New International Version

1 Samuel 2:1-36

Hannah’s Prayer

1Then Hannah prayed and said:

“My heart rejoices in the Lord;

in the Lord my horn2:1 Horn here symbolizes strength; also in verse 10. is lifted high.

My mouth boasts over my enemies,

for I delight in your deliverance.

2“There is no one holy like the Lord;

there is no one besides you;

there is no Rock like our God.

3“Do not keep talking so proudly

or let your mouth speak such arrogance,

for the Lord is a God who knows,

and by him deeds are weighed.

4“The bows of the warriors are broken,

but those who stumbled are armed with strength.

5Those who were full hire themselves out for food,

but those who were hungry are hungry no more.

She who was barren has borne seven children,

but she who has had many sons pines away.

6“The Lord brings death and makes alive;

he brings down to the grave and raises up.

7The Lord sends poverty and wealth;

he humbles and he exalts.

8He raises the poor from the dust

and lifts the needy from the ash heap;

he seats them with princes

and has them inherit a throne of honor.

“For the foundations of the earth are the Lord’s;

on them he has set the world.

9He will guard the feet of his faithful servants,

but the wicked will be silenced in the place of darkness.

“It is not by strength that one prevails;

10those who oppose the Lord will be broken.

The Most High will thunder from heaven;

the Lord will judge the ends of the earth.

“He will give strength to his king

and exalt the horn of his anointed.”

11Then Elkanah went home to Ramah, but the boy ministered before the Lord under Eli the priest.

Eli’s Wicked Sons

12Eli’s sons were scoundrels; they had no regard for the Lord. 13Now it was the practice of the priests that, whenever any of the people offered a sacrifice, the priest’s servant would come with a three-pronged fork in his hand while the meat was being boiled 14and would plunge the fork into the pan or kettle or caldron or pot. Whatever the fork brought up the priest would take for himself. This is how they treated all the Israelites who came to Shiloh. 15But even before the fat was burned, the priest’s servant would come and say to the person who was sacrificing, “Give the priest some meat to roast; he won’t accept boiled meat from you, but only raw.”

16If the person said to him, “Let the fat be burned first, and then take whatever you want,” the servant would answer, “No, hand it over now; if you don’t, I’ll take it by force.”

17This sin of the young men was very great in the Lord’s sight, for they2:17 Dead Sea Scrolls and Septuagint; Masoretic Text people were treating the Lord’s offering with contempt.

18But Samuel was ministering before the Lord—a boy wearing a linen ephod. 19Each year his mother made him a little robe and took it to him when she went up with her husband to offer the annual sacrifice. 20Eli would bless Elkanah and his wife, saying, “May the Lord give you children by this woman to take the place of the one she prayed for and gave to2:20 Dead Sea Scrolls; Masoretic Text and asked from the Lord.” Then they would go home. 21And the Lord was gracious to Hannah; she gave birth to three sons and two daughters. Meanwhile, the boy Samuel grew up in the presence of the Lord.

22Now Eli, who was very old, heard about everything his sons were doing to all Israel and how they slept with the women who served at the entrance to the tent of meeting. 23So he said to them, “Why do you do such things? I hear from all the people about these wicked deeds of yours. 24No, my sons; the report I hear spreading among the Lord’s people is not good. 25If one person sins against another, God2:25 Or the judges may mediate for the offender; but if anyone sins against the Lord, who will intercede for them?” His sons, however, did not listen to their father’s rebuke, for it was the Lord’s will to put them to death.

26And the boy Samuel continued to grow in stature and in favor with the Lord and with people.

Prophecy Against the House of Eli

27Now a man of God came to Eli and said to him, “This is what the Lord says: ‘Did I not clearly reveal myself to your ancestor’s family when they were in Egypt under Pharaoh? 28I chose your ancestor out of all the tribes of Israel to be my priest, to go up to my altar, to burn incense, and to wear an ephod in my presence. I also gave your ancestor’s family all the food offerings presented by the Israelites. 29Why do you2:29 The Hebrew is plural. scorn my sacrifice and offering that I prescribed for my dwelling? Why do you honor your sons more than me by fattening yourselves on the choice parts of every offering made by my people Israel?’

