David Is Anointed to Be King Over Judah
1After Saul and Jonathan died, David asked the Lord for advice. “Should I go up to one of the towns of Judah?” he asked.
The Lord said, “Go up.”
David asked, “Where should I go?”
“To Hebron,” the Lord answered.
2So David went up there with his two wives. Their names were Ahinoam from Jezreel and Abigail from Carmel. Abigail was Nabal’s widow. 3David also took his men and their families with him. They made their homes in Hebron and its towns. 4Then the men of Judah came to Hebron. There they anointed David to be king over the people of Judah.
David was told that the men from Jabesh Gilead had buried Saul’s body. 5So he sent messengers to them to speak for him. The messengers said, “You were kind to bury the body of your master Saul. May the Lord bless you for that. 6And may he now be kind and faithful to you. David will treat you well for being kind to Saul’s body. 7Now then, be strong and brave. Your master Saul is dead. And the people of Judah have anointed David to be king over them.”
The Armies of David and Saul Fight Each Other
8Abner, the son of Ner, was commander of Saul’s army. Abner had brought Saul’s son Ish-Bosheth to Mahanaim. 9There Abner made Ish-Bosheth king over Gilead, Ashuri and Jezreel. He also made him king over Ephraim, Benjamin and other areas of Israel.
10Ish-Bosheth was 40 years old when he became king over Israel. He ruled for two years. But the people of Judah remained faithful to David. 11David was king in Hebron over the people of Judah for seven and a half years.
12Abner, the son of Ner, left Mahanaim and went to Gibeon. The men of Ish-Bosheth, the son of Saul, went with him. 13Joab, the son of Zeruiah, and David’s men also went out. All of them met at the pool in Gibeon. One group sat down on one side of the pool. The other group sat on the other side.
14Then Abner said to Joab, “Let’s have some of the young men get up and fight. Let’s tell them to fight hand to hand in front of us.”
“All right. Let them do it,” Joab said.
15So the young men stood up and were counted off. There were 12 on the side of Benjamin and Saul’s son Ish-Bosheth. And there were 12 on David’s side. 16Each man grabbed one of his enemies by the head. Each one stuck his dagger into the other man’s side. And all of them fell down together and died. So that place in Gibeon was named Helkath Hazzurim.
17The fighting that day was very heavy. Abner and the Israelites lost the battle to David’s men.
18The three sons of Zeruiah were there. Their names were Joab, Abishai and Asahel. Asahel was as quick on his feet as a wild antelope. 19He chased Abner. He didn’t turn to the right or the left as he chased him. 20Abner looked behind him. He asked, “Asahel, is that you?”
“It is,” he answered.
21Then Abner said to him, “Turn to the right or the left. Fight one of the young men. Take his weapons away from him.” But Asahel wouldn’t stop chasing him.
22Again Abner warned Asahel, “Stop chasing me! If you don’t, I’ll strike you down. Then how could I look your brother Joab in the face?”
23But Asahel refused to give up the chase. So Abner drove the dull end of his spear into Asahel’s stomach. The spear came out through his back. He fell and died right there on the spot. Every man stopped when he came to the place where Asahel had fallen and died.
24But Joab and Abishai chased Abner. As the sun was going down, they came to the hill of Ammah. It was near Giah on the way to the dry and empty land close to Gibeon. 25The men of Benjamin gathered in a group around Abner. They took their stand on top of a hill.
26Abner called out to Joab, “Do you want our swords to keep on killing us off? Don’t you know that all this fighting will end in bitter feelings? How long will it be before you order your men to stop chasing their fellow Israelites?”
27Joab answered, “It’s a good thing you spoke up. If you hadn’t, the men would have kept on chasing them until morning. And that’s just as sure as God is alive.”
28So Joab blew a trumpet. All the troops stopped. They didn’t chase Israel anymore. They didn’t fight anymore either.
29All that night Abner and his men marched through the Arabah Valley. They went across the Jordan River. All morning long they kept on going. Finally, they came to Mahanaim.
30Then Joab stopped chasing Abner. He gathered together the whole army. Besides Asahel, only 19 of David’s men were missing. 31But David’s men had killed 360 men from Benjamin who were with Abner. 32They got Asahel’s body and buried it in his father’s tomb at Bethlehem. Then Joab and his men marched all night. They arrived at Hebron at sunrise.
