New International Version

Genesis 43:1-34

The Second Journey to Egypt

1Now the famine was still severe in the land. 2So when they had eaten all the grain they had brought from Egypt, their father said to them, “Go back and buy us a little more food.”

3But Judah said to him, “The man warned us solemnly, ‘You will not see my face again unless your brother is with you.’ 4If you will send our brother along with us, we will go down and buy food for you. 5But if you will not send him, we will not go down, because the man said to us, ‘You will not see my face again unless your brother is with you.’ ”

6Israel asked, “Why did you bring this trouble on me by telling the man you had another brother?”

7They replied, “The man questioned us closely about ourselves and our family. ‘Is your father still living?’ he asked us. ‘Do you have another brother?’ We simply answered his questions. How were we to know he would say, ‘Bring your brother down here’?”

8Then Judah said to Israel his father, “Send the boy along with me and we will go at once, so that we and you and our children may live and not die. 9I myself will guarantee his safety; you can hold me personally responsible for him. If I do not bring him back to you and set him here before you, I will bear the blame before you all my life. 10As it is, if we had not delayed, we could have gone and returned twice.”

11Then their father Israel said to them, “If it must be, then do this: Put some of the best products of the land in your bags and take them down to the man as a gift—a little balm and a little honey, some spices and myrrh, some pistachio nuts and almonds. 12Take double the amount of silver with you, for you must return the silver that was put back into the mouths of your sacks. Perhaps it was a mistake. 13Take your brother also and go back to the man at once. 14And may God Almighty43:14 Hebrew El-Shaddai grant you mercy before the man so that he will let your other brother and Benjamin come back with you. As for me, if I am bereaved, I am bereaved.”

15So the men took the gifts and double the amount of silver, and Benjamin also. They hurried down to Egypt and presented themselves to Joseph. 16When Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the steward of his house, “Take these men to my house, slaughter an animal and prepare a meal; they are to eat with me at noon.”

17The man did as Joseph told him and took the men to Joseph’s house. 18Now the men were frightened when they were taken to his house. They thought, “We were brought here because of the silver that was put back into our sacks the first time. He wants to attack us and overpower us and seize us as slaves and take our donkeys.”

19So they went up to Joseph’s steward and spoke to him at the entrance to the house. 20“We beg your pardon, our lord,” they said, “we came down here the first time to buy food. 21But at the place where we stopped for the night we opened our sacks and each of us found his silver—the exact weight—in the mouth of his sack. So we have brought it back with us. 22We have also brought additional silver with us to buy food. We don’t know who put our silver in our sacks.”

23“It’s all right,” he said. “Don’t be afraid. Your God, the God of your father, has given you treasure in your sacks; I received your silver.” Then he brought Simeon out to them.

24The steward took the men into Joseph’s house, gave them water to wash their feet and provided fodder for their donkeys. 25They prepared their gifts for Joseph’s arrival at noon, because they had heard that they were to eat there.

26When Joseph came home, they presented to him the gifts they had brought into the house, and they bowed down before him to the ground. 27He asked them how they were, and then he said, “How is your aged father you told me about? Is he still living?”

28They replied, “Your servant our father is still alive and well.” And they bowed down, prostrating themselves before him.

29As he looked about and saw his brother Benjamin, his own mother’s son, he asked, “Is this your youngest brother, the one you told me about?” And he said, “God be gracious to you, my son.” 30Deeply moved at the sight of his brother, Joseph hurried out and looked for a place to weep. He went into his private room and wept there.

31After he had washed his face, he came out and, controlling himself, said, “Serve the food.”

32They served him by himself, the brothers by themselves, and the Egyptians who ate with him by themselves, because Egyptians could not eat with Hebrews, for that is detestable to Egyptians. 33The men had been seated before him in the order of their ages, from the firstborn to the youngest; and they looked at each other in astonishment. 34When portions were served to them from Joseph’s table, Benjamin’s portion was five times as much as anyone else’s. So they feasted and drank freely with him.

