New International Version

Genesis 49:1-33

Jacob Blesses His Sons

1Then Jacob called for his sons and said: “Gather around so I can tell you what will happen to you in days to come.

2“Assemble and listen, sons of Jacob;

listen to your father Israel.

3“Reuben, you are my firstborn,

my might, the first sign of my strength,

excelling in honor, excelling in power.

4Turbulent as the waters, you will no longer excel,

for you went up onto your father’s bed,

onto my couch and defiled it.

5“Simeon and Levi are brothers—

their swords49:5 The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain. are weapons of violence.

6Let me not enter their council,

let me not join their assembly,

for they have killed men in their anger

and hamstrung oxen as they pleased.

7Cursed be their anger, so fierce,

and their fury, so cruel!

I will scatter them in Jacob

and disperse them in Israel.

8“Judah,49:8 Judah sounds like and may be derived from the Hebrew for praise. your brothers will praise you;

your hand will be on the neck of your enemies;

your father’s sons will bow down to you.

9You are a lion’s cub, Judah;

you return from the prey, my son.

Like a lion he crouches and lies down,

like a lioness—who dares to rouse him?

10The scepter will not depart from Judah,

nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,49:10 Or from his descendants

until he to whom it belongs49:10 Or to whom tribute belongs; the meaning of the Hebrew for this phrase is uncertain. shall come

and the obedience of the nations shall be his.

11He will tether his donkey to a vine,

his colt to the choicest branch;

he will wash his garments in wine,

his robes in the blood of grapes.

12His eyes will be darker than wine,

his teeth whiter than milk.49:12 Or will be dull from wine, / his teeth white from milk

13“Zebulun will live by the seashore

and become a haven for ships;

his border will extend toward Sidon.

14“Issachar is a rawboned49:14 Or strong donkey

lying down among the sheep pens.49:14 Or the campfires; or the saddlebags

15When he sees how good is his resting place

and how pleasant is his land,

he will bend his shoulder to the burden

and submit to forced labor.

16“Dan49:16 Dan here means he provides justice. will provide justice for his people

as one of the tribes of Israel.

17Dan will be a snake by the roadside,

a viper along the path,

that bites the horse’s heels

so that its rider tumbles backward.

18“I look for your deliverance, Lord.

19“Gad49:19 Gad sounds like the Hebrew for attack and also for band of raiders. will be attacked by a band of raiders,

but he will attack them at their heels.

20“Asher’s food will be rich;

he will provide delicacies fit for a king.

21“Naphtali is a doe set free

that bears beautiful fawns.49:21 Or free; / he utters beautiful words

22“Joseph is a fruitful vine,

a fruitful vine near a spring,

whose branches climb over a wall.49:22 Or Joseph is a wild colt, / a wild colt near a spring, / a wild donkey on a terraced hill

23With bitterness archers attacked him;

they shot at him with hostility.

24But his bow remained steady,

his strong arms stayed49:23,24 Or archers will attack… will shoot… will remain… will stay limber,

because of the hand of the Mighty One of Jacob,

because of the Shepherd, the Rock of Israel,

25because of your father’s God, who helps you,

because of the Almighty,49:25 Hebrew Shaddai who blesses you

with blessings of the skies above,

blessings of the deep springs below,

blessings of the breast and womb.

26Your father’s blessings are greater

than the blessings of the ancient mountains,

than49:26 Or of my progenitors, / as great as the bounty of the age-old hills.

Let all these rest on the head of Joseph,

on the brow of the prince among49:26 Or of the one separated from his brothers.

27“Benjamin is a ravenous wolf;

in the morning he devours the prey,

in the evening he divides the plunder.”

28All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, and this is what their father said to them when he blessed them, giving each the blessing appropriate to him.

The Death of Jacob

29Then he gave them these instructions: “I am about to be gathered to my people. Bury me with my fathers in the cave in the field of Ephron the Hittite, 30the cave in the field of Machpelah, near Mamre in Canaan, which Abraham bought along with the field as a burial place from Ephron the Hittite. 31There Abraham and his wife Sarah were buried, there Isaac and his wife Rebekah were buried, and there I buried Leah. 32The field and the cave in it were bought from the Hittites.49:32 Or the descendants of Heth

33When Jacob had finished giving instructions to his sons, he drew his feet up into the bed, breathed his last and was gathered to his people.

