New International Reader's Version

Deuteronomy 1:1-46

The Lord Commands Israel to Leave Mount Horeb

1These are the words Moses spoke to all the Israelites. At that time, they were in the desert east of the Jordan River. It’s in the Arabah Valley across from Suph. The people were between Paran and Tophel, Laban, Hazeroth and Dizahab. 2It takes 11 days to go from Mount Horeb to Kadesh Barnea if you travel on the Mount Seir road.

3It was the 40th year since the Israelites had left Egypt. On the first day of the 11th month, Moses spoke to them. He told them everything the Lord had commanded him to tell them. 4They had already won the battle over Sihon. Sihon was the king of the Amorites. He had ruled in Heshbon. Israel had also won the battle over Og at Edrei. Og was the king of Bashan. He had ruled in Ashtaroth.

5The people were east of the Jordan River in the territory of Moab. There Moses began to explain the law. Here is what he said.

6The Lord our God spoke to us at Mount Horeb. He said, “You have stayed long enough at this mountain. 7Take your tents down. Go into the hill country of the Amorites. Go to all the people who are their neighbors. Go to the people who live in the Arabah Valley. Travel to the mountains and the western hills. Go to the people in the Negev Desert and along the coast. Travel to the land of Canaan and to Lebanon. Go as far as the great Euphrates River. 8I have given you all this land. Go in and take it as your own. The Lord promised he would give the land to your fathers. He promised it to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. He also said he would give it to their children after them.”

Some Officials Are Chosen to Help Moses

9At that time I spoke to you. I said, “You are too heavy a load for me to carry alone. 10The Lord your God has caused there to be many of you. Today you are as many as the stars in the sky. 11The Lord is the God of your people. May he cause there to be a thousand times more of you. May he bless you, just as he promised he would. 12But I can’t handle your problems and troubles all by myself. I can’t settle your arguments. 13So choose some wise men from each of your tribes. They must understand how to give good advice. The people must have respect for them. I will appoint those men to have authority over you.”

14You answered me, “Your suggestion is good.”

15So I chose the leading men of your tribes who were wise and respected. I appointed them to have authority over you. I made them commanders of thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens. I appointed them to be officials over the tribes. 16Here is what I commanded your judges at that time. I said, “Listen to your people’s cases when they argue with one another. Judge them fairly. It doesn’t matter whether the case is between two Israelites or between an Israelite and an outsider living among you. 17When you judge them, treat everyone the same. Listen to those who are important and those who are not. Don’t be afraid of anyone. God is the highest judge. Bring me any case that is too hard for you. I’ll listen to it.” 18At that time I told you everything you should do.

Twelve Men Check Out the Land of Canaan

19The Lord our God commanded us to start out from Mount Horeb. So we did. We went toward the hill country of the Amorites. We traveled all through the huge and terrible desert you saw. Finally, we reached Kadesh Barnea. 20Then I said to you, “You have reached the hill country of the Amorites. The Lord our God is giving it to us. 21The Lord your God has given you the land. Go up and take it. Do what the Lord says. He’s the God of your people. Don’t be afraid. Don’t lose hope.”

22Then all of you came to me. You said, “Let’s send some men ahead of us. They can check out the land for us and bring back a report. They can suggest to us which way to go. They can tell us about the towns we’ll come to.”

23That seemed like a good idea to me. So I chose 12 of you. I picked one man from each tribe. 24They left and went up into the hill country. There they came to the Valley of Eshkol. They checked it out. 25They got some of the fruit of that land. Then they brought it down to us and gave us their report. They said, “The Lord our God is giving us a good land.”

Israel Refuses to Obey the Lord

26But you wouldn’t go up. You refused to obey the command of the Lord your God. 27You spoke against him in your tents. You said, “The Lord hates us. That’s why he brought us out of Egypt to hand us over to the Amorites. He wanted to destroy us. 28Where can we go? The men who checked out the land have made us afraid. They say, ‘The people are stronger and taller than we are. The cities are large. They have walls that reach up to the sky. We even saw the Anakites there.’ ”

29Then I said to you, “Don’t be terrified. Don’t be afraid of them. 30The Lord your God will go ahead of you. He will fight for you. With your own eyes you saw how he fought for you in Egypt. 31You also saw how the Lord your God brought you through the desert. He carried you everywhere you went, just as a father carries his son. And now you have arrived here.”

