1Now it came to pass in the days of Ahasuerus, (this is Ahasuerus which reigned, from India even unto Ethiopia, over an hundred and seven and twenty provinces:) 2That in those days, when the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan the palace, 3In the third year of his reign, he made a feast unto all his princes and his servants; the power of Persia and Media, the nobles and princes of the provinces, being before him: 4When he shewed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honour of his excellent majesty many days, even an hundred and fourscore days. 5And when these days were expired, the king made a feast unto all the people that were present in Shushan the palace, both unto great and small, seven days, in the court of the garden of the king’s palace;1.5 present: Heb. found 6Where were white, green, and blue, hangings, fastened with cords of fine linen and purple to silver rings and pillars of marble: the beds were of gold and silver, upon a pavement of red, and blue, and white, and black, marble.1.6 blue, hangings: or, violet, etc1.6 of red…: or, of porphyre, and marble and alabaster, and stone of blue colour 7And they gave them drink in vessels of gold, (the vessels being diverse one from another,) and royal wine in abundance, according to the state of the king.1.7 royal…: Heb. wine of the kingdom1.7 state: Heb. hand 8And the drinking was according to the law; none did compel: for so the king had appointed to all the officers of his house, that they should do according to every man’s pleasure. 9Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women in the royal house which belonged to king Ahasuerus.
10¶ On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven chamberlains that served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,1.10 chamberlains: or, eunuchs 11To bring Vashti the queen before the king with the crown royal, to shew the people and the princes her beauty: for she was fair to look on.1.11 fair…: Heb. good of countenance 12But the queen Vashti refused to come at the king’s commandment by his chamberlains: therefore was the king very wroth, and his anger burned in him.1.12 by his…: Heb. which was by the hand of his eunuchs
13¶ Then the king said to the wise men, which knew the times, (for so was the king’s manner toward all that knew law and judgment: 14And the next unto him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, which saw the king’s face, and which sat the first in the kingdom;) 15What shall we do unto the queen Vashti according to law, because she hath not performed the commandment of the king Ahasuerus by the chamberlains?1.15 What…: Heb. What to do 16And Memucan answered before the king and the princes, Vashti the queen hath not done wrong to the king only, but also to all the princes, and to all the people that are in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus. 17For this deed of the queen shall come abroad unto all women, so that they shall despise their husbands in their eyes, when it shall be reported, The king Ahasuerus commanded Vashti the queen to be brought in before him, but she came not. 18Likewise shall the ladies of Persia and Media say this day unto all the king’s princes, which have heard of the deed of the queen. Thus shall there arise too much contempt and wrath. 19If it please the king, let there go a royal commandment from him, and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes, that it be not altered, That Vashti come no more before king Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal estate unto another that is better than she.1.19 If it…: Heb. If it be good with the king1.19 unto…: Heb. unto her companion1.19 from him: Heb. from before him1.19 be not…: Heb. pass not away 20And when the king’s decree which he shall make shall be published throughout all his empire, (for it is great,) all the wives shall give to their husbands honour, both to great and small. 21And the saying pleased the king and the princes; and the king did according to the word of Memucan:1.21 pleased…: Heb. was good in the eyes of the king 22For he sent letters into all the king’s provinces, into every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language, that every man should bear rule in his own house, and that it should be published according to the language of every people.1.22 that it…: Heb. that one should publish it according to the language of his people
Vasiti Mkazi wa Mfumu Achotsedwa
1Izi ndi zimene zinachitika pa nthawi ya ufumu wa Ahasiwero, amene analamulira zigawo 127 kuyambira ku India mpaka ku Kusi. 2Pa nthawi imeneyi nʼkuti mfumu Ahasiwero atakhazikika pa mpando wake wa ufumu mu mzinda wa Susa, 3ndipo mʼchaka chachitatu cha ufumu wake anakonza phwando la olemekezeka ndi nduna zake. Atsogoleri a nkhondo a ku Peresiya ndi Mediya, anthu olemekezeka pamodzi ndi nduna za mʼzigawo zonse anasonkhana kwa iye.
