The Command to Leave Horeb
1These are the words Moses spoke to all Israel in the wilderness east of the Jordan—that is, in the Arabah—opposite Suph, between Paran and Tophel, Laban, Hazeroth and Dizahab. 2 (It takes eleven days to go from Horeb to Kadesh Barnea by the Mount Seir road.)
3 In the fortieth year, on the first day of the eleventh month, Moses proclaimed to the Israelites all that the Lord had commanded him concerning them. 4 This was after he had defeated Sihon king of the Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon, and at Edrei had defeated Og king of Bashan, who reigned in Ashtaroth.
5 East of the Jordan in the territory of Moab, Moses began to expound this law, saying:
6 The Lord our God said to us at Horeb, “You have stayed long enough at this mountain. 7 Break camp and advance into the hill country of the Amorites; go to all the neighboring peoples in the Arabah, in the mountains, in the western foothills, in the Negev and along the coast, to the land of the Canaanites and to Lebanon, as far as the great river, the Euphrates. 8 See, I have given you this land. Go in and take possession of the land the Lord swore he would give to your fathers—to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob—and to their descendants after them.”
The Appointment of Leaders
9 At that time I said to you, “You are too heavy a burden for me to carry alone. 10 The Lord your God has increased your numbers so that today you are as numerous as the stars in the sky. 11 May the Lord, the God of your ancestors, increase you a thousand times and bless you as he has promised! 12 But how can I bear your problems and your burdens and your disputes all by myself? 13 Choose some wise, understanding and respected men from each of your tribes, and I will set them over you.”
14 You answered me, “What you propose to do is good.”
15 So I took the leading men of your tribes, wise and respected men, and appointed them to have authority over you—as commanders of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties and of tens and as tribal officials. 16 And I charged your judges at that time, “Hear the disputes between your people and judge fairly, whether the case is between two Israelites or between an Israelite and a foreigner residing among you. 17 Do not show partiality in judging; hear both small and great alike. Do not be afraid of anyone, for judgment belongs to God. Bring me any case too hard for you, and I will hear it.” 18 And at that time I told you everything you were to do.
Spies Sent Out
19 Then, as the Lord our God commanded us, we set out from Horeb and went toward the hill country of the Amorites through all that vast and dreadful wilderness that you have seen, and so we reached Kadesh Barnea. 20 Then I said to you, “You have reached the hill country of the Amorites, which the Lord our God is giving us. 21 See, the Lord your God has given you the land. Go up and take possession of it as the Lord, the God of your ancestors, told you. Do not be afraid; do not be discouraged.”
22 Then all of you came to me and said, “Let us send men ahead to spy out the land for us and bring back a report about the route we are to take and the towns we will come to.”
23 The idea seemed good to me; so I selected twelve of you, one man from each tribe. 24 They left and went up into the hill country, and came to the Valley of Eshkol and explored it. 25 Taking with them some of the fruit of the land, they brought it down to us and reported, “It is a good land that the Lord our God is giving us.”
Rebellion Against the Lord
26 But you were unwilling to go up; you rebelled against the command of the Lord your God. 27 You grumbled in your tents and said, “The Lord hates us; so he brought us out of Egypt to deliver us into the hands of the Amorites to destroy us. 28 Where can we go? Our brothers have made our hearts melt in fear. They say, ‘The people are stronger and taller than we are; the cities are large, with walls up to the sky. We even saw the Anakites there.’”
29 Then I said to you, “Do not be terrified; do not be afraid of them. 30 The Lord your God, who is going before you, will fight for you, as he did for you in Egypt, before your very eyes, 31 and in the wilderness. There you saw how the Lord your God carried you, as a father carries his son, all the way you went until you reached this place.”
32 In spite of this, you did not trust in the Lord your God, 33 who went ahead of you on your journey, in fire by night and in a cloud by day, to search out places for you to camp and to show you the way you should go.
34 When the Lord heard what you said, he was angry and solemnly swore: 35 “No one from this evil generation shall see the good land I swore to give your ancestors, 36 except Caleb son of Jephunneh. He will see it, and I will give him and his descendants the land he set his feet on, because he followed the Lord wholeheartedly.”
37 Because of you the Lord became angry with me also and said, “You shall not enter it, either. 38 But your assistant, Joshua son of Nun, will enter it. Encourage him, because he will lead Israel to inherit it. 39 And the little ones that you said would be taken captive, your children who do not yet know good from bad—they will enter the land. I will give it to them and they will take possession of it. 40 But as for you, turn around and set out toward the desert along the route to the Red Sea.[a]”
41 Then you replied, “We have sinned against the Lord. We will go up and fight, as the Lord our God commanded us.” So every one of you put on his weapons, thinking it easy to go up into the hill country.
