Spanish, Castilian (La Nueva Biblia al Día)

John 18

Arresto de Jesús

Mt 26:47-56; Mr 14:43-50; Lc 22:47-53

1Luego que hubo dicho estas cosas, Jesús se fue con sus discípulos al otro lado del torrente de Cedrón, y entró con ellos en un huerto que había allí. “ 2Era un lugar que Judas, el traidor, conocía muy bien, porque en él se había reunido frecuentemente Jesús con sus discípulos. 3En esta ocasión, los principales sacerdotes y fariseos pusieron a disposición de Judas un destacamento de soldados y algunos alguaciles, y todos juntos, armados y alumbrándose con antorchas, se presentaron en el huerto. 4Jesús, que sabía de antemano lo que había de acontecer, les salió al encuentro y les preguntó:

—¿A quién buscáis?

5Ellos —entre los cuales estaba Judas— respondieron:

—Buscamos a Jesús de Nazaret.

—Yo soy.

6Al oírle decir “Yo soy”, retrocedieron atropelladamente y cayeron a tierra. 7De nuevo les preguntó Jesús:

—¿A quién buscáis?

—A Jesús de Nazaret —volvieron a decir.

8—Ya os he dicho que soy yo. Y puesto que a mí es a quien buscáis, dejad que estos se vayan.

9Al hablarles así se cumplió lo que poco antes había dicho: “Los protegí de modo que ninguno se perdió”.

10En aquel momento, Simón Pedro, que llevaba una espada consigo, la desenvainó de repente y le cortó de un tajo la oreja derecha a un tal Malco, servidor del sumo sacerdote. Jesús reprendió a Pedro:

11—¡Mete esa espada en su vaina! ¿Acaso no he de beber la copa que el Padre me ha dado que beba?

Jesús ante Anás

Mt 26:57

12Entonces los soldados del destacamento, el comandante que los mandaba y los alguaciles arrestaron a Jesús y lo ataron. “ 13Lo condujeron en primer lugar a Anás, que era suegro de Caifás, el sumo sacerdote de aquel año “ 14(Caifás era el que había hablado a los demás dirigentes judíos sobre la conveniencia de que un hombre muriese por todo el pueblo).

Pedro niega a Jesús

Mt 26:69-70; Mr 14:66-68; Lc 22:55-57

15Simón Pedro y otro discípulo echaron a andar tras el grupo que llevaba a Jesús. Aquel otro discípulo era conocido del sumo sacerdote, y por eso le permitieron entrar con Jesús en el patio de la casa, 16mientras que Pedro hubo de quedarse fuera, a la puerta. Pe-ro en seguida el discípulo conocido del sumo sacerdote salió a hablar con la portera, y entonces ella dejó que también entrase Pedro. 17Sin embargo, al verle le preguntó:

—¿No eres tú uno de los discípulos de ese hombre?

Pedro lo negó:

—No, no lo soy.

18Los alguaciles y la gente al servicio de la casa estaban de pie, alrededor de una hoguera que habían encendido para calentarse, porque la noche era fría. Pedro también se quedó allí, de pie, calentándose.

Jesús ante el sumo sacerdote

Mt 26:59-68; Mr 14:55-65; Lc 22:63-71

19Dentro, el sumo sacerdote comenzó a interrogar a Jesús en relación con sus discípulos y con sus enseñanzas.

20Jesús le contestó:

—Todo el mundo conoce mis enseñanzas, porque públicamente he enseñado siempre en la sinagoga y en el templo, donde los dirigentes judíos se reúnen y me han escuchado. Y si nunca he enseñado nada en secreto y ocultándome, 21¿por qué me interrogas a mí? ¿Por qué no preguntas a quienes me han oído, para que ellos te expliquen lo que yo he hablado? ¡Ellos saben muy bien lo que he dicho!

22Al oir esto, uno de los alguaciles le dio una bofetada, y le dijo:

—¿Cómo te atreves a contestar así al sumo sacerdote?

Le respondió Jesús:

23—Si he dicho algo indebido, demuéstralo. Pero si lo que he dicho es correcto, ¿por qué me pegas?

24Entonces Anás hizo atar a Jesús para enviárselo a Caifás, el sumo sacerdote.

Pedro niega de nuevo a Jesús

Mt 26:71-75; Mr 14:69-72; Lc 22:58-62

25Entre tanto, Simón Pedro permanecía de pie junto a la hoguera. Y algunos que estaban allí le preguntaron:

—¿No eres tú uno de sus discípulos?

