New International Reader's Version

Genesis 42:1-38

Joseph’s Brothers Go Down to Egypt

1Jacob found out that there was grain in Egypt. So he said to his sons, “Why do you just keep looking at one another?” 2He continued, “I’ve heard there’s grain in Egypt. Go down there. Buy some for us. Then we’ll live and not die.”

3So ten of Joseph’s brothers went down to Egypt to buy grain there. 4But Jacob didn’t send Joseph’s brother Benjamin with them. He was afraid Benjamin might be harmed. 5Israel’s sons were among the people who went to buy grain. There wasn’t enough food in the land of Canaan.

6Joseph was the governor of the land. He was the one who sold grain to all its people. When Joseph’s brothers arrived, they bowed down to him with their faces to the ground. 7As soon as Joseph saw his brothers, he recognized them. But he pretended to be a stranger. He spoke to them in a mean way. “Where do you come from?” he asked.

“From the land of Canaan,” they replied. “We’ve come to buy food.”

8Joseph recognized his brothers, but they didn’t recognize him. 9Then Joseph remembered his dreams about them. So he said to them, “You are spies! You have come to see the places where our land isn’t guarded very well.”

10“No, sir,” they answered. “We’ve come to buy food. 11All of us are the sons of one man. We’re honest men. We aren’t spies.”

12“No!” he said to them. “You have come to see the places where our land isn’t guarded very well.”

13But they replied, “We were 12 brothers. All of us were the sons of one man. He lives in the land of Canaan. Our youngest brother is now with our father. And one brother is gone.”

14Joseph said to them, “I still say you are spies! 15So I’m going to test you. And here’s the test. You can be sure that you won’t leave this place unless your youngest brother comes here. You can be just as sure of this as you are sure that Pharaoh lives. I give you my word that you won’t leave here unless your brother comes. 16Send one of you back to get your brother. The rest of you will be kept in prison. I’ll test your words. Then we’ll find out whether you are telling the truth. You can be sure that Pharaoh lives. And you can be just as sure that if you aren’t telling the truth, we’ll know that you are spies!” 17So Joseph kept all of them under guard for three days.

18On the third day, Joseph spoke to them again. He said, “Do what I say. Then you will live, because I have respect for God. 19If you are honest men, let one of your brothers stay here in prison. The rest of you may go and take grain back to your hungry families. 20But you must bring your youngest brother to me. That will prove that your words are true. Then you won’t die.” So they did what he said.

21They said to one another, “God is surely punishing us because of our brother. We saw how upset he was when he begged us to let him live. But we wouldn’t listen. That’s why all this trouble has come to us.”

22Reuben replied, “Didn’t I tell you not to sin against the boy? But you wouldn’t listen! Now we’re being paid back for killing him.” 23They didn’t realize that Joseph could understand what they were saying. He was using someone else to explain their words to him in the Egyptian language.

24Joseph turned away from his brothers and began to weep. Then he came back and spoke to them again. He had Simeon taken and tied up right there in front of them.

25Joseph gave orders to have their bags filled with grain. He had each man’s money put back into his sack. He also made sure they were given food for their journey. 26Then the brothers loaded their grain on their donkeys and left.

27When night came, they stopped. One of them opened his sack to get feed for his donkey. He saw his money in the top of his sack. 28“My money has been given back,” he said to his brothers. “Here it is in my sack.”

They had a sinking feeling in their hearts. They began to tremble. They turned to one another and said, “What has God done to us?”

29They came to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan. They told him everything that had happened to them. They said, 30“The man who is the governor of the land spoke to us in a mean way. He treated us as if we were spying on the land. 31But we said to him, ‘We’re honest men. We aren’t spies. 32We were 12 brothers. All of us were the sons of one father. But now one brother is gone. And our youngest brother is with our father in Canaan.’

33“Then the man who is the governor of the land spoke to us. He said, ‘Here’s how I will know whether you are honest men. Leave one of your brothers here with me. Take food for your hungry families and go. 34But bring your youngest brother to me. Then I’ll know that you are honest men and not spies. I’ll give your brother back to you. And you will be free to trade in the land.’ ”

35They began emptying their sacks. There in each man’s sack was his bag of money! When they and their father saw the money bags, they were scared to death. 36Their father Jacob said to them, “You have taken my children away from me. Joseph is gone. Simeon is gone. Now you want to take Benjamin. Everything is going against me!”

37Then Reuben spoke to his father. He said, “You can put both of my sons to death if I don’t bring Benjamin back to you. Trust me to take care of him. I’ll bring him back.”

38But Jacob said, “My son will not go down there with you. His brother is dead. He’s the only one left here with me. Suppose he’s harmed on the journey you are taking. Then I would die as a sad old man.”

