New International Reader's Version

Genesis 14:1-24

Abram Saves Lot

1Amraphel was the king of Babylon. Arioch was the king of Ellasar. Kedorlaomer was the king of Elam. And Tidal was the king of Goyim. 2They went to war against five other kings. They were Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber king of Zeboyim, and the king of Bela. Bela was also called Zoar. 3These five kings all gathered their armies together in the Valley of Siddim. It was also called the valley of the Dead Sea. 4For 12 years Kedorlaomer had ruled over them. But in the 13th year they opposed him.

5So in the 14th year, Kedorlaomer and the kings who helped him went to war. They won the battle against the Rephaites in Ashteroth Karnaim. They also won the battle against the Zuzites in Ham and the Emites in Shaveh Kiriathaim. 6They did the same thing to the Horites in the hill country of Seir. They marched all the way to El Paran near the desert. 7Then they turned back and went to En Mishpat. En Mishpat was also called Kadesh. They took over the whole territory of the Amalekites. They also won the battle against the Amorites who were living in Hazezon Tamar.

8Then the kings of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboyim and Bela marched out. Bela was also called Zoar. They lined up their armies for battle in the Valley of Siddim. 9They got ready to fight against Kedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of Goyim, Amraphel king of Babylonia, and Arioch king of Ellasar. There were four kings against five. 10The Valley of Siddim was full of tar pits. The kings of Sodom and Gomorrah ran away from the battle. Some of their men fell into the pits, but the rest escaped to the hills. 11The four kings took all the things that belonged to Sodom and Gomorrah. They also took all their food and then left. 12They carried away Abram’s nephew Lot and the things he owned. Lot was living in Sodom at that time.

13A man escaped and came to report everything to Abram. Abram was a Hebrew. He was living near the large trees of Mamre the Amorite. Mamre was a brother of Eshkol and Aner. All of them helped Abram. 14Abram heard that Lot had been captured. So he called out his 318 trained men. All of them were sons of his servants. Abram and his men chased their enemies as far as Dan. 15During the night Abram separated his men into groups. They attacked their enemies and drove them away. They chased them north of Damascus as far as Hobah. 16Abram took back everything the kings had taken. He brought back his nephew Lot and the things Lot owned. He also brought back the women and the other people.

17After Abram won the battle over Kedorlaomer and the kings who helped him, he returned home. The king of Sodom came out to meet him in the Valley of Shaveh. It was also called the King’s Valley.

18Melchizedek was the king of Jerusalem. He brought out bread and wine. He was the priest of the Most High God. 19He gave a blessing to Abram. He said,

“May the Most High God bless Abram.

May the Creator of heaven and earth bless him.

20Give praise to the Most High God.

He gave your enemies into your hand.”

Then Abram gave Melchizedek a tenth of everything.

21The king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people. Keep everything else for yourself.”

22But Abram said to the king of Sodom, “I have raised my hand to make a promise to the Lord. He is the Most High God. He is the Creator of heaven and earth. 23I’ve said I will not accept anything that belongs to you. I will not take even a thread or the strap of a sandal. You will never be able to say, ‘I made Abram rich.’ 24I’ll accept only what my men have eaten and what belongs to Aner, Eshkol and Mamre. These three men went with me. Let them have their share.”

Japanese Contemporary Bible

創世記 14:1-24

14

ロトの救出

1-2折りも折り、この地方に戦争が起こりました。

シヌアルの王アムラフェル、エラサルの王アルヨク、エラムの王ケドルラオメル、ゴイムの王ティデアルの同盟軍が、ソドムの王ベラ、ゴモラの王ビルシャ、アデマの王シヌアブ、ツェボイムの王シェムエベル、のちにツォアルと呼ばれたベラの王の連合軍と戦ったのです。 3ソドム、ゴモラ、アデマ、ツェボイム、ベラの王たちは、今は塩の海といわれるシディムの谷に全軍を集めました。 4この五人の王は、十二年間ケドルラオメル王に支配されていましたが、十三年目に反乱を起こしたのです。

5-6一年後、ケドルラオメル王の率いる同盟軍が討伐に乗り出し、むごたらしい戦いが始まりました。同盟軍は、アシュテロテ・カルナイムのレファイム人、ハムのズジム人、キルヤタイムの平原にいたエミム人、セイルの山のホリ人を打ち破り、さらにその勢いに乗って、砂漠との境にあるエル・パランまで進軍しました。 7そこから引き返し、今のカデシュに当たるエン・ミシュパテでアマレク人を破り、さらにハツァツォン・タマルのエモリ人をも破りました。 8-9ソドム、ゴモラ、アデマ、ツェボイム、ベラ〔ツォアル〕の連合軍は、ケドルラオメル王の同盟軍に塩の海で戦いを挑みましたが、敗れました。 10そのころ、谷にはアスファルトの穴がたくさんあり、退却する時、ソドムの王とゴモラの王はその穴に落ち、残りの者は山へ逃げ込みました。 11同盟軍は勝利の余勢をかってソドムとゴモラを略奪し、町中の財産と食糧をことごとく奪って引き揚げました。 12その時、アブラムの甥ロトもソドムに住んでいたので、捕虜にされ、全財産を奪われました。

13一人の男が逃亡して、ヘブル人のアブラムのところへ駆け込み、一部始終を報告しました。アブラムはそのころ、エモリ人マムレの所有地にある樫の木立の中に野営していました。マムレは、アブラムと盟約を結んでいたエシュコルとアネルの兄弟でした。

14ロトたちが捕虜になったことを聞くと、アブラムは家のしもべたち総勢三百十八人を引き連れ、引き揚げるケドルラオメルの同盟軍をダンまで追いかけました。 15そして夜になって、奇襲攻撃を展開して、敗走する敵軍をダマスコの北、ホバまで追跡し、 16略奪された全財産とロト、それに捕虜になっていた人々すべてを取り返しました。

17こうしてアブラムがケドルラオメル王を打ち破り、現在の「王の谷」に当たるシャベの谷まで引き揚げると、ソドムの王が彼を出迎えました。 18また、シャレム〔エルサレム〕の王、いと高き天の神の祭司メルキゼデクは、パンとぶどう酒を持って来て、 19-20アブラムを祝福しました。

「天地のすべてを造られた、いと高き神の祝福が、

アブラムよ、あなたにあるように。

あなたを敵に勝たせてくださった神が

あがめられるように。」

アブラムは、メルキゼデクに戦利品の十分の一を贈りました。

21ソドムの 王は、取り戻された財産を受け取ろうとせず、「捕虜にされていた国民を返してくださるだけで十分です。町から盗まれた物は、どうぞそのままあなたがお取りください」と言いました。 22しかしアブラムは答えました。「私はいと高き神、世界を造られた神に堅く誓いました。 23ですから、くつひも一本頂くわけにはまいりません。『アブラムは私が物を与えたから豊かになった』などと言われたくないのです。 24ただし、追跡に加わった私の軍の若者が食べた分まではお返ししません。それ以外は、いっさい頂きません。戦利品の分け前は、アネル、エシュコル、マムレに与えてください。」