11-2 These are the sermons Moses preached to all Israel when they were east of the Jordan River in the Arabah Wilderness, opposite Suph, in the vicinity of Paran, Tophel, Laban, Hazeroth, and Dizahab. It takes eleven days to travel from Horeb to Kadesh Barnea following the Mount Seir route.
3-4 It was on the first day of the eleventh month of the fortieth year when Moses addressed the People of Israel, telling them everything God had commanded him concerning them. This came after he had defeated Sihon king of the Amorites, who ruled from Heshbon, and Og king of Bashan, who ruled from Ashtaroth in Edrei. It was east of the Jordan in the land of Moab that Moses set out to explain this Revelation.
Moses Preaches to Israel on the Plains of Moab
5 He said:
6-8 Back at Horeb, God, our God, spoke to us: “You’ve stayed long enough at this mountain. On your way now. Get moving. Head for the Amorite hills, wherever people are living in the Arabah, the mountains, the foothills, the Negev, the seashore—the Canaanite country and the Lebanon all the way to the big river, the Euphrates. Look, I’ve given you this land. Now go in and take it. It’s the land God promised to give your ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob and their children after them.”
9-13 At the time I told you, “I can’t do this, can’t carry you all by myself. God, your God, has multiplied your numbers. Why, look at you—you rival the stars in the sky! And may God, the God-of-Your-Fathers, keep it up and multiply you another thousand times, bless you just as he promised. But how can I carry, all by myself, your troubles and burdens and quarrels? So select some wise, understanding, and seasoned men from your tribes, and I will commission them as your leaders.”
14 You answered me, “Good! A good solution.”
15 So I went ahead and took the top men of your tribes, wise and seasoned, and made them your leaders—leaders of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens, officials adequate for each of your tribes.
16-17 At the same time I gave orders to your judges: “Listen carefully to complaints and accusations between your fellow Israelites. Judge fairly between each person and his fellow or foreigner. Don’t play favorites; treat the little and the big alike; listen carefully to each. Don’t be impressed by big names. This is God’s judgment you’re dealing with. Hard cases you can bring to me; I’ll deal with them.”
18 I issued orders to you at that time regarding everything you would have to deal with.
19-21 Then we set out from Horeb and headed for the Amorite hill country, going through that huge and frightening wilderness that you’ve had more than an eyeful of by now—all under the command of God, our God—and finally arrived at Kadesh Barnea. There I told you, “You’ve made it to the Amorite hill country that God, our God, is giving us. Look, God, your God, has placed this land as a gift before you. Go ahead and take it now. God, the God-of-Your-Fathers, promised it to you. Don’t be afraid. Don’t lose heart.”
22 But then you all came to me and said, “Let’s send some men on ahead to scout out the land for us and bring back a report on the best route to take and the kinds of towns we can expect to find.”
23-25 That seemed like a good idea to me, so I picked twelve men, one from each tribe. They set out, climbing through the hills. They came to the Eshcol Valley and looked it over. They took samples of the produce of the land and brought them back to us, saying, “It’s a good land that God, our God, is giving us!”
26-28 But then you weren’t willing to go up. You rebelled against God, your God’s plain word. You complained in your tents: “God hates us. He hauled us out of Egypt in order to dump us among the Amorites—a death sentence for sure! How can we go up? We’re trapped in a dead end. Our brothers took all the wind out of our sails, telling us, ‘The people are bigger and stronger than we are; their cities are huge, their defenses massive—we even saw Anakite giants there!’”
29-33 I tried to relieve your fears: “Don’t be terrified of them. God, your God, is leading the way; he’s fighting for you. You saw with your own eyes what he did for you in Egypt; you saw what he did in the wilderness, how God, your God, carried you as a father carries his child, carried you the whole way until you arrived here. But now that you’re here, you won’t trust God, your God—this same God who goes ahead of you in your travels to scout out a place to pitch camp, a fire by night and a cloud by day to show you the way to go.”
34-36 When God heard what you said, he exploded in anger. He swore, “Not a single person of this evil generation is going to get so much as a look at the good land that I promised to give to your parents. Not one—except for Caleb son of Jephunneh. He’ll see it. I’ll give him and his descendants the land he walked on because he was all for following God, heart and soul.”
37-40 But I also got it. Because of you God’s anger spilled over onto me. He said, “You aren’t getting in either. Your assistant, Joshua son of Nun, will go in. Build up his courage. He’s the one who will claim the inheritance for Israel. And your babies of whom you said, ‘They’ll be grabbed for plunder,’ and all these little kids who right now don’t even know right from wrong—they’ll get in. I’ll give it to them. Yes, they’ll be the new owners. But not you. Turn around and head back into the wilderness following the route to the Red Sea.”
41 You spoke up, “We’ve sinned against God. We’ll go up and fight, following all the orders that God, our God, has commanded.” You took your weapons and dressed for battle—you thought it would be so easy going into those hills!
42 But God told me, “Tell them, ‘Don’t do it; don’t go up to fight—I’m not with you in this. Your enemies will waste you.’”
43-46 I told you but you wouldn’t listen. You rebelled at the plain word of God. You threw out your chests and strutted into the hills. And those Amorites, who had lived in those hills all their lives, swarmed all over you like a hive of bees, chasing you from Seir all the way to Hormah, a stinging defeat. You came back and wept in the presence of God, but he didn’t pay a bit of attention to you; God didn’t give you the time of day. You stayed there in Kadesh a long time, about as long as you had stayed there earlier.
