New American Standard Bible

Numbers 1

The Census of Israel’s Warriors

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tent of meeting, on the first of the second month, in the second year after they had come out of the land of Egypt, saying, “Take a [a]census of all the congregation of the sons of Israel, by their families, by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, every male, head by head from twenty years old and upward, whoever is able to go out to war in Israel, you and Aaron shall [b]number them by their armies. With you, moreover, there shall be a man of each tribe, each one head of his father’s household. These then are the names of the men who shall stand with you: of Reuben, Elizur the son of Shedeur; of Simeon, Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai; of Judah, Nahshon the son of Amminadab; of Issachar, Nethanel the son of Zuar; of Zebulun, Eliab the son of Helon; 10 of the sons of Joseph: of Ephraim, Elishama the son of Ammihud; of Manasseh, Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur; 11 of Benjamin, Abidan the son of Gideoni; 12 of Dan, Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai; 13 of Asher, Pagiel the son of Ochran; 14 of Gad, Eliasaph the son of Deuel; 15 of Naphtali, Ahira the son of Enan. 16 These are they who were called of the congregation, the leaders of their fathers’ tribes; they were the heads of [c]divisions of Israel.”

17 So Moses and Aaron took these men who had been designated by name, 18 and they assembled all the congregation together on the first of the second month. Then they registered by ancestry in their families, by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, head by head, 19 just as the Lord had commanded Moses. So he numbered them in the wilderness of Sinai.

20 Now the sons of Reuben, Israel’s firstborn, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, head by head, every male from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war, 21 their numbered men of the tribe of Reuben were 46,500.

22 Of the sons of Simeon, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers’ households, their numbered men, according to the number of names, head by head, every male from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war, 23 their numbered men of the tribe of Simeon were 59,300.

24 Of the sons of Gad, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war, 25 their numbered men of the tribe of Gad were 45,650.

26 Of the sons of Judah, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war, 27 their numbered men of the tribe of Judah were 74,600.

28 Of the sons of Issachar, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war, 29 their numbered men of the tribe of Issachar were 54,400.

30 Of the sons of Zebulun, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war, 31 their numbered men of the tribe of Zebulun were 57,400.

32 Of the sons of Joseph, namely, of the sons of Ephraim, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war, 33 their numbered men of the tribe of Ephraim were 40,500.

34 Of the sons of Manasseh, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war, 35 their numbered men of the tribe of Manasseh were 32,200.

36 Of the sons of Benjamin, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war, 37 their numbered men of the tribe of Benjamin were 35,400.

38 Of the sons of Dan, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war, 39 their numbered men of the tribe of Dan were 62,700.

40 Of the sons of Asher, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war, 41 their numbered men of the tribe of Asher were 41,500.

42 Of the sons of Naphtali, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war, 43 their numbered men of the tribe of Naphtali were 53,400.

44 These are the ones who were numbered, whom Moses and Aaron numbered, with the leaders of Israel, twelve men, each of whom was of his father’s household. 45 So all the numbered men of the sons of Israel by their fathers’ households, from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war in Israel, 46 even all the numbered men were 603,550.

Levites Exempted

47 The Levites, however, were not numbered among them by their fathers’ tribe. 48 For the Lord had spoken to Moses, saying, 49 “Only the tribe of Levi you shall not number, nor shall you take their [d]census among the sons of Israel. 50 But you shall appoint the Levites over the [e]tabernacle of the testimony, and over all its furnishings and over all that belongs to it. They shall carry the tabernacle and all its furnishings, and they shall take care of it; they shall also camp around the [f]tabernacle. 51 So when the tabernacle is to set out, the Levites shall take it down; and when the tabernacle encamps, the Levites shall set it up. But the [g]layman who comes near shall be put to death. 52 The sons of Israel shall camp, each man by his own camp, and each man by his own standard, according to their armies. 53 But the Levites shall camp around the tabernacle of the testimony, so that there will be no wrath on the congregation of the sons of Israel. So the Levites shall keep charge of the tabernacle of the testimony.” 54 Thus the sons of Israel did; according to all which the Lord had commanded Moses, so they did.