Él lo negó:

—¡No, no lo soy!

26Pero uno de los sirvientes del sumo sacerdote, pariente del hombre a quien Pedro le había cortado la oreja, insistió:

—¿No te vi yo en el huerto, que estabas con Jesús?

27Pedro volvió a negarlo, y unos instantes después cantó un gallo.

Jesús ante Pilato

Mt 27:11-18,20-23; Mr 15:2-15; Lc 23:2-3,18-25

28Cuando concluyó en casa de Caifás el interrogatorio de Jesús, lo llevaron al palacio del gobernador romano. Era por la mañana temprano, y los judíos que le acusaban no entraron en el palacio para no quedar contaminados e impedidos de comer el cordero de Pascua. 29Pilato salió, y dirigiéndose a ellos les preguntó:

—¿Que cargos presentáis contra este hombre? ¿De qué delito lo acusáis?

30Respondieron:

—¡Si no fuera un delincuente, no te lo habríamos traído arrestado!

31—Pues lleváoslo y juzgadlo según vuestra ley —dijo Pilato.

Pero los judíos argumentaron:

—No, porque a nosotros no nos está permitido condenar a muerte a nadie.

32Con esto se cumplieron las palabras de Jesús, cuando unos días antes anunciara la forma en que había de morir.

33Pilato entró de nuevo en el palacio, y ordenó que le trajeran a Jesús.

-¿Eres tú el rey de los judíos? —le preguntó.

34Le contestó Jesús:

—¿Esa pregunta es propiamente tuya, o es lo que otros te han dicho de mí?

35—¿Acaso yo soy judío? —replicó Pilato—. Tu propio pueblo y los principales sacerdotes son los que te han traído aquí, aunque no conozco la causa. ¿Qué mal has hecho?

36Dijo Jesús:

—Mi reino no es de este mundo. Si lo fuese, mis seguidores habrían peleado por evitar que se me entregase a los dirigentes judíos que me arrestaron. No, mi reino no es de este mundo.

37—¿Luego tú eres rey? —preguntó Pilato.

—Tú dices que soy rey —respondió Jesús—. Yo he nacido para eso, y por eso he venido a este mundo, para traerle la verdad. Todos los que aman la verdad, me escuchan.

38—¿Y qué cosa es la verdad? —dijo Pilato, que en seguida, sin esperar respuesta a estas palabras, salió y se presentó otra vez ante los judíos.

—Yo no encuentro ningún delito en este hombre —declaró—. “ 39Ahora bien, como vosotros estáis acostumbrados a que cada año, en la Pascua, os ponga en libertad a un preso, os soltaré si queréis al llamado “Rey de los judíos”.

40Entonces la turbamulta comenzó a dar voces. Decían:

—¡No, a ése no! ¡Suéltanos a Barrabás! (Barrabás era un sedicioso).

Amplified Bible

John 18

Judas Betrays Jesus

1Having said these things, Jesus left with His disciples and went across the [a]ravine of the Kidron. There was a garden there, which He and His disciples entered. Now Judas, who was betraying Him, knew the place, because Jesus had often met there with His disciples. So Judas, having obtained the Roman [b]cohort and some officers from the high priests and the Pharisees, came there with lanterns and torches and weapons. Then Jesus, knowing all that was about to happen to Him, went to them and asked, “Whom do you want?” They answered Him, “Jesus the Nazarene.” Jesus said, “I am He.” And Judas, who was betraying Him, was also standing with them. When Jesus said, “I am He,” they drew back and fell to the ground. Again He asked them, “Whom do you want?” And they said, “Jesus the Nazarene.” Jesus answered, “I told you that I am He; so if you want Me, let these men go on their way.” This was to fulfill and verify the words He had spoken, “Of those whom You have given Me, I have not lost even one.” 10 Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s servant, cutting off his right ear. The servant’s name was Malchus. 11 So Jesus said to Peter, “Put the sword [back] in its sheath! Shall I not drink the cup which My Father has given Me?”

Jesus before Annas and Caiaphas

12 So the cohort and their commander and the officers of the Jews arrested Jesus and bound Him, 13 and led Him to [c]Annas first; for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year. 14 It was Caiaphas who had advised the Jews that it was expedient for one man to die on behalf of the people.

