New International Reader's Version

Judges 1:1-36

The Israelites Fight Against the Remaining Canaanites

1Joshua died. After that, the Israelites spoke to the Lord. They asked him, “Who of us will go up first and fight against the Canaanites?”

2The Lord answered, “The tribe of Judah will go up. I have handed the land over to them.”

3Then the men of Judah spoke to their fellow Israelites, the men of Simeon. They said, “Come up with us. Come into the territory Joshua gave us. Help us fight against the Canaanites. Then we’ll go with you into your territory.” So the men of Simeon went with them.

4When the men of Judah attacked, the Lord helped them. He handed the Canaanites and Perizzites over to them. They struck down 10,000 men at Bezek. 5The men of Judah found Adoni-Bezek there. They fought against him. They struck down the Canaanites and Perizzites. 6But Adoni-Bezek ran away. The men of Judah chased him and caught him. Then they cut off his thumbs and big toes.

7Adoni-Bezek said, “I cut off the thumbs and big toes of 70 kings. I made them pick up scraps under my table. Now God has paid me back for what I did to them.” The men of Judah brought Adoni-Bezek to Jerusalem. That’s where he died.

8The men of Judah attacked Jerusalem and captured it. They set the city on fire. They killed its people with their swords.

9After that, the men of Judah went down to fight against some Canaanites. Those Canaanites were living in the central hill country. They also fought against those living in the Negev Desert and the western hills. 10Then the men of Judah marched out against the Canaanites living in Hebron. Hebron used to be called Kiriath Arba. The men of Judah won the battle over Sheshai, Ahiman and Talmai. 11From Hebron they marched out against the people living in Debir. It used to be called Kiriath Sepher.

12Caleb said, “I will give my daughter Aksah to be married. I’ll give her to the man who attacks and captures Kiriath Sepher.” 13Othniel captured it. So Caleb gave his daughter Aksah to him to be his wife. Othniel was the son of Kenaz. He was Caleb’s younger brother.

14One day Aksah came to Othniel. She begged him to ask her father for a field. When she got off her donkey, Caleb asked her, “What can I do for you?”

15She replied, “Do me a special favor. You have given me some land in the Negev Desert. Give me springs of water also.” So Caleb gave her the upper and lower springs.

16Moses’ father-in-law was a Kenite. His family went up from Jericho. Jericho was also known as the City of Palm Trees. His family went up with the people of Judah to the Desert of Judah. They went there to live among its people. Those people were living in the Negev Desert near Arad.

17The men of Judah marched out with their fellow Israelites, the men of Simeon. They attacked the people of Canaan living in Zephath. They set the city apart to the Lord in a special way to be destroyed. That’s why the city was called Hormah. 18The men of Judah captured Gaza, Ashkelon and Ekron. They also captured the territory around each of those cities.

19The Lord was with the men of Judah. They took over the central hill country. But they weren’t able to drive the people out of the plains. That’s because those people used chariots that had some iron parts. 20Moses had promised to give Hebron to Caleb. So Hebron was given to Caleb. He drove the three sons of Anak out of it. 21But the people of Benjamin did not drive out the Jebusites living in Jerusalem. So to this day they live there with the people of Benjamin.

22The tribes of Joseph attacked Bethel. The Lord was with them. 23They sent men to Bethel to check it out. It used to be called Luz. 24Those who were sent saw a man coming out of the city. They said to him, “Show us how to get into the city. If you do, we’ll see that you are treated well.” 25So he showed them how to get in. The men of Joseph killed the people in the city with their swords. But they spared the man from Bethel. They also spared his whole family. 26Then he went to the land of the Hittites. He built a city there. He called it Luz. That’s still its name to this day.

27But the tribe of Manasseh didn’t drive out the people of Beth Shan. They didn’t drive out the people of Taanach, Dor, Ibleam and Megiddo. And they didn’t drive out the people of the settlements that are around those cities either. That’s because the Canaanites had made up their minds to continue living in that land. 28Later, Israel became stronger. Then they forced the Canaanites to work hard for them. But Israel never drove them out completely. 29The tribe of Ephraim didn’t drive out the Canaanites living in Gezer. So the Canaanites continued to live there among them. 30The tribe of Zebulun didn’t drive out the Canaanites living in Kitron and Nahalol. So these Canaanites lived among them. But the people of Zebulun forced the Canaanites to work hard for them. 31The tribe of Asher didn’t drive out the people living in Akko and Sidon. They didn’t drive out the people of Ahlab, Akzib, Helbah, Aphek and Rehob. 32So the people of Asher lived among the Canaanites who were in the land. 33The tribe of Naphtali didn’t drive out the people living in Beth Shemesh and Beth Anath. So the people of Naphtali lived among the Canaanites who were in the land. The people of Beth Shemesh and Beth Anath were forced to work hard for them. 34The Amorites made the people of Dan stay in the central hill country. They didn’t let them come down into the plain. 35The Amorites made up their minds to stay in Mount Heres. They also stayed in Aijalon and Shaalbim. But the power of the tribes of Joseph grew. Then the Amorites were forced to work hard for them. 36The border of the Amorites started at Scorpion Pass. It went to Sela and even past it.

