1The war between Saul’s royal house and David’s royal house lasted a long time. David grew stronger and stronger. But the royal house of Saul grew weaker and weaker.
2Sons were born to David in Hebron.
His first son was Amnon. Amnon’s mother was Ahinoam from Jezreel.
3His second son was Kileab. Kileab’s mother was Abigail. She was Nabal’s widow from Carmel.
The third son was Absalom. His mother was Maakah. She was the daughter of Talmai, the king of Geshur.
4The fourth son was Adonijah. His mother was Haggith.
The fifth son was Shephatiah. His mother was Abital.
5The sixth son was Ithream. His mother was David’s wife Eglah.
Those sons were born to David in Hebron.
Abner Goes Over to David’s Side
6The fighting continued between David’s royal house and Saul’s royal house. Abner gained more and more power in the royal house of Saul. 7While Saul was still alive, he had a concubine named Rizpah. She was the daughter of Aiah. Ish-Bosheth said to Abner, “Why did you sleep with my father’s concubine?”
8Abner was very angry because of what Ish-Bosheth said. So Abner answered, “Do you think I’m only a dog’s head? Am I on Judah’s side? To this day I’ve been faithful to the royal house of your father Saul. I’ve been faithful to his family and friends. I haven’t handed you over to David. But now you claim that I’ve sinned with this woman! 9I will do for David what the Lord promised him. If I don’t, may God punish me greatly. 10I’ll take the kingdom away from Saul’s royal house. I’ll set up the throne of David’s kingdom over Israel and Judah. He will rule from Dan all the way to Beersheba.” 11Ish-Bosheth didn’t dare to say another word to Abner. He was much too afraid of him.
12Then Abner sent messengers to David to speak for him. They said, “Who will rule over this land? Make a covenant with me. Then I’ll help you bring all the Israelites over to your side.”
13“Good,” said David. “I will make a covenant with you. But there’s one thing I want you to do. Bring Saul’s daughter Michal to me. Don’t come to see me unless she’s with you.” 14Then David sent messengers to Saul’s son Ish-Bosheth. He ordered them to say, “Give me my wife Michal. She was promised to me. I paid for her the price that was demanded. I paid for her with the skins of 100 circumcised Philistines.”
15So Ish-Bosheth gave the order. He sent men who took Michal away from her husband Paltiel. Paltiel was the son of Laish. 16But her husband followed her to Bahurim. He was crying all the way. Then Abner said to him, “Go back home!” So he did.
17Abner talked with the elders of Israel. He said, “For some time you have wanted to make David your king. 18Now do it! The Lord made a promise to David. He said, ‘I will rescue my people Israel from the power of the Philistines. I will also rescue them from all their enemies. I will rescue them through my servant David.’ ”
19Abner also spoke to the people of Benjamin in person. Then he went to Hebron to tell David everything. He told him what Israel and all the people of Benjamin wanted to do. 20Abner had 20 men with him. They came to David at Hebron. So David prepared a feast for Abner and his men. 21Then Abner said to David, “Let me go right now. I’ll gather together all the Israelites for you. After all, you are now my king and master. The people can make a covenant with you. Then you can rule over everyone you want to.” So David sent Abner away. And he went in peace.
Joab Murders Abner
22Just then David’s men and Joab came back from attacking their enemies. They brought with them the large amount of goods they had taken. But Abner wasn’t with David in Hebron anymore. That’s because David had sent him away, and he had gone in peace. 23Joab and all the soldiers with him arrived. Then he was told that Abner, the son of Ner, had come to see the king. He was told that the king had sent Abner away. He was also told that Abner had gone in peace.
24So Joab went to the king. He said, “What have you done? Abner came to you. Why did you let him get away? Now he’s gone! 25You know what Abner, the son of Ner, is like. He came to trick you. He wanted to watch your every move. He came to find out everything you are doing.”