42 But the Lord said to me, “Tell them, ‘Do not go up and fight, because I will not be with you. You will be defeated by your enemies.’”
43 So I told you, but you would not listen. You rebelled against the Lord’s command and in your arrogance you marched up into the hill country. 44 The Amorites who lived in those hills came out against you; they chased you like a swarm of bees and beat you down from Seir all the way to Hormah. 45 You came back and wept before the Lord, but he paid no attention to your weeping and turned a deaf ear to you. 46 And so you stayed in Kadesh many days—all the time you spent there.
Notas al pie
- Deuteronomy 1:40 Or the Sea of Reeds
Amri Ya Kuondoka Mlima Horebu
11:1 Hes 13:29; Kum 4:46; 2:8; 3:17; Yos 3:16; 8:14; 11:2; Eze 47:8; Hes 10:12Haya ni maneno Mose aliyoyasema kwa Israeli yote jangwani mashariki ya Yordani, ambayo iko Araba, inayokabiliana na Sufu, kati ya Parani na Tofeli, Labani, Haserothi na Dizahabu. 21:2 Kut 3:1; Mwa 14:7; Kum 2:14; 9:23; Yos 15:3; Hes 24:18; 1Fal 3:8; 2Kor 11:28(Ni mwendo wa siku kumi na moja kutoka Horebu kwa njia ya Mlima Seiri mpaka Kadesh-Barnea.)
31:3 Hes 14:33; 32:13; Kum 8:2; Ebr 3:7-9; Mwa 50:3; Kum 34:8; Yos 4:19; Kum 4:1-2Katika mwaka wa arobaini, siku ya kwanza ya mwezi wa kumi na moja, Mose aliwatangazia Waisraeli yale yote Bwana aliyomwamuru kuwahusu. 41:4 Hes 21:21-26; Mwa 10:16; 14:17; Hes 21:25; 21:33-35; Kum 3:10; Yos 9:10; 12:4; 1Nya 11:44Hii ilikuwa baada ya kumshinda Sihoni mfalme wa Waamori, ambaye alitawala Heshboni, na pia huko Edrei alikuwa amemshinda Ogu mfalme wa Bashani, ambaye alitawala huko Ashtarothi. 51:5 Hes 21:11Huko mashariki ya Yordani katika nchi ya Moabu, Mose alianza kuielezea sheria hii, akisema:
61:6 Hes 10:13; Kut 3:1; Kum 2:3Bwana Mungu wetu alisema nasi huko Horebu, “Mmekaa vya kutosha katika mlima huu. 71:7 Kum 2:24; 7:1; Yos 10:5; Hes 21:1; Yos 11:16; 12:8; 2Sam 24:7; Mwa 10:18; Kum 11:24; Mwa 2:14Vunjeni kambi, msonge mbele kuelekea nchi ya vilima ya Waamori; nendeni kwa watu wote ambao ni majirani wa Araba, katika milima, upande wa magharibi chini ya vilima, katika Negebu na kandokando ya pwani, mpaka nchi ya Wakanaani hadi Lebanoni, na kufika mto mkubwa Frati. 81:8 Yos 23:13; Hes 34:2; Kut 13:11; Hes 14:23; Ebr 6:13-14Tazama, nimewapa ninyi nchi hii. Ingieni mkaimiliki nchi ambayo Bwana aliapa kuwa angaliwapa baba zenu, Abrahamu, Isaki na Yakobo, pamoja na vizazi vyao baada yao.”
Uteuzi Wa Viongozi
91:9 Hes 11:14; Za 30:4; Kut 18:18Wakati ule niliwaambia, “Ninyi mmekuwa mzigo mzito sana kwangu kuwachukua peke yangu. 101:10 Eze 16:7; Kum 7:13; Mwa 15:5; Isa 51:2; 60:22; Eze 33:24; Mwa 22:17; Hes 10:36Bwana Mungu wenu ameongeza hesabu yenu, hivi kwamba leo ninyi ni wengi kama nyota za angani. 111:11 Kut 32:13; 2Sam 24:3; 1Nya 21:3Naye Bwana, Mungu wa baba zenu na awaongeze mara elfu na kuwabariki kama alivyoahidi! 121:12 Kut 5:22; 18:18Lakini mimi nitawezaje kubeba matatizo yenu, na mizigo yenu, na magomvi yenu peke yangu? 131:13 Mwa 47:6; 1Chagueni baadhi ya watu wenye hekima, wenye ufahamu na wanaoheshimika kutoka kila kabila lenu, nami nitawaweka juu yenu.”
