The Fall of Jerusalem
1Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem eleven years. His mother’s name was Hamutal daughter of Jeremiah; she was from Libnah. 2He did evil in the eyes of the Lord, just as Jehoiakim had done. 3It was because of the Lord’s anger that all this happened to Jerusalem and Judah, and in the end he thrust them from his presence.
Now Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.
4So in the ninth year of Zedekiah’s reign, on the tenth day of the tenth month, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon marched against Jerusalem with his whole army. They encamped outside the city and built siege works all around it. 5The city was kept under siege until the eleventh year of King Zedekiah.
6By the ninth day of the fourth month the famine in the city had become so severe that there was no food for the people to eat. 7Then the city wall was broken through, and the whole army fled. They left the city at night through the gate between the two walls near the king’s garden, though the Babylonians52:7 Or Chaldeans; also in verse 17 were surrounding the city. They fled toward the Arabah,52:7 Or the Jordan Valley 8but the Babylonian52:8 Or Chaldean; also in verse 14 army pursued King Zedekiah and overtook him in the plains of Jericho. All his soldiers were separated from him and scattered, 9and he was captured.
He was taken to the king of Babylon at Riblah in the land of Hamath, where he pronounced sentence on him. 10There at Riblah the king of Babylon killed the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes; he also killed all the officials of Judah. 11Then he put out Zedekiah’s eyes, bound him with bronze shackles and took him to Babylon, where he put him in prison till the day of his death.
12On the tenth day of the fifth month, in the nineteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, Nebuzaradan commander of the imperial guard, who served the king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem. 13He set fire to the temple of the Lord, the royal palace and all the houses of Jerusalem. Every important building he burned down. 14The whole Babylonian army, under the commander of the imperial guard, broke down all the walls around Jerusalem. 15Nebuzaradan the commander of the guard carried into exile some of the poorest people and those who remained in the city, along with the rest of the craftsmen52:15 Or the populace and those who had deserted to the king of Babylon. 16But Nebuzaradan left behind the rest of the poorest people of the land to work the vineyards and fields.
17The Babylonians broke up the bronze pillars, the movable stands and the bronze Sea that were at the temple of the Lord and they carried all the bronze to Babylon. 18They also took away the pots, shovels, wick trimmers, sprinkling bowls, dishes and all the bronze articles used in the temple service. 19The commander of the imperial guard took away the basins, censers, sprinkling bowls, pots, lampstands, dishes and bowls used for drink offerings—all that were made of pure gold or silver.
20The bronze from the two pillars, the Sea and the twelve bronze bulls under it, and the movable stands, which King Solomon had made for the temple of the Lord, was more than could be weighed. 21Each pillar was eighteen cubits high and twelve cubits in circumference52:21 That is, about 27 feet high and 18 feet in circumference or about 8.1 meters high and 5.4 meters in circumference; each was four fingers thick, and hollow. 22The bronze capital on top of one pillar was five cubits52:22 That is, about 7 1/2 feet or about 2.3 meters high and was decorated with a network and pomegranates of bronze all around. The other pillar, with its pomegranates, was similar. 23There were ninety-six pomegranates on the sides; the total number of pomegranates above the surrounding network was a hundred.
24The commander of the guard took as prisoners Seraiah the chief priest, Zephaniah the priest next in rank and the three doorkeepers. 25Of those still in the city, he took the officer in charge of the fighting men, and seven royal advisers. He also took the secretary who was chief officer in charge of conscripting the people of the land, sixty of whom were found in the city. 26Nebuzaradan the commander took them all and brought them to the king of Babylon at Riblah. 27There at Riblah, in the land of Hamath, the king had them executed.
So Judah went into captivity, away from her land. 28This is the number of the people Nebuchadnezzar carried into exile:
in the seventh year,
29in Nebuchadnezzar’s eighteenth year,
832 people from Jerusalem;
30in his twenty-third year,
745 Jews taken into exile by Nebuzaradan the commander of the imperial guard.
There were 4,600 people in all.
31In the thirty-seventh year of the exile of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the year Awel-Marduk became king of Babylon, on the twenty-fifth day of the twelfth month, he released Jehoiachin king of Judah and freed him from prison. 32He spoke kindly to him and gave him a seat of honor higher than those of the other kings who were with him in Babylon. 33So Jehoiachin put aside his prison clothes and for the rest of his life ate regularly at the king’s table. 34Day by day the king of Babylon gave Jehoiachin a regular allowance as long as he lived, till the day of his death.