26Then Joab left David. He sent messengers to get Abner. They brought Abner back from the well of Sirah. But David didn’t know about it. 27When Abner returned to Hebron, Joab took him to one side. He brought him into an inside room. Joab acted as if he wanted to speak to him in private. But he really wanted to get even with him. That’s because Abner had spilled the blood of Joab’s brother Asahel. So Joab stabbed Abner in the stomach, and he died.
28Later on, David heard about it. He said, “I and the people of my kingdom aren’t guilty of spilling the blood of Abner, the son of Ner. We are free of blame forever in the sight of the Lord. 29May Joab and his whole family line be held accountable for spilling Abner’s blood! May Joab’s family never be without someone who has an open sore or skin disease. May his family never be without someone who has to use a crutch to walk. May his family never be without someone who gets killed by a sword. And may his family never be without someone who doesn’t have enough to eat.”
30Joab and his brother Abishai murdered Abner. They did it because he had killed their brother Asahel in the battle at Gibeon.
31David spoke to Joab and all the people with him. He said, “Tear your clothes. Put on the rough clothing people wear when they’re sad. Mourn when you walk in front of Abner’s body.” King David himself walked behind it. 32Abner’s body was buried in Hebron. The king wept out loud at Abner’s tomb. So did the rest of the people.
33King David sang a song of sadness over Abner. He said,
“Should Abner have died as sinful people do?
34His hands were not tied.
His feet were not chained.
He died as if he had been killed by evil people.”
All the people mourned over Abner again.
35Then all of them came and begged David to eat something. They wanted him to eat while it was still day. But David made a promise. He said, “I won’t taste bread or anything else before the sun goes down. If I do, may God punish me greatly!”
36All the people heard his promise and were pleased. In fact, everything the king did pleased them. 37So on that day all the people there and all the Israelites understood. They knew that the king didn’t have anything to do with the murder of Abner, the son of Ner.
38The king spoke to his men. He said, “Don’t you realize that a great commander has died in Israel today? 39I’m the anointed king. But today I’m weak. These sons of Zeruiah are too powerful for me. May the Lord pay back the one who killed Abner! May he pay him back for the evil thing he has done!”
1Estes foram os acontecimentos que deram origem a uma longa guerra entre os que tinham sido seguidores de Saul e os que estavam do lado de David. A posição deste ia-se tornando cada vez mais forte, enquanto os apoiantes de Saul enfraqueciam cada vez mais.
Filhos de David
(1 Cr 3.1-3)
2Vários filhos nasceram a David enquanto se encontrava em Hebrom.
O mais velho era Amnom, filho de Ainoã.
3O segundo, Quileabe, nascido de Abigail, a viúva de Nabal do Carmelo.
O terceiro, Absalão, que lhe deu Maacá, filha de Talmai, o rei de Gesur.
4O quarto era Adonias que nasceu de Hagite.
A seguir, vinha Sefatias filho de Abital.
5O sexto era Itreão, de Egla, também mulher de David.
Abner junta-se a David
6À medida que a guerra continuava, Abner tornou-se um chefe poderoso dos seguidores de Saul. 7Aproveitando-se da sua posição, tomou para si uma das concubinas de Saul, uma rapariga chamada Rispa, filha de Aiá. Quando Isbosete o criticou por isso, 8Abner ficou furioso: “Sou algum cão judeu para ser escorraçado desta maneira? Depois de tudo o que fiz por ti e pelo teu pai, não vos entregando a David, é essa a recompensa que me dás, acusar-me por causa duma questão com uma simples mulher! 9-10Que Deus me amaldiçoe se eu não fizer tudo o que puder para te tirar o reino, desde Dan até Berseba, e não o der a David como Deus previu.” 11Isbosete não lhe respondeu sequer uma palavra, porque tinha medo dele.
12Abner enviou então mensageiros a David para discutirem entregar-lhe o reino de Israel e em troca ficar com o cargo de general das tropas conjuntas de Israel e Judá.
