem cuja orelha Pedro tinha cortado, perguntou: “Não foi a ti que eu vi no olival com Jesus?” 27Uma vez mais, Pedro negou. E imediatamente cantou um galo.

Jesus perante Pilatos

(Mt 27.11-14, 15-31; Mc 15.2-20; Lc 23.2-5, 13-25)

28O julgamento de Jesus na presença de Caifás só acabou de madrugada. Levaram-no em seguida para o palácio do governador romano. Os seus acusadores não podiam entrar, porque isso os tornaria impuros, segundo diziam, impedindo-os de comer o cordeiro pascal. 29Assim, Pilatos, que era o governador, saiu ao encontro deles e perguntou: “Que queixa têm contra este homem?”

30“Se não fosse malfeitor não to teríamos trazido”, retorquiram.

31“Pois então levem-no e julguem-no vocês mesmos de acordo com a vossa Lei!”, tornou-lhes Pilatos.

“Mas queremos que seja morto e nós não podemos fazê-lo”, replicaram os judeus. 32Assim se cumpriu a predição de Jesus acerca do modo como haveria de morrer.

33Pilatos voltou para dentro do palácio e mandou que lhe levassem Jesus. “És o rei dos judeus?”, perguntou-lhe.

34Jesus replicou: “Perguntas isso de ti mesmo ou são outros que o querem saber?”

35“Sou porventura judeu?”, replicou Pilatos. “O teu povo e os principais sacerdotes é que te trouxeram aqui. Que fizeste?”

36Então Jesus respondeu: “Não sou um rei terreno. Se o fosse, os meus discípulos teriam lutado, quando os judeus me prenderam. Mas o meu reino não é deste mundo.”

37“Então és rei?”, perguntou Pilatos.

Jesus respondeu: “Tens razão em dizer que sou rei. De facto, foi para isso que nasci. E vim para trazer a verdade ao mundo. Todos os que amam a verdade escutam a minha voz.”

38“O que é a verdade?”, perguntou Pilatos. Tornando a sair ao povo, anunciou: “Ele não é culpado de crime algum. 39Todavia, é vosso costume pedir-me que solte alguém da prisão todos os anos pela Páscoa.” E perguntou: “Então, não querem que vos solte o rei dos judeus?”

40Mas eles, em alta gritaria, responderam: “Não! Não soltes este, mas sim Barrabás!” Barrabás era um salteador.