New International Version

Genesis 42:1-38

Joseph’s Brothers Go to Egypt

1When Jacob learned that there was grain in Egypt, he said to his sons, “Why do you just keep looking at each other?” 2He continued, “I have heard that there is grain in Egypt. Go down there and buy some for us, so that we may live and not die.”

3Then ten of Joseph’s brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt. 4But Jacob did not send Benjamin, Joseph’s brother, with the others, because he was afraid that harm might come to him. 5So Israel’s sons were among those who went to buy grain, for there was famine in the land of Canaan also.

6Now Joseph was the governor of the land, the person who sold grain to all its people. So when Joseph’s brothers arrived, they bowed down to him with their faces to the ground. 7As soon as Joseph saw his brothers, he recognized them, but he pretended to be a stranger and spoke harshly to them. “Where do you come from?” he asked.

“From the land of Canaan,” they replied, “to buy food.”

8Although Joseph recognized his brothers, they did not recognize him. 9Then he remembered his dreams about them and said to them, “You are spies! You have come to see where our land is unprotected.”

10“No, my lord,” they answered. “Your servants have come to buy food. 11We are all the sons of one man. Your servants are honest men, not spies.”

12“No!” he said to them. “You have come to see where our land is unprotected.”

13But they replied, “Your servants were twelve brothers, the sons of one man, who lives in the land of Canaan. The youngest is now with our father, and one is no more.”

14Joseph said to them, “It is just as I told you: You are spies! 15And this is how you will be tested: As surely as Pharaoh lives, you will not leave this place unless your youngest brother comes here. 16Send one of your number to get your brother; the rest of you will be kept in prison, so that your words may be tested to see if you are telling the truth. If you are not, then as surely as Pharaoh lives, you are spies!” 17And he put them all in custody for three days.

18On the third day, Joseph said to them, “Do this and you will live, for I fear God: 19If you are honest men, let one of your brothers stay here in prison, while the rest of you go and take grain back for your starving households. 20But you must bring your youngest brother to me, so that your words may be verified and that you may not die.” This they proceeded to do.

21They said to one another, “Surely we are being punished because of our brother. We saw how distressed he was when he pleaded with us for his life, but we would not listen; that’s why this distress has come on us.”

22Reuben replied, “Didn’t I tell you not to sin against the boy? But you wouldn’t listen! Now we must give an accounting for his blood.” 23They did not realize that Joseph could understand them, since he was using an interpreter.

24He turned away from them and began to weep, but then came back and spoke to them again. He had Simeon taken from them and bound before their eyes.

25Joseph gave orders to fill their bags with grain, to put each man’s silver back in his sack, and to give them provisions for their journey. After this was done for them, 26they loaded their grain on their donkeys and left.

27At the place where they stopped for the night one of them opened his sack to get feed for his donkey, and he saw his silver in the mouth of his sack. 28“My silver has been returned,” he said to his brothers. “Here it is in my sack.”

Their hearts sank and they turned to each other trembling and said, “What is this that God has done to us?”

29When they came to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan, they told him all that had happened to them. They said, 30“The man who is lord over the land spoke harshly to us and treated us as though we were spying on the land. 31But we said to him, ‘We are honest men; we are not spies. 32We were twelve brothers, sons of one father. One is no more, and the youngest is now with our father in Canaan.’

33“Then the man who is lord over the land said to us, ‘This is how I will know whether you are honest men: Leave one of your brothers here with me, and take food for your starving households and go. 34But bring your youngest brother to me so I will know that you are not spies but honest men. Then I will give your brother back to you, and you can trade42:34 Or move about freely in the land.’ ”

35As they were emptying their sacks, there in each man’s sack was his pouch of silver! When they and their father saw the money pouches, they were frightened. 36Their father Jacob said to them, “You have deprived me of my children. Joseph is no more and Simeon is no more, and now you want to take Benjamin. Everything is against me!”

37Then Reuben said to his father, “You may put both of my sons to death if I do not bring him back to you. Entrust him to my care, and I will bring him back.”

38But Jacob said, “My son will not go down there with you; his brother is dead and he is the only one left. If harm comes to him on the journey you are taking, you will bring my gray head down to the grave in sorrow.”

New Amharic Standard Version

ዘፍጥረት 42:1-38

የዮሴፍ ወንድሞች ወደ ግብፅ ሄዱ

1ያዕቆብ በግብፅ እህል መኖሩን ሲሰማ፣ ልጆቹን እንዲህ አላቸው፤ “ለምን እርስ በርስ ትተያያላችሁ? 2በግብፅ እህል መኖሩን ሰምቻለሁ፤ ስለዚህ ከመሞት መሰንበት ይሻላልና ወደዚያው ወርዳችሁ እህል ሸምቱልን” አላቸው። 3ከዚያም ዐሥሩ የዮሴፍ ወንድሞች እህል ለመሸመት ወደ ግብፅ ወረዱ። 4ነገር ግን ያዕቆብ የዮሴፍን ወንድም ብንያምን፣ ክፉ ነገር ይደርስበታል በሚል ፍርሀት ከወንድሞቹ ጋር አላከውም። 5ራቡ በከነዓንም በመበርታቱ፣ እህል ለመሸመት ወደ ግብፅ ከሄዱት ሰዎች መካከል የእስራኤል ልጆችም ነበሩ።

