Slektstavlen til Jesus
1Dette er forfedrene til Jesus Kristus1:1 ”Kristus” betyr ”den salvede” på gresk. Blant Israels folk ble konger, prester og profeter salvet med olje før de begynte oppgaven sin. Gud hadde ved profetene lovet å sende en salvet konge som skulle herske over alle folk. Jødene ventet på at denne kongen skulle gjenopprette Israel som nasjon. Det hebraisk ordet ”Messias” betyr også ”den salvede”., den lovede kongen, som var etterkommer til kong David og Abraham:
2Abraham, Isak og Jakob var far til Juda og brødrene hans. Videre fulgte:
3Juda og Peres, som var tvillingbror til Serah,
og moren het Tamar. Så kom: Hesron,
4Aram Amminadab, Naksjon,
5Salmon, Boas, og moren het Rahab.
Etterpå finner vi: Obed, og moren het Rut, Isai, som ble far til
Salomo, som var sønn til Batseba, enken etter Uria. Videre:
7Rehabeam, Abia, Asaf,
8Josafat, Joram, Ussia, 9Jotam, Akas, Hiskia,
11Josia, som var far til Jojakin og hans brødre,
som ble født ved den tiden da folket ble ført bort til fangenskap i Babylon, og Jojakin.
12Etter å ha blitt ført bort til Babylon, fulgte: Sealtiel, Serubabel,
13Abiud, Eljakim, Asor,
14Sadok, Akim, Eliud,
15Eleasar, Mattan, Jakob,
16og Josef. Josef var mannen til Maria og hun var mor til Jesus Kristus.
17Disse personene utgjør 14 slektledd fra Abraham og fram til kong David, 14 slektledd fra kong David og fram til tiden da jødene ble ført bort til Babylon og 14 slektledd fra epoken i Babylon og fram til Jesus Kristus.
Jesus blir født
18Da Jesus Kristus ble født, gikk det slik til: Hans mor Maria var trolovet og skulle gifte seg med Josef. Men allerede før de var gift, ble hun med barn ved Guds Hellige Ånd.1:18 Den jødiske trolovelsen var mer forpliktende enn vår tids forlovelse, og kunne bare brytes ved en skilsmisse, men noe seksuelt samliv fikk ikke forekomme. 19Josef, hennes kommende mann, så da ingen annen utvei enn å skille seg fra henne i stillhet. Han ville leve etter Guds bud, men ønsket ikke å skjemme ut Maria offentlig.1:19 Josef ville skrive under de nødvendige papirene for skilsmisse, men ikke la Marie bli dømt offentlig og bli steinet, som han kunne ha gjort.
20Mens han fortsatt grublet på hvordan han skulle løse problemet, viste en Herrens engel seg for ham i en drøm.
Engelen sa: ”Josef, du som er etterkommer av kong David, du skal ikke nøle med å gifte deg med Maria, for det barnet hun bærer, er blitt til ved Guds Hellige Ånd. 21Hun skal få en sønn, og du skal kalle ham Jesus, for han skal frelse folket sitt fra syndene deres.1:21 Jesus, som er den greske formen av navnet Josva, betyr ”Herren redder”.”
22På denne måten ble det som Gud hadde forutsagt ved profeten Jesaja, til virkelighet: 23”Lytt! Den unge jenta skal bli med barn og føde en sønn, og de skal kalle ham Immanuel, som betyr ’Gud er med oss’.”1:23 Se Jesaja 7:14.
24Da Josef våknet, gjorde han som engelen hadde gitt beskjed om, og han giftet seg med Maria. 25De hadde imidlertid ikke noe seksuelt samliv før sønnen var født. Josef ga ham navnet Jesus.
The Ancestors of Jesus the Messiah
1This is a record of the ancestors of Jesus the Messiah, a descendant of David and of Abraham[a]:
2 Abraham was the father of Isaac.
Isaac was the father of Jacob.