32In spite of that, you didn’t trust in the Lord your God. 33He went ahead of you on your journey. He was in the fire at night and in the cloud during the day. He found places for you to camp. He showed you the way you should go.

34The Lord heard what you said. So he became angry. He made a promise. He said, 35“I promised to give this good land to your people of long ago. But no one alive today will see it. 36Only Caleb will see the land. He is the son of Jephunneh. I will give him and his children after him the land he walked on. He followed me with his whole heart.”

37Because of you, the Lord became angry with me also. He said, “You will not enter the land either. 38But Joshua, the son of Nun, is your helper. Joshua will enter the land. Help him to be brave. Give him hope. He will lead Israel to take the land as their own. 39You said your little ones would be taken prisoner. But they will enter the land. They do not yet know right from wrong. But I will give them the land. They will take it as their own. 40As for you, turn around. Start out toward the desert. Go along the road that leads to the Red Sea.”

41Then you replied, “We have sinned against the Lord. We will go up and fight. We’ll do just as the Lord our God has commanded us.” So all of you got your swords and put them on. You thought it would be easy to go up into the hill country.

42But the Lord spoke to me. He said, “Tell them, ‘Do not go up and fight. I will not be with you. Your enemies will win the battle over you.’ ”

43So I told you what the Lord said. But you wouldn’t listen. You refused to obey his command. You were so filled with pride that you marched up into the hill country. 44The Amorites who lived in those hills came out and attacked you. Like large numbers of bees they chased you. They beat you down from Seir all the way to Hormah. 45You came back and wept in front of the Lord. But he didn’t pay any attention to your weeping. He wouldn’t listen to you. 46So you stayed in Kadesh for many years. You spent a long time in that area.

O Livro

Deuteronómio 1:1-46

Ordem para deixar Horebe

1Este livro regista as palavras que Moisés comunicou ao povo de Israel, quando estavam acampados no vale de Arabá, no deserto de Moabe, do lado nascente do rio Jordão, em frente de Sufe, entre Parã e Tofel, dum lado, e Labão, Hazerote e Di-Zaabe, do outro. 2-3Estas palavras foram-lhes dirigidas no primeiro dia do décimo primeiro mês, 40 anos após terem deixado o monte Horebe, ainda que sejam apenas 11 dias de viagem a pé, do monte Horebe até Cades-Barneia, indo pelo monte Seir, conforme tudo o que o Senhor tinha confiado a Moisés para lhes transmitir. 4Na altura em que estas palavras foram proferidas, já o rei Siom dos amorreus tinha sido derrotado em Hesbom e o rei Ogue de Basã também já fora vencido em Astarote, perto de Edrei.

5Assim falou Moisés a Israel, expondo toda a Lei que Deus lhe dissera para comunicar ao povo: 6Foi há 40 anos, no monte Horebe, que o Senhor, nosso Deus, nos disse: “Ficaram aqui bastante tempo. 7Agora vão e ocupem as montanhas dos amorreus, o vale de Arabá, os montes, o Negueve e toda a planície costeira de Canaã e do Líbano; toda a área que vai do Mediterrâneo até ao grande rio Eufrates. 8Dou-vos todo este território; possuam-no, pois trata-se da terra que o Senhor prometeu aos vossos antepassados Abraão, Isaque e Jacob, e a todos os seus descendentes.”

Moisés nomeia auxiliares

(Êx 18.13-27)

9Por essa altura, eu disse-vos: “Preciso de ajuda. Vocês são um fardo demasiado grande para eu levar sozinho, 10porque o Senhor, vosso Deus, vos multiplicou como as estrelas. 11Que o Senhor, Deus dos vossos pais, vos multiplique mil vezes ainda e vos abençoe como prometeu! 12Que pode um só homem fazer perante todas as vossas disputas e problemas? 13Escolham alguns homens de cada tribo, que sejam pessoas de bom senso, compreensivas e com experiência de vida, e nomeá-los-ei como vossos chefes.”

14Vocês concordaram. 15Por isso, tomei os homens que selecionaram, alguns de cada tribo, e designei-os para assistentes administrativos, por escalões de mil, cem, cinquenta e dez pessoas, 16para deliberarem quanto às questões que lhes fossem apresentadas, e para prestarem assistência geral em cada dia. Instruí-os para que fossem sempre perfeitamente justos, mesmo com os estrangeiros. 17“Quando tomarem decisões”, disse-lhes, “nunca favoreçam um indivíduo porque é rico, por exemplo. Sejam justos com todos, tanto grandes como pequenos. Não temam o desagrado das pessoas, pois estão a julgar em nome de Deus. Tragam-me algum caso cuja dificuldade vos ultrapasse e eu o resolverei.” 18Aliás, dei-vos outras instruções nessa altura.