Japanese Contemporary Bible

士師記 1:1-36



1ヨシュアの死後、イスラエルの民は主からの指示を仰ごうと尋ねました。「カナン人と戦うには、まずどの部族が出陣すればよいでしょうか。」 2すると、「ユダ族が行きなさい。彼らに輝かしい勝利を約束しよう」と主は言いました。 3そこで、ユダ族の指導者たちは、シメオン族に加勢を求めました。「私たちの割り当て地に住む者たちを追い払うのに力を貸してほしい。その代わり、あなたたちが戦う時には必ず応援するから。」そうして、シメオンとユダの軍隊は合流して出陣しました。

4-6主の助けによって、彼らはカナン人とペリジ人を打ち破りました。このベゼクでの戦闘で、なんと一万人もの敵を打ったのです。アドニ・ベゼク王は逃げ出したものの、すぐ捕らえられ、手足の親指を切り取られました。 7「わしもこうやって七十人もの王の親指を切り取り、わしの食卓から落ちるパンくずを食べさせたものだが、今、神はそのつけを回してこられたというわけか」と、ベゼク王は嘆きました。王はエルサレムへ連れて行かれ、そこで息を引き取りました。

8ユダ族はエルサレムを占領し、住民を打ち、町に火をかけました。 9そののちユダの軍隊は、低地に住むカナン人を攻めたばかりか、山地やネゲブのカナン人とも戦いました。 10また、以前キルヤテ・アルバと呼ばれたヘブロンにいるカナン人に向かって進撃し、シェシャイ、アヒマン、タルマイなどの町を滅ぼしました。

11さらにそののち、以前キルヤテ・セフェルと呼ばれたデビルを攻めました。 12カレブは、「だれか、率先してデビルを攻撃する者はいないか。占領した者には、私の娘アクサを妻として与えるぞ」と全軍に呼びかけました。 13カレブの弟ケナズの子オテニエルが、先陣を志願してデビルを占領し、アクサを花嫁に迎えました。 14アクサは嫁ぐ時、夫にそそのかされて、贈り物としてもっと土地をくれるよう父に求めました。彼女がろばから降りると、カレブは尋ねました。「どうした。何か欲しいものでもあるのか。」


16ユダ族が、アラデの南方ネゲブの荒野の新天地に移った時、モーセの義父の子孫であるケニ族の人々も同行しました。彼らは、「なつめやしの町」と呼ばれたエリコを離れ、以後ずっといっしょに生活しました。 17そののちユダ軍はシメオン軍の加勢を得て、ツェファテの町に住むカナン人を打ち、彼らを滅ぼしました。今でも、その町はホルマ〔「絶滅」の意〕と呼ばれています。 18ユダ軍はさらに、ガザ、アシュケロン、エクロンの町々と周辺の村々を手中に収めました。 19主の助けがあったので、山地一帯の住民を滅ぼすことができたのです。ただ、谷の住民は鉄の戦車を持っていたので、征服できませんでした。 20ヘブロンの町は、主の約束どおりカレブの手の中に落ちました。カレブは、そこに住むアナクの三人の息子を追い出しました。


22-23ヨセフ族も、以前ルズと呼ばれたベテルの町を襲撃しました。主はヨセフ族とともにいました。まず、偵察隊が派遣され、 24彼らは町から出て来た男を捕まえ、「町の城壁の出入口を教えてくれたらいのちを助けよう」と持ちかけたのです。 25男が町に入る方法を話したので、ヨセフ族は町に攻め込み、全住民を打ちました。もちろん、その男と彼の家族だけは助かりました。 26のちに、その男はヘテ人の地に町を建て、ルズと名づけました。今も知られているとおりです。

27マナセ族は、ベテ・シェアン、タナク、ドル、イブレアム、メギドとその周辺の町々の住民を追い出すことに失敗しました。それでカナン人は、その地にとどまり続けました。 28のちにイスラエルは強大になりましたが、カナン人を奴隷として働かせることはあっても、追い出すことはしませんでした。 29ゲゼルに住むカナン人についても同じです。彼らは今もなお、エフライム族に混じって生活しています。




34ダン族の場合は、エモリ人に圧倒されて山地へ追いやられ、谷に降りることができませんでした。 35しかし、のちにエモリ人は、ヘレス山、アヤロン、シャアルビムへと散在するにつれてヨセフ族に征服され、奴隷となりました。 36エモリ人との境界線は、アクラビムの丘陵地帯から始まり、セラと呼ばれる地点を通り、そこから上の方に及びました。