Anguko La Yerusalemu
(2 Wafalme 24:18–25:30)
152:1 2Fal 24:17-18; Yos 10:29; Hes 33:20; 2Fal 8:22Sedekia alikuwa na umri wa miaka ishirini na mmoja alipoanza kutawala, naye akatawala huko Yerusalemu kwa miaka kumi na mmoja. Jina la mama yake aliitwa Hamutali binti Yeremia, kutoka Libna. 252:2 Yer 36:30Alifanya maovu machoni pa Bwana, kama alivyofanya Yehoyakimu. 352:3 Eze 17:12-16; Kut 33:15; Mwa 4:14Ilikuwa ni kwa sababu ya hasira ya Bwana haya yote yalitokea Yerusalemu na Yuda, naye mwishoni akawaondoa mbele zake.
Basi, Sedekia akaasi dhidi ya mfalme wa Babeli.
452:4 Zek 8:19; 2Fal 25:1-7; Yer 34:1; Eze 24:1-2; Kum 28:52-57Hivyo katika mwaka wa tisa wa utawala wa Sedekia, katika siku ya kumi ya mwezi wa kumi, Nebukadneza mfalme wa Babeli akiwa na jeshi lake lote alifanya vita dhidi ya Yerusalemu. Wakapiga kambi nje ya mji na kuuzunguka mji pande zote. 5Mji ulizungukwa na jeshi mpaka mwaka wa kumi na moja wa utawala wa Mfalme Sedekia.
652:6 Law 26:26; Mao 1:11; Eze 4:16Ilipowadia siku ya tisa ya mwezi wa nne, njaa ikazidi kuwa kali sana ndani ya mji, hadi hapakuwa na chakula kwa ajili ya watu. 752:7 Mao 4:19Kisha ukuta wa mji ukavunjwa na jeshi lote likakimbia. Wakaondoka mjini usiku kupitia lango lililokuwa kati ya kuta mbili karibu na bustani ya mfalme, ingawa Wakaldayo walikuwa wameuzunguka mji. Wakakimbia kuelekea Araba. 8Lakini jeshi la Wakaldayo likamfuatia Mfalme Sedekia na kumpata katika sehemu tambarare za Yeriko. Askari wake wote wakatengwa naye na kutawanyika, 952:9 Yer 21:7; 32:4; Hes 34:11; 13:21naye akakamatwa.
Akapelekwa kwa mfalme wa Babeli huko Ribla, katika nchi ya Hamathi, mahali ambapo alimtangazia hukumu. 1052:10 Yer 22:30; 39:6-7Huko Ribla mfalme wa Babeli aliwachinja wana wa Sedekia mbele ya macho yake. Pia akawaua maafisa wote wa Yuda. 1152:11 Eze 12:13; 17:16; Yer 34:4Kisha akayangʼoa macho ya Sedekia, akamfunga kwa pingu za shaba na kumpeleka Babeli, alipomweka gerezani mpaka siku ya kifo chake.
1252:12 Zek 8:19; Yer 39:9; Zek 7:5Mnamo siku ya kumi ya mwezi wa tano, katika mwaka wa kumi na tisa wa utawala wa Nebukadneza mfalme wa Babeli, Nebuzaradani jemadari wa askari walinzi wa mfalme, aliyemtumikia mfalme wa Babeli, alikuja Yerusalemu. 1352:13 2Nya 36:19; Kum 29:24; Mik 3:12; Za 74:8; Yer 19:13; Kum 13:16; Mao 2:6Alichoma moto Hekalu la Bwana, jumba la kifalme, na nyumba zote za Yerusalemu. Aliteketeza kila jengo muhimu. 14Jeshi lote la Wakaldayo chini ya jemadari wa askari walinzi wa mfalme walivunja kuta zote zilizoizunguka Yerusalemu. 1552:15 2Fal 24:1; Yer 38:19; 1:3Nebuzaradani, jemadari wa askari walinzi, akawapeleka uhamishoni baadhi ya watu maskini sana na wale waliobaki katika mji, pamoja na mabaki ya watu wa kawaida, na wale waliojisalimisha kwa mfalme wa Babeli. 16Lakini Nebuzaradani akawaacha mabaki ya wale watu maskini kabisa ili watunze mashamba ya mizabibu na mashamba mengine.