Notas al pie

  1. Numbers 1:2 Lit sum
  2. Numbers 1:3 Lit muster, and so throughout the ch
  3. Numbers 1:16 Lit thousands; or clans
  4. Numbers 1:49 Lit sum
  5. Numbers 1:50 Lit dwelling place, and so throughout the ch
  6. Numbers 1:50 Lit dwelling place, and so throughout the ch
  7. Numbers 1:51 Lit stranger

Hoffnung für Alle

4 Mose 1

Vorbereitungen zum Aufbruch nach Kanaan (Kapitel 1,1–10,10)

Die Israeliten werden gemustert

1Vor mehr als einem Jahr hatten die Israeliten Ägypten verlassen. Noch immer befanden sie sich in der Wüste Sinai. Am 1. Tag des 2. Monats sprach der Herr im heiligen Zelt zu Mose:

2-3 »Zähle zusammen mit Aaron die ganze Gemeinschaft der Israeliten! Mustert ihre Truppen! Schreibt die Namen aller wehrfähigen Männer ab 20 Jahren auf, nach Sippen und Familien geordnet. Aus jedem Stamm soll euch ein Sippenoberhaupt dabei helfen:

Elizur, der Sohn von Schedëur aus dem Stamm Ruben,

Schelumiël, der Sohn von Zurischaddai aus dem Stamm Simeon,

Nachschon, der Sohn von Amminadab aus dem Stamm Juda,

Netanel, der Sohn von Zuar aus dem Stamm Issachar,

Eliab, der Sohn von Helon aus dem Stamm Sebulon,

10 Elischama, der Sohn von Ammihud aus dem Stamm Ephraim, Gamliël, der Sohn von Pedazur aus dem Stamm Manasse – Ephraim und Manasse waren Söhne von Josef –,

11 Abidan, der Sohn von Gidoni aus dem Stamm Benjamin,

12 Ahiëser, der Sohn von Ammischaddai aus dem Stamm Dan,

13 Pagiël, der Sohn von Ochran aus dem Stamm Asser,

14 Eljasaf, der Sohn von Deguël aus dem Stamm Gad,

15 und Ahira, der Sohn von Enan aus dem Stamm Naftali.«

16 Die ausgewählten Männer waren die Stammesfürsten und Oberhäupter des Volkes Israel. 17 Mose und Aaron holten sie herbei 18 und riefen noch am selben Tag das ganze Volk zusammen. Jeder Israelit ab 20 Jahren wurde in ein Verzeichnis eingetragen, das nach Sippen und Familien geordnet war.

19 So ließ Mose das Volk in der Wüste Sinai mustern, wie der Herr es ihm aufgetragen hatte. 20-31 Und dies war das Ergebnis: Der Stamm Ruben, die Nachkommenschaft des erstgeborenen Sohnes von Israel, umfasste 46.500 Mann im wehrfähigen Alter. Sie wurden nach Sippen und Familien gemustert und in ein Verzeichnis eingetragen. Der Stamm Simeon hatte 59.300 Mann, Gad 45.650, Juda 74.600, Issachar 54.400 und Sebulon 57.400. 32-43 Der Stamm Ephraim zählte 40.500, der Stamm Manasse 32.200 Mann. Ephraim und Manasse waren Söhne von Josef gewesen. Benjamin hatte 35.400, Dan 62.700, Asser 41.500 und Naftali 53.400 Leute im wehrfähigen Alter.

44 All diese Männer wurden von Mose, Aaron und den zwölf Stammesoberhäuptern Israels gemustert. 45 Die Gesamtzahl der wehrfähigen Israeliten ab 20 Jahren 46 betrug 603.550 Mann.

Die Aufgabe des Stammes Levi

47 Die wehrfähigen Männer des Stammes Levi wurden nicht mitgezählt, 48 denn der Herr hatte zu Mose gesagt: 49 »Die Leviten sollst du nicht mustern und sie nicht zu den anderen Israeliten dazurechnen. 50 Sie haben die Aufgabe, für das heilige Zelt zu sorgen, in dem das Bundesgesetz aufbewahrt wird, und für alles, was an Gefäßen, Werkzeugen und sonstigen Dingen noch dazugehört. Rings um das Heiligtum sollen sie lagern und die Arbeit darin verrichten. 51 Wenn das Volk weiterzieht, sollen sie das Zelt abbauen. Unterwegs müssen sie es tragen, und wenn Halt gemacht wird, sollen sie es wieder aufstellen. Nur die Leviten dürfen sich dem Heiligtum nähern. Wer es sonst tut, muss getötet werden. 52 Die anderen Israeliten sollen jeweils bei dem Feldzeichen des Heeresverbands lagern, zu dem sie gehören. 53 Die Leviten aber sollen ihre Zelte rings um das Heiligtum aufschlagen, damit kein anderer zu nahe herankommt und meinen Zorn über euch alle herausfordert. Sie sind verantwortlich für den Dienst im heiligen Zelt, in dem das Bundesgesetz aufbewahrt wird.«

54 Die Israeliten führten alles so aus, wie der Herr es Mose aufgetragen hatte.