New International Version

1 Samuel 20:1-42

David and Jonathan

1Then David fled from Naioth at Ramah and went to Jonathan and asked, “What have I done? What is my crime? How have I wronged your father, that he is trying to kill me?”

2“Never!” Jonathan replied. “You are not going to die! Look, my father doesn’t do anything, great or small, without letting me know. Why would he hide this from me? It isn’t so!”

3But David took an oath and said, “Your father knows very well that I have found favor in your eyes, and he has said to himself, ‘Jonathan must not know this or he will be grieved.’ Yet as surely as the Lord lives and as you live, there is only a step between me and death.”

4Jonathan said to David, “Whatever you want me to do, I’ll do for you.”

5So David said, “Look, tomorrow is the New Moon feast, and I am supposed to dine with the king; but let me go and hide in the field until the evening of the day after tomorrow. 6If your father misses me at all, tell him, ‘David earnestly asked my permission to hurry to Bethlehem, his hometown, because an annual sacrifice is being made there for his whole clan.’ 7If he says, ‘Very well,’ then your servant is safe. But if he loses his temper, you can be sure that he is determined to harm me. 8As for you, show kindness to your servant, for you have brought him into a covenant with you before the Lord. If I am guilty, then kill me yourself! Why hand me over to your father?”

9“Never!” Jonathan said. “If I had the least inkling that my father was determined to harm you, wouldn’t I tell you?”

10David asked, “Who will tell me if your father answers you harshly?”

11“Come,” Jonathan said, “let’s go out into the field.” So they went there together.

12Then Jonathan said to David, “I swear by the Lord, the God of Israel, that I will surely sound out my father by this time the day after tomorrow! If he is favorably disposed toward you, will I not send you word and let you know? 13But if my father intends to harm you, may the Lord deal with Jonathan, be it ever so severely, if I do not let you know and send you away in peace. May the Lord be with you as he has been with my father. 14But show me unfailing kindness like the Lord’s kindness as long as I live, so that I may not be killed, 15and do not ever cut off your kindness from my family—not even when the Lord has cut off every one of David’s enemies from the face of the earth.”

16So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, “May the Lord call David’s enemies to account.” 17And Jonathan had David reaffirm his oath out of love for him, because he loved him as he loved himself.

18Then Jonathan said to David, “Tomorrow is the New Moon feast. You will be missed, because your seat will be empty. 19The day after tomorrow, toward evening, go to the place where you hid when this trouble began, and wait by the stone Ezel. 20I will shoot three arrows to the side of it, as though I were shooting at a target. 21Then I will send a boy and say, ‘Go, find the arrows.’ If I say to him, ‘Look, the arrows are on this side of you; bring them here,’ then come, because, as surely as the Lord lives, you are safe; there is no danger. 22But if I say to the boy, ‘Look, the arrows are beyond you,’ then you must go, because the Lord has sent you away. 23And about the matter you and I discussed—remember, the Lord is witness between you and me forever.”

24So David hid in the field, and when the New Moon feast came, the king sat down to eat. 25He sat in his customary place by the wall, opposite Jonathan,20:25 Septuagint; Hebrew wall. Jonathan arose and Abner sat next to Saul, but David’s place was empty. 26Saul said nothing that day, for he thought, “Something must have happened to David to make him ceremonially unclean—surely he is unclean.” 27But the next day, the second day of the month, David’s place was empty again. Then Saul said to his son Jonathan, “Why hasn’t the son of Jesse come to the meal, either yesterday or today?”

28Jonathan answered, “David earnestly asked me for permission to go to Bethlehem. 29He said, ‘Let me go, because our family is observing a sacrifice in the town and my brother has ordered me to be there. If I have found favor in your eyes, let me get away to see my brothers.’ That is why he has not come to the king’s table.”

30Saul’s anger flared up at Jonathan and he said to him, “You son of a perverse and rebellious woman! Don’t I know that you have sided with the son of Jesse to your own shame and to the shame of the mother who bore you? 31As long as the son of Jesse lives on this earth, neither you nor your kingdom will be established. Now send someone to bring him to me, for he must die!”

32“Why should he be put to death? What has he done?” Jonathan asked his father. 33But Saul hurled his spear at him to kill him. Then Jonathan knew that his father intended to kill David.

34Jonathan got up from the table in fierce anger; on that second day of the feast he did not eat, because he was grieved at his father’s shameful treatment of David.

35In the morning Jonathan went out to the field for his meeting with David. He had a small boy with him, 36and he said to the boy, “Run and find the arrows I shoot.” As the boy ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. 37When the boy came to the place where Jonathan’s arrow had fallen, Jonathan called out after him, “Isn’t the arrow beyond you?” 38Then he shouted, “Hurry! Go quickly! Don’t stop!” The boy picked up the arrow and returned to his master. 39(The boy knew nothing about all this; only Jonathan and David knew.) 40Then Jonathan gave his weapons to the boy and said, “Go, carry them back to town.”

41After the boy had gone, David got up from the south side of the stone and bowed down before Jonathan three times, with his face to the ground. Then they kissed each other and wept together—but David wept the most.