15 Simon Peter and [d]another disciple were following Jesus. Now that disciple was known to the high priest, so he went with Jesus into the courtyard of the [residence of the] high priest; 16 but Peter was standing outside at the door. So the other disciple (John), who was known to the high priest, went out and spoke to the doorkeeper, and brought Peter inside. 17 Then the servant girl who kept the door said to Peter, “You are not one of this Man’s disciples, are you?” He said, “I am not.” 18 Now the servants and the officers had made a fire of coals, because it was cold, and they were standing and warming themselves. And Peter was with them, standing and warming himself.

19 Then the high priest questioned Jesus about His disciples and about His teaching. 20 Jesus answered him, “I have spoken openly to the world. I always taught in a synagogue and in the temple [area], where all the Jews habitually congregate; and I said nothing in secret. 21 Why question Me? Question those who have heard what I said to them. They know what I said.” 22 But when He said this, one of the officers who was standing nearby [e]struck Jesus [in the face], saying, “Is that how You answer the high priest?” 23 Jesus replied, “If I have said anything wrong, make a formal statement about the wrong; but if [I spoke] properly, why did you strike Me?” 24 So Annas sent Him bound to Caiaphas the high priest.

Peter’s Denial of Jesus

25 Now Simon Peter was [still] standing and warming himself. So they said to him, “You are not one of His disciples, are you?” He denied it and said, “I am not.” 26 One of the high priest’s servants, a relative of the one whose ear Peter cut off, said, “Did I not see you with Him in the garden?” 27 So Peter denied it again, and immediately a rooster crowed.

Jesus before Pilate

28 Then the Jews led Jesus from Caiaphas to the Praetorium (governor’s palace). Now it was early and the Jews did not enter the Praetorium so that they would not be [ceremonially] unclean, but might [be able to] eat [and participate in the Feast of Unleavened Bread which began after] the [f]Passover [supper]. 29 So Pilate came out to them and asked, “What accusation do you bring against this Man?” 30 They answered, “If He were not a criminal, we would not have handed Him over to you [for judgment].” 31 Then Pilate said to them, “Take Him yourselves and judge Him according to your own law.” The Jews said, “We are not permitted to put anyone to death.” 32 This was to fulfill the word which Jesus had spoken to indicate by what manner of death He was going to die.

33 So Pilate went into the Praetorium again, and called Jesus and asked Him, “Are You the King of the Jews?” 34 Jesus replied, “Are you saying this on your own initiative, or did others tell you about Me?” 35 Pilate answered, “I am not a Jew, am I? Your own people and their chief priests have handed You over to me. What have You done [that is worthy of death]?” 36 Jesus replied, “My kingdom is not of this world [nor does it have its origin in this world]. If My kingdom were of this world, My servants would be fighting [hard] to keep Me from being handed over to the Jews; but as it is, My kingdom is not of this world.” 37 So Pilate said to Him, “Then You are a King?” Jesus answered, “You say [correctly] that I am a King. This is why I was born, and for this I have come into the world, to testify to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth [who is a friend of the truth and belongs to the truth] hears and listens carefully to My voice.” 38 Pilate said to Him [scornfully], “What is truth?”

And when he had said this, he went out to the Jews again and told them, “I find no guilt in Him [no crime, no cause for an accusation]. 39 But you have a custom that I release someone for you at the Passover. So shall I release for you the King of the Jews?” 40 Then they all shouted back again, “Not this Man, but Barabbas!” Now Barabbas was a [g]robber.

Notas al pie

  1. John 18:1 Most of the time this was a dry stream bed (wadi), but the winter rains would turn it into a torrent of water. The ravine separated Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives. In the OT King David took this same route while escaping from Jerusalem to the Mount of Olives, after he was betrayed by Absalom and Ahithophel (2 Sam 15:23).
  2. John 18:3 A “cohort” was a sub-unit of a Roman legion and normally was composed of about 600 troops, but could be fewer in number. The Jewish religious leaders probably made arrangements with Pilate for Judas to have temporary use of the troops.
  3. John 18:13 See note 11:49.
  4. John 18:15 Most likely John, the author of this Gospel.
  5. John 18:22 It was illegal to strike the accused.
  6. John 18:28 Jesus’ arrest occurred after He and His disciples had eaten the Passover supper. Passover/Feast of Unleavened Bread lasted seven days.
  7. John 18:40 Or insurrectionist.