13“Está bem”, disse David. “Mas não trato nada contigo enquanto não me trouxeres a minha mulher Mical, filha de Saul.” 14David enviou igualmente uma mensagem a Isbosete nestes termos: “Devolvam-me Mical, a minha mulher, que recebi em troca da vida de cem filisteus.” 15Então Isbosete tirou-a a Paltiel, filho de Laís. 16Este último foi atrás dela chorando, até Baurim, até que Abner lhe disse: “Volta agora para casa.” E ele voltou.
17Entretanto, Abner fez uma consulta aos anciãos de Israel e lembrou-lhes que durante muito tempo tinham desejado que fosse David o rei: 18“Chegou agora a altura! Porque o Senhor disse: ‘É com David que salvarei o meu povo dos filisteus e de todos os seus inimigos.’ ”
19Abner falou igualmente com os líderes de Benjamim e depois foi a Hebrom relatar a David os progressos feitos junto do povo de Benjamim e de Israel. 20Havia vinte homens que o acompanhavam e David ofereceu-lhes um banquete.
21Antes de ir embora Abner prometeu a David: “Quando eu voltar convocarei uma assembleia de todo o povo de Israel e serás eleito rei como sempre desejaste.” David deixou-o ir em paz.
Joabe mata Abner
22Pouco depois de Abner se ter despedido, Joabe e alguns homens das tropas de David regressaram duma investida, trazendo muito despojo com eles. 23Quando disseram a Joabe que Abner tinha acabado de fazer uma visita ao rei e se tinha retirado em paz, 24este foi a correr ter com David e perguntou-lhe: “Que foi que fizeste? Que pretendes ao teres deixado esse indivíduo retirar-se em paz? 25Sabes perfeitamente que veio apenas para nos espiar; o que ele quer é voltar e atacar-nos!”
26Então Joabe mandou emissários para irem apanhá-lo e dizer-lhe que voltasse. Encontraram-no no poço de Sira e ele aceitou voltar. Contudo, David nada sabia do que se estava a tramar. 27Quando Abner chegou de novo a Hebrom, Joabe tomou-o à parte, junto à porta da povoação, como se quisesse falar-lhe em particular, e apunhalou-o na barriga, matando-o por vingança da morte do seu irmão Asael.
28Quando David soube disto, declarou: “Estou inocente, tanto eu como o meu povo, deste crime contra Abner. 29Os únicos culpados são Joabe e a sua família. Que cada um dos seus filhos venha a ser vítima ou de cancro, ou de lepra, ou seja estéril, ou venha a morrer de fome, ou seja morto pela espada!”
30Assim, Joabe e o seu irmão Abisai mataram Abner, porque ele tinha morto o irmão deles, Asael, na batalha de Gibeão.
31David disse a Joabe e a todos os que estavam com ele: “Rasguem as vossas roupas, e vistam-se de panos de saco. Vamos lamentar a morte de Abner.” No funeral, o rei David ia atrás da urna 32até ao local onde seria enterrado em Hebrom. David e o povo choraram o morto à beira do túmulo. 33David lamentou assim a morte de Abner:
“Porque haveria Abner de ter morrido
como um miserável?
34Não tinhas as mãos atadas,
não tinhas os pés em cadeias,
e contudo foste assassinado,
vítima de uma cruel cilada.”
E todo o povo fez luto. 35David recusou comer fosse o que fosse, ainda que o povo insistisse para que comesse alguma coisa. Mas ele fez voto de não provar nada até ao pôr-do-sol.
36Isto agradou a toda a gente como tudo o que fazia. 37Dessa forma, toda a nação, tanto Judá como Israel, compreendeu pelas ações de David que ele não era responsável pela morte de Abner.
38David disse ainda ao povo: “Um grande chefe, um grande homem, tombou hoje em Israel. 39Ainda que eu seja o rei escolhido por Deus, nada posso fazer perante a dureza destes dois filhos de Zeruía. Que o Senhor recompense os malfeitores pelas suas maldades!”