6በዚህ ጊዜ ዮሴፍ የምድሪቱ ገዥ ነበር፤ ለአገሩ ሰዎች ሁሉ እህል የሚሸጥላቸው እርሱ ነበር። የዮሴፍ ወንድሞችም እንደ ደረሱ፣ ከፊቱ ቀርበው ወደ ምድር ለጥ ብለው እጅ ነሡት። 7ዮሴፍም ወንድሞቹን ገና ሲያያቸው ወዲያውኑ ዐወቃቸው፤ ነገር ግን እንደማያውቃቸው ሆኖ፣ “ከየት የመጣችሁ ናችሁ?” ብሎ በቍጣ ቃል ተናገራቸው። እነርሱም፣ “እህል፤ ለመሸመት ከከነዓን ምድር የመጣን ነን” ብለው መለሱለት።

8ዮሴፍ ወንድሞቹን ቢያውቃቸውም እንኳ እነርሱ ግን አላወቁትም። 9በዚህ ጊዜ ስለ ወንድሞቹ ያየው ሕልም ትዝ አለውና፣ “ሰላዮች ናችሁ፤ የመጣችሁት አገራችን በየትኛው በኩል ለጥቃት የተጋለጠች መሆኗን ለመሰለል ነው” አላቸው።

10እነርሱም እንዲህ አሉት፤ “ጌታችን ሆይ፤ እንዲህስ አይደለም፤ አገልጋዮችህ የመጣነው እህል ለመሸመት ነው፤ 11ሁላችንም የአንድ አባት ልጆች ነን፤ አገልጋዮችህ የታመንን ሰዎች እንጂ ሰላዮች አይደለንም።”

12እርሱም መልሶ፣ “አይደለም፤ በየት በኩል ለጥቃት የተጋለጠች መሆኗን ለመሰለል ነው” አላቸው።

13እነርሱ ግን መልሰው፣ “እኛ አገልጋዮችህ በከነዓን አገር ከሚኖር ከአንድ ሰው የተወለድን ዐሥራ ሁለት ወንድማማቾች ነን። ትንሹ ወንድማችን አባታችን ዘንድ ሲሆን፣ አንዱ ግን የለም” አሉት።

14ዮሴፍም እንዲህ አላቸው፤ “ነገርኋችሁ እኮ፤ ሰላዮች ናችሁ! 15ታናሽ ወንድማችሁ እዚህ እስካልመጣ ድረስ ከዚህ ንቅንቅ እንደማትሉ በፈርዖን ስም እምላለሁ፤ ማንነታችሁ የሚረጋገጠውም በዚህ ነው። 16በሉ፣ ከእናንተ አንዱን ላኩና ወንድማችሁን ይዞ ይመለስ፤ የቀራችሁት ግን የተናገራችሁት ቃል እስኪረጋገጥ ድረስ፣ እስር ቤት ትቈያላችሁ። እንደ ተናገራችሁት ካልሆነ ግን፣ በፈርዖን ስም እምላለሁ፤ ሁላችሁም ሰላዮች ናችሁ” አላቸው። 17ሁሉንም ሦስት ቀን በእስር አቈያቸው።

18በሦስተኛውም ቀን ዮሴፍ እንዲህ አላቸው፤ “እኔ እግዚአብሔርን (ኤሎሂም) ስለምፈራ እንዲህ በማድረግ ሕይወታችሁን አትርፉ። 19ታማኝ ሰዎች ከሆናችሁ፣ ከመካከላችሁ አንዱ እዚህ እስር ቤት ሲቈይ፣ የቀራችሁት ግን ለተራቡት ቤተ ሰቦቻችሁ እህል ትወስዱላቸዋላችሁ፤ 20ታናሽ ወንድማችሁን ግን ይዛችሁ መምጣት አለባችሁ፤ በዚህም የተናገራችሁት ቃል እውነተኛነት ይረጋገጣል፤ እናንተም ከመሞት ትተርፋላችሁ።” እነርሱም ይህንኑ ለመፈጸም ተስማሙ።

21እርስ በርሳቸውም፣ “ይኸው በወንድማችን ላይ ባደረስነው በደል ምክንያት ቅጣታችንን እየተቀበልን ነው። እርሱ እንደዚያ ተጨንቆ ስለ ሕይወቱ ሲማጠነን፣ እኛ አልሰማነውም ነበር፤ ይህ መከራ የደረሰብንም በዚሁ ምክንያት ነው” ተባባሉ።

