New International Version

Deuteronomy 21:1-23

Atonement for an Unsolved Murder

1If someone is found slain, lying in a field in the land the Lord your God is giving you to possess, and it is not known who the killer was, 2your elders and judges shall go out and measure the distance from the body to the neighboring towns. 3Then the elders of the town nearest the body shall take a heifer that has never been worked and has never worn a yoke 4and lead it down to a valley that has not been plowed or planted and where there is a flowing stream. There in the valley they are to break the heifer’s neck. 5The Levitical priests shall step forward, for the Lord your God has chosen them to minister and to pronounce blessings in the name of the Lord and to decide all cases of dispute and assault. 6Then all the elders of the town nearest the body shall wash their hands over the heifer whose neck was broken in the valley, 7and they shall declare: “Our hands did not shed this blood, nor did our eyes see it done. 8Accept this atonement for your people Israel, whom you have redeemed, Lord, and do not hold your people guilty of the blood of an innocent person.” Then the bloodshed will be atoned for, 9and you will have purged from yourselves the guilt of shedding innocent blood, since you have done what is right in the eyes of the Lord.

Marrying a Captive Woman

10When you go to war against your enemies and the Lord your God delivers them into your hands and you take captives, 11if you notice among the captives a beautiful woman and are attracted to her, you may take her as your wife. 12Bring her into your home and have her shave her head, trim her nails 13and put aside the clothes she was wearing when captured. After she has lived in your house and mourned her father and mother for a full month, then you may go to her and be her husband and she shall be your wife. 14If you are not pleased with her, let her go wherever she wishes. You must not sell her or treat her as a slave, since you have dishonored her.

The Right of the Firstborn

15If a man has two wives, and he loves one but not the other, and both bear him sons but the firstborn is the son of the wife he does not love, 16when he wills his property to his sons, he must not give the rights of the firstborn to the son of the wife he loves in preference to his actual firstborn, the son of the wife he does not love. 17He must acknowledge the son of his unloved wife as the firstborn by giving him a double share of all he has. That son is the first sign of his father’s strength. The right of the firstborn belongs to him.

A Rebellious Son

18If someone has a stubborn and rebellious son who does not obey his father and mother and will not listen to them when they discipline him, 19his father and mother shall take hold of him and bring him to the elders at the gate of his town. 20They shall say to the elders, “This son of ours is stubborn and rebellious. He will not obey us. He is a glutton and a drunkard.” 21Then all the men of his town are to stone him to death. You must purge the evil from among you. All Israel will hear of it and be afraid.

Various Laws

22If someone guilty of a capital offense is put to death and their body is exposed on a pole, 23you must not leave the body hanging on the pole overnight. Be sure to bury it that same day, because anyone who is hung on a pole is under God’s curse. You must not desecrate the land the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance.

Chinese Contemporary Bible (Simplified)

申命记 21:1-23


1“在你们的上帝耶和华将要赐给你们的土地上,如果发现有人被杀,陈尸野外,却不知道凶手是谁, 2当地的长老和审判官就要去测量一下尸体距附近各城邑的距离。 3距离尸体最近的那城的长老们要牵一头从未负过轭、从未耕过地的小母牛, 4去有溪流但无人耕种过的山谷,在那里把它的颈项打断。 5利未祭司也要去,因为你们的上帝耶和华拣选他们在祂面前事奉、奉祂的名为人祝福并审理各种纠纷及人身伤害的事。 6那城的长老们要在被打断颈项的小母牛上方洗手, 7然后祷告说,‘我们的手没有杀这人,我们的眼也没有看见谁杀了他。 8耶和华啊,求你赦免你已经救赎的以色列子民,不要把杀害这无辜之人的罪算在你的子民身上。’这样,杀人的罪便可得到赦免。 9你们做耶和华视为正的事,就可以从你们中间除去杀害无辜之人的罪。


10“你们和敌人交战时,你们的上帝耶和华会把敌人交给你们,使他们成为你们的俘虏。 11如果你们有人在俘虏中看见美丽的女子,被她吸引,想娶她为妻, 12就可以带她回家,让她剃去头发,修剪指甲, 13换掉被俘时所穿的衣服,住在那人家中为她父母哀悼一个月。之后,那人便可以和她结为夫妻。 14如果那人不喜欢她,则要让她自由离去,不可卖掉她,也不可奴役她,因为他已经羞辱了她。


15“如果一个人有两个妻子,一个受他宠爱,一个不受他宠爱,二人都给他生了儿子,但长子是不受宠爱的妻子生的, 16分产业的时候,他不可废长立幼,把长子的权利给他所爱之妻生的儿子。 17他必须承认他不爱之妻所生的长子的名分,分给他双份产业,因为长子是他壮年时所生的儿子,应享有长子的权利。


18“如果一个人的儿子冥顽不灵、悖逆成性、屡教不改, 19他父母要抓住他,把他带到城门口去见本城的长老,对他们说, 20‘我们这个儿子冥顽不灵、悖逆成性,不肯听从我们,是个贪吃好酒之徒。’ 21全城的人都要用石头打死他,从你们中间除掉这种罪恶。所有以色列人听说后,都会感到害怕。


22“如果有人犯了死罪,尸体被挂在木头上, 23不可让尸体在木头上过夜,必须当天埋葬,因为凡挂在木头上的人都是上帝所咒诅的。你们不可玷污你们的上帝耶和华将要赐给你们的土地。