1以下是摩西对以色列人说的话。当时以色列人在约旦河东的旷野、疏弗对面的亚拉巴，即巴兰、陀弗、拉班、哈洗录和底撒哈之间。 2 从何烈山取道西珥山到加低斯·巴尼亚，需十一天。 3 在离开埃及后第四十年的十一月一日，摩西把耶和华的一切吩咐告诉了以色列人。 4 那时，他已经打败了希实本的亚摩利王西宏以及盘踞在以得来和亚斯她录的巴珊王噩。 5 摩西在约旦河东的摩押讲解律法，说： 6 “我们的上帝耶和华在何烈山对我们说，‘你们在这里已经住了多日， 7 现在该启程前往亚摩利人的山区、亚拉巴地区、山地、丘陵、南地、沿海一带、迦南和黎巴嫩，直到幼发拉底河。 8 看啊，我把那片土地赐给你们了，你们去占领吧，那是耶和华起誓赐给你们祖先亚伯拉罕、以撒、雅各和他们后裔的地方。’
9 “那时，我对你们说，‘我无法独自承担管理你们的重任， 10 因为你们的上帝耶和华使你们人丁兴旺，以致今天人数多如天上的星星。 11 愿你们祖先的上帝耶和华使你们人数更增千倍，照祂的应许赐福给你们。 12 但我怎能独自担当解决你们问题和争端的重任呢？ 13 你们要从各支派中选出有智慧、有见识、受尊重的人，我要立他们做你们的首领。’ 14 你们都同意这样的做法。 15 于是，我把各支派中有智慧和受敬重的人立为你们的首领，即千夫长、百夫长、五十夫长、十夫长和其他官长，治理你们。 16 我吩咐这些官员要聆听案件，公正地审理同胞之间或与外族人之间的诉讼， 17 不可偏私，不分贵贱，不惧情面，因为判决来自上帝。如果案件太难，可以交给我处理。 18 那时，我把一切当行之事都告诉了你们。
19 “我们照我们上帝耶和华的吩咐，从何烈山出发，走过你们所见的那大而可怕的旷野，前往亚摩利山区，来到加低斯·巴尼亚。 20 我对你们说，‘我们的上帝耶和华赐给我们的亚摩利山区到了。 21 看啊，你们祖先的上帝耶和华已把那片土地赐给你们，你们要照着祂的应许去占领那里，不要惧怕，不要气馁。’ 22 你们来对我说，‘我们要先派人去打探那地方，回来好告诉我们当走哪条路，当占哪些城。’ 23 我同意你们的建议，便从你们当中选出十二人，每支派选一人。 24 他们前往山区，到了以实各谷，打探那地方。 25 他们带回来一些那里的果子，禀告说，‘我们的上帝耶和华赐给我们的地方很好。’
26 “但你们却违背你们上帝耶和华的命令，不肯上去。 27 你们在帐篷中埋怨说，‘耶和华憎恨我们，所以才领我们离开埃及，要把我们交在亚摩利人手里，让他们消灭我们。 28 我们怎能上去呢？那些弟兄的报告令我们胆战心惊，他们说那里的人比我们高大，城邑雄伟，城墙高达云霄，还有亚衲人在那里。’ 29 我对你们说，‘不要惊慌，不要怕他们。 30 你们的上帝耶和华必带领你们，为你们争战，正如祂当着你们的面在埃及所行的一样。 31 你们在旷野曾目睹你们的上帝耶和华像父亲抱儿子一样，一路把你们抱到这地方。’ 32-33 祂为你们开路，为你们找安营的地方，夜间用火柱、白天用云柱为你们引路。尽管如此，你们还是不信靠你们的上帝耶和华。
34 “你们的埋怨惹耶和华发怒，祂起誓说， 35 ‘这邪恶的一代没有一人能看见我起誓要赐给他们祖先的佳美之地， 36 只有耶孚尼的儿子迦勒能看见，我必把他所踏之地赐给他和他的后代，因为他全心全意地跟从我。’ 37 因为你们的缘故，耶和华也向我发怒，说，‘你也不能进入那片土地， 38 但你的助手——嫩的儿子约书亚可以进入。你要鼓励他，因为他将带领以色列承受那片土地。 39 你们说你们的子女会被掳去，但这些还不知善恶的孩子都将进入那片土地，我要把那里赐给他们，他们将占领那里。 40 而你们要掉头，沿红海的路回到旷野。’
41 “于是，你们对我说，‘我们得罪了耶和华，现在我们愿意遵从我们的上帝耶和华的吩咐，上去作战。’你们便各自拿起兵器，以为可以轻易攻占山区。 42 但耶和华让我告诉你们，‘不要上去作战，以免被敌人击败，因为耶和华不会与你们同在。’ 43 我把耶和华的话转告了你们，但你们不听，违背耶和华的命令，擅自前往山区。 44 住在山区的亚摩利人蜂拥出击，打败了你们，从西珥追杀你们，一直追到何珥玛。 45 你们回来在耶和华面前哭泣，但耶和华不理会你们的哭声。 46 因此，你们在加低斯住了很久。