Jacob was the father of Judah and his brothers.
3 Judah was the father of Perez and Zerah (whose mother was Tamar).
Perez was the father of Hezron.
Hezron was the father of Ram.[b]
4 Ram was the father of Amminadab.
Amminadab was the father of Nahshon.
Nahshon was the father of Salmon.
5 Salmon was the father of Boaz (whose mother was Rahab).
Boaz was the father of Obed (whose mother was Ruth).
Obed was the father of Jesse.
6 Jesse was the father of King David.
David was the father of Solomon (whose mother was Bathsheba, the widow of Uriah).
7 Solomon was the father of Rehoboam.
Rehoboam was the father of Abijah.
Abijah was the father of Asa.[c]
8 Asa was the father of Jehoshaphat.
Jehoshaphat was the father of Jehoram.[d]
Jehoram was the father[e] of Uzziah.
9 Uzziah was the father of Jotham.
Jotham was the father of Ahaz.
Ahaz was the father of Hezekiah.
10 Hezekiah was the father of Manasseh.
Manasseh was the father of Amon.[f]
Amon was the father of Josiah.
11 Josiah was the father of Jehoiachin[g] and his brothers (born at the time of the exile to Babylon).
12 After the Babylonian exile:
Jehoiachin was the father of Shealtiel.
Shealtiel was the father of Zerubbabel.
13 Zerubbabel was the father of Abiud.
Abiud was the father of Eliakim.
Eliakim was the father of Azor.
14 Azor was the father of Zadok.
Zadok was the father of Akim.
Akim was the father of Eliud.
15 Eliud was the father of Eleazar.
Eleazar was the father of Matthan.
Matthan was the father of Jacob.
16 Jacob was the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary.
Mary gave birth to Jesus, who is called the Messiah.
17 All those listed above include fourteen generations from Abraham to David, fourteen from David to the Babylonian exile, and fourteen from the Babylonian exile to the Messiah.
The Birth of Jesus the Messiah
18 This is how Jesus the Messiah was born. His mother, Mary, was engaged to be married to Joseph. But before the marriage took place, while she was still a virgin, she became pregnant through the power of the Holy Spirit. 19 Joseph, to whom she was engaged, was a righteous man and did not want to disgrace her publicly, so he decided to break the engagement[h] quietly.
20 As he considered this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream. “Joseph, son of David,” the angel said, “do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife. For the child within her was conceived by the Holy Spirit. 21 And she will have a son, and you are to name him Jesus,[i] for he will save his people from their sins.”
22 All of this occurred to fulfill the Lord’s message through his prophet:
23 “Look! The virgin will conceive a child!
She will give birth to a son,
and they will call him Immanuel,[j]
which means ‘God is with us.’”
24 When Joseph woke up, he did as the angel of the Lord commanded and took Mary as his wife. 25 But he did not have sexual relations with her until her son was born. And Joseph named him Jesus.
Notas al pie
- 1:1 Greek Jesus the Messiah, Son of David and son of Abraham.
- 1:3 Greek Aram, a variant spelling of Ram; also in 1:4. See 1 Chr 2:9-10.
- 1:7 Greek Asaph, a variant spelling of Asa; also in 1:8. See 1 Chr 3:10.
- 1:8a Greek Joram, a variant spelling of Jehoram; also in 1:8b. See 1 Kgs 22:50 and note at 1 Chr 3:11.
- 1:8b Or ancestor; also in 1:11.
- 1:10 Greek Amos, a variant spelling of Amon; also in 1:10b. See 1 Chr 3:14.
- 1:11 Greek Jeconiah, a variant spelling of Jehoiachin; also in 1:12. See 2 Kgs 24:6 and note at 1 Chr 3:16.
- 1:19 Greek to divorce her.
- 1:21 Jesus means “The Lord saves.”
- 1:23 Isa 7:14; 8:8, 10 (Greek version).