The Covenant of Circumcision
1When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to him and said, “I am God Almighty17:1 Hebrew El-Shaddai; walk before me faithfully and be blameless. 2Then I will make my covenant between me and you and will greatly increase your numbers.”
3Abram fell facedown, and God said to him, 4“As for me, this is my covenant with you: You will be the father of many nations. 5No longer will you be called Abram17:5 Abram means exalted father.; your name will be Abraham,17:5 Abraham probably means father of many. for I have made you a father of many nations. 6I will make you very fruitful; I will make nations of you, and kings will come from you. 7I will establish my covenant as an everlasting covenant between me and you and your descendants after you for the generations to come, to be your God and the God of your descendants after you. 8The whole land of Canaan, where you now reside as a foreigner, I will give as an everlasting possession to you and your descendants after you; and I will be their God.”
9Then God said to Abraham, “As for you, you must keep my covenant, you and your descendants after you for the generations to come. 10This is my covenant with you and your descendants after you, the covenant you are to keep: Every male among you shall be circumcised. 11You are to undergo circumcision, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and you. 12For the generations to come every male among you who is eight days old must be circumcised, including those born in your household or bought with money from a foreigner—those who are not your offspring. 13Whether born in your household or bought with your money, they must be circumcised. My covenant in your flesh is to be an everlasting covenant. 14Any uncircumcised male, who has not been circumcised in the flesh, will be cut off from his people; he has broken my covenant.”
15God also said to Abraham, “As for Sarai your wife, you are no longer to call her Sarai; her name will be Sarah. 16I will bless her and will surely give you a son by her. I will bless her so that she will be the mother of nations; kings of peoples will come from her.”
17Abraham fell facedown; he laughed and said to himself, “Will a son be born to a man a hundred years old? Will Sarah bear a child at the age of ninety?” 18And Abraham said to God, “If only Ishmael might live under your blessing!”
19Then God said, “Yes, but your wife Sarah will bear you a son, and you will call him Isaac.17:19 Isaac means he laughs. I will establish my covenant with him as an everlasting covenant for his descendants after him. 20And as for Ishmael, I have heard you: I will surely bless him; I will make him fruitful and will greatly increase his numbers. He will be the father of twelve rulers, and I will make him into a great nation. 21But my covenant I will establish with Isaac, whom Sarah will bear to you by this time next year.” 22When he had finished speaking with Abraham, God went up from him.
23On that very day Abraham took his son Ishmael and all those born in his household or bought with his money, every male in his household, and circumcised them, as God told him. 24Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he was circumcised, 25and his son Ishmael was thirteen; 26Abraham and his son Ishmael were both circumcised on that very day. 27And every male in Abraham’s household, including those born in his household or bought from a foreigner, was circumcised with him.
Agano La Tohara
117:1 Mwa 5:22; 12:4-7; 20:5; 28:3; 35:11; 43:14; 48:3; 49:25; Kut 6:3; 18:13; Rut 1:20; Ay 5:17; 6:4, 14; 22:21; 33:19; 36:16; Isa 13:6; Yoe 1:15; Mik 6:9; 1Fal 3:6; 9:4; Za 15:2; 18:23; 78:72; 101:2Abramu alipokuwa na miaka tisini na tisa, Bwana akamtokea akamwambia, “Mimi ndimi Mungu Mwenyezi;17:1 Mungu Mwenyezi hapa ni jina la Kiebrania, El-Shaddai (yaani Mungu Mwenye utoshelevu wote). enenda mbele zangu na uishi kwa unyofu. 217:2 Mwa 12:2; 15:18; 22:16-18Nami nitafanya Agano langu kati yangu na wewe, nami nitakuzidisha sana sana.”
317:3 Mwa 18:2; 19:1; 33:3; Kut 18:7; Hes 14:5; Yos 5:14; 7:6; Amu 13:20; Eze 1:28; 3:23Abramu akaanguka kifudifudi, naye Mungu akamwambia, 417:4 Mwa 15:18; 12:2; 25:23“Kwa upande wangu, hili ndilo Agano langu na wewe: Wewe utakuwa baba wa mataifa mengi. 517:5 Mwa 32:28; 35:10; 37:3, 13; 43:6; 46:2; 1Fal 18:31; 2Fal 17:34; 1Nya 1:34; Neh 9:7; Isa 48:1; Yn 1:42; Rum 4:17Jina lako hutaitwa tena Abramu, bali jina lako litakuwa Abrahamu,17:5 Abrahamu maana yake Baba wa watu wengi. kwa maana nimekufanya wewe baba wa mataifa mengi. 617:6 Mwa 1:28; 18:10; 21:1; 22:17; 26:22; 28:3; 35:11; 36:31; 41:52; 47:27; 48:4; 49:22; Law 26:9; Mt 1:6; Kum 7:13; Isa 51:2Nitakufanya uwe na uzao mwingi sana, kwako yatatoka mataifa nao wafalme watatoka kwako. 717:7 Mwa 6:18; 9:16; 18:15; Kut 6:7; 20:2; 29:45-46; Law 11:44-45; 18:2; 22:33; 25:38; 26:9, 12, 15; Hes 15:41; Kum 4:20; 7:6, 21; 29:13; 2Sam 7:24; Ebr 13:20; Yer 14:9; Ufu 21:7; Rum 9:8; Gal 3:16Nitalithibitisha Agano langu kama Agano la milele kati yangu na wewe na wazao wako baada yako na vizazi vijavyo niwe Mungu wako na Mungu wa wazao wako. 817:8 Mwa 10:19; 12:7; 15:7; 23:4; 28:4; 35:27; 37:1; Kut 6:4; Yer 31:1; 1Nya 29:15Nchi yote ya Kanaani, unakoishi sasa kama mgeni, nitakupa kuwa milki yako milele, na uzao wako, nami nitakuwa Mungu wao.”