Daudi Atiwa Mafuta Kuwa Mfalme Wa Yuda
12:1 1Sam 23:2, 11-12; Mwa 13:18; 23:19; 1Sam 30:31; Hes 27:21; 1Sam 23:2-9; 1Fal 2:11Ikawa baada ya mambo haya, Daudi akamuuliza Bwana, “Je, nipande kwenda katika mojawapo ya miji ya Yuda?”
Bwana akasema, “Panda.”
Daudi akauliza, “Je, niende wapi?”
Bwana akajibu, “Nenda Hebroni.”
22:2 1Sam 25:42-43; 30:5Basi Daudi akakwea kwenda huko pamoja na wake zake wawili, Ahinoamu wa Yezreeli na Abigaili, mjane wa Nabali wa Karmeli. 32:3 1Sam 27:2; 1Nya 12:22; Mwa 13:18; 23:2; 37:14Pia Daudi akawachukua watu waliokuwa pamoja naye, kila mmoja na jamaa yake, nao wakaishi huko Hebroni na miji yake. 42:4 1Sam 30:31; 2:35; 2Sam 5:3-5; 1Nya 12:23-40; Amu 21:8; 1Sam 11:1; 31:11-13Ndipo watu wa Yuda wakaja Hebroni, huko wakamtia Daudi mafuta awe mfalme juu ya nyumba ya Yuda.
Daudi alipoambiwa kuwa ni watu wa Yabeshi-Gileadi waliomzika Sauli, 52:5 Amu 17:2; 1Sam 23:21; 2Tim 1:16; Za 115:15akatuma wajumbe kwa watu wa Yabeshi-Gileadi kuwaambia, “Bwana awabariki kwa kuonyesha wema huu kwa kumzika Sauli bwana wenu. 62:6 Kut 34:6; 2Tim 1:16; Mt 5:44Sasa Bwana na awaonyeshe wema na uaminifu, nami pia nitawaonyesha wema ule ule kwa kuwa mmefanya jambo hili. 72:7 Yos 1:6; Amu 5:21Sasa basi, kuweni hodari na mashujaa, kwa maana bwana wenu Sauli amekufa, nayo nyumba ya Yuda imenitia mafuta niwe mfalme juu yao.”
Vita Kati Ya Nyumba Ya Daudi Na Sauli
82:8 1Sam 14:50; 2Sam 3:27; 4:5; 1Nya 8:33; 9:36-39; Mwa 32:2; 1Sam 17:55; 2Sam 17:27Wakati huo Abneri mwana wa Neri, jemadari wa jeshi la Sauli, alikuwa amemchukua Ish-Boshethi mwana wa Sauli na kumleta hadi Mahanaimu. 92:9 Hes 32:26; Yos 19:24-31; 1Nya 12:29; Amu 1:32Akamweka awe mfalme juu ya nchi ya Gileadi, Waasheri,2:9 Waasheri hapa ni kabila moja la Israeli. Yezreeli, Efraimu, Benyamini na Israeli yote.
10Ish-Boshethi2:10 Ish-Boshethi maana yake Mtu wa Aibu, pia anaitwa Esh-Baali maana yake Mtu wa Baali (1Nya 8:33; 9:39). mwana wa Sauli alikuwa na umri wa miaka arobaini alipoanza kutawala Israeli, naye akatawala miaka miwili. Hata hivyo, nyumba ya Yuda ikamfuata Daudi. 112:11 2Sam 5:5Muda ambao Daudi alikuwa mfalme juu ya nyumba ya Yuda huko Hebroni ilikuwa miaka saba na miezi sita.
122:12 Yos 9:3; 18:25; Isa 28:21Abneri mwana wa Neri, pamoja na watu wa Ish-Boshethi mwana wa Sauli, wakatoka Mahanaimu kwenda Gibeoni. 132:13 2Sam 8:16; 19:13; 1Fal 1:17; 1Nya 2:16; 22:6; 27:34; Yer 41:12Yoabu mwana wa Seruya na watu wa Daudi wakatoka na kukutana nao kwenye bwawa la Gibeoni. Kikundi kimoja kiliketi upande mmoja wa bwawa, na kikundi kingine upande wa pili.
142:14 Mit 10:23; 13:10Ndipo Abneri akamwambia Yoabu, “Tuwaweke baadhi ya vijana wasimame na wapigane ana kwa ana mbele yetu.”
Yoabu akasema, “Sawa, na wafanye hivyo.”