Japanese Contemporary Bible

創世記 43:1-34



1この地のききんはひどくなる一方でした。カナン地方を覆い尽くし、少しも衰えを見せません。 2エジプトから買って来た穀物も底をつきました。「ご苦労だが、また買いに行ってもらわなければならないな。」父親は息子たちに言いました。




8その時ユダが言いました。「ベニヤミンを連れて行かせてください。お願いします。今すぐに出かけなければ、家族みんなが飢え死にします。私たちばかりか、お父さんや子どもたちまで……。 9弟の安全は私が保証します。万一のことがあったら責任を負います。 10初めからお願いしたとおりにしてくだされば、その間に二回は穀物を持ってエジプトから帰っているはずですよ。」

11とうとうイスラエルも承諾しました。「どうしても連れて行くのなら、せめてこうしてくれ。ろばにこの国の最良の産物を積むのだ。その総理大臣とやらへの贈り物にな。香油、はちみつ、香料、没薬、くるみ、アーモンドなどを持って行くといい。 12代金の二倍の銀を持って行きなさい。この前、袋の口にあった銀も持って行って返すのだ。あれはきっと、何かの間違いだったのだろう。 13さあ、弟を連れて行きなさい。 14その人の前に立つ時、全能の神様が守ってくださり、シメオンが自由にされ、ベニヤミンも無事に帰れるように。もし、この二人が死ぬことにでもなったら……それもしかたあるまい。ただじっと耐えるだけだ。」

15彼らは、贈り物と二倍の代金を持ってエジプトのヨセフのもとへ出かけました。 16今度はベニヤミンもいっしょです。ヨセフはそれを見るとすぐ、家の執事に命じました。「この人たちは昼食を私といっしょにする。家へお連れして、盛大な宴会の用意をしなさい。」 17執事は言われたとおり、一同をヨセフの屋敷へ案内しました。 18びっくりしたのは兄弟たちです。まさか、ヨセフの屋敷へ連れて行かれようとは思ってもみなかったので、どうなることかと心配でなりません。思い当たることを、お互いにひそひそ話し合うばかりです。「これはきっと、袋に返してあったあの銀のせいだぞ。あの銀を盗んだとでも言うつもりだろう。言いがかりをつけてわれわれを捕まえ、奴隷にしようっていうのだろう。ろばから何から、全部取り上げる魂胆だな。」

19そうこうするうちに屋敷の入口に着きました。ぐずぐずできません。彼らはすぐ執事のところへ行きました。 20「折り入ってお話があるのですが。この前、食糧を買いにこちらへまいりまして、 21帰る途中、ある所で夜を過ごしたのです。ところが、袋を開けてみると、代金としてお支払いしたはずの銀が入っておりました。これがその代金です。お返ししようと持ってまいりました。 22今回の分は、別に用意してあります。あれ以来、どうしてこれが袋の中にまぎれ込んでしまったのかと、みなで首をひねっておりました。」


24彼らは屋敷に招き入れられ、足を洗う水を与えられました。ろばの餌ももらいました。 25昼にはヨセフが戻って来るということです。彼らはすぐに贈り物を渡せるよう、抜かりなく用意しました。何でも、昼食をいっしょにするらしいのです。 26ヨセフが戻って来ると、彼らはていねいにおじぎをし、持って来た贈り物を差し出しました。



29ヨセフは弟ベニヤミンの顔をじっと見つめました。「これが末の弟か。そうか、この子がなあ。どうだ、疲れてはいないか? あなたに神様の恵みがあるように。」

30ここまで言うのがやっとでした。あまりのなつかしさに胸がいっぱいになり、涙がこみ上げてきたのです。あわてて部屋を出て寝室に駆け込み、思いきり泣きました。 31泣くだけ泣くと、顔を洗い、何事もなかったように彼らのところへ戻り、感情を押し殺して、「さあ食事にしよう」と言いました。 32ヨセフは自分のテーブルで食事をし、兄弟たちは別のテーブルです。またもう一つのテーブルには、エジプト人が座りました。エジプト人はヘブル人(イスラエル人)とはいっしょに食事をしなかったからです。 33ヨセフは一人一人に、どこへ座るか指示しました。一番上の兄から始まって末の弟まで、きちんと年の順になっています。みなはびっくりしました。 34料理は主人であるヨセフのテーブルからみなに配られ、ベニヤミンには特別たくさん与えられました。ほかの兄弟の五倍はあります。一同はぶどう酒をくみ交わし、とても楽しい酒宴となりました。