917:9 Mwa 18:19; 22:18; Kut 19:5; Kum 5:2Ndipo Mungu akamwambia Abrahamu, “Kwa upande wako, lazima ushike Agano langu, wewe na wazao wako kwa ajili ya vizazi vijavyo. 1017:10 Mwa 21:4; Law 12:3; Yos 5:2-7; Rum 4:11; Yn 7:22; Mdo 7:8Hili ni Agano langu na wewe pamoja na wazao wako baada yako, Agano mtakalolishika: Kila mwanaume miongoni mwenu atatahiriwa. 1117:11 Kut 12:48; Kum 10:16; Mwa 9:12; Rum 4:11Mtafanyiwa tohara na hii itakuwa ni alama ya Agano kati yangu na ninyi. 1217:12 Mwa 9:12; 21:4; Law 12:3; Yos 5:2; Lk 1:59; 2:21Kwa vizazi vijavyo, kila mwanaume miongoni mwenu mwenye siku nane ni lazima atahiriwe, pamoja na watakaozaliwa nyumbani mwako au walionunuliwa kwa fedha kutoka kwa mgeni, wale ambao sio watoto wako. 1317:13 Kut 12:44-48; Mwa 9:16Awe amezaliwa nyumbani mwako au amenunuliwa kwa fedha yako, ni lazima watahiriwe. Agano langu katika mwili wako litakuwa ni Agano la milele. 1417:14 Kut 4:24-26; 12:15, 19; 30:33; Eze 44:7; Yos 5:2-8; Law 7:20, 25; 17:4; 18:29; 19:8; 20:17; Hes 9:13; 15:30; 19:13; Kum 17:12; Ay 38:15; Za 37:28Kila mwanaume asiyetahiriwa, ambaye hajapata tohara ya mwilini, atatengwa na watu wake, amelivunja Agano langu.”
1517:15 Mwa 11:29Pia Bwana akamwambia Abrahamu, “Kwa upande wa Sarai mkeo, hutamwita tena Sarai bali jina lake litakuwa Sara. 1617:16 Mwa 18:10; 24:60; Isa 29:22; Gal 4:31Nitambariki na hakika nitakupatia mwana kwake. Nitambariki na kwamba atakuwa mama wa mataifa, wafalme wa mataifa watatoka kwake.”
1717:17 Mwa 12:4; 18:11-13; 21:6, 7; 24:1, 36; Yer 20:15; Lk 1:18; Rum 4:19; Gal 4:23; Ebr 11:11Abrahamu akaanguka kifudifudi, akacheka na kusema moyoni mwake, “Je, mtu wa miaka mia moja aweza kuzaa mwana? Je, Sara atazaa mtoto katika umri wa miaka tisini?” 1817:18 Mwa 16:15; 21:11Abrahamu akamwambia Mungu, “Laiti Ishmaeli naye angeshiriki baraka yako!”
1917:19 Mwa 9:16; 16:11; 18:14; 21:2; 26:3; 50:24; Kut 13:11; Kum 1:8; Gal 3:16; 1Sam 1:20; Mt 1:21; Lk 1:13, 31Ndipo Mungu akasema, “Ndiyo, lakini mkeo Sara atakuzalia wewe mwana, nawe utamwita jina lake Isaki.17:19 Isaki maana yake Kucheka. Nitalithibitisha Agano langu naye kama Agano la milele kwa ajili yake na wazao wake baada yake. 2017:20 Mwa 13:16; 16:10; 25:12-18; 48:19Kwa upande wa Ishmaeli, nimekusikia: hakika nitambariki, nitamfanya awe na uzao mwingi na nitaongeza sana idadi yake. Atakuwa baba wa watawala kumi na wawili, nami nitamfanya awe taifa kubwa. 2117:21 Kut 34:10; Mwa 18:10-14; 21:2Lakini Agano langu nitalithibitisha kwa Isaki, ambaye Sara atakuzalia mwaka ujao majira kama haya.” 2217:22 Mwa 18:33; 35:13; Hes 12:9Wakati alipomaliza kuzungumza na Abrahamu, Mungu akapanda juu akaondoka kwa Abrahamu.
2317:23 Mwa 12:5Siku ile ile, Abrahamu akamchukua Ishmaeli mwanawe na wote waliozaliwa nyumbani mwake pamoja na walionunuliwa kwa fedha zake, kila mwanaume wa nyumbani mwake, akawatahiri, kama Mungu alivyomwagiza. 2417:24 Mwa 12:4; Rum 4:11Abrahamu alikuwa na umri wa miaka tisini na tisa alipotahiriwa, 2517:25 Mwa 16:16naye Ishmaeli mwanawe alitahiriwa akiwa na umri wa miaka kumi na mitatu. 26Abrahamu na Ishmaeli mwanawe walitahiriwa siku ile ile, 2717:27 Mwa 14:14Kila mwanaume nyumbani mwa Abrahamu, pamoja na wote waliozaliwa nyumbani mwake au aliyenunuliwa kwa fedha kutoka kwa mgeni, alitahiriwa pamoja naye.