Daniel Is Trained in Babylon
1It was the third year that Jehoiakim was king of Judah. Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem. His armies surrounded the city and attacked it. 2The Lord handed Jehoiakim, the king of Judah, over to him. Nebuchadnezzar also took some of the objects from God’s temple. He carried them off to the temple of his god in Babylon. He put them among the treasures of his god.
3The king gave Ashpenaz an order. Ashpenaz was the chief of Nebuchadnezzar’s court officials. The king told him to bring him some of the Israelites. The king wanted them to serve him in his court. He wanted nobles and men from the royal family. 4He was looking for young men who were healthy and handsome. They had to be able to learn anything. They had to be well educated. They had to have the ability to understand new things quickly and easily. The king wanted men who could serve in his palace. Ashpenaz was supposed to teach them the Babylonian language and writings. 5The king had his servants give them food and wine from his own table. They received a certain amount every day. The young men had to be trained for three years. After that, they could begin to serve the king.
6Some of the men chosen were from Judah. Their names were Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah. 7The chief official gave them new names. He gave Daniel the name Belteshazzar. He gave Hananiah the name Shadrach. He gave Mishael the name Meshach. And he gave Azariah the name Abednego.
8Daniel decided not to make himself “unclean” by eating the king’s food and drinking his wine. So he asked the chief official for a favor. He wanted permission not to make himself “unclean” with the king’s food and wine. 9God had caused the official to be kind and friendly to Daniel. 10But the official refused to do what Daniel asked for. He said, “I’m afraid of the king. He is my master. He has decided what you and your three friends must eat and drink. Other young men are the same age as you. Why should he see you looking worse than them? When he sees how you look, he might kill me.”
11So Daniel spoke to one of the guards. The chief official had appointed him over Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah. 12Daniel said to him, “Please test us for ten days. Give us nothing but vegetables to eat. And give us only water to drink. 13Then compare us with the young men who eat the king’s food. See how we look. After that, do what you want to.” 14So the guard agreed. He tested them for ten days.
15After the ten days Daniel and his friends looked healthy and well fed. In fact, they looked better than any of the young men who ate the king’s food. 16So the guard didn’t require them to eat the king’s special food. He didn’t require them to drink the king’s wine either. He gave them vegetables instead.
17God gave knowledge and understanding to these four young men. So they understood all kinds of writings and subjects. And Daniel could understand all kinds of visions and dreams.
18The three years the king had set for their training ended. So the chief official brought them to Nebuchadnezzar. 19The king talked with them. He didn’t find anyone equal to Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah. So they began to serve the king. 20He asked them for advice in matters that required wisdom and understanding. The king always found their answers to be the best. Other men in his kingdom claimed to get knowledge by using magic. But the answers of Daniel and his friends were ten times better than theirs.
21Daniel served in Babylon until the first year Cyrus ruled over the land of Babylon. Cyrus was king of Persia.
Gũthomithio kwa Danieli
11:1 2Ath 24:1; 2Maũ 36:6Atĩrĩrĩ, mwaka-inĩ wa gatatũ wa ũthamaki wa Jehoiakimu, mũthamaki wa Juda-rĩ, Nebukadinezaru mũthamaki wa Babuloni nĩokire itũũra rĩa Jerusalemu, akĩrĩrigiicĩria nĩguo arĩtunyane. 21:2 Jer 27:19-20Nake Mwathani akĩrekereria Jehoiakimu, mũthamaki wa Juda, guoko-inĩ gwake, hamwe na indo imwe kuuma hekarũ-inĩ ya Ngai.1:2 Andũ a Juda maatahirwo magĩtwarwo Babuloni, bũrũri wa ũkombo, nĩ ũndũ wa kwaga gwathĩkĩra Jehova. Nake Nebukadinezaru agĩkuua indo icio, agĩcitwara hekarũ-inĩ ya ngai yake kũu Babuloni, na agĩciiga nyũmba-inĩ ĩrĩa yaigagwo igĩĩna cia ngai yake.
31:3 2Ath 20:18; Isa 39:7Ningĩ mũthamaki ũcio agĩatha Ashipenazi, ũrĩa warĩ mũrori mũnene wa anene a nyũmba yake ya ũthamaki, amũrehere andũ amwe arĩa moimĩte Isiraeli a nyũmba ya ũthamaki na a rũciaro rwa andũ arĩa maarĩ igweta, 41:4 Kĩam 39:6; Ezar 4:7nao makorwo marĩ aanake matarĩ kaũũgũ o na karĩkũ, na athaka makĩonwo, na andũ mekuoneka marĩ na ũtaũku maũndũ-inĩ mothe ma kwĩrutwo, na andũ mooĩ maũndũ wega, na ahũthũ kũnyiita maũndũ, na magĩrĩire gũtungata thĩinĩ wa nyũmba ya ũthamaki. Ashipenazi aarĩ arute andũ acio rũthiomi na maandĩko ma Ababuloni.1:4 Rũthiomi na mwandĩko wa andũ a Babuloni warĩ na hinya gũthoma. 5Nake mũthamaki agĩtua maheagwo irio na ndibei mũthenya o mũthenya iria we mwene aarĩĩaga; maarĩ mathomithio maũndũ ihinda rĩa mĩaka ĩtatũ, na thuutha ũcio matoonye wĩra-inĩ wa gũtungatĩra mũthamaki.