42Jonathan said to David, “Go in peace, for we have sworn friendship with each other in the name of the Lord, saying, ‘The Lord is witness between you and me, and between your descendants and my descendants forever.’ ” Then David left, and Jonathan went back to the town.20:42 In Hebrew texts this sentence (20:42b) is numbered 21:1.

Japanese Contemporary Bible

サムエル記Ⅰ 20:1-42







5「明日から新月の祝いが始まります。これまではいつも、私はこの祝いの席にお父上と同席してきました。しかし、明日は野に隠れ、三日目の夕方まで潜んでいるつもりです。 6もしお父上が私のことをお尋ねになったら、こう言ってください。『ベツレヘムの実家に行きたいと願い出たので帰しました。年に一度、一族全員が集まるのだそうです。』 7もしお父上が、『そうか』とうなずかれるなら、私は取り越し苦労をしていたことになります。しかし、もしご立腹なさるなら、私を殺すおつもりなのです。 8義兄弟の契りを結んだ者として、どうかこのことを引き受けてください。もし私がお父上に罪を犯したのであれば、あなたの手で私を殺してもかまいません。しかし、私を裏切ってお父上の手に引き渡すようなまねだけはしないでください。」





12ヨナタンはダビデに言いました。「イスラエルの神にかけて約束する。明日の今ごろ、遅くともあさっての今ごろには、父に君のことを話してみよう。そうして、父の気持ちをすぐに知らせるよ。 13もし腹を立てて君のいのちをねらっているとわかったら、必ず知らせる。もし知らせずに君の逃亡を妨げるようなことがあれば、私は主に殺されてもいい。かつて主が父とともにおられたように、君とともにおられるように祈るよ。 14お願いだ。私が生きている限り、主の愛と恵みを示すと約束してくれ。 15いや、主が君の敵を一掃されたあとも変わりなく、私の子どもたちにまで、主の愛と恵みを示してくれ。」

16こうして、ヨナタンはダビデの家と契約を結び、「主がダビデの敵に報復してくださるように」と言いました。 17ダビデを深く愛していたヨナタンは、もう一度誓って、 18言いました。「明日は新月祭だ。みなは君の席があいているのを気にかけるだろう。 19あさってになれば、騒ぎだすに違いない。だからこうしよう。前に隠れたことのあるあの石塚のそばにいてくれ。 20私はその石塚を的にして、正面から三本の矢を放つことにする。 21それから、少年に矢を拾いにやらせる。その時もし、『それ、矢はこちら側にあるぞ』と私が言うのが聞こえたら、すべてが順調で何も心配ない、ということだと思ってほしい。 22しかし、『もっと先だ。矢はおまえの向こうにある』と言ったら、すぐに逃げろという意味だ。 23どうか主が、私たち二人に約束を守らせてくださるように。主がこの約束の証人だ。」

24-25ダビデは野に身を潜めました。新月の祝いが始まると、王は食事のために、いつもどおり壁を背にして席に着きました。ヨナタンはその向かい側、アブネルは王の隣に着席しましたが、ダビデの席はあいたままです。 26その日、王は何も言いませんでした。「彼は何か思わぬことで身が汚れ、儀式に出るのを遠慮したのだろう」と思ったからです。 27しかし、翌日もダビデの席はあいていました。そこでヨナタンに尋ねました。「なぜダビデは昨日も今日も会食に来ないのだ。」


30王はヨナタンに怒りを燃やして言いました。「このろくでなしめ! どこの馬の骨かもわからんやつの息子に、王座をくれてやるつもりか。自分ばかりか自分の母親まで辱めおって! このわしの目をごまかせるとでも思っているのか。 31あいつが生きている限り、おまえは王になれないのだぞ。さあ、ダビデを連れ戻して来い。絶対に殺してやる。」


33すると、サウルはヨナタンめがけて槍を投げつけ、殺そうとしました。これでついにヨナタンも、父がほんとうにダビデを殺そうとしていることを悟りました。 34ヨナタンは怒りに震えて食卓から立ち去り、その日は何も食べませんでした。ダビデに対する父のあまりに恥ずべき行為に、ひどく傷ついたからです。

35翌朝、ヨナタンは打ち合わせどおり、少年を連れて野へ出かけました。 36「さあ、走って行って、私の射る矢を見つけて来なさい」と言うと、少年は駆けだし、ヨナタンはその向こうに矢を放ちました。 37少年が矢の届いた地点に近づくと、ヨナタンは大声で叫びました。「矢はもっと向こうにある。 38急げ、早くしなさい。ぐずぐずするな。」少年は急いで矢を拾うと、主人のもとへ駆け戻りました。 39もちろん、少年には、ヨナタンのことばの真意などわかるはずもありません。ヨナタンとダビデだけがその意味を知っていたのです。 40ヨナタンは弓矢を少年に渡し、それを持って町へ帰るように言いました。

41少年が行ってしまうと、ダビデは隠れていた野の南側から姿を現しました。二人は手を取り合って悲しみ、涙が二人の頬をぬらしました。ダビデは涙もかれ果てるほど声を上げて泣き続けました。 42ヨナタンが口を開きました。「元気を出してくれ。私たちは、子どもたちの代まで、永遠に主の御手にゆだね合った仲ではないか。」