New International Version

Genesis 41:1-57

Pharaoh’s Dreams

1When two full years had passed, Pharaoh had a dream: He was standing by the Nile, 2when out of the river there came up seven cows, sleek and fat, and they grazed among the reeds. 3After them, seven other cows, ugly and gaunt, came up out of the Nile and stood beside those on the riverbank. 4And the cows that were ugly and gaunt ate up the seven sleek, fat cows. Then Pharaoh woke up.

5He fell asleep again and had a second dream: Seven heads of grain, healthy and good, were growing on a single stalk. 6After them, seven other heads of grain sprouted—thin and scorched by the east wind. 7The thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven healthy, full heads. Then Pharaoh woke up; it had been a dream.

8In the morning his mind was troubled, so he sent for all the magicians and wise men of Egypt. Pharaoh told them his dreams, but no one could interpret them for him.

9Then the chief cupbearer said to Pharaoh, “Today I am reminded of my shortcomings. 10Pharaoh was once angry with his servants, and he imprisoned me and the chief baker in the house of the captain of the guard. 11Each of us had a dream the same night, and each dream had a meaning of its own. 12Now a young Hebrew was there with us, a servant of the captain of the guard. We told him our dreams, and he interpreted them for us, giving each man the interpretation of his dream. 13And things turned out exactly as he interpreted them to us: I was restored to my position, and the other man was impaled.”

14So Pharaoh sent for Joseph, and he was quickly brought from the dungeon. When he had shaved and changed his clothes, he came before Pharaoh.

15Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I had a dream, and no one can interpret it. But I have heard it said of you that when you hear a dream you can interpret it.”

16“I cannot do it,” Joseph replied to Pharaoh, “but God will give Pharaoh the answer he desires.”

17Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “In my dream I was standing on the bank of the Nile, 18when out of the river there came up seven cows, fat and sleek, and they grazed among the reeds. 19After them, seven other cows came up—scrawny and very ugly and lean. I had never seen such ugly cows in all the land of Egypt. 20The lean, ugly cows ate up the seven fat cows that came up first. 21But even after they ate them, no one could tell that they had done so; they looked just as ugly as before. Then I woke up.

22“In my dream I saw seven heads of grain, full and good, growing on a single stalk. 23After them, seven other heads sprouted—withered and thin and scorched by the east wind. 24The thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven good heads. I told this to the magicians, but none of them could explain it to me.”

25Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, “The dreams of Pharaoh are one and the same. God has revealed to Pharaoh what he is about to do. 26The seven good cows are seven years, and the seven good heads of grain are seven years; it is one and the same dream. 27The seven lean, ugly cows that came up afterward are seven years, and so are the seven worthless heads of grain scorched by the east wind: They are seven years of famine.

28“It is just as I said to Pharaoh: God has shown Pharaoh what he is about to do. 29Seven years of great abundance are coming throughout the land of Egypt, 30but seven years of famine will follow them. Then all the abundance in Egypt will be forgotten, and the famine will ravage the land. 31The abundance in the land will not be remembered, because the famine that follows it will be so severe. 32The reason the dream was given to Pharaoh in two forms is that the matter has been firmly decided by God, and God will do it soon.

33“And now let Pharaoh look for a discerning and wise man and put him in charge of the land of Egypt. 34Let Pharaoh appoint commissioners over the land to take a fifth of the harvest of Egypt during the seven years of abundance. 35They should collect all the food of these good years that are coming and store up the grain under the authority of Pharaoh, to be kept in the cities for food. 36This food should be held in reserve for the country, to be used during the seven years of famine that will come upon Egypt, so that the country may not be ruined by the famine.”

37The plan seemed good to Pharaoh and to all his officials. 38So Pharaoh asked them, “Can we find anyone like this man, one in whom is the spirit of God41:38 Or of the gods?”

39Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Since God has made all this known to you, there is no one so discerning and wise as you. 40You shall be in charge of my palace, and all my people are to submit to your orders. Only with respect to the throne will I be greater than you.”

Joseph in Charge of Egypt

41So Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I hereby put you in charge of the whole land of Egypt.” 42Then Pharaoh took his signet ring from his finger and put it on Joseph’s finger. He dressed him in robes of fine linen and put a gold chain around his neck. 43He had him ride in a chariot as his second-in-command,41:43 Or in the chariot of his second-in-command; or in his second chariot and people shouted before him, “Make way41:43 Or Bow down!” Thus he put him in charge of the whole land of Egypt.

44Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I am Pharaoh, but without your word no one will lift hand or foot in all Egypt.” 45Pharaoh gave Joseph the name Zaphenath-Paneah and gave him Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On,41:45 That is, Heliopolis; also in verse 50 to be his wife. And Joseph went throughout the land of Egypt.

46Joseph was thirty years old when he entered the service of Pharaoh king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from Pharaoh’s presence and traveled throughout Egypt. 47During the seven years of abundance the land produced plentifully. 48Joseph collected all the food produced in those seven years of abundance in Egypt and stored it in the cities. In each city he put the food grown in the fields surrounding it. 49Joseph stored up huge quantities of grain, like the sand of the sea; it was so much that he stopped keeping records because it was beyond measure.

50Before the years of famine came, two sons were born to Joseph by Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On. 51Joseph named his firstborn Manasseh41:51 Manasseh sounds like and may be derived from the Hebrew for forget. and said, “It is because God has made me forget all my trouble and all my father’s household.” 52The second son he named Ephraim41:52 Ephraim sounds like the Hebrew for twice fruitful. and said, “It is because God has made me fruitful in the land of my suffering.”

53The seven years of abundance in Egypt came to an end, 54and the seven years of famine began, just as Joseph had said. There was famine in all the other lands, but in the whole land of Egypt there was food. 55When all Egypt began to feel the famine, the people cried to Pharaoh for food. Then Pharaoh told all the Egyptians, “Go to Joseph and do what he tells you.”

56When the famine had spread over the whole country, Joseph opened all the storehouses and sold grain to the Egyptians, for the famine was severe throughout Egypt. 57And all the world came to Egypt to buy grain from Joseph, because the famine was severe everywhere.

Chinese Contemporary Bible (Traditional)

創世記 41:1-57


1兩年後,法老做了個夢,夢見自己站在尼羅河邊, 2有七頭肥美、健壯的母牛從河裡上來,在蘆葦叢中吃草。 3隨後又有七頭醜陋、瘦弱的母牛從河裡上來,與那七頭母牛一同站在河邊。 4後來,七頭醜陋、瘦弱的母牛吃掉了七頭肥美、健壯的母牛。這時,法老醒了過來。

5之後,他又睡著了,又做了個夢。他夢見一株麥子上長了七個飽滿的穗子。 6後來這株麥子上面又長了七個乾癟的穗子,它們被東風吹乾了。 7七個乾癟的穗子吞食了七個飽滿的穗子。法老醒過來,原來是一場夢。


9後來,侍酒總管對法老說:「我今天才想起我的罪過。 10我從前和膳食總管惹王生氣,被王囚禁在護衛長府內的牢裡。 11一天晚上,我倆都做了夢。 12當時有一個希伯來青年跟我們一起被囚在牢裡,他是護衛長的僕人。我們把夢告訴他,他就分別為我們解夢。 13後來,他為我們解的夢都應驗了,我恢復了原職,膳食總管被掛在木頭上處死了。」

14於是,法老派人去召約瑟,他們急忙釋放約瑟約瑟剃頭刮臉,更換衣服,去見法老。 15法老對約瑟說:「我做了一個夢,沒有人能為我解夢。我聽說你能解夢。」 16約瑟回答說:「我自己不會解夢,但上帝卻能給王圓滿的解釋。」