6Thĩinĩ wa acio maathuurirwo nĩ haarĩ na aanake amwe maarutĩtwo Juda: Na nĩo Danieli, na Hanania, na Mishaeli, na Azaria. 71:7 Dan 2:26; Isa 39:7Nake mũrori ũcio wa anene arĩa angĩ nĩamaheire marĩĩtwa mangĩ: Danieli akĩmwĩta Beliteshazaru, nake Hanania agĩĩtwo Shadiraka, nake Mishaeli agĩĩtwo Meshaki, nake Azaria agĩĩtwo Abedinego.1:7 Rĩĩtwa Beliteshazaru nĩ kuuga “Beli arogitĩra muoyo wake” (rĩetanĩtio na ngai yetagwo Beli). Shadiraka nĩ kuuga “watho wa Aku” (ngai ya andũ a Sumeria thĩinĩ wa Babuloni ya mweri). Meshaki nĩ kuuga “nũũ ũtariĩ ta Aku?” Narĩo Abedinego nĩ kuuga “ndungata ya Nego” (rĩĩtwa rĩngĩ rĩa Beli).
81:8 Ezek 4:13-14No rĩrĩ, Danieli agĩtua na ngoro yake atĩ ndegwĩthaahia na irio na ndibei ĩyo ya mũthamaki,1:8 Andũ a Isiraeli maatuaga atĩ irio cia mũthamaki ciarĩ na thaahu tondũ rwĩga rwa mbere rwarutagĩrwo ngai cia mĩhianano. na akĩũria mũrori ũcio wa anene etĩkĩrio ndakae gwĩthaahia na ũndũ wa kũrĩa irio icio. 91:9 Thim 16:7; 1Ath 8:50Nake Ngai nĩatũmĩte Danieli etĩkĩrĩke na aiguĩrwo tha nĩ mũnene ũcio, 10no mũnene ũcio akĩĩra Danieli atĩrĩ, “Nĩndĩretigĩra mũthamaki mwathi wakwa, ũrĩa ũtuĩte kĩrĩa mũrĩheagwo gĩa kũrĩa na gĩa kũnyua. Aangĩmuona mũrĩ ahĩnju gũkĩra aanake arĩa angĩ a riika rĩanyu-rĩ, angiuga nĩ kĩĩ gĩtũmĩte? Hĩndĩ ĩyo mũthamaki no aanengithie mũtwe nĩ ũndũ wanyu.”
11Danieli agĩcooka akĩarĩria mũrangĩri ũrĩa waheetwo wĩra nĩ mũrori wa anene arĩa angĩ wa kũroraga Danieli, na Hanania, na Mishaeli, na Azaria, akĩmwĩra atĩrĩ, 121:12 Kũg 2:10“Ndagũthaitha, amba ũgerie ndungata ciaku handũ ha mĩthenya ikũmi: Ndũgaatũhe kĩndũ o nakĩ tiga o nyeni cia kũrĩa na maaĩ ma kũnyua. 13Matukũ macio maathira ũcooke ũtũroranie na aanake acio angĩ marĩĩaga irio icio cia mũthamaki, na thuutha ũcio ũcooke gwĩka ndungata ciaku o ta ũrĩa ũkuona kwagĩrĩire.” 14Nĩ ũndũ ũcio agĩĩtĩkĩra ũhoro ũcio, nake akĩmageria matukũ macio ikũmi.
151:15 Thaam 23:25Matukũ macio ikũmi maathira-rĩ, mothiũ mao makĩoneka maagĩrĩte, nao magatunguha gũkĩra aanake acio angĩ maarĩĩaga irio cia mũthamaki. 16Nĩ ũndũ ũcio mũmarangĩri akĩeheria irio ciao iria ciarĩ njega mũno na ndibei ĩrĩa maarĩ manyuuage na agĩcooka kũmaheaga o nyeni tu handũ ha irio icio.
171:17 Ayub 12:13; Akol 1:9Na rĩrĩ, Ngai nĩaheire aanake acio ana ũmenyo na ũtaũku wa maandĩko ma mĩthemba yothe, na wĩruti wa maũndũ. Nake Danieli nĩataũkagĩrwo nĩ cioneki na irooto cia mĩthemba yothe.
18Ihinda rĩrĩa mũthamaki aatuĩte atĩ andũ acio magaatwarwo nyũmba yake thĩinĩ rĩathira-rĩ, mũrori wa anene arĩa angĩ agĩkĩmatwara harĩ Nebukadinezaru. 191:19 Kĩam 41:46Mũthamaki akĩaria nao, na ndonire mũndũ ũngĩaigananirio na Danieli, na Hanania, na Mishaeli na Azaria; na nĩ ũndũ ũcio magĩtoonyio wĩra-inĩ wa gũtungatagĩra mũthamaki. 201:20 1Ath 4:30; Ezek 28:3Ũndũ-inĩ o wothe ũkoniĩ ũũgĩ na ũtaũku wa maũndũ marĩa mũthamaki aamoragia-rĩ, agĩkora makĩrĩte ago othe na aragũri a ũthamaki wake wothe maita ikũmi.
211:21 2Maũ 36:22; Dan 6:28Nake Danieli agĩtũũra kũu nginya mwaka wa mbere wa wathani wa Mũthamaki Kurusu.