Japanese Contemporary Bible

創世記 49:1-33

49

ヤコブの祝福

1いよいよ最期の時がきました。ヤコブは息子たちをみな呼び寄せました。「いいか、みんな私の回りに集まるのだ。一人一人の将来がどうなるか教えよう。 2おまえたちはみな、私の息子だ。これから言うことをよく注意して聞くのだよ。

3長男のルベン。おまえは私がまだ若く、血気盛んなころに生まれた子だ。長男として、あらゆる点で兄弟の上に立ってもよいはずだった。 4だが実際は、海の荒波のような無法者だ。長男の資格はない。義理の母と関係するとは何事だ。私の顔に泥を塗った報いを受けるがよい。

5シメオンとレビは似た者同士だ。乱暴で手がつけられない。 6くれぐれもこの二人には近づくな。その悪だくみに加担するな。彼らは怒りにまかせて人を殺し、おもしろ半分に牛を傷つけた。 7彼らの怒りにのろいあれ。激しく残虐な怒りにのろいあれ。二人の子孫は、イスラエルの各地に散らしてしまおう。

8ユダよ。兄弟はおまえをたたえる。おまえは敵を滅ぼし、兄弟はみなおまえにひざまずく。 9ユダは、獲物をたいらげる、たくましく成長した若いライオンだ。何ものをも恐れず、ゆうゆうと寝そべっている。だれも、これを起こすことはできない。あえてそんな危険を冒す者はいない。 10その王位はシロ(権威を持つ者、メシヤとも解される)が来る時まで続く。人々がみなシロに従うその時まで、ユダは安泰である。 11彼は大いに栄え、ろばをえり抜きのぶどうの木につなぎ、服をぶどう酒で洗う。 12その目はぶどう酒より黒く、その歯はミルクより白い。

13ゼブルンは海のそばに住む。港は船でにぎわい、境界線はシドンにまで及ぶ。

14イッサカルはたくましいろばだ。鞍袋の間にうずくまって休む。 15美しい田園、住みよい土地を見た時、彼は肩にくい込む重い荷をもいとわず、人に仕えることをも拒まない。

16ダンはほかの部族と同じように、自分の部族を治める。 17その数は少なくとも、小道をはい回る蛇のように、馬のかかとにかみつき、乗り手を落とす。 18主の救いは確実だ。

19ガドは強盗の一団に襲われる。だが奪い取るのはガドのほうで、敵をさんざんに追い散らす。

20アシェルは実り豊かな地を耕す。その産物は王の食卓にも上る。

21ナフタリは解き放たれた鹿で、かわいらしい子鹿を生む。

22ヨセフは泉のそばの実り豊かな木だ。その枝は伸びて垣根を覆う。 23一度は、迫害する者に矢を射込まれ、ひどい手傷を負った。 24だが、力あるヤコブの神、イスラエルを守る羊飼い、また岩である方のおかげで、みごと敵を打ち負かした。 25先祖代々にわたり頼ってきた全能の神が、天の恵みと地の恵みをもって、あなたを祝福なさるように。大ぜいの子孫に恵まれ、 26山々には穀物と花が満ち、永遠に変わらない祝福があるように。これが、かつて兄たちから追放されたヨセフの受ける祝福だ。

27ベニヤミンはほえたける狼だ。明け方には敵を食い荒らし、夕べには戦利品を分け合う。」 28こうして、彼らそれぞれにふさわしいことばで祝福を与えたのです。

ヤコブの死

29-30それから、こうつけ加えました。「私はじきに死ぬ。そうしたらカナンの地に葬ってくれ。マムレに面したマクペラの野にあるほら穴を知っているだろう。おまえたちのひいおじいさんのアブラハムが、墓地にしようとヘテ人エフロンから買ったあの土地だ。 31-32そこは一族の墓として代々使われ、私もレアをそこに葬った。よいか。私も必ずそこへ葬ってくれ。」 33ヤコブはもう思い残すことはないと、安心して床について息を引き取りました。