14Mlinijibu, “Shauri ulilolitoa ni zuri.”
151:15 Kut 18:25; 5:14; Hes 11:16; Yos 1:10; 3:2; Mwa 47:6; Hes 31:14; 1Sam 8:12; 22:7; 1Fal 14:27; Hes 1:4Kwa hiyo niliwachukua wanaume viongozi wa makabila yenu, wenye hekima na wanaoheshimika, nami nikawateua wawe na mamlaka juu yenu kama majemadari wa maelfu, wa mamia, wa hamsini, na wa makumi, na kama maafisa wa makabila. 161:16 1Fal 3:9; Za 72:1; Mit 2:9; Mwa 31:37; Yn 7:24; Kut 12:19; 22:21Nami wakati ule nikawaagiza waamuzi wenu: Sikilizeni magomvi kati ya ndugu zenu na mwamue kwa haki, hata kama shauri ni kati ya ndugu wa Kiisraeli, au kati ya mmoja wa ndugu wa Kiisraeli na mgeni. 171:17 Kut 18:16; Law 19:15; Mdo 10:34; Yak 2:1; Mit 29:25; Kut 18:26Msionyeshe upendeleo katika maamuzi; wasikilizeni wote sawasawa, wadogo kwa wakubwa. Msimwogope mtu yeyote, kwa kuwa hukumu ni ya Mungu. Mniletee mimi shauri lolote lililo gumu sana kwenu, nami nitalisikiliza. 181:18 Mwa 39:11Nami wakati ule niliwaambia kila kitu ambacho mngefanya.
191:19 Kum 2:7; 8:15; 32:10; Za 136:16; Yer 2:2-6; Hos 13:5; Hes 13:26Kisha, kama Bwana Mungu wetu alivyotuamuru, tuliondoka kutoka Horebu na kwenda kuelekea nchi ya vilima ya Waamori, kupitia jangwa lile kubwa lote la kutisha, lile mliloliona, nasi tukafika Kadesh-Barnea. 20Kisha niliwaambia, “Mmefika katika nchi ya vilima ya Waamori, ambayo Bwana Mungu wetu anatupa. 211:21 Kum 29:23; Hes 14:9; Yos 1:6-9, 18; 2Sam 10:12; Za 27:14; Kum 7:18; Yos 8:1; 10:8Tazama, Bwana Mungu wenu amewapa nchi. Pandeni mkaimiliki kama Bwana, Mungu wa baba zenu, alivyowaambia. Msiogope, wala msikate tamaa.”
221:22 Hes 13:1-3; Mwa 42:9Ndipo ninyi nyote mkanijia na kusema, “Tupeleke watu watutangulie kuipeleleza nchi kwa ajili yetu, na kutuletea taarifa kuhusu njia tutakayopita, na miji tutakayoiendea.”
231:23 Hes 13:1-3Wazo hilo lilionekana zuri kwangu; kwa hiyo niliwachagua watu wenu kumi na wawili, mwanaume mmoja kutoka kila kabila. 241:24 Hes 13:21-25; 32:9Waliondoka na kukwea katika nchi ya vilima, wakafika katika Bonde la Eshkoli na kuipeleleza. 251:25 Hes 13:27; 14:7; Yos 1:2Wakachukua baadhi ya matunda ya nchi, wakatuletea na kutuarifu, “Ni nchi nzuri ambayo Bwana Mungu wetu anatupa.”
Uasi Dhidi Ya Bwana
261:26 Hes 14:1-4; 14:9; Za 106:24Lakini hamkuwa tayari kukwea, mkaasi dhidi ya amri ya Bwana Mungu wenu. 271:27 Kum 9:28; Za 106:25Mkanungʼunika ndani ya mahema yenu na kusema, “Bwana anatuchukia, kwa hiyo alitutoa Misri ili kututia mikononi mwa Waamori kutuangamiza. 281:28 Hes 13:32-33; Kum 9:1-3Twende wapi? Ndugu zetu wametufanya kufa moyo. Wanasema, ‘Watu wa huko wana nguvu zaidi na ni warefu kuliko sisi tulivyo; miji ni mikubwa, yenye kuta zilizofika juu angani. Zaidi ya hayo, tumewaona Waanaki huko.’ ”
291:29 Kum 3:22; 20:3; Neh 4:14; Kum 7:18; 20:1; 31:6Ndipo nikawaambia, “Msihofu, wala msiwaogope. 301:30 Kut 14:14; Neh 4:20Bwana Mungu wenu anayewatangulia, atawapigania, kama alivyofanya kwa ajili yenu huko Misri, mbele ya macho yenu hasa, 311:31 Kut 19:4; Kum 32:10-12; Za 28:9; Isa 46:3-4; 63:9; Hos 11:3; Mdo 13:18; Yer 31:32na pia huko jangwani. Huko mliona jinsi Bwana Mungu wenu alivyowachukua, kama baba amchukuavyo mwanawe, katika njia yote mliyoiendea mpaka mkafika mahali hapa.”