17法老對約瑟說:「我夢見自己站在尼羅河邊, 18有七頭肥美、健壯的母牛從河裡上來,在蘆葦叢中吃草。 19隨後又有七頭醜陋、瘦弱的母牛從河裡上來,我在埃及從來沒有見過有這麼醜陋的牛。 20這些醜陋、瘦弱的母牛吃掉先前的七頭肥母牛。 21可是,牠們吃了以後卻仍然像以前那麼醜陋。這時,我就醒了。 22後來我又夢見一株麥子,上面長了七個飽滿的穗子, 23接著又長出七個乾癟的穗子, 24這些乾癟的穗子吞了那七個飽滿的穗子。我把夢告訴了術士,卻沒有人能為我解夢。」

25約瑟對法老說:「王的夢都是同一個意思,上帝已經藉著夢把祂將要做的事指示王了。 26七頭肥美的母牛和七個飽滿的穗子都代表七年,是同樣的意思。 27七頭瘦弱、醜陋的母牛和七個乾癟、被東風吹乾的穗子也代表七年,是七年饑荒。 28正如我剛才說的,上帝已經把祂將要做的事向王顯明了。 29埃及全境很快會有七年大豐收, 30隨後是七年饑荒肆虐全國,之前的豐收將被忘記。 31饑荒將非常嚴重,之前的豐收將蕩然無存。 32王的夢出現了兩次,表示上帝的心意已定,上帝必很快成就這事。 33王應該選一個精明的人,派他治理埃及34王也應該在各地委派官員,在七年豐收期內徵收全國出產的五分之一, 35把在豐年收集的糧食儲存在各城,歸王管理。 36這些糧食要留到七年饑荒時用,免得這片土地被饑荒毀滅。」


37法老和他所有的臣僕都贊同約瑟的建議。 38法老對臣僕說:「我們哪裡找像這樣有上帝的靈同在的人呢?」 39法老對約瑟說:「上帝既然把夢的意思指示給你,可見沒人有你這樣的見識和智慧。 40我要派你管理我家,我的人民都要遵從你的命令,只有我權力比你大。」 41法老又說:「我現在派你治理埃及全國。」 42於是,法老摘下手上用來蓋印的戒指,戴在約瑟的手上,給他穿上細麻袍,把金鏈戴在他頸上, 43讓他坐在自己的第二輛御車上,並有人在御車前高呼:「跪下!」這樣,法老派約瑟治理整個埃及44法老對約瑟說:「我是法老,但沒有你的命令,埃及的任何人都不得擅自行事。」 45法老賜給約瑟一個名字叫撒發那忒·巴內亞,又把城祭司波提非拉的女兒亞西納賜給他為妻。約瑟巡視了整個埃及

46約瑟三十歲開始為法老效勞,他離開法老去巡視埃及各地。 47七個豐年之內,埃及糧食大豐收, 48約瑟收集七個豐年出產的所有糧食,儲藏進各城,每一座城附近出產的糧食都存放在本城。 49約瑟積存了大量五穀,多如海沙,不可勝數。

50荒年到來前,城祭司波提非拉的女兒亞西納約瑟生了兩個兒子。 51約瑟給長子取名叫瑪拿西,因為他說:「上帝使我忘記一切的困苦和我父親家。」 52約瑟給次子取名叫以法蓮,因為他說:「上帝使我在受苦之地昌盛。」

53七個豐年結束後, 54七個荒年接踵而至,正如約瑟所言。各地都有饑荒,只有埃及全國有糧食。 55後來,埃及全國也鬧饑荒,百姓就向法老求糧,法老對他們說:「你們去找約瑟吧,要照他的吩咐做。」

56饑荒蔓延到整個埃及時,約瑟便開倉賣糧給埃及人。那時,埃及的饑荒非常嚴重。 57各國的人都到埃及來向約瑟買糧,因為天下到處都是大饑荒。