4Pa nthawi yomweyi kwa masiku 180 a phwando mfumu inkaonetsa kulemera kwa ulemerero wa ufumu wake ndiponso kukongola ndi kukula kwa ufumu wake. 5Atatha masiku amenewa, kwa masiku ena asanu ndi awiri mfumu inakonzanso phwando la anthu onse okhala mu mzinda wa Susa kuyambira anthu olemekezeka mpaka anthu wamba ku bwalo la munda la nyumba yake yaufumu. 6Bwalo la mundali analikongoletsa ndi makatani a nsalu zoyera ndi za mtundu wamtambo zimene anazimangirira ndi zingwe za nsalu zoyera ndi zapepo ku mphete za siliva zimene anazikoloweka pa nsanamira za maburo. Anayika mipando yopumirapo yagolide ndi siliva pabwalo la miyala yoyala yamtengowapatali yofiira, ya marabulo, ndi yonyezimira. 7Anapereka zakumwa mʼchikho zagolide zamitundumitundu, ndipo vinyo waufumu anali wochuluka kwambiri monga mwa kukoma mtima kwa mfumu. 8Monga mwa lamulo la mfumu aliyense anamwa mʼmene anafunira, pakuti mfumu inawuza otumikira ake kuti apatse aliyense monga mwa kukonda kwake.
9Mkazi wa mfumu Vasiti nayenso anakonzera phwando amayi ku nyumba ya ufumu ya mfumu Ahasiwero.
10Pa tsiku la chisanu ndi chiwiri, pamene mfumu Ahasiwero inaledzera ndi vinyo, inalamula adindo ofulidwa asanu ndi awiri amene ankamutumikira: Mehumani, Bizita, Haribona, Bigita, Abagita, Zetara, ndi Karikasi 11kuti abwere naye mfumukazi Vasiti pamaso pa mfumu atavala chipewa chaufumu. Cholinga cha mfumu chinali choti adzamuonetse kwa anthu onse ndi olemekezeka, chifukwa anali wokongola kwambiri. 12Koma antchito atapereka uthenga wa mfumu kwa mfumukazi, Vasiti anakana kubwera. Tsono mfumu inakwiya ndi kupsa mtima.
13Mfumu inayankhula ndi anthu anzeru ndi ozindikira choyenera kuchita popeza chinali chikhalidwe chake kufunsa uphungu kwa akatswiri pa nkhani za malamulo ndi kuweruza kolungama. 14Anthu amene ankakhala pafupi ndi mfumu anali awa: Karisena, Setara, Adimata, Tarisisi, Meresi, Marisena ndi Memukani, olemekezeka asanu ndi awiri a ku Peresiya ndi Medina amene ankaloledwa mwapadera kuonana ndi mfumu ndipo anali pamwamba kwambiri mu ufumuwo.
15Mfumu inafunsa kuti, “Kodi titani naye mfumukazi Vasiti mwa lamulo, popeza sanamvere lamulo la ine mfumu Ahasiwero limene adindo ofulidwa anakamuwuza?”
16Ndipo Memukani anayankha pa maso pa mfumu ndi olemekezeka anzake kuti, “Mfumukazi Vasiti sanalakwire mfumu yokha, koma walakwiranso olemekezeka onse ndi anthu onse okhala mʼzigawo zonse za mfumu Ahasiwero. 17Pakuti amayi onse adzadziwa zimene wachita mfumukazi ndipo kotero adzapeputsa amuna awo ndi kunena kuti, ‘Mfumu Ahasiwero analamulira kuti abwere naye mfumukazi Vasiti kwa iye koma sanapite.’ 18Lero lomwe lino amayi olemekezeka a ku Peresiya ndi Mediya amene amva zimene wachita mfumukazi adzaganiza zochita chimodzimodzi kwa nduna zonse za mfumu. Ndipo kupeputsana ndi kukongola zidzapitirira.”
19“Choncho, ngati chikukomerani mfumu, lamulirani kuti Vasiti asadzaonekerenso pamaso pa mfumu Ahasiwero. Lamuloli lilembedwe mʼmabuku a malamulo a Aperezi ndi Amedi kuti lisadzasinthike. Pamalo pa Vasiti ngati mfumukazi payikidwepo mkazi wina amene ali bwino kuposa iye. 20Ndipo lamulo la mfumuli lilengezedwa mʼdziko lake lonse ngakhale lili lalikulu, amayi onse adzapereka ulemu kwa amuna awo, amuna olemekezeka mpaka amuna wamba.”
21Mfumu ndi nduna zake anakondwera ndi uphungu uwu, kotero mfumu inachita monga momwe ananenera Memukani. 22Mfumu inatumiza makalata ku madera onse a ufumu wake, chigawo chilichonse mʼzilembo zawo ndi ku mtundu uliwonse mʼchiyankhulo chawochawo kulengeza kuti mwamuna ayankhule chilichonse chimene chikumukomera.