321:32 Hes 14:11; Kum 9:23; Za 78:22; 106:24; Sef 3:2; Ebr 3:19; Yud 5Pamoja na hili, hamkumtegemea Bwana Mungu wenu, 331:33 Kut 13:21; Hes 9:15-23; Neh 9:12; 9:12; Za 78:14; Hes 10:33ambaye aliwatangulia katika safari yenu, kwa moto usiku na kwa wingu mchana, kuwatafutia mahali penu pa kupiga kambi na kuwaonyesha njia mtakayoiendea.
341:34 Hes 11:1; 32:14; 14:23; 28:30; Eze 20:15; Ebr 3:11Wakati Bwana aliposikia lile mlilosema, alikasirika, akaapa, akasema: 351:35 Hes 14:29; 14:22; Za 95:11“Hakuna mtu wa kizazi hiki kiovu atakayeona nchi nzuri niliyoapa kuwapa baba zenu, 361:36 Hes 13:6; 14:24isipokuwa Kalebu mwana wa Yefune. Yeye ataiona, nami nitampa yeye na wazao wake nchi aliyoikanyaga kwa miguu, kwa sababu alimfuata Bwana kwa moyo wote.”
371:37 Za 106:32; Hes 27:13, 14; Kum 3:26; 4:21; 34:4Kwa sababu yenu Bwana pia alinikasirikia mimi, akasema, “Hutaingia hiyo nchi pia. 381:38 Hes 11:28; Kum 31:7; 3:28; Yos 11:23; Za 78:55; 136:21Lakini msaidizi wako, Yoshua mwana wa Nuni, ataingia. Mtie moyo, kwa sababu atawaongoza Waisraeli kuirithi hiyo nchi. 391:39 Hes 14:3; Isa 7:15-16Wale watoto ambao mliwasema wangelichukuliwa mateka, yaani watoto wenu ambao bado hawajui jema na baya, wataingia katika nchi. Nitawapa hiyo nchi, nao wataimiliki. 401:40 Kut 14:27; Amu 11:16Bali ninyi geukeni, mwondoke kuelekea jangwani kwa kufuata njia ya Bahari ya Shamu.”
41Ndipo mkanijibu, “Tumemtenda Bwana dhambi. Tutakwenda kupigana, kama Bwana Mungu wetu alivyotuamuru.” Hivyo kila mmoja wenu akachukua silaha zake, huku mkifikiri kuwa ni rahisi kukwea katika nchi ya vilima.
421:42 Hes 14:41-43Lakini Bwana aliniambia, “Waambie, ‘Msipande kupigana, kwa sababu sitakuwa pamoja nanyi. Mtashindwa na adui zenu.’ ”
431:43 Hes 14:44Hivyo niliwaambia, lakini hamkutaka kusikia. Mliasi dhidi ya amri ya Bwana, na katika kiburi chenu mlienda katika nchi ya vilima. 441:44 Za 118:12; Hes 28:18; 14:45; Kum 28:25; 32:30; Isa 7:18Waamori ambao waliishi katika vilima hivyo waliinuka dhidi yenu, wakawafukuza kama kundi la nyuki wakiwapiga njia yote ya Seiri mpaka Horma. 451:45 Hes 14:1; Ay 27:9; 35:13; Za 18:41; 66:18; Mit 1:28; Isa 1:15; Yer 14:12; Mao 3:8; Mik 3:4; Yn 9:31; Za 28:1; 39:12; Mit 28:9Mlirudi na kulia mbele za Bwana, lakini Mungu hakusikiliza kilio chenu, wala hakuwajali. 461:46 Hes 20:1; 13:25; Amu 11:27Hivyo mlikaa Kadeshi kwa siku nyingi, kwa muda ule wote mliokaa huko.