Moisés envia espias

(Nm 13.1-33)

19-20Deixámos então o monte Horebe e atravessámos o grande e terrível deserto, tendo finalmente chegado às colinas dos amorreus, para onde o Senhor, nosso Deus, nos tinha dirigido. Estávamos em Cades-Barneia e eu disse ao povo: 21“O Senhor Deus deu-nos esta terra. Vão e conquistem-na. Nada receiem e não duvidem!”

22Mas vocês replicaram: “Primeiramente, enviemos espias para descobrirem o melhor caminho para lá entrar e para escolherem as cidades que devemos capturar primeiro.”

23Isto pareceu-nos uma boa ideia. Por isso, escolhi doze espias, um de cada tribo. 24Eles atravessaram as colinas e vieram até ao vale de Escol, 25tendo regressado com amostras dos frutos da terra. Bastava vê-los para nos convencermos de que se tratava, na verdade, de uma ótima terra, essa que o Senhor, nosso Deus, nos dera!

Rebelião contra o Senhor

(Nm 14.1-45)

26Contudo, recusaram-se a ir conquistá-la e rebelaram-se contra a ordem do Senhor, vosso Deus. 27Lamentaram-se e murmuraram nas vossas tendas: “O Senhor deve odiar-nos, trazendo-nos do Egito até aqui, para sermos assassinados por estes amorreus. 28Porque é que precisamos de ir para lá? Os nossos irmãos que foram observar a terra aterrorizaram-nos com o seu relato; dizem que o povo da terra é forte e de alta estatura e que tem cidades fortificadas com muralhas altíssimas até ao céu! Até viram lá gigantes descendentes de Anaque!”1.28 Os descendentes de Anaque, ou anaquins, representam os antigos habitantes da terra hoje pertencente ao território de Israel.

29E disse-vos: “Não estejam com medo! 30O Senhor Deus é o vosso chefe e lutará em vosso favor com o seu poder divino, tal como no Egito. 31Sabem como o Senhor, vosso Deus, cuidou de vocês dia após dia, aqui no deserto, e que foi como um pai para cada um!”

32Mas de nada serviu tudo o que vos disse. Recusaram-se a crer no Senhor, vosso Deus, 33que vos tinha conduzido em todos os momentos, selecionando os melhores lugares para acamparem, guiando-vos clara e seguramente por meio duma coluna de fogo durante a noite e duma nuvem durante o dia.

34O Senhor ouviu os vossos lamentos e ficou muito irado. 35Garantiu então que nem uma só pessoa de toda a vossa geração viveria o tempo bastante para poder ver a boa terra que prometera aos vossos antepassados, 36à exceção de Calebe, filho de Jefoné, o qual, pelo facto de ter seguido inteiramente o Senhor, haveria de receber como herança pessoal uma parte da terra em que já tinha penetrado.

37Mesmo comigo, o Senhor também ficou zangado, por vossa causa, e disse-me: “Não entrarás na terra prometida! 38Será antes o teu assistente, Josué, filho de Num, quem lá fará entrar o povo. Anima-o a preparar-se para tomar a liderança. 39A terra será dada às crianças que ainda não distinguem o que é bom do que é mau, das quais agora dizem temer que venham a morrer no deserto. 40Quanto a vocês, voltem para trás e tornem a atravessar o deserto em direção ao mar Vermelho.”

41Então confessaram: “Pecámos! Estamos agora decididos a entrar na terra e a lutar por ela, tal como o Senhor, nosso Deus, nos disse.” Pegaram em armas e pensaram que seria fácil subir à montanha.

42No entanto, o Senhor ordenou-me: “Diz-lhes para não o fazerem, porque não irei com eles; serão vencidos pelos seus inimigos.”

43Comuniquei-vos esse aviso, mas não quiseram ouvir-me. Desobedeceram novamente às ordens do Senhor e insistiram em subir à montanha. 44Os amorreus que lá viviam vieram ao vosso encontro, perseguiram-vos como se fossem um enxame de abelhas e feriram-vos; isto passou-se entre Seir e Horma. 45Regressaram e choraram então perante o Senhor, sem que este, contudo, vos escutasse. 46E assim ficaram naquele sítio, em Cades, durante muito tempo.