22ሮቤልም መልሶ፣ “በዚህ ልጅ ላይ፣ ‘ክፉ ነገር አታድርጉ’ ብዬ አልነበረምን? እናንተ ግን አልሰማችሁኝም፤ ስለዚህም ደሙ ከእጃችን ይፈለጋል” አላቸው። 23ዮሴፍ የሚያነጋግራቸው በአስተርጓሚ ስለ ሆነ የሚነጋገሩትን እንደሚሰማቸው አላወቁም ነበር።

24ከፊታቸውም ዘወር ብሎ አለቀሰ፤ ከዚያም ወደ እነርሱ ተመልሶ እንደ ገና አነጋገራቸው፤ ስምዖንንም ከእነርሱ ለይቶ ዐይናቸው እያየ አሰረው።

25በስልቻዎቻቸው እህል እንዲሞሉላቸው፤ ብሩንም በያንዳንዱ ሰው ስልቻ ውስጥ መልሰው እንዲያስቀምጡና ለጒዞአቸው ስንቅ እንዲያሲዟቸው ዮሴፍ ትእዛዝ ሰጠ። ይህም ከተደረገላቸው በኋላ፣ 26እህላቸውን በአህዮቻቸው ጭነው ጒዞአቸውን ቀጠሉ።

27በመንገድም ለዐዳር ሰፍረው ሳሉ፣ ከእነርሱ አንዱ ከያዘው እህል ላይ ለአህያው ለመስጠት ስልቻውን ሲፈታ፣ በስልቻው አፍ ላይ ብሩን አገኘ። 28እርሱም ወንድሞቹን፣ “ኧረ ብሬ ተመልሶልኛል፤ ይኸው ስልቻዬ ውስጥ አገኘሁት” አላቸው።

ሁሉም ልባቸው በድንጋጤ ተሞልቶ እየተንቀጠቀጡ በመተያየት፣ “እግዚአብሔር (ኤሎሂም) ምን ሊያመጣብን ይሆን?” አሉ።

29በከነዓን ምድር ወዳለው ወደ አባታቸው ወደ ያዕቆብ ከደረሱ በኋላ፣ ያጋጠማቸውን ሁሉ እንዲህ ብለው ነገሩት፤ 30“የአገሩ ጌታ የሆነው ሰው ምድሪቱን እንደምንሰልል ቈጥሮን በቍጣ ተናገረን። 31እኛ ግን እንዲህ አልነው፤ ‘እኛ የታመንን ሰዎች እንጂ ሰላዮች አይደለንም። 32እኛ የአንድ አባት ልጆች የሆን፣ ዐሥራ ሁለት ወንድማማቾች ነን፤ አንዱ የለም፤ ታናሽ ወንድማችን ግን ከአባታችን ጋር በከነዓን ይገኛል።’

33“ከዚህ በኋላ የአገሩ ጌታ የሆነው ሰው እንዲህ አለን፤ ‘ታማኝ ሰዎች መሆናችሁን የማውቀው በዚህ ነው፤ ከእናንተ መካከል አንዱን ወንድማችሁን እዚህ እኔ ዘንድ ትታችሁ የተቀራችሁት ለተራቡት ቤተ ሰቦቻችሁ እህል ይዛችሁላቸው ሂዱ። 34ነገር ግን ታናሽ ወንድማችሁን ወደ እኔ አምጡት። በዚያንም ጊዜ ታማኝ ሰዎች እንጂ ሰላዮች አለመሆናችሁን ዐውቃለሁ፤ ወንድማችሁንም መልሼ እሰጣችኋለሁ፤ እናንተም በምድሪቱ እንደ ልብ ለመዘዋወር ትችላላችሁ።” ’

35እህሉንም ሲዘረግፉ በየስልቾቻቸው ውስጥ ብራቸው እንደ ተቋጠረ ተገኘ፤ የእያንዳንዳቸውን የተቋጠረ ብር ሲያዩም፣ እነርሱም ሆኑ አባታቸው ደነገጡ። 36አባታቸው ያዕቆብም፣ “ያለ ልጅ እኮ አስቀራችሁኝ፤ ዮሴፍ የለም፤ ስምዖንም የለም፤ አሁን ደግሞ ብንያምን ልትወስዱ ትፈልጋላችሁ፤ ኧረ ምን ጒድ ነው የመጣብኝ!” አላቸው።

37በዚህን ጊዜ ሮቤል አባቱን፣ “መልሼ ባላመጣው፣ ሁለቱን ወንዶች ልጆቼን ግደላቸው፤ ኀላፊነቱን ለእኔ ተውልኝ፤ እኔው መልሼ አመጣዋለሁ” አለው።

38ያዕቆብም፣ “ልጄ አብሮአችሁ ወደዚያ አይወርድም፤ ወንድሙ እንደሆን ሞቶአል፤ የቀረው እርሱ ብቻ ነው። ይዛችሁት ስትሄዱ በመንገድ ላይ አደጋ ቢደርስበት፣ ሽበቴን በመሪር ሐዘን ወደ መቃብር42፥38 ዕብራይስጡ ሲኦል ይለዋል ታወርዱታላችሁ” አላቸው።