1752:17 1Fal 7:15, 27-37; Yer 27:19-22Wakaldayo walivunja vipande zile nguzo za shaba, vile vishikilio vya shaba vilivyohamishika, na ile Bahari ya shaba, ambavyo vyote vilikuwa katika Hekalu la Bwana. Hivyo wakaichukua hiyo shaba yote na kuipeleka Babeli. 1852:18 Kut 27:3; 1Fal 7:45; Hes 4:14Wakachukua pia vyungu, masepetu, mikasi ya kusawazishia tambi, mabakuli ya kunyunyizia, sahani na vyombo vyote vya shaba vilivyotumika katika huduma ya Hekalu. 1952:19 Law 10:1; 1Fal 7:50; Hes 3:31; Kut 25:29; Hes 4:7; Dan 5:2; Ezr 1:7Jemadari wa askari walinzi wa mfalme akachukua yale masinia, vile vyetezo, yale mabakuli ya kunyunyizia, zile sufuria, vile vinara vya taa, zile sahani na yale mabakuli yaliyotumika kwa sadaka za vinywaji, vitu vyote vile vilivyokuwa vimetengenezwa kwa dhahabu safi au fedha.
2052:20 1Fal 7:25, 47Shaba iliyotokana na zile nguzo mbili, ile Bahari na wale mafahali kumi na mawili wa shaba waliokuwa chini yake, pamoja na vile vishikilio vilivyohamishika, ambavyo Mfalme Solomoni alikuwa ametengeneza kwa ajili ya Hekalu la Bwana, ilikuwa na uzito usioweza kupimika. 21Kila nguzo ilikuwa na urefu wa dhiraa kumi na nane, kimo chake na mzunguko dhiraa kumi na mbili, na unene wa nyanda nne, na zote zilikuwa wazi ndani. 2252:22 1Fal 7:15-16, 20, 47; Kut 28:33Sehemu ya shaba juu ya ile nguzo moja ilikuwa na urefu wa dhiraa tano, na ilikuwa imepambwa kwa wavu na makomamanga ya shaba kuizunguka kote. Ile nguzo nyingine pamoja na makomamanga yake ilifanana na hiyo ya kwanza. 23Kulikuwa na makomamanga tisini na sita pembeni; jumla ya makomamanga juu ya wavu uliokuwa umezunguka yalikuwa mia moja.
2452:24 2Fal 25:18; Yer 37:3; 21:1; 2Fal 12:9Yule jemadari wa askari walinzi akawachukua kama wafungwa Seraya kuhani mkuu, kuhani Sefania aliyefuata kwa cheo, na mabawabu watatu. 2552:25 Yer 36:10Miongoni mwa wale watu waliokuwa wamesalia katika mji, alimchukua afisa kiongozi wa wapiganaji, na washauri saba wa mfalme. Akamchukua pia mwandishi aliyesimamia uandikishaji wa watu wa nchi, pamoja na watu wake sitini waliopatikana ndani ya mji. 26Nebuzaradani jemadari akawachukua hao wote na kuwapeleka kwa mfalme wa Babeli huko Ribla. 2752:27 Yer 20:4; Law 26:33; Hes 34:11Huko Ribla, katika nchi ya Hamathi, mfalme wa Babeli akaamuru wanyongwe.
Hivyo Yuda wakaenda utumwani, mbali na nchi yao. 2852:28 2Fal 24:14-16; Neh 1:2; 2Nya 36:20; Kum 28:36Hii ndiyo hesabu ya watu ambao Nebukadneza aliwachukua kwenda uhamishoni:
katika mwaka wa saba,
29katika mwaka wa kumi na nane wa utawala wa Nebukadneza,
watu 832 kutoka Yerusalemu;
3052:30 Yer 43:3; 13:19katika mwaka wa ishirini na tatu wa utawala wake,
Wayahudi 745 walichukuliwa kwenda uhamishoni na Nebuzaradani jemadari wa askari walinzi wa mfalme.
Jumla ya watu wote walikuwa 4,600.
Yehoyakini Anaachiwa Huru
3152:31 2Fal 25:27-30; Mwa 40:13-20Katika mwaka wa thelathini na saba tangu Yehoyakini mfalme wa Yuda apelekwe uhamishoni, katika mwaka ule ambao Evil-Merodaki52:31 Pia aliitwa Ameli-Mariduki. alifanyika mfalme wa Babeli, alimwacha huru Yehoyakini mfalme wa Yuda, na kumfungua kutoka gerezani siku ya ishirini na tano ya mwezi wa kumi na mbili. 32Alizungumza naye kwa upole na kumpa kiti cha heshima zaidi kuliko wale wafalme wengine aliokuwa nao huko Babeli. 3352:33 2Sam 9:7, 13Hivyo Yehoyakini akayavua mavazi yake ya mfungwa, na siku zote za maisha yake zilizobaki alikula mezani mwa mfalme. 3452:34 2Sam 9:10Siku kwa siku mfalme wa Babeli alimpa Yehoyakini posho siku zote za maisha yake, hadi siku ya kifo chake.