Japanese Contemporary Bible

創世記 42:1-38



1ところでそのころ、ヤコブの一家はどうしていたでしょう。やはり食べるに事欠く毎日でした。聞くところによると、エジプトへ行けば穀物が手に入るということです。ヤコブは息子たちに言いました。「みんな、お互いに顔を見合わせていたってしかたない。 2エジプトには穀物があるといううわさだ。さあ、ぐずぐずしている暇はない。すぐ買いに行ってくれ。このままではみな飢え死にだ。」

3ヨセフの十人の兄は、こうして、エジプトへ穀物を買いに行くことになりました。 4しかしヤコブは、ヨセフの弟ベニヤミンだけは、どうしても行かせませんでした。〔ヨセフの時のように〕ベニヤミンの身にも何か悪いことが起こるといけないと思ったのです。 5イスラエル(ヤコブ)の息子たちは、ほかの国からの大ぜいの者たちに混じってエジプトへ行きました。カナン地方のききんも、どこにも劣らないくらいひどかったからです。

6ヨセフの兄たちは、エジプトの総理大臣であり、穀物を売る責任者に会いに出かけました。まさかそれが、弟のヨセフだとは思いもよりません。顔を地につけんばかりに深々と頭を下げました。 7ヨセフはひと目で兄たちだとわかりましたが、わざとそ知らぬふりをし、きびしく問いただしました。「おまえたちはどこから来たのか。」



10「とんでもないことです。ほんとうに食糧を買いに来ただけです。 11私どもはみな兄弟で、正直な者です。スパイだなんてありえません。」



14「それがどうした! 何の関係もない。やはりスパイに違いない。 15もしおまえたちの言うとおりなら、その末の弟を連れて来なさい。それまではエジプトから一歩たりとも出ることは許さない。 16だれか一人が行って、弟を連れて来なさい。あとの者は全員、拘束させてもらう。そうすれば、おまえたちの申し立てがほんとうかどうかわかる。もし弟がいなければ、おまえたちは間違いなくスパイだ。」


18三日目にヨセフは彼らに言いました。「私は神様を恐れる人間だ。もしおまえたちが潔白なら、それを証明する機会を与えよう。 19一応おまえたちの申し立てを信じるから、一人だけここに残れば、あとの者は穀物を持って帰ってよい。 20ただし、末の弟を連れて来るのだ。おまえたちが正直者かどうか、確かめなければならないから。うそでないとわかれば、いのちは助けよう。」




23もちろん彼らは、そこに立っているエジプトの総理大臣がヨセフで、話がつつ抜けになっているとは夢にも思いません。それまでは通訳付きで話をしていたからです。 24ヨセフはいたたまれなくなり、部屋を出て一人きりになれる場所を探して泣きました。ひとしきり泣くと、また戻り、兄たちの中からシメオンを選んで、みなの見ている前で縛り上げました。 25それから召使たちに、一同の袋に穀物をいっぱい詰めさせ、支払った代金をそれぞれの袋の口のところにこっそり戻しておくよう指示しました。そのうえ、旅行に必要な食糧まで取りそろえさせたのです。

26一同はろばに穀物を背負わせて帰途につきました。 27その夜、一人がろばに餌をやろうと穀物の袋を開けてびっくりしました。口のところに、払ったはずの代金があるではありませんか。 28「いったいどういうことか。おれの袋に銀が入っているぞ。」彼らは身を震わせました。「きっと神様がこうなさったんだ。だが、どういう意味なのだろう。」

29やがて、彼らはカナンの地の父ヤコブのもとへ帰り、一部始終を報告しました。 30「総理大臣というのがとても恐ろしい人でね、われわれをスパイだと言ってきかないのです。 31そこで、『とんでもない。私たちはまじめな人間で、スパイなんかではありません。 32全部で十二人兄弟ですが、一人は死に、末の弟はカナンの地で父といっしょにいます』 33と説明すると、その人は言いました。『うそをついているかどうか調べなければならん。一人だけここに残り、あとは穀物を持って家へ帰るがよい。 34ただし、末の弟を連れて来なければならない。そうすれば、おまえたちがスパイかそれとも正直な人間かがわかる。おまえたちの言ったとおりなら、人質も返してやるし、何度でも穀物を買いに来てよろしい』と言うのです。」

35彼らが袋を空にしようとすると、みなの袋に、それぞれの代金がそっくりそのまま入っていました。彼らは恐ろしくなりました。父も同じです。 36しばらくしてヤコブが叫びました。「おまえたちのおかげで、私は子どもをなくしてしまった。ヨセフは出かけたまま戻らず、シメオンも捕らえられてしまった。今度はベニヤミンを連れて行きたいだと? 私をどれだけ苦しめれば気がすむのだ!」