15Kwa hiyo vijana wakasimama, wakahesabiwa: watu wa Benyamini na wa Ish-Boshethi mwana wa Sauli kumi na wawili, na upande wa Daudi kumi na wawili. 162:16 Amu 3:21Kisha kila mtu akakamatana na mpinzani wake kichwani na kuchomana kwa upanga, nao wakaanguka chini pamoja. Kwa hiyo mahali pale katika Gibeoni pakaitwa Helkath-Hasurimu.2:16 Helkath-Hasurimu maana yake Uwanja wa Mapambano.
172:17 2Sam 3:1; 1Sam 17:8; 1Fal 20:11Siku hiyo vita vilikuwa vikali sana, naye Abneri na watu wa Israeli wakashindwa na watu wa Daudi.
182:18 2Sam 3:39; 16:10; 19:22; 3:30; 10:7; 11:1; 14:1; 18:14; 20:8; 24:3; 1Fal 1:7; 2:5, 34; 1Sam 26:6; 2Sam 23:24; 2Nya 2:16; 1Nya 11:26; 27:1; 12:8; Za 6:5; Wim 2:9Wana watatu wa Seruya walikuwako huko: nao ni Yoabu, Abishai na Asaheli. Basi huyo Asaheli alikuwa na mbio kama paa. 19Asaheli akamfukuza Abneri, pasipo kugeuka kulia wala kushoto wakati akimfuata. 20Abneri akaangalia nyuma na kumuuliza, “Ni wewe, Asaheli?”
212:21 1Sam 17:42Ndipo Abneri akamwambia, “Geuka upande wa kulia au kushoto. Mchukue mmoja wa vijana wa kiume na umvue silaha zake.” Lakini Asaheli hakuacha kumfukuza.
222:22 2Sam 3:27Abneri akamwonya tena Asaheli akimwambia, “Acha kunifukuza! Kwa nini nikuue? Je, nitawezaje kumtazama ndugu yako Yoabu usoni?”
232:23 2Sam 3:27; 4:6; 20:17Lakini Asaheli alikataa kuacha kumfuatia, kwa hiyo Abneri akamchoma Asaheli tumboni kwa ncha butu ya mkuki wake, mkuki ukamtoboa ukatokea mgongoni mwake. Akaanguka na kufa papo hapo. Ikawa kila mtu alisimama alipofika mahali pale Asaheli alipoanguka na kufa.
242:24 Yos 9:3; 10:2Lakini Yoabu na Abishai walimfuata Abneri, na jua lilipokuwa linatua, wakafika kwenye kilima cha Ama, karibu na Gia kwenye njia ya kuelekea kwenye nyika ya Gibeoni. 25Ndipo watu wa kabila la Benyamini wakakusanyika tena nyuma ya Abneri. Wakaunda kikosi na kujiimarisha juu ya kilima.
262:26 Kum 32:42; Yer 46:10, 14; Nah 2:13; 3:15; Ay 18:2; 19:2; Za 4:2; Mdo 7:16Abneri akamwita Yoabu, akamwambia, “Je, ni lazima upanga uendelee kuangamiza milele? Hutambui kwamba jambo hili litaishia katika uchungu? Utaacha kuwaagiza watu wako waache kuwafuatilia ndugu zao hata lini?”
272:27 Mit 17:14; 20:18; Lk 14:31-32Yoabu akajibu, “Hakika kama aishivyo Mungu, kama hukusema, hawa watu wangeendelea kuwafuatia ndugu zao mpaka asubuhi.”
282:28 2Sam 18:16; 20:23; Amu 3:27Basi Yoabu akapiga tarumbeta, nao watu wote wakasimama, hawakuwafuata Israeli tena, wala hawakuwapiga tena.
292:29 Kum 3:17; Mwa 32:2; Wim 2:17; Yos 21:38; 2Sam 17:24Usiku ule wote Abneri na watu wake wakatembea kupitia Araba. Wakavuka Mto Yordani, wakaendelea wakipitia nchi yote ya Bithroni wakafika Mahanaimu.
30Basi Yoabu akarudi kutoka kumfuatia Abneri, na kuwakusanya watu wake wote. Pamoja na Asaheli, watu kumi na tisa wa Daudi walikuwa wamepotea. 31Lakini watu wa Daudi walikuwa wamewaua watu wa kabila la Benyamini 360 waliokuwa pamoja na Abneri. 322:32 Mwa 49:29; 47:29-30; Amu 8:32; 2Sam 17:24Wakamchukua Asaheli, wakamzika katika kaburi la baba yake huko Bethlehemu. Kisha Yoabu na watu wake wakatembea usiku kucha na kufika huko Hebroni wakati wa mapambazuko.