30“Therefore the Lord, the God of Israel, declares: ‘I promised that members of your family would minister before me forever.’ But now the Lord declares: ‘Far be it from me! Those who honor me I will honor, but those who despise me will be disdained. 31The time is coming when I will cut short your strength and the strength of your priestly house, so that no one in it will reach old age, 32and you will see distress in my dwelling. Although good will be done to Israel, no one in your family line will ever reach old age. 33Every one of you that I do not cut off from serving at my altar I will spare only to destroy your sight and sap your strength, and all your descendants will die in the prime of life.

34“ ‘And what happens to your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, will be a sign to you—they will both die on the same day. 35I will raise up for myself a faithful priest, who will do according to what is in my heart and mind. I will firmly establish his priestly house, and they will minister before my anointed one always. 36Then everyone left in your family line will come and bow down before him for a piece of silver and a loaf of bread and plead, “Appoint me to some priestly office so I can have food to eat.” ’ ”

Japanese Contemporary Bible

サムエル記Ⅰ 2:1-36










































12ところでエリの息子たちは、主をないがしろにする、不道徳でよこしまな者たちでした。 13-14いけにえをささげている人がいると、しもべを送り、いけにえの動物の肉が煮えている大なべの中に、そのしもべが三つ又の肉刺しを突き刺して、これらはみなエリの息子のものだと宣告しました。彼らは、いけにえをささげて礼拝するためにシロにやって来るすべてのイスラエル人に対して、このように行っていました。 15時には、祭壇で脂肪を焼く儀式が行われないうちから、しもべをやって、生の肉をよこせと言うことさえありました。焼き肉にして食べるためでした。



18サムエルはまだ子どもでしたが、一人前の祭司のように、小さな亜麻布の儀式服を着て、主に仕えていました。 19毎年、母親が小さな上着をこしらえ、夫とともに、いけにえをささげに来る時に持って来てくれていたのです。 20エルカナとハンナが家路につく前に、エリは二人を祝福し、主にささげた子の代わりに、もっと子どもが授かるよう主に願い求めてくれました。 21それで主はハンナに、三人の息子と二人の娘を授けました。一方、少年サムエルは、主のもとで成長していきました。






27ある日、一人の預言者が来て、エリに主のことばを伝えました。「イスラエルの民がエジプトで奴隷だった時、わたしははっきり力を示したではないか。 28そして、なみいる同胞の中からあなたの先祖レビを選んで、祭司としたのではなかったか。その務めは、わたしの祭壇でいけにえをささげ、香をたき、祭司の服を着て仕えることだった。わたしは、あなたがた祭司にも、いけにえのささげ物を分け与えたではないか。 29それなのに、どうしてささげ物を一人占めしようとするのか。わたしよりも息子のほうが大事なのか。よくも親子して最上のささげ物によって肥え太ったものだ。

30それゆえ、イスラエルの神であるわたしは、こう宣言する。レビ族の一門であるあなたの家系が常に祭司となると約束したのは確かだが、今や、それがいつまでも続くと考えたら、大きな間違いである。わたしは、わたしを重んじる者を重んじる。わたしを侮る者は、わたしも軽んじる。 31あなたの家系は断絶する。これ以上、祭司を務めるには及ばない。家族全員、長寿を全うせずに死ぬのだ。よわいを重ねる者は一人もいない。 32あなたがたは、わたしが民に与える繁栄をうらやむだろう。あなたの一族は苦難と窮乏に陥る。だれ一人、長生きできない。 33かろうじて生き残った者も、悲嘆にくれて日を過ごす。子どもたちは、剣によって殺される。 34わたしのことばに偽りがないことを見せよう。二人の息子ホフニとピネハスは、同じ日に死ぬことになる。

35代わりに、わたしは一人の忠実な祭司を起こす。彼はわたしに仕え、わたしが告げるとおり正しく行うだろう。その子孫を末代まで祝福し、その一族を王の前に永遠の祭司とする。 36だから、あなたの子孫はみな、彼に頭を下げ、金と食物を乞うようになる。彼らはこう言ってすがるだろう。『どうか、祭司のどんな仕事でもさせてください。何とか食べていきたいのです』と。」